Semantic Field
subsistence tool
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source
Cahuilla is-ne-pish for arrow points unique derived, other complex Merriam 48:341
Cupeño missing missing
Luiseño $aanat glue, gum inheritance *salaC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1634 other complex Elliott 1999
Gabrielino hoo-oot glue for arrow points and other purposes from limbs of high bushes unique other complex Merriam 49:103
Serrano narčkin to glue, stick together inheritance *nay- Northern Uto-Aztecan na-20, the 'copulate' word; K. Hill says "ch is unexpected" other complex
Kitanemuk napkinihwa't glue made from deer horn unique derived, other complex Anderton 1988
Tübatulabal āwating pān glue ("horn soup") unique phrase K. Hill Tub>Eng
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing
Kawaiisu caagu-by glue unique from *tsaka 'to catch, hold (tsa- do with hand)?? other complex Zigmond et al. 1990
Chemehuevi missing missing
Southern Paiute missing missing
Southern Ute pAca7A-ti7napY glue, cement unique compound, other complex pAca7A-tii 'to glue onto, stik to' Givon
Tümpisa Shoshone tynsana, tyntsapana creosote gum or pitch, glue inheritance *salaC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1634 copound Dayley 1989
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing
Comanche missing missing
Western Mono missing missing
Northern Paiute tymazabikynnu glue unique derived mazabiky 'join, stick together' Liljeblad et al. 2012:539
Southern Sierra Miwok juta7-:a glue inheritance *jut:e- Proto-Miwok JHH other complex jut:a 'to glue, to stick to" st. 1 Broadbent 1964
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing
Northern Sierra Miwok jutik:a glue inheritance *jut:e- Proto-Miwok JHH other complex ju:tu- pitch Callaghan 1987
Plains Miwok missing missing
Lake Miwok missing missing
Maidu dàk'á glue unique derived dâk' 'stick, get stuck' (full noun form only on Englilsh side) Shipley 1963
Nisenan missing missing
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing
Yokuts Yawdanchi troCH-ō>t glue of soaproot Inheritance *ThoxoTh Proto-Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:65 'soaproot' simplex Merriam 44:187
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing
Washo missing missing
Wintu missing missing
Yuki k'at mehol glue unknown phrase Sawyer & Schlichter 1984
Wappo missing missing
Mutsun missing missing
Esselen missing missing
Salinan A missing missing
Salinan M missing missing
Chumash Obispeno missing missing
Chumash Ineseno missing missing
Chumash Barbareno missing missing
Chumash Ventureno missing missing
Iipay 'Aa missing missing
Cocopa cxpiL glue inheritance Proto-Yuman see Kiliwa 'pitch' simplex Crawford 1989
Mojave alyiich glue unknown simplex vb is same Munro et al. 1992
Yavapai missing missing
Kiliwa missing missing
Seri (Comcaac) csipx resin, expecially creosote bush resin used as glue unknown simplex Moser & Marlett 2005
Ritharrngu galanyin(7) inheritance
Gumatj gonydyuy(') unique
Nyikina kurinypu unique
Bardi li:mirri unique
Dhuwal man'ku inheritance
Gupapuyngu man7ku inheritance
Mudburra tyikala loan direction unknown WW %tyikala wax used as glue; in Jingulu but id'd as Kuwarrangu (Mudburra) wax used as glue; in Jingulu but id'd as Kuwarrangu (Mudburra)
Jaru ngiunyurlity unknown ??spelling odd beeswax
Gurindji tyikala loan direction unknown wax wax
Bunuba kantiy unknown spiniex resin spiniex resin
Jingulu parnmi loan direction unknown sugarbag wax used as glue;
Kija kaaltyi semantic shift Gaj. kaltyeng 'white clay'
Miriwung piriwiring unique edible gum of trees used as glue