paper

Semantic Field
acculturation
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
papel
Meaning Portuguese
papel

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla pepéel paper, newspaper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño papεεl paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño missing missing Jane Hill
Gabrielino ā's-tsoot paper unique other complex Merriam (McCawley 1996) Jane Hill
Serrano papēl paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk missing missing Jane Hill
Tübatulabal missing missing Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu papel paper, letter loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi papilivY paper loan Spanish WW %papel other complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Ute ta7Asi-vY paper unique other complex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pappenni(ppyh) paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tepooppeh paper, book unique Duckwater derived pooH 'write, mark' Miller 1972 Jane Hill
Comanche tyboopY letter, paper unique other complex writing-ABS Robinson & Armagost 1990 Jane Hill
Western Mono popI7na, popI7ni paper, book loan Spanish Loether thinks might be from English WW %papel simplex Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pipy, pipo paper (any kind) loan English WW %paper Liljeblad et al 2012: Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok pape:l-aH- paper loan Spanish also pop:il 'papers' WW %papel other complex nt Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok papel:y- paper, page loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok papel paper loan Spanish simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok pápel paper, letter, newsaper, book loan Spanish possibly by way of Patwin papel or E. Pomo pápel7 WW %papel simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu papél paper, write loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan papel paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing Jane Hill
Washo bí:ba paper loan English WW %paper simplex Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu pape:l paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki papel paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 Jane Hill
Wappo pápel' paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun pappel paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Okrand 1977 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A α/cime paper, book unknown simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno sak'spa7 cigarro, papel unknown other complex has sa- 'fire'??? Harrington Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno papel paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno papel paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Applegate 1973 ms Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa papeel paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa papí:l paper, letter, book loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave kapel, papel paper, book loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai papé:la, kapé:l paper loan Spanish WW %papel simplex Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa t-x+pha7 paper (perhaps part of the ruminant digestive system called "el libro" in Sp., or related to sheepskin parchment? unknown derived Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) hapáspoj paper, book semantic shift name for tail fan e.g. of shrimp is hapaspoj yaa, lit. sus naipes simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Kakua papelaʔ missing Nheengatu? Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu papera (Port loan, C11) papera (Port loan, C11) loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani bĩkajõ-ta unique Compare Nadeb makahɛ.bʌh See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï da da unique Other complex ʰya 'leaf' See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami onimamotima (lit. draw + Nominalizer, anything that can be used for drawing or writing), papeo, papeyo (MM07) onimamotima (lit. draw + nominalizer, anything used for drawing/writing), papeo, papejo (MM07) unique; loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam papʰeo papʰeo loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam liplo-si liplo-si loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex liplo-si, “paper-classifier (skin)” See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria papera pû papera pû loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo papera papera loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano papéra papéɾa loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano papera papera loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki toya jao ja toja xao xã unknown Compound toja 'write' See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup cug'æt cug'æt semantic shift leaf' From 'leaf' Other complex Lexicalized, prob. from 'forest-leaf' See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw xapêèl’ xapêl’ loan Span/Port 'papel', via Carib (cf. Eñepa)? See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani kuyalata kujalata loan Span/Port 'carta' possibly Carib? See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan papéna papéna loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Pemon kareta kareta loan Span/Port 'carta' Alternate: paperu See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Makushi kaareta kaareta loan Span/Port 'carta' From Port. 'carta (letter)' See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa kapeere, mapeere kapeere, mapeere (MM) loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna papera papeɾa loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana papéra papéɾa loan Span/Port 'papel' Spanish/Portuguese > Nheengatu > others? Ninam liplo (metathesis); Arawak (e.g. Yucuna papera); Macaguan papéna; Tukanoan (Cubeo papela, Wanano papera pû, Tukano papéra); Nheengatu papera; Yanomam, papʰeo WW %papera Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana kʰaritʰa kʰaritʰa loan Span/Port 'carta', via Carib? form only attested in Macushi, but data missing for Akawaio and others. Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro té?aamí téʔaamí unique formed from loan classifier from Bora something to do with writing/paper See Language page Ana Paula B.
Gumatj baypa loan English WW paper Claire Bowern
Dhuwal baypa loan English WW paper Claire Bowern
Warrwa bilwa semantic shift Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu boyaŋ unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu dyorra' loan Makassar WW %djorra Claire Bowern
Dhangu dyorra' loan Makassar WW %djorra Claire Bowern
Dhay’yi dyu:rra loan Makassar WW %djorra Claire Bowern
Djinang dyurra loan Makassar WW %djorra Claire Bowern
Burarra dyurra loan Makassar WW %djorra Claire Bowern
Karajarri mili mili loan English WW %milimili Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta mili-mili loan English WW %milimili Claire Bowern
Nimanburru milimil loan English WW %milimili Claire Bowern
Yulparija milimili loan English WW %milimili Claire Bowern
Yawuru milimili loan English WW %milimili Claire Bowern
Mangala milimili loan English WW %milimili Claire Bowern
Bardi milimili loan English WW %milimili Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul mirlimirl loan English ‘mail’ WW %milimili ‘mail’ Claire Bowern
Ngarluma mirlimirli loan English WW %milimili Claire Bowern
Nyikina paŋarriy semantic shift paperbark Claire Bowern
Walmajarri tanginti semantic shift paperbark>letter Patrick McConvell
Jaru milimili loan Mantharda Manth mirli paperbark, via intermediate lgs WW %milimili Patrick McConvell
Gurindji mirlimirli loan Mantharda via other lgs; also pakarli 'paperbark' WW %milimili Patrick McConvell
Gooniyandi milimili loan Tharrgari mirli paperbark>redup like paperbark Patrick McConvell
Bunuba wulu semantic shift <paperbark Patrick McConvell
Djapu baypa loan English WW paper Claire Bowern
Jaminjung pakarli semantic shift paperbark>paper;larriny paper bark/paper same polysemy WW %pakarli Patrick McConvell
Kija merntany semantic shift from paperbark WW %mernta Patrick McConvell
Jingulu pityilirla unknown Wambaya purrupurru Patrick McConvell
Miriwung menta semantic shift < paperbark; inheritance Patrick McConvell
Achagua káaʃta 'book, paper' káaʃta 'book, paper' loan Span/Port 'carta' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco cuyàluta, nucùyalutàni. kuyàluta, nukùyalutàni. See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena papera (PORT) papera (PORT) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ha'hela (Sp loan) haʔhela (Sp loan) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi aniti, nane, babera aniti, nane, babera unknown; loan Span/Port 'papel' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure hamerok hamerok unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá ata-pana; ɨnupa-ki-c̷aku ata-pana; ɨnupa-ki-¢aku unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora waajácuháámɨ (waajácu 'knowledge) kwaaxákʰɯʔáámɨ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane áame (=leaf) (W97) áame See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai pape pape loan Span/Port 'papel' See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana pampila pampila loan Span/Port 'papel', via Maroon See Language page PLE
Makiritare hahe:da (KH) hahe:da (KH) loan Span/Port 'papel' See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Wai Wai karita karita loan Span/Port 'carta' See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari peepe peepe See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa papiru papiru See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca ioque 'paper, leather, skin' joke 'paper, leather, skin' See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá karta (loan Sp. carta, IDS) karta (loan Sp. carta, IDS) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán tevaen'je teβaenʔhe phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra kiraka, kirákari kiraka, kirákari loan Quechua (from 'write/paint') See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro avah (stick, tree, paper, book) awah (stick, tree, paper, book) See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez ets 'paper, leaf' ets 'paper, leaf' See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna pópera (Alv44) pópera loan Span/Port 'papel' See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Pumé gõẽ i See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [papeda] [papeda] loan Span/Port 'papel' See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Ashuar pápi (Sp.) pápi (Sp.) See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa papi papi See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna [pa'pi] [pa'pi] loan Span/Port 'papel' See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses dadauate dadauate unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo papi (Spanish "papel") papi (Spanish "papel") loan Span/Port 'papel' See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua catera-vĩ katera-wĩ loan Span/Port 'carta' See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua papil papil See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua quillca (related to 'write') kiʎka See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano qillqa qiʎqa See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa kuyáru ɨ'chE' kujáru ɨɁshEɁ unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva cuelutaha kʷelutaʔa loan Span/Port 'carta' See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana papera papera See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna papera papera loan Span/Port 'papel' See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Tanimuca pa'pera pa'pera loan Span/Port 'papel' See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje utija'o utixa'o unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona uti uti unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Wayampi [kalɛta] [kalɛta] loan Span/Port 'carta' See Language page PLE
Sirionó kirika (Quechua) kirika (Quechua) loan Quechua See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá kaˀahet kaˀahet semantic shift from 'paint' See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina tyohoovu tjoʔooβɯ unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto rabe rabɛ ('leaf, paper') (B83) semantic shift leaf See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Sanumá waheta (Pt) waheta (Pt) loan Span/Port 'papel' See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito simiím+ simiímɨ 'book, paper' unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Cavineña kirika ~ kilika (also means "book", "letter") kirika ~ kilika See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá exy, papɛu (the latter is from the Portuguese "papel" exy, papɛu (the latter is from the Portuguese "papel" See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima al-wam-ɓen̉ al-wam-ɓen̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang wɛ̃ɲ-rə (IDS) wɛ̃ɲ-rə See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi käko kǝko See Language page PLE