hot pepper

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
ají, pimentón/pimiento rojo, pucunucho (Peru), charapilla (Peru)
Meaning Portuguese
pimenta

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens pɨmɨi (pepper) pɨmɨɪ inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens áatti, mítsa áat̪i, mítsa inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) Arawak is thought to be source of Spanish ají. Also mítsa uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens həməi (SM) hɯma’i’ H&R) inheritance Unknown See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bi'á bi'á inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Amanda Meeks
Dâw Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens xow xɔw inheritance underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bia bi'á inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens pimi; kusa' (MM) pimi; kusaʔ (MM) inheritance Unknown Also kusaʔ See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens nol-t nol-t inheritance l to n correspondence uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens najte (C. futescens) (Zent 08) unique uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Amanda Meeks
Waorani Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens gimo loan, direction unknown Jivaroan himo missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Amanda Meeks
Hup Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens kɔ́w kɔ́w inheritance underived See Language page 0 1 fruit - cultivated 0 cultivated women used to season most food 0 0 attained through exchange with Tukanoans secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Pattie Epps
Kakua Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens kãw ~kâw; tub-~di (hurt-adjvz) doubtful loan; inheritance Hup kɔw; also tubm-ni to.feel.pain-ADJV? 'to be spicy' underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens nojníja nohníha inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens pimí pimí inheritance Unknown See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens kĩ ĩya, murupi kĩ ĩja, murupi Capsicum frutescens and Capsicum annum inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000. Also: murupi (Capsicum frutescens) underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Nukak Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens biaʔ (H&R; Tukanoan loan), tubni-dé loan East Tukanoan bia; see also tubni-dé '? pain' uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant
Maihiki Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bía bía inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Daniel Valle
Pemon Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens pömɨii (pepper) (E1980) pömɨi (E1980) inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens aatsʰíu aatsʰíu (H&R) inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) Arawak is thought to be source of Spanish ají uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Ana Paula B.
Sanumá Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens paki paki inheritance missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Kelsey Neely
Sikuani Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens nónohi (CM72); ikulinonoji (16), jumanialiji (3) nonohí:-to inheritance also ikuli-nonoji (16) [tortoise-pepper], jumanialiji (3) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Amanda Meeks
Tariana Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens aasi (dp91), ãsi (aa01) aasi (dp91), ãsi (aa01) inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) Arawak is thought to be source of Spanish ají uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Ana Paula B.
Tukano Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens biâ biâ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bia bia inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Amanda Meeks
Wapishana Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens ɖiːɖaɖa ɖiːɖaɖa unique See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Ana Paula B.
Yanomami Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens praki pɾaki inheritance underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens a'ají aʔahí inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) Arawak is thought to be source of Spanish ají uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens kɔ̌w kɔ̌w inheritance underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden no plant Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Achagua Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens ijáliaa ijáliaa unique See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens áasi (dp91) á:si (dp91) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens át̪i át̪i See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens tʃitʃi tʃitʃi See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens atsítsi (dp91) atsítsi (dp91) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Ana Paula B., PLE
Mandawaka Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens há:ti See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Ana Paula B.
Waurá Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens ai; katamu-tɨ ai; katamu-tɨ unknown See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens tɨɨ́ tɨɨ́ inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens déé dέέ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens aixi aixi loan Arawak See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens asi asi loan Arawak See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant PLE
Tiriyó Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens pǝmǝi (M2000), aima[ka] pǝmǝi, aima[ka] inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Becky Walker
Makiritare Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens homi (KH) homi inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens kimïi kimʊi See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens asɨsɨ (SM) asɨsɨ (SM) loan Arawak See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens warasy (M1992) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens jari káka(‘chili pepper’, H&R) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden Phon only in source plant Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens pidhá pidhá; pʰiɗá(‘chili pepper’, H&R) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens ccoma khoma See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS plant Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens komaazi komaaʂi loan, direction unknown Cofan khoma See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Taushiro Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens aehin (Spanish loan?) aɨhin See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Páez Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens agnue awẽ; ãwã(‘chili pepper’, H&R) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Tikuna Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens me-é (Alv44) meʔé unique See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens sïḍzi sʉtʃi doubtful loan, direction unknown Camsa tsɨtɕá See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens tsɨtɕá tsɨtɕá See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Andoke Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens nõeta nõeta unique See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Kelsey Neely, PLE
Puinave Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens kok kok unique See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens pe'kuh See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant PLE
Ashuar Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens jimiá ximia See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Huambisa Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens jima (Spanish loan?) xima See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens jíma xíma loan, direction unknown Huaorani gima See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Matses Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens sia sia doubtful loan Arawak See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens yoči (listed under "chili pepper") yoči (listed under "chili pepper") inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Joyce McCormick
Yagua Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens disiy ndisij unique See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens uchu utʃu See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Ingá Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens uchu útʃu(‘chili pepper’, H&R) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens uchu utʃu See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens uchu utʃu See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens ra'ahthéh raɁahthéh inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens tarre tarre inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Becky Walker
Barasano Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bia bia See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Amanda Meeks
Carapana Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bia bia See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Amanda Meeks
Makuna Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bia bia inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bía bía See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bi'a bi'a See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Amanda Meeks
Siriano Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens biá bi'á See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bi'a bi'a inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bi'a bi'a See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bia bía See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bía bía See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens chu'chu pia dʒuʔdʒu pia inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Siona Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bia bia inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens pia pi'a See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Amanda Meeks
Karitiana Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens sojo sojo unknown See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Daniel Valle
Kokama Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens ɨkɨ ɨkɨ inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens kɨʔɨ̃y kɨʔɨ̃j inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant PLE
Sirionó Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens kiamarɨ (P85) kiamarɨ inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens kɨ'ɨ̃y kɨ̃ʔɨ̃y inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens haʔɸíí-ʔoβï {fruit}, haʔɸíí-ǰa {plant} haʔɸíí-ʔoβɯ {fruit}, haʔɸíí-dʒa {plant} inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens hípi-hï hípi-hɯ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens híɸi-hï {fruit}, híɸi-rai {plant} híɸi-hɯ {fruit}, híɸi-rai {plant} See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens hiɸi-hï {fruit}, hiɸi-rai {plant} hiɸi-hɯ {fruit}, hiɸi-rai {plant} inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens nap'ɨki; macusáari (stretched long); sihuirinaája (small and round) nap'ɨki; makusáari (stretched long); siwirinaáha (small and round) inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens anakuka anakuka See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Becky Walker
Wari Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens tʃaji-tʃaji (Sousa2009) tʃaji-tʃaji (Sousa2009) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens bišo (listed under "chili pepper") bišo See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Joyce McCormick
Cavineña Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens biho; hite-biho (specifically "chili pepper") biho; hite-biho See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens wayk´a waykˀa See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant PLE
Kwazá Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens hade hade See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Joyce McCormick
Movima Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens čihi (chili pepper) tʃixi See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Djeoromitxi Capsicum sp., principally chinensis and frutescens tete tete See Language page secondary scrub vegetation, indigenous garden plant PLE