blowgun

Semantic Field
subsistence tool
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
cerbatana, pucuna (Peru)
Meaning Portuguese
zarabatana

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Kakua ʔɨ̌ʔ-naʔ ʔɨ̌ʔ-naʔ inheritance Simplex blowgun-cl.stick/tree.like currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu çarauatana sarawatana loan Portuguese currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Hodï hoana / hwana unique Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami arõkõhiriwë aɾõkõhiɾiwə unknown Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria puka puka doubtful loan Proto-East Tukanoan cf. Quechua pukuna; Andoke uipúkə̃ Appears to have dropped final syllable. May derive from Iriartella palm, also possibly related to 'blow' Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo pʉ̃́oñʉ pɨ̃o-ɲɨ unique Derived Classifier -ɲɨ currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano bupu-wɨ́ (h&r) ['paxiuba'] bupu-wɨ́ (h&r) ['paxiuba'] inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan May derive from Iriartella palm, also possibly related to 'blow' Derived bupu, “juputi”; -wi derivational affix currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano bujuru buhuru inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan May derive from Iriartella palm, also possibly related to 'blow' Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki ju ja xu xã inheritance May derive from 'blow' Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup capb'ak capb'ak inheritance Proto-DYH No info May be etymologically complex, lexicalized;c.f. -b'ak 'clump, cluster' currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw baák bǎk inheritance Proto-DYH Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani zirípi-bo (Rivet 1948) zirípi-bo (Rivet 1948) loan, direction unknown Proto-MSC (Macaguan, Sikuani) Piapoco Shared with Macaguan; could be loan Guahibo > Arawak, but Rivet lists dozens of Arawak lgs with similar words for blowpipe, arrow, and dart. Classified currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan chirpú tʃiɾpú loan, direction unknown Proto-MSC (Macaguan, Sikuani) Piapoco Shared Sikuani; could be loan Guahibo > Arawak, but Rivet lists dozens of Arawak lgs with similar words for blowpipe, arrow, and dart. Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Guayabero ɸumói ɸumói-t unknown Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B.
Pemon kuuraik (E1980) kuraɪk (E1980) inheritance Venezuelan (N. Amazonian) subgroup Maybe Proto-Carib currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Akawaio kuuraik kuraɪk inheritance Venezuelan (N. Amazonian) subgroup Maybe Proto-Carib currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi kuraʔ (SM) kuraʔ (SM) inheritance Venezuelan (N. Amazonian) subgroup Maybe Proto-Carib currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa wata, wa'ta, wo'ta (MM) wata, waʔta, woʔta (MM) loan Yavitero, Warekena wata- currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna wapa'aná wapaʔaná inheritance Proto North Arawak currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana mawípi mawípi inheritance Proto Rio Negro Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa mawípi mawípi inheritance Proto Rio Negro Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro vá?paánú, vá?paánahú váʔpaánú, váʔpaánahú inheritance Proto North Arawak Alternate: vápaánú Simplex currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B.
Achagua mabi, mawi (Melendez 2014) mabi, mawi (Melendez 2014) inheritance currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco siripíwa siɾipíwa currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari wápaʔna wápaʔna currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena uatá apà (Natterer) uatá apà currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero watája watáha currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Mandawaka wirúhune wiɾúhune currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi -- -- missing currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bora tólliíjyu, tóllií unique currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane gisɨ́-xɨ {blow-tube} gisɨ́-xɨ {blow-tube} currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Carijona raca (SM) inheritance currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Makiritare kuda:ta (KH) kuda:ta inheritance currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Mapoyo rahsa rahsa currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Muisca fuhuta puhuta currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Cofán ufacco´cco ɯɸakhoʔkho phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra shóganáazi ʃónkanáaʂi unique currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro ane´ta (also gun) anɨʔta (also gun) currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez fytŭupatj currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna ĩxẽ ĩʔẽ unique currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina hiʨana hitʃana unique currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke uipúkə̃ uipúkə̃ doubtful loan cf. Quechua pukuna; Wanano puka currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Puinave jun iun unique currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Ashuar uum u:m currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa uum u:m currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna úum ú:m inheritance currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses bushcante, bushcate, shaui buʃkante, buʃkate, ʃaui unknown currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua generic gun: dudasi; dunu generic gun: dudasi; dunu unique currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua pucuna pukuna currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá budukira budukira currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua pucuna pukuna currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Piaroa nuäi nuæi unknown currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Barasano buhú-a buhú-a currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Addison Martinez, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana bupua bupua currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna bujaga buxaga inheritance currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Yuruti búpua búpua currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana u'puga u'puga currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano bo'hó-ru bo'hó-ru currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tanimuca pu'pu o'ka pu'pu o'ka inheritance currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo búpua búpua currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page
Tuyuka bu'pú-wɨ bu'pú-wɨ currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja buᵽúá buɸúá currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje jʉoñʉ xʉoɲʉ inheritance currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona jëohuë hɨowɨ inheritance currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya jëohuë hɨɔwɨ currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Amanda Novak
Kokama puna puna unknown currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Ocaina fajííhxatya ɸahííʔxatʲa unique currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Nɨpode Witoto obí-ǰakaï obí-dʒakaɯ currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto obí-ǰakaï obí-dʒakaɯ currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto obi-ǰakaï obi-dʒakaɯ inheritance/Witoto currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito nimúuna nimúuna inheritance currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo numanuka numanuka currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page Becky Walker
Wari tememʔ mapyp (Sousa2009) tememʔ mapɨp (Sousa2009) currently limited to certain groups (favoring h-g orientation, e.g. Nadahup) within RN region See Language page PLE