flute

Semantic Field
culture-mythology
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
flauta, quena (Peru)
Meaning Portuguese
flauta

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla wiiru-piš flute inheritance *wiLu PNUA Stubbs 912 derived, other complex Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño missing missing Jane Hill
Luiseño wiirulash flute inheritance *wiLu PNUA Stubbs 912 derived, other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino missing missing Jane Hill
Serrano wīrui'nihwa't, wirui'nit reed flute inheritance *wiLu PNUA Stubbs 912 derived, other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk wiro'inihwa't flute of eldeberry with 2 groups of 3 holes inheritance *wiLu PNUA Stubbs 912 derived, other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal lūlu'isht flute loan Southern Sierra Miwok Stubbs 912 has with *wiLu (PNUA), he says this is just the second syllable reduplicated. But is clearly Miwokan loan (similar forms elsewhere in north other complex K. Hill Tub>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu woyo flute (arch) inheritance *wiLu PNUA Stubbs 912 probably not, not a good correspondence, need to look at Dakin on reflexes of *L simplex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Ute wiinapY flute inheritance *wiLu PNUA Stubbs 912 This is actually the only regular NUA form if medial is *L other complex Charney Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone wooino flute inheritance *wiLu PNUA Stubbs 912 -- this is from *woyo, clearly a Proto Numic form, plus -no formative simplex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone mujatainka flute (used in Sun Dance, not locally) unique looks loan-y simplex Miller 1972 Jane Hill
Comanche missing missing Jane Hill
Western Mono missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Paiute wohinu flute ('made of horn or something like that' unique derived wohi 'whistle' -nu INST Liljeblad et al. 2012:698 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok lul:a- flute inheritance Proto-Sierra Miwok but very widespread form;note PW *lul 'cylinder'; Maidu, Wappo, Mutsun --perhaps onomatopoeia so I'm not counting as WW simplex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok lúl:a- flute inheritance Proto-Sierra Miwok but very widespread form; probably onomatopoeia simplex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok sulep:a- elderberry flute inheritance *şule:p Proto-Sierra Miwok Callaghan 1971:30 other complex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok sulep:a- elderberry flute, whistle, siren loan Northern Sierra Miwok Callaghan 1971:30 lists as only pMis form other complex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Maidu jálulù elderberry flute loan Sierra Miwok JHH, but widespread, may be onomatopoeia other complex ja-tube (ja no meaning) Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing Jane Hill
Washo 7itgópik whistle, flute unknown derived 7it- instrument Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu li:lus, Li:lus flute inheritance *lul 'cylinder' Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:118; but note widespread lul forms in Mis, Maidu, Tubatulabal derived Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki ki'w-i-pi'i-mo>l elder flute unknown pimo>l 'flute' 85 compound Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 Jane Hill
Wappo lúliš flute w/ 4-6 holes of maple or elderberry wood loan Patwin This is widespread, it's in Mis, maybe onomatopoeia simplex Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun lullup flute loan Miwok? very widespread simplex Okrand 1977 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A T-eták'ol flute unknown other complex Turner 1987 Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno tiwalulay' flute inheritance Proto-Central Chumash also in B derived Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno tiwalul'ay flute inheritance Proto-Central Chumash derived Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno missing missing Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa helul plays the flute; flute inheritance Proto-Yuman Yavapai lulluli (but maybe just onomatopoeia) simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa wílwí(:)l flute inheritance Proto-Yuman Mojave wilawil 'musical instrument' reduplicated Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave 7ahta cane, bamboo, flute inheritance Proto-Yuman Kiliwa 7+xta 'reed' simplex Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai lūllūl7ì flute inheritance Proto-Yuman Iipay Aa helul (but maybe just onomatopoeia) derived, reduplicated Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa tuw7=tuw7=h-7-h+uu-7-u7 flute unknown derived, reduplicated Mixco 1965 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) missing missing Jane Hill
Kakua ʧîw ʧîw unique Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu membi (Casas2000) membi (Casas2000) inheritance *mimɨ Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani õõya baĩ unique multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï tahwibo (2 holes) buhwabo (8 holes) ʰtaʰwibo; ʰwãbo 8 holed unique Also: Buhwabo:2 holes Other complex Probably contains bo 'log, wood'? multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami horamamotima hoɾamamotima doubtful loan Eñepa aramataimə Maybe borrowing + native nominalizer? Derived nominalizer -amotima? multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam puɾinama usi puɾinama usi flute doubtful loan Arawak, cf. Baniwa pheelóma Other complex identified as a multimorphemic word, but unclear what the parts mean multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam thõlema tʰõlema unknown Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria teneniaka, ~da'bo, karisu teneniaka, ~daʔbo, karisu inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo japuiñʉ (generic term), cũmatʉcarʉ, cʉ̃raiñʉ, jʉaiñʉ, ñamacuaðo, ñamajipobʉ, peduyo, tarãiyo hapuiɲʉ (generic term), kũmatʉkarʉ, kʉ̃raiɲʉ, hʉaiɲʉ, ɲamakuaðo, ɲamahipobʉ, pɛdujo, tarãijo doubtful loan; unknown cf. Baniwa -hipoanhiko 'play flute' Also: kũmatʉkalʉ, kʉ̃laiɲʉ, hʉaiɲʉ, ɲamakuaðɔ, ɲamahipɔbʉ, pɛdujɔ, talãijɔ Classifier -ɲɨ multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano buuaeɨˊ, mawáku, yamâ-dɨpoa buuaeɨˊ, mawáku, jamâ-dɨpoa type of flute unknown Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano tẽrẽdiru tẽrẽdiru inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki juibɨ ja xuibɨ xã unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup pĩh=teg pĩh=teg inheritance Proto-HY Derived play.flute=CL:stick multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw lôtôt lotot doubtful loan Arawak japurutu Alternate: séj. e.g. Baniwa japoɺoto Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani kalawani (3)(type of flute); kalawapio (2) (a type of flute); jivabẽrẽ (Kondo 1973) doubtful loan North Arawak Also: kalawapio; jivabẽrẽ (set of 2 flutes played by 2 people; Kondo 1973); iba (shared Achagua, Rivet 1948) multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Pemon wosekpue (flauta hecha de tibia de animal, preferentement de venado), kaikra (nombre de la caña que se usa para hacer flautas y bodoqueras. La misma flauta) (A1981) wosekpue, kaikɾa (A1981) flute made of the tibia of an animal, preferably a deer unknown Alternate: kaikɾa multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa aramataimə; ariʔrik;(nasal) makooya, Var. majkaya, (para inhalar) majkowaya, (traversa) are're (MM) aramataimə; ariʔrik;(nasal) makooja, Var. mahkaja, (para inhalar) mahkowaja, (traversa) areʔre (MM) unknown Alternate: aramataimə, ariʔrik, mahkaja, (para inhalar) mahkɔwaja, (traversa) areʔre multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna kewirí kewiɾí inheritance Proto North Arawak May be cognate Wapishana Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana talíwa talíwa flute (generic?) unknown Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana kʰuwɨda kʰuwɨda inheritance Proto North Arawak May be cognate Yucuna Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa yapolóto, kolirína (there are others) japoɺóto, koɺiɻína (there are others) inheritance Proto North Central Arawak Alternate: koɺiɻína Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro fídodó fídodó inheritance? Yagua Simplex multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B.
Achagua bútutu bútutu inheritance multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco íwa, japuɺuɺu (R01) íwa; japuɺuɺu (R01) multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ya'huľuľu ja'huľuľu multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare bíya bíja multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi yamaˈka 'flauta secreta' jamaˈka 'flauta secreta' unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá watana; kuluta; kawɨka watana; kuluta; kawɨka unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora chiiyóro, péérihyo tʃʰiijóro, pʰéériʔjo doubtful loan, direction unknown Iquito puráaha multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane mɨríícu (Yurupari trumpet?); sírumeeje, tyotyítyiba mɨrííku (Yurupari trumpet?); sírumeexe, tjotjítjiba multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai rue, turekoka rue, turekoka inheriance multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana tïtïlu, tule, eu tɨtɨlu, tule, eu inheriance multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page PLE
Carijona taregua (M2000) inheriance multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Makiritare hīču (IDS); hi:chu (KH) hi:tʃu unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Mapoyo te'rua; puhki (other type) te'rua; puhki (other type) multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai raatɨ raatɨ unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari xinja ʃiɲa multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa timi timi multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Northern Emberá plaúta (Sp: flauta) plaúta multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán dendo´cco dendoʔkho phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra tiroochzi tiɾootʃʂi unique multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez cobi kobi multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna iiauéro (Alv44); que2-5na5 (A58) ijawéro; kena (loan Quechua) unknown; loan Quechua multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina dʒufwana, aʉno dʒufwana, aʉno unique; unique multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Warao esemoi esemoi multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar japawea, peém, nángku xapawɯã, pɯ:m, naŋku multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa pigkui piŋgkui multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna pigkúi pingkúi loan Quechua/Aymara pinkillu multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses shoncate ʃonkate unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo pakawa pakawa unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua dudu ndundu unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua lawta (Spanish loan), pingullu lawta multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua pingullu pinguʎu multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano qena qena multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa tereterena tereterena doubtful loan Tukanoan multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Barasano tõro tõro multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Addison Martinez, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana besuʉ bɛsuɨ multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna tẽroraga tẽɾoɾaga inheritance multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano bojóru, tõrõdirú bohóɾu, tõɾõdiɾú multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tuyuka tõõ-rõ-ri-wɨ tõõ-rõ-ri-wɨ multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Koreguaje phĩcovʉ phĩkobʉ doubtful loan shared Secoya; Aymara/Quechua pinguʎu multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ba'baro, jetu baʔbaro, hetu unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya pi'cohuë pĩʔkɔwɨ multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Amanda Novak
Karitiana nhewy, sowy ɲewɨ, sowɨ unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama tiama tiama inheritance multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi yɛmiʔa (G89) jɛmiʔa (G89) unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page PLE
Sirionó moi (also means 'throat'). Also large flute, made of bamboo, [pinkilʸo], from Quechua 'pinkuyllu'. Also [kena], from Quechua 'qena'. moi (also means 'throat'). Also large flute, made of bamboo, [pinkilʸo], from Quechua 'pinkuyllu'. Also [kena], from Quechua 'qena'. semantic shift; loan Quechua multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina pochiiña potʃiiɲa unique multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto figo (small), gagɨcaɨ̀ (large) ɸigo (small), gagɯkaɯ̀ (large) unique multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito puráaja puráaha doubtful loan, direction unknown Bora pʰéériʔjo multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo naahwa naːhwa multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Becky Walker
Wari xuwiwio' (E&K97) ʃuwiwioʔ (E&K97) ʃuwiwioʔ (EK97) See Language page PLE
Cavineña raota; mori (Girard states that raota is from the Spanish "flauta") raota; mori loan; inheritance Spanish multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara pinkillu ḳina multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page PLE
Kwazá dyry, hãxyi, kẽwẽxu, -lotxwɛ, hãxyilotxwɛ (the latter, hãxyilotxwɛ, is a specific kind of flute with four holes) dyry, hãxyi, kẽwẽxu, -lotxwɛ, hãxyilotxwɛ (the latter, hãxyilotxwɛ, is a specific kind of flute with four holes) multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima polauta polauta multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai iakuʔi; uruʔa iakuʔi; uruʔa unknown multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang hotore (IDS) hotore multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi opä opǝ multiple types? japurutu, deer-bone, etc. See Language page PLE