gourd (dipper/bowl)

Semantic Field
subsistence tool
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
cucharón, pate (Peru), totomo, totuma, totumo
Meaning Portuguese
cuia

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Nheengatu kuya (C11) kuja (C11) inheritance *kuja %kuja donor for Portuguese cuia; Yucuna kujeɾa; Baniwa kóoja Simplex See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani owǽta unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï uhte jlaboju (Zent 08) gourd unique; unique Carib See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami maukəhesi ('calabash' EM72), horokoto ('gourd' EM72), hishima (JF86) maɾaka hi, hoɾokoto, hiʃima doubtful loan; doubtful loan (into protolg?) - WW *fesi Proto-Yanomamo Spanish (calabash); %koto/matoko inherited form is 'gourd' Compound hesi 'gourd' See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam maɨfɨs ('calabash'), horokoto ('gourd', EM72) maɨfɨs ('calabash'), horokoto ('gourd', EM72) unknown; doubtful loan (into protolg?) - WW *fesi Proto-Yanomamo %koto/matoko inherited form is 'gourd' Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam mãlakaaš (ids); horoto ('gourd' EM72; Gomez), hesi ('calabash' EM72) mãlakaaš (ids); horoto ('gourd' EM72; Gomez), hesi ('calabash' EM72) loan; doubtful loan (into protolg?) - WW; inheritance? *fesi Proto-Yanomamo Spanish (calabash); %koto/matoko Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria yurumaoka, wa'ha-ka ('gourd', H&R) jurumaoka, wa'ha-ka ('gourd', H&R) unknown; inheritance See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo jococʉ, mújive hokokʉ, múhivɛ inheritance See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano wahá wahá inheritance Simplex See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano koaru koaru inheritance? Nheengatu See also similar forms in Arawak Simplex See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki jɨsotete ja xɨsotete xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup b'ɔ̌ʔ b'ɔ̌ʔ inheritance Proto-DYH Simplex See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw bo’ bɔʔ inheritance Proto-DYH Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani tumatsinae (31) (calabash tree), dére-bɨ ('gourd', H&R) tumátsinaé (calabash tree), dére-bɨ ('gourd', H&R) loan; inheritance Piapoco kumàtʃi See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan yakuít; rerbɨ ('calabazo'); sorpá ('totuma', Buenaventura) jakuít; rerbɨ ('gourd', H&R); dere-bɨ (CM72); sorpá ('totuma', Buenaventura) unknown Also: sorbʉ Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Pemon arapö (E1980) arapö (E1980) gourd unknown Akawaio-Pemon shared Akawaio See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Akawaio kamok (bowl made from calabash gourd), arabö kamɔk, arabö gourd unknown; unknown Akawaio-Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi pisa (SM) pisa (SM) gourd inheritance Proto-Carib cf. Yukpa Attested Macushi, Yukpa, Eñepa See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa pichaara (SM), maraʔ; këtëmyo' (MM) pichaara (SM), maraʔ; kǝtǝmjoʔ (MM) inheritance; unknown Proto-Carib Attested Macushi, Yukpa, Eñepa See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna kuya; akáʔrú (R01); tuku kuja; akáʔrú (R01); tuku loan; inheritance; inheritance - WW? Nheengatu; %koto/matoko Nheengatu kuja (inherited Tupi) Baniwa kóoja, Yucuna kuja, Yagua kuju 'gourd', Tanimuca koʔa 'gourd' WW %kuja Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana tíya, kusirúda (calabash?) tíja, kusirúda (calabash?) unknown Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana mutu mutu inheritance? %koto/matoko Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa kóoya, átta, towáda kóoja, át̪a, towáda loan; unknown; unknown Nheengatu Alternate: át̪a, towáda Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro nanapíitáʔó ('gourd') nanapíitáʔó ('gourd') unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Achagua tʃukúta ('gourd', H&R), dúuja 'totumo' tʃukúta ('gourd', H&R), dúuja 'totumo' inheritance? - WW; unknown %koto/matoko See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco bacàa, cumàchi bakàa, kumàtʃi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari kaʔrú kaʔɾú See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena matu (cuia for painting), yeni 'gourd' matu (cuia for painting), jeni 'gourd' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ku'asi (large gourd); kaľia (small gourd) kuʔasi (large gourd); kaľia (small gourd) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi hitxitsa, maˈtoko hitʃitsa, maˈtoko inheritance?; inheritance - WW? %koto/matoko See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá pitsa (Mori2005), haka'na-i (R73) pitsa (Mori2005), haka'na-i (R73) inheritance?; unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora tehke (tree calabash) (T98) tehke (tree calabash) (T98) doubtful loan - WW? %koto/matoko See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane xááxe, dúutuʔu (Allin, 'gourd'); théʔkhépa (H&R 'gourd') xááxɛ, dúutuʔu, théʔkhépa See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai kasana kasana unknown See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana tutpë (Lagenaria), kalapi (Crescentia) tutpǝ (Lagenaria), kalapi (Crescentia) unknown; inheritance? See Language page PLE
Carijona kariwa (M2000) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Tiriyó carigua carigua inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare etü:dötoho (KH) (means 'sacred calabash, gourd'), kankudu (KH) (means 'gourd') etɨ:dətoho (KH), kankudu (KH) unknown; doubtful loan %koto/matoko See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Mapoyo wanata ('totuma') wanata See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai tutum tutum unknown Carib source of Spanish totuma? See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari bixuwa biʃuwa See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa piche, kuná-ka-to-po ('gourd', H&R) piʃe, kuná-ka-to-po ('gourd', H&R) See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca zihiba tʂihiβa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá sã'bɨ (IDS) sã'bɨ (IDS) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán cunonga censo, cunonga ccosu'cho 'calabaza larga con cuello, Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl'; ichhoro'cho 'Crescentia cujete' phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra tódó tóntó doubtful loan totuma; Carib or Spanish? See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro a´jonti aʔxonti See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez ejhua, apete, to (small one) ehwa, apete, to (small one) See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna engáue (Alv44); ya3ma3ru2 (A58) eŋgáwe; jamaru unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina tenïnï tenʉnʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa taus-bé ('gourd') taus-bé ('gourd') See Language page Daniel Valle
Andoke pó'di póʔdi unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé yokodɛ, tʰaɛ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave kõmya kõmja; pǝk ju ('gourd', H&R) doubtful loan - WW %kuja See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Máku kamičá See Language page
Ashuar tsápa tsapa See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa punu punu See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna tsápa, namúk ('calabaza'); punu ('calabaza, envase de agua') tsápa, namúk ('calabaza'); punu ('calabaza, envase de agua') inheritance; inheritance; loan, direction unknown Quechua punu See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses senco senko unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ṣ̌atarɨ ṣ̌atarɨ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua cuyu kuju doubtful loan - WW; loan - WW %koto/matoko; %kuja See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua puru puɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá mati, puru mati, puru See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua mati, puru mati, puru See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano wislla, hawinka wisʎa, hawinka See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ok'oya we'a kuo'tah okɁoja weɁa kuoɁtah loan - WW %kuja See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva pacãhxõ, llucudoho (tapara) pakãʔxõ, ʤukudoʔo (tapara) unknown; loan %koto/matoko, prob via Achagua tʃukúta See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano koa-ro ('gourd', H&R) koa-ro ('gourd', H&R) See Language page Addison Martinez, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana waaro waaɾɔ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna coa ('calabaza', Smothermon dict) koa inheritance? See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Yuruti wáha wáha ('gourd', H&R) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano waaimáro waaimáɾo; kooa-'rú ('gourd', H&R) See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tanimuca koʔ'a ('gourd', H&R) koʔ'a ('gourd', H&R) inheritance? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo wáa-ro ('gourd, H&R) wáa-ro ('gourd, H&R) See Language page
Tuyuka wa'a waʔa, waa-'gá ('gourd, H&R) See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja wáa-'gá ('gourd', H&R) wáa-'gá ('gourd', H&R) See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje okopʉ okhopʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona oco ti'in, sansa ('calabaza', Wheeler dict) oko tiʔin, sansa ('calabaza', Wheeler) inheritance; unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Karitiana mojoto mojoto doubtful loan - WW? %koto/matoko See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi cui, murutuku (O78) cui, murutuku (O78) inheritance; loan %koto/matoko See Language page PLE
Sirionó ia ia inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá kujahapĩ, ɨˀa (cuia), ɨˀapĩ (cabaça pequena) kujahapĩ, ɨˀa (cuia), ɨˀapĩ (cabaça pequena) inheritance; inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina coróóthyo koróótʔjo unknown; loan - WW %koto/matoko See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Nɨpode Witoto huǰéko hudʒέ-ko See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto emókï, huǰéko, ǰeθé-gï ɛmókɯ, hudʒέ-ko, dʒɛθέ-gɯ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto julleco, emokï hudʒɛko (B83), ɛmokɯ unique; unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Sanumá kaukusɨ ('calabash', EM72), holokoto ('gourd', EM72) kaukusɨ ('calabash', EM72), holokoto ('gourd', EM72) unknown; doubtful loan (into protolg?) - WW %koto/matoko See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito ipaáca (container made from a gourd, has a small opening in the top); samácu (Crescentia cujete); matarɨnaája (Lagenaria siceraria) ipaáka; samáku/ samakuánaaha unknown; inheritance? See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo tsamar+kaw tsamarɨkaw See Language page Becky Walker
Wari to (Sousa2009) to (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Cavineña tamabucu (C&L89) tamabuku unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara wislla, tamuña (P04) wisʎa, tamuña (P04) See Language page PLE
Kwazá haytoronitɛ (entry for "bottle gourd") haytoronitɛ (entry for "bottle gourd") See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima do'la, sahuampo (J62) do'la, saxuampo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai ɨʔa ɨʔa loan Kamayura See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang run-ja ɾun-ya See Language page PLE
Suyá yuñí juñí See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi djibe, koraka dʒibe, koraka See Language page PLE