achiote, anatto

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
achiote
Meaning Portuguese
urucum

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio Bixa orellana anondö anɔndö inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Bixa orellana phiɾimáapa pʰiɾimáːpa, phiɻi[máapa] (FS) inheritance Central North Arawak uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Bixa orellana ihu’se(H&R) ihu’se(H&R) inheritance See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Bixa orellana mujariyo muhalijo, bũ'hã́ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Amanda Meeks
Dâw Bixa orellana râàw hə̂w inheritance underived See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Bixa orellana mosã mosã inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Bixa orellana wachiyo' (arbol), wache (fruta) (MM) watʃiyoʔ (arbol), watʃe (fruta) (MM) inheritance Unknown bixa is Carib loan into European languages, origin of scientific name See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Bixa orellana jois hoes-t inheritance uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Bixa orellana jkulilu (Zent 08) unique uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Amanda Meeks
Waorani Bixa orellana kaka unique cf. Yagua kikã; see also ičoa-ka (Urarina) uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Amanda Meeks
Hup Bixa orellana hǝ́w hǝ́w inheritance underived See Language page 1 decorative paint 0 0 cultivated seeds mashed and used for paint 0 1 attained through exchange with Tukanoans secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Pattie Epps
Kakua Bixa orellana ~běʔ ~běʔ inheritance underived See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Bixa orellana jochíja hotʃíha inheritance uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Nheengatu Bixa orellana uruku uɾuku inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 underived See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Nukak Bixa orellana mée; mɛkũnde (H&R) inheritance uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub
Maihiki Bixa orellana bosa ja (ja marks neuter gender) bosa xa inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded xã xã (orth. ja) = inanimate See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Daniel Valle
Pemon Bixa orellana anonte (A1981); anontö (E1980) anonte (A1981); anɔntö (E1980) inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Bixa orellana phiigí pʰiigí inheritance Central North Arawak uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Ana Paula B.
Sikuani Bixa orellana jotsi (2) hótsi inheritance uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Amanda Meeks
Tariana Bixa orellana pi'ɾina, pi'ɾida, piɾimaphána pi'ɾina, pi'ɾida, piɾimapʰána inheritance Central North Arawak Also piɾimapʰána uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Ana Paula B.
Tukano Bixa orellana mosâ mosâ, bũsã́ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Bixa orellana bã'sĩ sõʔ'ã bã'sĩ sõʔ'ã inheritance May be inherited uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Amanda Meeks
Yanomam Bixa orellana nana (WS76); manokorima (bold), ɨrepërima (white-haired)(both WM99, nom. Class: si) nana (WS76); manokoɾima (bold), ɨɾepəɾima (white-haired inheritance cf. Witoto Witoto nonó-; see also Yan manokorima (bold), ɨrepërima (white-haired) uncoded si See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Kelsey Neely
Yanomami Bixa orellana nara, nana, nara shi hi, yamaro si hi, jono mosi naɾa, nana, naɾa ʃi hi, jã̃mãɾo si hi, jono mosi inheritance cf. Witoto Witoto nonó-, hi= CLF "tree", ʃi = CLF associated with gnats and cypress-type tubers serving as magical plants underived N+CLF hi= CLF "tree" (Ramirez 94), ʃi = CLF associated with gnats and cypress-type tubers serving as magical plants (Ramirez 94) See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Bixa orellana phirí pʰiɾí inheritance Central North Arawak uncoded See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup Bixa orellana hɤ̂w hɤ̂w inheritance underived See Language page 1 0 0 0 1 secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens no shrub Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Achagua Bixa orellana tʃáawihiri (lit. 'ripe tiger') píiri (H&R) inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Bixa orellana piirí (H&R) piirí (H&R) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Bixa orellana 'pʰiri 'pʰiɾi See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Bixa orellana kerawiwe kerawiwe See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi Bixa orellana aˈhite aˈhitɛ inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá Bixa orellana yuku (R73) juku (R73) doubtful loan Tupi-Guarani uruku See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Bixa orellana néépapa nέέpapa inheritance but cf. Witotoan See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Bixa orellana nóobaba nóobaba See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Bixa orellana xipo xipo unknown See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana Bixa orellana onot onot inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub PLE
Tiriyó Bixa orellana (w)ɨpuce (w)ɨpuce inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Becky Walker
Makiritare Bixa orellana wiʃu wiʃu inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo Bixa orellana anoto anoto See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Bixa orellana onomto (SM) onomto (SM) inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari Bixa orellana kiswe (M1992) kiswe (M1992) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Cofán Bixa orellana cuña kɯɲa See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS shrub Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Bixa orellana yobsa jompsa unique See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Taushiro Bixa orellana ava'a hi' awaʔa hiʔ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Páez Bixa orellana co ko See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Tikuna Bixa orellana é-tá, ô-tá (Alv44) éʔtá, oʔtá unique See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Bixa orellana hjaane, ičoa-ka hjaane, itʃoa-ka unique See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa Bixa orellana mandorɨ́-ʃa [loan Quechua] mandorɨ́-ʃa See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Andoke Bixa orellana akosi akoçi unique See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Kelsey Neely, PLE
Puinave Bixa orellana suamka swamka doubtful loan unusual form See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar Bixa orellana ipiák, shiipiak ipiak, ʃĩ:piak See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Huambisa Bixa orellana ipak ipak See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Bixa orellana ipák ipák inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Matses Bixa orellana piute piute unknown See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua Bixa orellana quica kikã unique See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Bixa orellana mandru mandru See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Ingá Bixa orellana mandur mandúr(H&R) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Bixa orellana manduru manduɾu See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano Bixa orellana achiwti atʃiwti See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa Bixa orellana muɨñɨh muɨñɨh inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Bixa orellana muuñu muːɲu inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Becky Walker
Barasano Bixa orellana bũsã́ bũsã́ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Amanda Meeks
Carapana Bixa orellana musã mũsã See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Amanda Meeks
Makuna Bixa orellana abujumujariyocʉ (tree), musa bũsã (H&R), abuxumuxaɾiyokɨ (tɾee), musa inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Bixa orellana bũũsã bũũsã See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Bixa orellana ba'sisõʔ'ã ba'sisõʔ'ã See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Amanda Meeks
Siriano Bixa orellana musã́ musã́, bũ'sã́ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Bixa orellana bũ'ha bũ'ha inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tuyuka Bixa orellana bũ'sã́ bũ'sã́ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Bixa orellana bũ'hã́ bũ'hã́ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Bixa orellana pũsañʉ pũsaɲʉ, pũsa inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle
Siona Bixa orellana bonsa bonsa inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Bixa orellana posa põ'sa See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Amanda Meeks
Kokama Bixa orellana ruku ruku inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Bixa orellana uluku (G78) uluku (G78) inheritance See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub PLE
Ocaina Bixa orellana ñon̵ṍṍya ñon:ṍṍja inheritance cf. Bora See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Bixa orellana nonó-kï nonó-kɯ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Bixa orellana nonó-kï nonó-kɯ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Bixa orellana nono-kï nono-kɯ inheritance cf. Bora, Yanomami See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Bixa orellana carásiica karásiika unknown See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo Bixa orellana inyawhwa injawhʷa See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Becky Walker
Wari Bixa orellana nawin (Sousa2009) nawin (Sousa2009) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub PLE
Cavineña Bixa orellana e-mace (G71) e-mace (G71) See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara Bixa orellana achiwiti (loan) atʃiwiti See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub PLE
Suyá Bixa orellana ywɨ jwɨ See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi Bixa orellana kurabi kurabi See Language page secondary scrub vegetation and indigenous gardens shrub PLE