iguana

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
iguana, garipiares (Colombia)
Meaning Portuguese
camaleão

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio Iguana sp. wayamaga wayamaga WW (source?) Northern Carib? (attested Akawaio, Pemon, Yukpa) %wajamaka Likely loan into Nadëb: wajãam See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Iguana sp. doopo (H&R92) (same as lizard?) semantic shift from 'lizard' Means lizard in most Arawak lgs (may just be bad data) Broader (lizard in general; not clear how reliable these data are) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Iguana sp. iwana (SM) loan direction unknown - WW %iwana Wanderwort: Similar forms in other Carib languages; Sp. iguana is reported to come from Arawak. Compare Yavitero iwána; see also Hodï uana (probably an Arawak loan), others WW %jiwana See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Iguana sp. dúpu (generic term), cachiva, chãmaidupu, ẽpadupu, toavaridoacʉ dúpu (generic term), katʃiva, tʃãmaidupu, ɛ̃̃padupu, toavalidoakʉ loan Baniwa doopo (shift from 'lizard') Probably Bainwa dóopo or Tariana dúpu 'small lizard, iguana'; related 'small lizard' term in Wanano and Tanimuca. Also katʃiva, tʃãmaidupu, ɛ̃̃padupu, tɔavalidɔakʉ uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Dâw Iguana sp. ? -- missing missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Iguana sp. joa'sṍ joa'sṍ inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Iguana sp. yawana (MM) jawana (MM) loan direction unknown - WW %iwana Wanderwort: Similar forms in other Carib languages; Sp. iguana is reported to come from Arawak. Compare Yavitero iwána; see also Hodï uana (probably an Arawak loan), others WW %jiwana See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Iguana sp. matíw matíw inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Iguana sp. uana loan - WW %jiwana, Carib Yavitero "iwána", Carijona "iwana" WW %jiwana uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Waorani Iguana sp. æ̃ebæ unique missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Hup Iguana sp. cǝw'ǝ́b cǝw'ǝ́b unique other complex lexicalized cV- prefix? See Language page 0 1 0 hunted mostly men roasted, boiled, smoked 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Pattie Epps
Kakua Iguana sp. ~bâjaʔ ~bâja loan - WW %maɲaʔo Witoto or Bora (Murui mááɲaʔo, Ocaina máánjaʔo) WW %mañaʔo underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Iguana sp. matí matí inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Nheengatu Iguana sp. kameleu kameleu loan Portuguese underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Maihiki Iguana sp. mɨigɨ ago mɨigɨ ago, bɨ̃ɨ̃-bɨ unique uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle
Pemon Iguana sp. wayamaka (E1980) waʎamaka (E1980) WW (source?) Northern Carib? (attested Akawaio, Pemon, Yukpa) %wajamaka Likely loan into Nadëb: wajãam See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Iguana sp. maañá?o maañáʔo loan - WW %maɲaʔo, cf. Bora/Yucuna Shared with Yucuna; see Bora and Ocaina, e.g. máányaʔo, mááñaho; Wanderwort - also borrowed into Kakua? WW %mañaʔo uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B.
Sikuani Iguana sp. matiwi (2) matíwi inheritance loan INTO Piapoco uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Tariana Iguana sp. káːsiwa káːsiwa loan direction unknown Cubeo Cuebo katʃiva uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B.
Tukano Iguana sp. joasṍ (h&r) joasṍ (h&r) inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Iguana sp. jo'a so jo'a so inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Yanomami Iguana sp. iwawa sikɨ iwawa sikɨ (iwa= alligator, si= nom. Class.) doubtful loan - WW %jiwana? see 'caiman' iwa= alligator, sikɨ= nom. class. underived possibly, not fully clear, N+CLF sikɨ = CLF associated with yellow serpents (Ramirez 94) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Iguana sp. mañao, matsihui [Guahiban loan?] (rk83) maɲao loan - WW %maɲaʔo, cf. Bora/Resigaro Shared with Resigaro; see Bora and Ocaina, e.g. máányaʔo, mááñaho; Wanderwort - also borrowed into Kakua? WW %mañaʔo uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Achagua Iguana sp. tʃamánali (HR92) t∫amánali (H&R) WW (inheritance?) %tʃamana, maybe from tʃaba-li 'Anolis sp.'? See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Iguana sp. chàmanàli tʃàmanàli See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Iguana sp. iwána iwána See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi Iguana sp. 'wiyare 'wijare inheritance South Arawak See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá Iguana sp. yia (M99) jia (M99) inheritance South Arawak See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Iguana sp. máányaʔo, mááñaho (FS) máánjaʔo doubtful loan, direction unknown - WW %maɲaʔo See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Iguana sp. mááɲáʔu, xúúčáíʔi {chameleon} mááɲáʔu, xúútʃáíʔi {chameleon} See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Iguana sp. zuana zuana loan direction unknown - WW %iwana See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana Iguana sp. ololi ololi unique See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana PLE
Tiriyó Iguana sp. iwana iwana loan direction unknown - WW %iwana See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Becky Walker
Makiritare Iguana sp. yama:nadi (KH) jama:nadi loan - WW %tʃamana, from North Arawak (cf. -li) See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai Iguana sp. kwana (SM) kwana (SM) loan direction unknown - WW %iwana See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa Iguana sp. ayamaka ajámaka (H&R) See Language page Phon only in source iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Cofán Iguana sp. ivana (Arawak/Spanish loan?), ampashiro iβana See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Iguana sp. sódari sóntaɾi loan, direction unknown Jivaroan, e.g. Huambisa su:ntai See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle
Tikuna Iguana sp. tchené-má (Alv44) tʃenéʔmá loan - WW %tʃamana See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Iguana sp. leleno leleno unique See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke Iguana sp. padóse padóçe unique See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé Iguana sp. ipurimechá (tegu lizard; edible, large; Lin97) See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave Iguana sp. namãnã damana (H&R) loan - WW %tʃamana, from Arawak See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar Iguana sp. súunti su:nti See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle
Huambisa Iguana sp. suuntai su:ntai See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Iguana sp. iwán (loan?) iwán loan - WW %jiwana (from Spanish?) See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle
Matses Iguana sp. iuin tampas iuin tampas unique See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua Iguana sp. numiy numij unique See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Iguana sp. ayambi ajambi See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Iguana sp. ayambi ajambi See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle
Piaroa Iguana sp. hu'ba'wa huɁbaɁwa inheritance See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Iguana sp. juwahga huwaʔga inheritance See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Becky Walker
Barasano Iguana sp. jua jua See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Carapana Iguana sp. 'júwɨ́hóo 'júwɨ́hóo See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Makuna Iguana sp. jua-boro jua-boro inheritance See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Iguana sp. juaso juaso See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Iguana sp. jo'asõ jo'asõ See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Siriano Iguana sp. ẽeyá-ri ẽejá-ɾi, ẽ'ré̃-jóá See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Iguana sp. ju'adã-'ka ju'adã-'ka inheritance See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo Iguana sp. jú'wɨ́'hóo jú'wɨ́'hóo See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Iguana sp. jua'sṍ jua'sṍ See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Iguana sp. yúáhò júáhò See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Iguana sp. kuechoo kʰᵘeʤo loan Arawak (prob from 'lizard'), cf. e.g. Bare kuíd'iju See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle
Siona Iguana sp. bëehuë bɨehuɨ inheritance See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Iguana sp. pu'ehuë puʔɛwɨ See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Amanda Meeks
Kokama Iguana sp. yakuraru jakuɾaɾu semantic shift compound w/caiman? See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Iguana sp. talawi (G89) talawi (G89) unknown See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana PLE
Sirionó Iguana sp. tuchuara, sɨraquiei (P85) tutʃuaraˌ sɨrakiei unknown See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina Iguana sp. mááñaho mááɲaʔo loan - WW %maɲaʔo See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Iguana sp. kúema kúɛma See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Iguana sp. kúema kúɛma See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Iguana sp. kuema kuɛma inheritance/Witoto See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Cavineña Iguana sp. pisoso pisoso See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Djeoromitxi Iguana sp. hautxitxi hautʃitʃi See Language page iguana' is reportedly from Arawak iwana PLE