fence, palisade

Semantic Field
other
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
cerco
Meaning Portuguese
cerca

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Kakua wâyat-hɨdɨʔ wâyat-hʉdʉʔ [?-keep/hold] unknown Other complex ?-keep/hold may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu kurara kurara loan Arawak or Spanish/Portuguese Nheengatu as likely donor into Arawak (e.g. Wapishana kʰurara); Baniwa koɻáaɻa; Nheengatu kurara; Northern Emberá korrá WW %kurara Simplex may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani wææ kæ-ĩ unique Other complex wææ kæ= hinder, prevent; ĩ=?? may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï mena laho unique Simplex may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami arana aɾana doubtful loan Spanish corral, via Arawak kurara Simplex may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam šokia wei (ids) ʃ̌okia wei (ids) unknown Derived ʃ̌okia, unclear; wei nominalizer may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria pari kùnu pari kùnu loan TG pari Compound may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo biaido biaido fence, enclosure ('cerca') unknown Classifier -do may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano sã'rî-ro sã'rî-ro inheritance shared Tuyuka Simplex may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano pohro pohro unknown Simplex may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki ɨayigo ja ɨajigo xã unknown may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup hicǎd hicǎd inheritance Tukano? Other complex FACTITIVE-? may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw saàd ʃâd inheritance may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani [maneritanae (31)(wood to make fences)] missing may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Akawaio pe'wï peʔwɨ unknown may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi seereka (SM) seereka (SM) loan Spanish/Portuguese may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa y-ankahtə-toʔ; tyankan, -ankajtë- (MM) j-ankahtë-tɔʔ; tjankan, -ankahtǝ- (MM) unknown Alternate: j-ankahtë-tɔʔ may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna kurára (R01) kurára (R01) loan Spanish/Portuguese may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana wisíwai; na-itaníwi; yaɾukanáwi wisíwai; na-itaníwi; jaɾukanáwi unknown Alternate: wisíwei, na-itaníwi; jaɾukanáwi Simplex may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana kʰurara kʰurara loan Spanish/Portuguese Nheengatu kurara; Northern Emberá korrá WW %kurara Simplex may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa koráara koɻáaɻa loan Spanish/Portuguese Spanish source, via Nheengatu? Arawak (e.g. Wapishana kʰurara); Baniwa koɻáaɻa; Yavitero ku'rara; Nheengatu kurara; Northern Emberá korrá WW %kurara Simplex may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Achagua kuɻáaɻa (R01), kúura kuɻáaɻa (R01), kúura loan Spanish/Portuguese may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco kuráaru (R01) kuráaru (R01) may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena kúlala (R01) kúlala (R01) may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ku'rara ~ ku'ľaľa ku'rara ~ ku'ľaľa may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure ečosoe etʃosoe doubtful loan, direction unknown Siriono etarõsa may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá aža-tapi aža-tapi unknown may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora mihlle, pámɨjco miʔtʃe, pʰámɨxkʰo unknown may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Mapoyo yawatapï'bë (?) yawatapʊ'bɛ (?) may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai waača waača unknown may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa masísetupre masísetupre may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca ca ka may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá korrá korá (from Spanish?) may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán na´inchoe, pporotsse naʔintʃoɛ, phorotshɛ phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra vátsiriíta wátsiɾiita unknown cf. Ashuar wenúti may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez cafind kafind may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na-pôgue (Alv44) naʔpoge unique may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina ičï-nehe ičʉ-nehe unique may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Pumé jachí dãĩ may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave wai wai unique may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Ashuar wenúrmau, wenúti wɯnurmau, wɯnuti may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna taníish, péeg taní:ʃ, pɨ:g unknown may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Chácobo panɨwa- panɨwa- doubtful loan TG pari may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua puryesiy purjesij unknown cf. TG pari may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua caylla, cuchu kajʎa, tʃutʃu may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kincha kintʃa may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua mayan majan may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano qencha, perqa qentʃa, peɾqa may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa emuɨhunúh, muɨ'epuɨh emuɨhunúh, muɨɁepuɨh unknown may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva ohwahixa oʔwaʔixa unknown may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Becky Walker
Tuyuka sã'dĩ-rõ sã'dĩ-rõ may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Kokama yuta juta unknown may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi pali pali unknown prob. TG, cf. ARN terms for 'fish barrier' may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page PLE
Sirionó etarõsa etarõsa doubtful loan, direction unknown Baure etʃosoe may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina áán̈urah áán:ɯraʔ inheritance? may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto iaɨ́reì, ianoride iaɯ̀rɛì, ianoridɛ (B83) inheritance? may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Wari tawit (Sousa2009) tawit (Sousa2009) may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page PLE
Cavineña e-taraka-ne-ke; espiki (IDS notes the unusual consonant cluster in "espiki") e-taraka-ne-ke; espiki unique may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Movima čaʔ-ɓes tʃaʔ-ɓes may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai ɨuɨr xomama ɨuɨr xomama unique may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang rò may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi nitäkä nitǝkǝ may be related to defense/warfare? See Language page PLE