bead

Semantic Field
culture-material
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
abalorio, mostacilla, cuenta, gota, puca; necklace=collar
Meaning Portuguese
miçanga

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla missing missing Jane Hill
Cupeño missing missing Jane Hill
Luiseño pavyut ceremonial wand, ceremonial beads inheritance *payu, *papayu Takic Stubbs 2011 1268a Lu, Ca, add Gab other complex really reduplicated but probably not synchronically Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino to-koo-par beads inheritance *tukuC-pa Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2032b, related to (a) "sky"; also tomo:$axar kind of beads H 456 other complex Merriam 49:97 Jane Hill
Serrano missing missing Jane Hill
Kitanemuk tukuhpač bead (gen.?), metal, sky inheritance *tukuC-pa Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2032b, related to (a) "sky" other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tukumpal sky; bead, beads, white clamshell disks inheritance *tukuN-pa Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2032a, related to b) other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim lil'-nah beads loan Yokuts simplex Merriam 49:183 Jane Hill
Kawaiisu tugu-bi beads, iron inheritance *tukuC-pa Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2032b, related to (a) "sky" other complex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi himpY shell beads of size and shape (cheerios JHH) inheritance *hini Numic Stubbs 2011 2283; see Chemehuevi "bead"; probably a "belongings" word other complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute choi-N bead (used for any purpose), beads inheritance *coiN Numic Also in W. Shoshone, Comanche; Stubbs 1513 siplex Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute cii-vY bead(s) inheritance *coiN Numic Also in W. Shoshone, Comanche; Stubbs 1513 other complex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone namokkuttsi beads loan *nammakku Numic unknown See also T. sho namokku(n) 'money', Comanche 'clothes'; W. Mono naawakU 'string of shell money', N. Paiute namakko 'old kind of beads; also hoi-yah, ahts-ă-kan-nah red & blue beads, probably Hudson Bay Merriam 45:303 WW %waku other complex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone coon beads inheritance *coiN Numic Also in Southern Numic; Stubbs 1513 simplex Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche tsoomY bead inheritance *coiN Numic Also in Southern Numic; Stubbs 1513 simplex Robinson & Armagost 1990 Jane Hill
Western Mono qakIbi beads inheritance *kak(k)i Numic Stubbs 2011 1506 other complex qakiya- 'to wear around neck' Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute namakoo old kind of beads inheritance *nammakku Numic unknown See also T. sho namokku(n) 'money', W. Mono naawakU 'string of shell money', N. Paiute namakko 'old kind of beads, Comanche 'clothes' WW %waku simplex Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok kumsul- whole Olivella shell bead unique also lacah:ana- long narrow shell bead (dentalium?), ky:cyp- long shell bead); ho:wok, ho:wos-, ho:wot- "beads" simplex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok lúk:u- shell beads inheritance Proto-Eastern Miwok Note Mie luk:u- 'piece of abalone shell'; hów:out- 'disk beads' simplex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok how:oT-u-, ho:woT-u- beads loan into protolanguage Yok-Utian unknown Callaghan 1997:58 WW %waku other complex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok ho:wot beads inheritance Yok-Utian Callaghan 1997:58 WW %waku simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok húuja bead, beads loan Southeastern Pomo but note e.g. *ho:wot (Pmie) Callaghan 1997:58 simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu wókkolò small sea shell punched with a hole, acquired by trading inheritance *…wók' Proto-Maiduan unknown Ultan 1964:368; Merriam has boom-yi'-yah, Dentalium 41:271, boom-yo'-yo 41:349 WW %waku derived Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan howwo, howo beads; wampum (in English index) loan Northern Sierra Miwok Ultan 1964:368 (????); Ultan gives howoko and says this is PM *…wok'; but note the Miwokan forms! E.g. Mins how:oT-u-, ho:woT-u-, Mip ho:woT WW %waku simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani lil-nah beads unknown Porterville simplex Merriam 44:449 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi pode, cuyut beads inheritance Proto-Nim-Yokuts xumana 'long beads' ; Merriam has po'-di' 44:181 simplex Kroeber 1907 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami gixa beads loan into protolanguage Proto-Yokutsan Takic see Kroeber 1962 forms WW %kys simplex Kroeber 1962 Jane Hill
Washo mák'aw bead unknown unknown WW %waku simplex Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu topi beads, money loan simplex Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki hoşo clamshell bead unknown PNY in Elmendorf 1993; also šip 'magnesite bead' WW %kys simplex Jane Hill
Wappo Túpu:lu7 clamshell bead loan Coast Miwok form from Bodega Mi (Callaghan 1968:14) simplex Elmendorf 1993 Jane Hill
Mutsun mah'-ahs (mas Mason 1916:433) beads inheritance Proto-Costanoan see 'necklace' derived suffix -s but see Okrand 245 Merriam 39:95 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A xα/nis beads unknown Proto-Salinan Takic kišotel Pinart 76 WW %xene simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M xe/nes beads unknown Takic WW %xene simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno te7le abalorio, cuentitas que ponen el el pescuezo inheritance *-el Proto-Chumashan Klar 1977 simplex this has borrowed the Salinan prefix but it's not a prefix in OC Harrington Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7apï ï is barred i kind of bead unknown čiphï7 a kind of long bead p 249 -- I've passed 2 other kinds, FIND simplex Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno k'elk'ilïlï beads unknown reduplicated Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno si-ciyel'iku l' in Mamet 2008:82 a bead unknown al-taqaš Applegate 1973 Ch. 10:9 derived si is just definite article but the rest is obviously multimorphemic Harrington 1974 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa sho-kōl' beads, necklace inheritance Proto-Yuman see Mojave simplex Merriam 38:209 Jane Hill
Cocopa şak7ú:l beads inheritance Proto-Yuman see Mojave simplex Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave saku7ul bead inheritance Proto-Yuman could be a loan but is in IA and C simplex Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai sk7û:la hnáqča bead inheritance Proto-Yuman k7úli round > beads 393; hnaq 'necklace'; same word for bead in IA, C, M WW phrase Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) haapxij prehistoric bead made of shell unknown also ihaapxa, hapápi 'seeds, bons, and shells that have been strung on a necklace' simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Nheengatu puira puira inheritance? Simplex See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani wa-bõ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï ʰkʷã lãka ʰkʷã lãka bead, necklace unique Other complex ʰkʷã 'throat' See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami topë topə inheritance Proto-Yanomami/Yanomam Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam topə topə bead inheritance Proto-Yanomami/Yanomam Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam šĩtha- (ids) [prob actually means 'string'] ʃ̌ĩtha- (ids) [prob actually means 'string'] unknown IDS gives ʃ̌ĩtha-, but looks suspiciously like the words for string in the other languages, maybe a mistranslation? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tukano yãkê jãkê inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Simplex See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano ñahguida ñahgida inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Hup g'ǎç g'ǎç doubtful loan - WW %kasiru Wapishana (Arawak) kʰaʃuru; Carib (e.g. Akawaio kazuru); Matses (Pano) kasɨɾɯ WW %kasuru Simplex See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw ked rẽè kæd hæ̃̂ unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani tulíquisi tulíkisi (bead string) string of beads loan - WW %tulikiʃi, via Piapoco See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan asúlap (necklace) necklace unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Pemon kasuuruu (E1980) kasuru (E1980) loan - WW Pemongan subgroup %kasiru See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Akawaio kazuuruu kazuru loan - WW Pemongan subgroup %kasiru See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi kaʔsiru kaʔsiru loan - WW Pemongan subgroup %kasiru See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa əʔnan əʔnan unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna ijnejí ihnehí unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kʰašuru kʰaʃuru loan - WW %kasiru Carib (e.g. Akawaio kazuru); Matses (Pano) kasɨɾɯ; Hup g'ǎç WW %kasuru Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa malóyo maɺójo inheritance shared Warekena Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro hímíu hímíu unique Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Achagua wabaíʃi wabaíʃi unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco tùliquìchi tùlikìtʃi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena majúlu (R01) majúlu (R01) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi haliyoloti halijuluti inheritance? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá yulatɨžu julatɨžu inheritance? See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora ícyááveu íkhjaβeu unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai kasuru kasuru loan - WW %kasiru See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ono, hampele ono, hampele unique See Language page PLE
Carijona mereguai (M2000) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Makiritare mayūdu (IDS): mayu:du (KH) maju:du loan Arawak, see Warekena majúlu See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Wai Wai kɨričiči kɨričiči unknown cf. %tulikiʃi See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa mokɨ (SM) mokɨ (SM) See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Northern Emberá kɨ'r̃ɨ-hɨ̃-ma ('waist-tied; belt') (IDS) kɨ'r̃ɨ-hɨ̃-ma ('waist-tied; belt') (IDS) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Páez wãʔča wãʔča See Language page Daniel Valle
Pumé tʊričʰi čo See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave yĩk-ot yĩk-ot unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Aguaruna shaúk ʃaúk unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses casëdu kasɨdu loan - WW %kasiru See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo amɨ-čirotamɨšti amɨ-čirotamɨšti unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua mučarãnũ; mučarãnũsi mutʃarãnũ; mutʃarãnũsi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá wallka waʎka See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua huallca waʎka See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano wallqa (CP94) waʎqa See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa pãhãntɨh pãhãntɨh unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva tuliguichi 'collar' tuliguitʃi 'collar' loan - WW %tulikiʃi See Language page Becky Walker
Tuyuka yãkẽ jãkẽ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Wayampi -p-ɔʔɨ -p-ɔʔɨ inheritance? See Language page PLE
Sirionó tiqui je (P85) tiki he unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina llíoonji, ahtiiho (necklace) dʒíoonhi, aʔtiiʔo (necklace) unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto sirio (woman's necklace) θirio (woman's necklace; B83) unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Sanumá mazulu mazulu loan Arawak, cf. Warekena majúlu; see also Makiritare maju:du See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito taraásiija taraásiiha unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Kwazá kanɛto kanɛto See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɗiɗin-kʷa ɗiɗin-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai mɨʔɨraw mɨʔɨraw unknown See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE