potato, sweet potato

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
camote, batata dulce, batata, cumara
Meaning Portuguese
batata-doce

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio Ipomoea batatas sak sak inheritance Northern Carib? Broader (potato, sweet potato) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Ipomoea batatas kalíri kaɺíɻi inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Ipomoea batatas nahí (M2000) nahí (M2000) inheritance See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Ipomoea batatas yapica japika, ja'pí inheritance East Tukanoan Broader (also means cara) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Dâw Ipomoea batatas yo’ [potato in general] jɔʔ inheritance same as 'potato' missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Ipomoea batatas ñapĩ ñapĩ, jã'pĩ́ inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Ipomoea batatas čok; cho', -chokun (MM) tʃok; tʃoʔ, -tʃokun (MM) cará, yam, sweet potato inheritance Northern Carib? broader (cará, yam, sweet potato) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Ipomoea batatas dɨahd (Keels 1985), dɨd (CM72) dɨad inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Ipomoea batatas iye ʰwalẽ unique Compare Camsa "míya" uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Waorani Ipomoea batatas akage, kõwæ doubtful loan Urarina aki: uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Hup Ipomoea batatas píʔ píʔ doubtful loan East Tukanoan underived See Language page 0 1 0 cultivated women boiled; mostly used as additive in beer 0 0 attained through exchange with Tukanoans no plant Pattie Epps
Macaguan Ipomoea batatas rʉ́ta rɨta inheritance Broader (potato in general) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi Ipomoea batatas karisa (SM) karisa (SM) loan Arawak See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu Ipomoea batatas batata, yutika (G&F: no longer widely used) batata, jutika (G&F: no longer widely used) inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Also: cará, batata (Pt loan). Grenand & Ferreira: yutika no longer widely used. underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam Ipomoea batatas hikomik (ids), hokomok (gom) hikomik (ids), hokomok (gom) inheritance also hokomok (gom) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Kelsey Neely
Nukak Ipomoea batatas kɨɨdn2 (H&R) doubtful loan into protolanguage Bora kʰɯni uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant
Maihiki Ipomoea batatas yají ja jaxi xã inheritance West Tukanoan uncoded xã xã (orth. ja) = inanimate See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Daniel Valle
Pemon Ipomoea batatas ichak (A1981) itʃak (A1981) inheritance Northern Carib? Broader (potato, sweet potato) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Ipomoea batatas kaniídeú kaniídeú inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) Uncertain as inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B.
Sikuani Ipomoea batatas daütjü (2) dáɨthɨ ('sweet potato', CM72) inheritance Broader (potato in general) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Tariana Ipomoea batatas kalí[ri] (dp91), ãwhi, awhída, hãwhi 'batata-doce, mandioca', húne 'batata-doce, batata-inglesa', máː kalí[ri] (dp91), ãwhi, awhída, hãwhi 'batata-doce, mandioca', húne 'batata-doce, batata-inglesa', máː inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) Also ãwhi, awhída, hãwhi 'batata-doce, mandioca', húne 'batata-doce, batata-inglesa', máː uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B.
Tukano Ipomoea batatas yãpî jãpî inheritance East Tukanoan Broader (also means cara) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Ipomoea batatas ñapi (Waltz) ja'pĩ, japi (Waltz) inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Wapishana Ipomoea batatas kʰaaẓɨɨ kʰaaẓɨɨ inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B.
Yanomam Ipomoea batatas jucomo (WS76); ãkõtarima, õsimõhõrima, wakërima ("red") (all WM99, nom. Class: kɨkɨ); hõkõmo uritʰeri a (WM99, wild sweet potato) hukomo, ãkõtaɾima, õsimõhõɾima, wakəɾima, hõkõmo uɾitʰeɾi a inheritance also ãkõtarima, õsimõhõrima, wakërima ("red") (all WM99, nom. Class: kɨkɨ); hõkõmo uritʰeri a (WM99, wild sweet potato) uncoded kɨkɨ See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Kelsey Neely
Yanomami Ipomoea batatas hukomo (thotho) hukomo (tʰotʰo) inheritance tʰotʰo= CLF "climbing plant/vine" underived N+(CLF) tʰotʰo= CLF "climbing plant/vine" (Ramirez 94) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Ipomoea batatas ujrí uhrí; kuwajú, paihí (H&R) unknown Also paihí (H&R) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup Ipomoea batatas jɔʔhǝ̌h jɔʔhǝ̌h unique no info See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Achagua Ipomoea batatas kalíʃta kalíʃta inheritance See Language page plant Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Ipomoea batatas calìri kalìɾi See Language page plant Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Ipomoea batatas káriri káɾiɾi See Language page plant Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Ipomoea batatas e:ɺu, karíri e:ɺu, karíri See Language page plant Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Ipomoea batatas elu (dp91), eľu; ba'tata elu (dp91), eľu; ba'tata See Language page plant Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi Ipomoea batatas kaiyese kaijese inheritance See Language page plant Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure Ipomoea batatas mamis, sere mamis, sere unknown; cf. Carib sere 'manioc' See Language page plant Anissa Capuccino
Waurá Ipomoea batatas uhu uhu unknown See Language page plant Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Ipomoea batatas cuni- (+clas) kʰɯni- (+clas) semantic shift? from Xanthosoma See Language page plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Ipomoea batatas ǰírúúmɨba dʒírúúmɨba See Language page plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Ipomoea batatas napi napi inheritance See Language page plant Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana Ipomoea batatas napi napi inheritance See Language page plant PLE
Tiriyó Ipomoea batatas napi napi inheritance See Language page plant Becky Walker
Makiritare Ipomoea batatas šāku (IDS); sha:ku (KH) ʃa:ku inheritance See Language page plant Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo Ipomoea batatas saku (tsaku) saku (tsaku) See Language page plant Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Ipomoea batatas Φaari Φaari loan cf. Yucuna pari 'sweet manioc', other Arawak terms relating to manioc See Language page plant Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari Ipomoea batatas mepe (M1992) See Language page plant Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa Ipomoea batatas sak ʃaʔkrúwa(H&R) See Language page Phon only in source plant Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Kalapalo Ipomoea batatas aŋisa; mbatata (from Port.); mukutsi aŋisa; mbatata (from Port.); mukutsi unknown See Language page plant Joyce McCormick
Muisca Ipomoea batatas iomza iomtʂa See Language page plant Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá Ipomoea batatas bata'ta (loan; IDS) bata'ta (loan; IDS) See Language page plant Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cuiva Ipomoea batatas dáɨthɨ (CM72) dɨ´tʰɨ See Language page plant Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Cofán Ipomoea batatas quefa (sweet potato), sisa, atta kyɛɸa (sweet potato), sisa, atha See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS plant Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Ipomoea batatas vishichi biʃitʃi doubtful loan, direction unknown Jivaroan See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Taushiro Ipomoea batatas unuchi´tu unuʃiʔtu See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Páez Ipomoea batatas ŭtj (sweet potato), caca, unt ŭtx (sweet potato), kaka, unt See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Tikuna Ipomoea batatas core koɾe loan Kampan Arawak (*koriti?) See Language page plant Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Ipomoea batatas akii, moko-a akii, moko-a unique See Language page plant Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa Ipomoea batatas mijá mijá See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Andoke Ipomoea batatas ñedžepi(h) (RW52) ñedžepi(h) (RW52) unique See Language page plant Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé Ipomoea batatas õari See Language page plant Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave Ipomoea batatas iám iám doubtful loan E. Tukanoan jãbõ [ŋamo] 'taioba' See Language page plant Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku Ipomoea batatas wešikü See Language page plant PLE
Ashuar Ipomoea batatas ínchi inʧi See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Huambisa Ipomoea batatas inchi intʃi See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Ipomoea batatas idáuk idáuk doubtful loan TG: Kokama jɨtika See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Matses Ipomoea batatas cadi kadi loan into protolanguage Arawak: Kampan *koriti; cf. likely Panoan *kari, Tacanan *xariri See Language page plant Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua Ipomoea batatas jatisiy (sweet potato); jonu xatisij (sweet potato), xonu unknown cf. Witoto 'Xanthosoma' See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Ipomoea batatas cumal kumal See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Ingá Ipomoea batatas kumal, kumala kumála(H&R) See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Ipomoea batatas cumal kumal See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano Ipomoea batatas apichu, misk'i-papa (CP94) apitʃu, misk'i-papa See Language page plant Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa Ipomoea batatas wi'ria' (K76) wiʔriaʔ unknown See Language page plant Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Ipomoea batatas ehche eʔʧe unknown See Language page plant Becky Walker
Barasano Ipomoea batatas jãhĩ́ jãhĩ́ See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
Carapana Ipomoea batatas capo, ñapĩ, rutu kapɔ, ɲãpĩ, ɾutu, jã'pĩ́ See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
Makuna Ipomoea batatas ñaji ɲaxi, jãhĩ inheritance See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Ipomoea batatas jã́pĩ jã́pĩ See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Ipomoea batatas jãʔ'pi-a jãʔ'pi-a inheritance See Language page plant Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo Ipomoea batatas jã'pĩ́ jã'pĩ́ See Language page plant Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Ipomoea batatas yã'pĩ jãʔpĩ See Language page plant D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Ipomoea batatas jã'pĩ́ jã'pĩ́ See Language page plant Kelsey Neely
Siona Ipomoea batatas ñajo ɲaho inheritance See Language page plant Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Ipomoea batatas ai cuti a'so ja'hi See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
Karitiana Ipomoea batatas ohy ohɨ unknown See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Kokama Ipomoea batatas yɨtika jɨtika inheritance See Language page plant Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Ipomoea batatas yɛtɨ jɛtɨ inheritance See Language page plant PLE
Sirionó Ipomoea batatas ɲiti ɲiti inheritance See Language page plant Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Ipomoea batatas jetɨk (M2000) jetɨk (M2000) inheritance See Language page plant Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Ipomoea batatas botyootyo botʲootʲo loan Spanish batata? but cf. attributed Taino origin See Language page plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Ipomoea batatas repí-hï rɛpí-hɯ See Language page plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Ipomoea batatas reɸí-hï rɛɸí-hɯ See Language page plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Ipomoea batatas reɸi-hï rɛɸi-hɯ inheritance/Witoto See Language page plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Ipomoea batatas catíja katíha doubtful loan Arawak: Kampan *koriti See Language page plant Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo Ipomoea batatas imatsaka (camote) imatsaka See Language page plant Becky Walker
Wari Ipomoea batatas tamatan (Sousa2009) tamatan (Sousa2009) See Language page plant PLE
Cavineña Ipomoea batatas kono-kahi; ano-ʔai; bači (kono- means "vine") kono-kahi; ano-ʔai; bači See Language page plant Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara Ipomoea batatas qhini, qama, phiñu, sicha (P04) qhini, qama, phiñu, sicha See Language page plant PLE
Kwazá Ipomoea batatas nũnã, xurimjɛ̃ nũnã, xurimjɛ̃ See Language page plant Joyce McCormick
Movima Ipomoea batatas jalala'a (J62) halala'a See Language page plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai Ipomoea batatas mani mani See Language page plant Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang Ipomoea batatas nin; pɛnʔɔ (IDS) [matata]; nin; pɛnʔɔ See Language page plant PLE
Djeoromitxi Ipomoea batatas hemi hemi See Language page plant PLE