machete

Semantic Field
culture-material
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
machete
Meaning Portuguese
facão

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Kakua ʔĩbat-naʔ ʔĩbat-naʔ [metal-cl.tree.like] unique Derived metal-cl.tree.like See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu kicé kisé semantic shift *kitʃe Proto-Tupi-Guarani knife' Simplex See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Hodï ela ya'la unique North Arawak Also: ela Simplex See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami sipara sipaɾa loan - WW %sipara/sapere Carib (e.g. Pemon kusupará); Urarina sa:beɽe; Iquito sáhuiri; Sikuani sipari (axe) WW %sapara Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam thomu-na, thõmɨna (EM72) tʰõmɨna semantic shift Proto-Yanomamo knife' Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria yoari pjĩ (Waltz) joaɾi pjĩ (Waltz) inheritance shared Macuna Derived joa+ri-~phi; be.long+NOM-CLS:bladelike See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo carove, tãuve karovɛ, tãuvɛ unique Also: tãuvɛ Classifier -vɛ See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Desano matamijĩ matamihĩ unique Compound See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki quiudɨ ja kiudɨ xã knife, machete unknown Simplex See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup wan wan inheritance Proto-DYH But see Tariana wánaɾi Simplex See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw wãàn wã̂n inheritance Proto-DYH But see Tariana wánaɾi Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani maseta (2) maseta loan Spanish Also Aymara, machiti; Cofan, machiti; Candoshi, mchita; Huambisa, matʃit; Aguaruna, máchit; Quechua ayacuchano, machiti Simplex See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan matsét matsét loan Spanish Spanish source WW %matset Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Guayabero sierat síera doubtful loan Spanish sierra 'saw'? WW Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Pemon kasupara (A1981) kasupaɾa (A1981) loan - WW %sipara/sapere Carib (e.g. Pemon kusupará); Urarina sa:beɽe; Iquito sáhuiri; Sikuani sipari (axe); Carib (spear) WW %sapara See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Makushi kusupará kusupará loan - WW %sipara/sapere Carib (e.g. Pemon kusupará); Urarina sa:beɽe; Iquito sáhuiri; Sikuani sipari (axe); Carib (spear) WW %sapara See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa ejpaara ehpaara loan - WW %sipara/sapere Carib (e.g. Pemon kusupará); Urarina sa:beɽe; Iquito sáhuiri; Sikuani sipari (axe); Carib (spear) WW %sapara See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna jajalu hahalu unique Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana wánaɾi wánaɾi unknown cf. Nadahup wan Compare Hup wan Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana supaŗa supaŗa loan - WW %sipara/sapere Other Carib languages: Pemon, kasupara; Yanomami sipaɾa; Urarina sa:beɽe ? WW %sapara Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro va?agú vaʔagú unique Proto North Arawak Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Achagua páinije páinije loan Spanish peinilla 'comb/machete type' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi ˈketse kalohore ˈketsɛ kalohore unique big knife' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá tʸehɨ̃ tʸehɨ̃ unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora nɨɨtsú-wa nɨɨtsʰɯ́-kwa inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane níísúga níísúga See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai tapema tapema unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Carijona iguasa' (big machete), u munguri' (small machete) doubtful loan; unknown Tupi-Guarani iguaçu 'big' See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Tiriyó kasihpara kasihpara loan - WW %sipara/sapere See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare kümü (KH) kɨmɨ unique cf. East Tukanoan kõbẽ 'axe' See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Mapoyo maba'ra maba'ra See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai kacifara (SM) kacifara (SM) loan - WW %sipara/sapere See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa masete masete See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Northern Emberá púuya púuya See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán machiti (Spanish loan) matʃiti phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra mchita mtʃita loan Spanish See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro ho´hua hoʔhua See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez cchill wala (cchill=knife; wala=intensifier) See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna ta-hará (Alv44) taʔhará unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina saabere sa:beɽe loan - WW %sipara/sapere See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Warao buare buaɾe See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar sáapi, kuniá, wáarta, wáarat sa:pi, kunia, wa:rta, wa:rat See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa machit (Spanish loan) matʃit See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna máchit (Spanish loan) mátʃit loan Spanish machete See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses chështe tʃɨʃte doubtful loan Spanish machete See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo saipi saipi loan - WW %sipara/sapere See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua camyutu, jmuta kamjutu, xmuta unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua sabli (Spanish loan from "sable"=sword) sabli See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kuchillu (Spanish loan) kutʃiʎu (Spanish loan) See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua sauli (Spanish loan) sauli See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano machiti (Spanish loan) matʃiti See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa kurak'a'a kurakɁaɁa unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Makuna yoara jãi, yoarijĩ yoaɾa xãi, yoalixĩ inheritance shared Wanano See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Yuruti wi-'dé-ria-pĩ-gã wi-'dé-ria-pĩ-gã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana diʔ'ipʰĩgã diʔ'ipʰĩgã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano wiirimájĩ wiiɾimáhĩ See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tanimuca saa'ra saa'ra loan - WW %sipara/sapere See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje va'ti baʔti semantic shift see knife See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona hua'ti waʔti semantic shift see knife See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya hua'ti waʔti See Language page Amanda Novak
Kokama quɨchi kɨtʃi semantic shift knife' See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi saa saa unknown %sipara/sapere See Language page PLE
Ocaina muráábojo mɯrááboho unique from 'knife' See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto lloefaì, lloebɨ́ lloema dʒoɛɸaì, dʒoɛbɯ̀, dʒoema (B83) unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Sanumá boasai (Brazilian machete) boasai (Brazilian machete) semantic shift from 'knife' See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito sáhuiri (MC: From Spanish sable) sáwiri (MC: From Spanish sable) loan - WW %sipara/sapere See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo sahw+ri sahwɨri See Language page Becky Walker
Wari tokojami kit (Sousa2009) tokojami kit (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Cavineña suque (C&L89) suke unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara machiti (loan) matʃiti See Language page PLE
Kwazá koreja, korejakanɛ koreja, korejakanɛ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima sahuipa (J62) saxuipa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Suyá krɨtyɔ krɨtjɔ See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi haku haku See Language page PLE