rattle

Semantic Field
culture-mythology
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
matraca, maraca
Meaning Portuguese
marico, chocalho

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla pa'aya-l rattle inheritance *(pa)-7aya-la Cupan Stubbs 2422 but in 'rattle' meaning onlyTakic other complex Jane Hill
Cupeño ayi (possessed form) tortoise-shell rattle inheritance *(pa)-7aya-la Cupan Stubbs 2422 but in 'rattle' meaning onlyTakic simplex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño paa'ayat turtleshell rattle inheritance *(pa)-7aya-la Cupan Stubbs 2422 but in 'rattle' meaning onlyTakic other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino ah-pah'-an rattle of mtn. sheep bladder with stones inside inheritance presumably contains pa7at 'mountain sheep'?? other complex Merriam 49:113 Jane Hill
Serrano ājt rattle (tortoise shell) inheritance *(pa)-7aya-la Cupan Stubbs 2422 but in 'rattle' meaning onlyTakic other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk ciwiciwi-č rattle made from deer hooves inheritance *cawi(la) Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1930, with vowel assimilatio; also kawakawa-č cocoon rattle other complex, reduplicated Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal shālisht dew-claw rattle unique could this be a variant of stubbs 1930 with loss of /w/?? Also pātsō'alkinisht 'cocoon rattle other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim san'-net rattle (of 1, 2 or 3 cocoons) loan Yokuts see W. Mono saniizi for possible other loan or just maybe cognate?? simplex Merriam 49:201 Jane Hill
Kawaiisu caruu-vi rattle unique caruu-ny(m)by other complex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi ha7A gourd of which they make the larger rattles, gourd rattle unknown could this be Stubbs 2140 *sawaLa with loss of /w/?? Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Ute wHsaraa-gana-pU gourd, calabash, rattle inheritance *sawaLa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2140 derived, other complex Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone missing missing Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone wesajukinompeh rattle unknown might be Stubbs 2140 *sawala (UA) with the metathesis compound Miller 1972 Jane Hill
Comanche missing missing Jane Hill
Western Mono sa7nAAzi cocoon, rattle made from cocoon loan Yokuts also Bankalachi san-net other complex Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nubahoonna rattle unique wutzaba7ya7a deer hoof rattle 39 compound Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hokoh-:-a- cocoon rattle inheritance *şokoş:a- Proto-Miwok Callaghan 1971:18 WW %soko other complex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok šokóš:a- cocoon rattle inheritance *şokoş:a- Proto-Miwok Callaghan 1971:18 WW %soko simplex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok sokos:a- cocoon rattle inheritance *şokoş:a- Proto-Miwok Callaghan 1971:18 WW %soko simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok sakas:a- cocoon rattle inheritance *şokoş:a- Proto-Miwok Callaghan 1971:18 "vocalic assimilation is proposed" WW %soko simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok şok'óşşo cocoon rattle, rattle inheritance *şokoş:a- Proto-Miwok Callaghan 1971:18 WW %soko simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu sok'oti rattle (cocoon) loan Miwokan very widespread; note Wintun sokok forms, WW %soko simplex sok'ót 'Attacus cocoon' Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan wososo doctor's rattle made with cocoons filled with pebbles loan Northern Sierra Miwok Proto-Miwokan *şokoş:-a-?? WW %soko simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani san'ac' rattle (cocoon) inheritance *san'- Proto-Nim-Yokuts derived probably -ac' suffix Golla 1964 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi sang-ets' rattle (of cocoons) inheritance Proto-Nim-Yokuts derived instrumental ac' Merriam 44:355 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami che'-was rattle loan Southern Chumashan simplex Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Washo sámsa7 shaman's rattle unknown also 7itwegesísit 'rattle' (wagat'át'at 'to rattle') simplex Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu soko:kus cocoon rattle loan Miwok Shepherd 2006:170; in W and both Patwin WW %soko simplex Shepherd 2006 Jane Hill
Yuki či:put cocoon rattle, shaman's rattle made of cluster of oak galls inheritance *čippot simplex Schlichter 1985:48 includes in list of compounds but as 'unanalyzable' Schlichter 1985 Jane Hill
Wappo yét'iš rattle made from cocoons unknown simplex but note 'sh ending on 'stirring stick' Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun hotokros cocoon rattle unknown is this part of the sokok, sokos system?? derived suffix -s Okrand 1977 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A teT'αmnai rattles unknown Proto-Salinan Tro-ho-ko cocoon rattle Merriam 38:409 unknown Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M tet'aut'onë/' rattles inheritance Proto-Salinan tc'oxo/k 'cocoon rattle' 132 unknown Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno c'iwis rattle inheritance Proto-Central Chumash simplex Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno ts'iwis rattle inheritance Proto-Southern Chumashan also towonwon Mamet 2008:57 simplex Mamet 2008 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 7ehnaally turtle, turtle rattle inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH; see Kiliwa simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa kwak nYcaşíl deer hoof rattle unknown phrase deer its-rattle Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave 7ahnaly gourd, gourd rattle inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH; see Kiliwa; word originally is 'turtle', shifted to gourd (probably by way of 'rattle') simplex Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai 7hná:l gourd rattle inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH; see Kiliwa; semantic shift turtleshell rattle> gourd rattle simplex Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa xnaal Desert Tortoise, rattle inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH; see Kiliwa simplex Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) xjii heetni gourd rattle unknown phrase xjii bottle gourd Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Kakua yú-tat-daʔ yú-tat-daʔ unknown Also dotdaʔ(H&R) See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu maracá maraká loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Carib maraka See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani kada kada wæ-ka-ĩ-kade (IDS) unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï ñaə wa'debabo unique Other complex ʰtu 'top (of something)' See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Kotiria jã'sã-kã jã'sã-kã inheritance See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo jãjabʉ hãhabʉ inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Classifier -bɨ See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano kitió kitió, jãsã́ (h&r) unique; inheritance Also: jãsã́ Simplex See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano ñasa ñasa inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Simplex See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Hup tǎy tǎj unknown East Tukanoan Simplex See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw --  -- missing See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani tsitsi doubtful loan (into protolg?) onomatopoeia, but cf. Arawak, Cayapa, Bora, Jivaroan Onomatopoeic; Also shared Macaguan Reduplicated See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan chichít tʃitʃít doubtful loan (into protolg?) onomatopoeia, but cf. Arawak, Cayapa, Bora, Jivaroan Also shared Macaguan Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Guayabero márma márma-t unique Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Makushi iwaiji iwaiji unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa maraka maraka loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Tupi-Guarani TG source of Spanish maraca; Portuguese marico See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna la'arí laʔaɾí unknown Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana kusiɾúda, kúsiɾu kusiɾúda, kúsiɾu inheritance Alternate: kusiɾúda Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana šikʰi-šikʰi ʃikʰi-ʃikʰi doubtful loan onomatopoeia, but cf. Wayampi; also Cayapa, Bora, Jivaroan Onomatopoeic See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa kóttiro kóttiro inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro čhé?ke?ó, čhé?keú čhéʔkeʔó, čhéʔkeú maraca loan Bora xáá-ku in Muinane. Alternate: t͡ʃhéʔke-ʔó (round-shaped maraca, maraca-CL:round)] Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi koˈtxali kuˈtʃali inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá wa'ũ wa'ũ unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora čʰeʔkʰéï tʃɛʔkʰέɯ doubtful loan onomatopoeia, but cf. Arawak, Cayapa, Bora, Jivaroan (loan INTO Resigaro) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane xáá-ku, gáadai xáá-ku, gáadai See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Carijona maraká loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Tupi-Guarani See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Tiriyó maraka maraka loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Tupi-Guarani See Language page Becky Walker
Wai Wai maraka maraka loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Tupi-Guarani See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Páez snʸunʸu, snakha snʸunʸu, snakha See Language page Daniel Valle
Andoke pol pol unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé čʰĩ yakodɛ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Warao matáro (Goeje1930) matáro (Goeje1930) See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar shakáp ʃakáp See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses chequedecate tʃekedekate doubtful loan (into protolg?) onomatopoeia, but cf. Arawak, Cayapa, Bora, Jivaroan (loan INTO Resigaro) See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo iʔimaʔana iʔimaʔana unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua susatu susãtu unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá maraka (Sp.?) maraka (Sp.?) See Language page Daniel Valle
Piaroa ränij'u ræniyu unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva walacaba walakaba loan Carib maraka See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano jãsã́ jãsã́ See Language page Addison Martinez, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana jã'sã́ jã'sã́ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ñasagã jasagã inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Yuruti 'jã́sã-ga 'jã́sã-ga See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana jã'sã jã'sã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano jã'sã́-rũ jã'sã́-rũ See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tanimuca hãhã hãhã inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo jã'hã jã'hã See Language page
Tuyuka yã'sã-gã jãʔsã-gã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ñã́hã́ŋã ɲã́hã́ŋã See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje ka'sapuã kaʔsapuã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi [malaka] [malaka] loan Spanish/Port See Language page PLE
Sirionó raka-raka raka-raka doubtful loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Carib maraka See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina toonhfu tõõʔɸɯ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Nɨpode Witoto kaβáǰe, hó.ohi kaβádʒɛ, hó.ohi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto ɸiríθai ɸiríθai See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto ɸiriθai ɸiriθai unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Cavineña matarka (from Spanish "matraca") matarka loan Spanish See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá ahỹ- ahỹ- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Trumai he; ŋa.he he; ŋa.he unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang sy sɨ; kriŋŋriŋ See Language page PLE
Suyá nɨti nɨti See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi du du See Language page PLE