club

Semantic Field
subsistence tool
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
garrote, cachiporra
Meaning Portuguese
clava, porrete

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla naxat club inheritance *naka-ta Californian (Takic plus Tubatulabal) Mountain Cahuilla (Cahuilla Valley) other complex Merriam 48:421 Jane Hill
Cupeño pawxan (poss) bat, club unique is this related to waqal 'spear'?? simplex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño wotilash bat, club, chopping block unique derived, other complex from 'beat' Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino missing missing Jane Hill
Serrano missing missing Jane Hill
Kitanemuk missing missing Jane Hill
Tübatulabal missing missing Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim wē'Kset, wo'-set small k above s; wo-set at 191 club unknown other complex Merriam 49:187,191 Jane Hill
Kawaiisu missing missing Jane Hill
Chemehuevi tyvO macana unknown could this be the typa 'pestle' word??? simplex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Ute missing missing Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone poton, potottsi cane, staff, digging stuck, club, crutches, stick used as tool inheritance *potto Numic Hill/Miller po-12 'pound' simplex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pia-7anni-nymphy big club unique ty-7anni-nympyh 'small club compound, derived 7annih 'to fall' Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche wahta pole, club unique simplex Robinson & Armagost 1990 Jane Hill
Western Mono koo-doo' club inheritance *kuta Uto-Aztecan stick word simplex Merriam 45:307 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute wutsaganoo wytsaganu hitting instrument unique paw'-ro, par-ro Merriam 46:365 Bishop (podo?) derived wutsaga7hoo 'kill with bat' Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok Tak-ja- to club inheritance Proto-Sierra Miwok see Misn other complex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok Takaj:a- switch; whip; bat; swatter (derived vb means 'to club') inheritance Proto-Sierra Miwok Mics Tak-ja 'to club' other complex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Lake Miwok líja club unique simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu missing missing Jane Hill
Nisenan mëllë club loan Northern Sierra Miwok simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi wot: stick (for hitting with) unknown wut-tuts 'club' Wikchamni (Porterville) Merriam 44:445; looks like Takic *wyt, probably coincidence derived truncated verbal noun Kroeber 1907 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing Jane Hill
Washo missing missing Jane Hill
Wintu p'oLču:m L is barred l knobbed club (Schlichter), hammer-like weapon (Pitkin) inheritance *pHo -*č'us Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:83, 144 derived Pitkin 1985 Jane Hill
Yuki missing missing Jane Hill
Wappo missing missing Jane Hill
Mutsun missing missing Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A missing missing simplex Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno wïpï7ïš club unknown also wikalï7ïš derived Applegate 1973 ms Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa hahm-po club unknown simplex Merriam 38:213 Jane Hill
Cocopa LaxWá:y war club unknown simplex xWa 'soldier, warrior' Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave missing missing Jane Hill
Yavapai pà:7āvi club unknown simplex verb is the same Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa t-h+nyuu=7+uha7 war club (lit. kill=stone) compound Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) hehe plant, bush, tree, wood, stick, club, staff of office unknown simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Waorani kãta (IDS) unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Yanomami himo, naprushi, parimi, hipë (MM07) himo, napruʃi, parimi, hipə (MM07) inheritance Proto-Yanomami/Yanomam Alternate: napruʃi, parimi, hipə Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam napɾuʃi, himo napɾuʃi, himo inheritance Proto-Yanomami/Yanomam Alternate: napɾuʃi Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria yukùkù si yukùkù si unknown See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo pidãibã-jo (Chacon) pidãibã-jo (Chacon) war club unknown Classifier -jo 'long and sharp' See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Dâw beebaáx bæbǎx missing See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani wakapa wakapa unknown See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan kuérbot kuérbot loan Arawak? See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Akawaio wa'tana (C-F 2003) waʔtana war club unknown Compare Yucuna kuhjuwaʔala See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi aroʔ missing Compare Nadeb RN kawi.daɾo See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa iye ije unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna kujyuwa'ala kuhjuwaʔala unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana t͡ʃʰipʰirari t͡ʃʰipʰirari semantic shift from 'axe' (%sipara) Via Pemon supararii; see also Akawaio suubararii; other Carib (e.g. Pemon kusupará); Urarina sa:beɽe; Iquito sáhuiri; Sikuani sipari (axe); Carib (spear) WW %sapara Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro avéana-í (stick) avéana-í (stick) semantic shift See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi enatyahola enatyahola See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá watuku watuku See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Muinane gáihuɨdaahe (W97) gáiʔuɨdaaʔe See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Tiriyó (si)warapa (si)warapa See Language page Becky Walker
Wai Wai watma watma missing See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa némak némak See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca tamyxiquy tamɨʃikuɨ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez pekwe-ni-sa (pekwe 'hit with a stick') pekwe-ni-sa (pekwe 'hit with a stick') See Language page Daniel Valle
Andoke buʌ-sé (from buʌ 'hit') buʌ-sé (from buʌ 'hit') See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé to koto See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave pon pon See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Ashuar shingki chapamamu, makan (Sp. macana) ʃingki tʃapamamu, makan (Sp. macana) See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna kačuim katʃuim See Language page Daniel Valle
Chácobo hiwi čipo; hiwi ṣ̌atɨ (hiwi means "wood") hiwi čipo; hiwi ṣ̌atɨ (hiwi means "wood") See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua jiivũsetá xiiwũsetá See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano maqana, k'aspi (CP94) maqana, k'aspi See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa daú' daúɁ See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Karitiana nhẽpỹrỹg ñẽpɨ̃rɨ̃g See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi βino βino See Language page PLE
Sirionó ðohe ðohe See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina dyacoovo (from dyaa 'stick') djakooβo (from djaa 'stick') See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Nɨpode Witoto bɯ́gɯ bɯ́gɯ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto bɯ́gɯ bɯ́gɯ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto gáiʔuɨdaaʔe gáiʔuɯdaaʔe See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Wari mapao' (E&K97) mapaoʔ (E&K97) See Language page PLE
Central Aymara jawq'aña (P04) xawq'aña (P04) See Language page PLE
Kwazá nwãrã nwãrã See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima koʔ-pin̉ koʔ-pin̉ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai hoahoa, nai hoahoa, nai unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang ka kɨw; ka mrãr (IDS) ka kɨw; ka mrãr See Language page PLE