arrow

Semantic Field
subsistence tool
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
flecha
Meaning Portuguese
flecha

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla huya-l arrow, bow & arrow inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 other complex Seiler & Hioki 1979:62 Jane Hill
Cupeño huyal arrow inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 other complex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño huula arrow, wisdom tooth inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino hu:r arrow inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 other complex Hill Harrington Notes Jane Hill
Serrano hūç arrow inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 other complex K. Hill Dict Jane Hill
Kitanemuk šumanat arrow inheritance *suhuma Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 64 -- Serran and TO "charm" -- areal, but old because TO has #h; also huč 'short, flint-tipped war arrow' other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal pāhūl arrow, war arrow, bullet inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 with pa- "big" other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim pah'-hool stone-pointed arrow inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 with pa- "big" other complex Merriam 49:187 Jane Hill
Kawaiisu huwa-zi arrow, bullet inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 what is /w/ doing here? other complex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi huH arrow, cartridge, bullet, ammunition; sting of insect inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 simplex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute 7o:, u- S; uqqwi-S arrow inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 simplex Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute 7uu arrow inheritance *huca Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 63 simplex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pakampotsa arrow, bullet, cartridge; constellation of Orio's sword inheritance *pakaN- Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1778; in meaning "arrow" only in Numic compound pakaN "reed" potsa "shaft of arrow" Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pakan arrow, penis inheritance *pakaN- Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1778; in meaning "arrow" only in Numic simplex Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche paakA, paka arrow inheritance *pakaN- Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1778; in meaning "arrow" only in Numic simplex Robinson & Armagost 1990 Jane Hill
Western Mono pAja arrow, bullet inheritance *pakaN- Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1778; in meaning "arrow" only in Numic simplex Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pongosa arrow unique could this somehow be from *pakaN with some increment that triggered vowel assimilation, loss of lenited *k??? simplex Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok muckul- arrow unique also paj:uk- Yosemite simplex nt Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok pájpu- arrow inheritance Proto-Eastern Miwok see Mip 'hunt'; see pajuk in SSM, looks like the %pa arrow words simplex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok jac:i- arrow, arrow shaft, arrowhead, flint unique simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hawlo- arrow; bow and arrow; arrow shaft; arrow poing unique simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok kíwwa arrow, arrow shaft unique see Shepherd's Proto-Wintun p. 104 on the *khi- words meaning 'thorn, sharp object' simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu nôk' arrow, bullet inheritance *nók' Proto-Maiduan Ultan 1964:365; Callaghan 2001:322 notes Proto-Wintun *no7 'arrow' simplex Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan 7olaw arrow unique simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani t'ujos arrow inheritance *t'ujos Proto-Nim-Yokuts talap Kroeber 284 (looks like 'bow') derived see t'uyu 'to shoot' Golla1964 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi t'uyosh arrow inheritance *t'ujos Proto-Nim-Yokuts Kroeber 1907:178 cikid 'hunting arrow' (< cokud 'pierce')' t'uyosh "war arrow" (p. 244); and note Wikchamni pah-hool' 'arrow, general name', from W. Mono or Tub Merriam 44:445 derived see t'uy 'to shoot' Golla1964 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami k'el-k'al arrow (P) unique g'el-g'el Kroeber 1907:344; unique in Kroeber's dialect survey list; Gamble wahayi7 'war arrow' reduplicated Gamble 1991 Jane Hill
Washo mešgíc'et arrow unknown derived ic'ed 'to prick, sting', but Jacobson(p. 485) says meshg- is not productive Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu č'ipčus arrow (especially the shaft) inheritance *č'eb Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:76 simplex possibly from ch'ip 'to peel bark' (Pitkin) Schllichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki kiu arrow unknown simplex Schlichter 1985 Jane Hill
Wappo méche arrow inheritance Proto-Yukian cf. Yuki miT 'shoot' simplex Elmendorf 1993 Jane Hill
Mutsun tuyos arrow loan Yokuts also Temo p 24, 272; for Arroyo (Mason) this was 'arrow with point' and the tuyos was 'wooden arrow' (no point) simplex see Okrand 245, no corresponding verb; this is only e.g. of sequence u-o; tiyo 'to shoot arrow' 245 Okrand 1977 Jane Hill
Esselen lóto-s arrow unknown also pawi Kroeber 1902 53 other complex ncs -s Shaul 1995 Jane Hill
Salinan A et'oi'yiN' all ' are 7 arrow loan Yokuts T-et'óy'en Turner p. 86 simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M etei'yini/' arrow loan Yokuts simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tslewa jara unique simplex Harrington Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno ya7 arrow inheritance *ya Proto-Central Chumash simplex Klar 1977 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno ya' arrow inheritance *ya Proto-Central Chumash simplex Klar 1977, Beeler 1978:190 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno ya arrow inheritance *ya Proto-Central Chumash simplex Klar 1977 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 7epal arrow, gun inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa 7i:pá arrow, bullet, cartridge inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH simplex Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave 7ipa arrow, bullet inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH simplex Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai 7pá arrow, pointed weapon inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH derived pá 'to stick' Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7+pa7 arrow, bullet, ammunition inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH derived Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) haxáaza arrow unknown simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Kakua ɲɨ̌p-at-dobʔ ɲɨ̌p-at-dobʔ unique hunting, warfare See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu takaná, uiwa takaná, uiwa unique; inheritance *uʔɨß Proto-Tupi-Guarani cf. Apalai takɨ Alternate: takaná Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani too pijæ̃ka-ĩ (IDS) unique hunting, warfare See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï lĩbẽlã ho lĩbẽlã ho bow, arrow? unique hunting, warfare See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami shereka ʃeɾeka inheritance Proto-Yanomamo Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam šaraka ʃaɾaka inheritance Proto-Yanomamo Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam šikawe, šakao (EM72) ʃ̌ikawe, ʃakao inheritance Proto-Yanomamo Alternate: ʃakao Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria bʉe bʉe inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo bejo, bejoboca, bejoðo, tẽ́muyo bɛho, bɛhoboka, bɛhoðo, tɛ̃́mujo inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Also: bɛhɔðɔ, tɛ̃́mujɔ Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano bɨe-khɨ́, ãrɨ̃́ (h&r) bɨe-khɨ́, ãrɨ̃́ (h&r) inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Also: ãrɨ̃́ Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano buiriwaca buiriwaca inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Compound buiri-waka; shoot-dart hunting, warfare See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki uiñaca ja uiɲaka xã unknown hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup mǔh mǔh unique Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw çâàg (kĩnh ‘flechar’) cə̂g semantic shift from 'sharp' probably from 'sharp'; but see also ninam ʃakao, aguaruna ʃiki:t Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani xuátabo; baleni(2) (type of large arrow), kuyene (2), puyene (2) xuátabo; baleni(2) (type of large arrow), kujene (2), pujene (2) unknown; inheritance cf. Warao Classified Related to word for arrow cane xuáta-boto hunting, warfare See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan kupálien, orék kupálien, oɾék inheritance Also: kupalién Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Guayabero buya; buitat, pialan (R18) búja loan; inheritance Achagua Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B.
Pemon pereu pɨröʊ (E1980) inheritance Loan into Piaroa (p'oari)? hunting, warfare See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Akawaio pöröu pöröʊ inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi rupé rupé unknown Possible inheritance with metathesis? hunting, warfare See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa kaʔka poin mən; ka'kapoñ (mën) (MM) kaʔka poin mən; kaʔkapoɲ (mǝn) (MM) unique Alternate: kaʔka poin mən hunting, warfare See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna ijijila ihihila unique Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana siduána siduána inheritance Proto North Arawak Alternate: pa-ita-nípe (?-CL:inanimate,instrument-PL) Derived -na = "long vertical" classifier, sidua = "cane" hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana ˀbairii ˀbairii unique Possibly Carib loan; see Akawaio pöröu Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa kaapáwi, ttídoa kaːpáwi, t̪ídoa ?, inheritance Proto North Arawak Alternate: kaːpáwi Simplex hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro noótsígú noótsígú loan Boran 'machete/metal' Simplex -gu "long, flat" classifier hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B.
Achagua θitúwa (hr01), púja (h&r) θitúwa (hr01), púja (h&r) inheritance; loan, direction unknown Mapoyo pua 'spear' hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco θitúa (hr01), demá[pu] (dp91), chucùlu θitúa (hɾ01), demá[pu] (dp91), tʃukùlu hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari t̪inúá t̪inúá hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena isíbua isíbua hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ʃumetsa, c̷awita ʃumetsa, tsawita hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare dabid'aha dabid'aha hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi kore kuˈre inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure kori kori inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá u'ku u'ku inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora tubóóco; wáñuú- tɯpóó-kʰo, wáñɯɯ́- inheritance; unknown hunting, warfare See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane tɨɨbú-ga {arrow-long} tɨɨbú-ga {arrow-long} hunting, warfare See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai pyrou pɨrou inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana pïle pɨle inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page PLE
Carijona wɨraha (SM) inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Tiriyó (pï)rëu (pɨ)rǝu inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare šimāda (IDS); shima:da (KH) ʃima:da loan Arawak, cf. Wapishana sumara hunting, warfare See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Mapoyo rëu rɛu hunting, warfare See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai waywɨ wajwɨ inheritance? hunting, warfare See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari pyruwa pɨruwa hunting, warfare See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa mikuirsi mikuirsi hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca quyecho kuɨeʂo hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá chaa tʃa: hunting, warfare See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán seje´cco sɛhɛʔkho phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra tipállĩzi tipántʃĩʂi doubtful loan cf. Aguaruna tupu 'bow'; also Bora 'arrow' hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna déne (Alv44) déne unique hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina soḍzoḍzihi sodʒodʒihi unique hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke pãče (RW52) unique hunting, warfare See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé boĩčʰĩ hunting, warfare See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave bop bop unique hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Warao hatabu hatabu hunting, warfare See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar wáchi, nángki waʧi, naŋki hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna shikiít ʃiki:t unique hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses pia pja inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo pia; kɨrɨkɨ, tɨopi, and βikoβi pia; kɨrɨkɨ, tɨopi, and βikoβi inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua hačityã; ruwe; ruwero hatʃitjã; ruwe; ruwero doubtful loan, direction unknown Zaparo akatʃinja hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua wachi watʃi hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá plicha (Spanish loan) plitʃa (Spanish loan) hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua biruti biruti hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano wach'i (CP94) watʃ'i hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa p'oari p'oari unique hunting, warfare See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva docono dokono doubtful loan, direction unknown Puinave jukon 'arrow' hunting, warfare See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano jéruɨ, jíruɨ jéruɨ, jíruɨ hunting, warfare See Language page Addison Martinez, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana yeruʉ jɛɾuʉ hunting, warfare See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna yirugʉ jirugʉ inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Yuruti kãdɨ̃-gɨ kãdɨ̃-gɨ hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana bɨ'e-dɨ bɨ'e-dɨ hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano gãrʉ̃́gʉ̃́ gãɾɨ̃́gɨ̃́ hunting, warfare See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tanimuca pu'a ka'ka pu'a ka'ka inheritance? hunting, warfare See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo jé'rú-'ɨ́ jé'rú-'ɨ́ hunting, warfare See Language page
Tuyuka kã'dɨ̃-gɨ̃ kãʔdɨ̃-gɨ̃ hunting, warfare See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja anɨ̃́ŋɨ̃̀ anɨ̃́ŋɨ̃̀ hunting, warfare See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje saocho saodʒo inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ya'ri jaʔri inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya waʔ'ho waʔ'ho hunting, warfare See Language page Amanda Novak
Karitiana mypãn mɨpãn unknown hunting, warfare See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama uwa uwa inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi wɨlapa wɨlapa inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page PLE
Sirionó eruu; uu; uuba (P85); pisa eruu; uu; uuba (P85); pisa inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ɨˀɨp ɨˀɨp inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina oudyátsahso, oudyáátya oɯdʲátsaʔso, oɯdʲáátʲa unique hunting, warfare See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Nɨpode Witoto tïkúi-ra-da, kanída tɯkúi-ra-da, kanída hunting, warfare See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto dukḯ-ra-θï dukɯ́-ra-θɯ hunting, warfare See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto dukï-ra-θï dukɯ-ra-θɯ semantic shift from spear hunting, warfare See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Sanumá silaga, arali nam (barbed arrow head made of arali tree), šilaka (EM72) silaga, aɹali nam, ʃilaka inheritance hunting, warfare See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito jírisi (flecha; entre los iquitos es un tipo de lanza hecho de isana, parecida al harpón, pero con punta más pequeño; no se utiliza con arco); saápi táaja (raya chupa, flecha para pescar hecha de un clavo, con lenguetes parecido a la espina de una raya. M hírisi unknown hunting, warfare See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Wari cahuru, quiwo', tiquiwo' (for fish, game, war) (E&K97) kahuru, kiwoʔ, tikiwoʔ (for fish, game, war) (E&K97) hunting, warfare See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-mese e-mese hunting, warfare See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña piya piya loan/inheritance? Panoan *pia hunting, warfare See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá mãbi mãbi hunting, warfare See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima huɬ-pa xuɬ-pa hunting, warfare See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai porofana, hit ~ hid porofana, hit ~ hid unique hunting, warfare See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang no no; na hunting, warfare See Language page PLE
Suyá mẽ mẽ hunting, warfare See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi kubi kubi hunting, warfare See Language page PLE