pirana

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
piraña, caribe
Meaning Portuguese
piranha

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Baniwa subfamily Serrasalmidae ómai ómai inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona subfamily Serrasalmidae hǝni hɯɯ’ne (H&R) inheritance Northern Carib? (Eñepa, Carijona, Mapoyo) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo subfamily Serrasalmidae muñubo, tãchimuñurʉ muɲubo, tãtʃimuɲulʉ, bũ'jṹ-bo (H&R) inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Also tãtʃimuɲulʉ, uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Amanda Meeks
Dâw subfamily Serrasalmidae pũm pũm loan possibly Warekena pa:ruma missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano subfamily Serrasalmidae bũ'jṹ bũ'jṹ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Amanda Meeks
Eñepa subfamily Serrasalmidae piñë (MM) piɲǝ (MM) inheritance Northern Carib? (Eñepa, Carijona, Mapoyo) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero subfamily Serrasalmidae leʔ leʔ unique uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï subfamily Serrasalmidae jkwaejle mojto unique uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Amanda Meeks
Hup subfamily Serrasalmidae ʔɨ́t ʔɨ́t unique underived See Language page 0 1 valued food source 0 fished mostly men boiled or smoked 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Pattie Epps
Macaguan subfamily Serrasalmidae kuwár kuwáɾ inheritance see also Chocó kʰiɾaɾ uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Nheengatu subfamily Serrasalmidae piraya (pira=fish, ya,aya=tooth) piɾaja (pira=fish, ya,aya=tooth) inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 Other complex pira=fish, ya'aya=tooth See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam subfamily Serrasalmidae arahaw (gom) aɾahaw (gom) unique uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Kelsey Neely
Nukak subfamily Serrasalmidae ʔԑʔ4 ni4 (H&R); dãt (Cabrera et al) inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region]
Maihiki subfamily Serrasalmidae uji aco ago uxi ako ago, ũhĩ ako (H&R) unique H&R have ũhĩ ako uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Daniel Valle
Resígaro subfamily Serrasalmidae mepókó mepókó unknown may be loan? uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Ana Paula B.
Sikuani subfamily Serrasalmidae kawara (2), kowara (2), kowora(2) kowára-bo inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Amanda Meeks
Tariana subfamily Serrasalmidae uʔumá[i] (dp91) uʔumá[i] (dp91) inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Ana Paula B.
Tukano subfamily Serrasalmidae bɨ'ɨ̂ bɨ'ɨ̂, bɨʔɨ́ inheritance East Tukanoan, Branch II uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria subfamily Serrasalmidae bʉ'ʉ bʉʔʉ, bɨ'ʔɨ (H&R) inheritance East Tukanoan, Branch II uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Amanda Meeks
Yanomami subfamily Serrasalmidae siparariwë sipaɾaɾiwə (sipara = machete, -riwe = nom. Suff. For masc. ancestral spirits) unique formed from loan 'machete' (sipara = machete, -riwe = nom suffix for masc. ancestral spirits) compound sipara = machete, -riwe = nom suffix for masc. ancestral spirits See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Kelsey Neely
Yukuna subfamily Serrasalmidae maí; hipuʔuhmá (H&R92) maí; hipuʔuhmá (H&R92) inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) Also hipuʔuhmá (H&R92) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no [not in this region] Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Achagua subfamily Serrasalmidae múwa múwa inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco subfamily Serrasalmidae uma[i] (dp91), umái uma[i] (dp91), umái See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari subfamily Serrasalmidae máa máa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena subfamily Serrasalmidae pa:ruma; úme (R01) pa:ruma; úme (R01) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero subfamily Serrasalmidae uma (dp91) uma (dp91) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Mandawaka subfamily Serrasalmidae umáːi umáːi See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B.
Bora subfamily Serrasalmidae níjtyajɨ (T98) níxtjaxɨ inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane subfamily Serrasalmidae gáíkku-xe, nítta gáíkku-xe, nítta See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai subfamily Serrasalmidae pone pone inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana subfamily Serrasalmidae pëne pǝne inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Tiriyó subfamily Serrasalmidae pəne pəne inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Makiritare subfamily Serrasalmidae ka:'shai (KH) ka:ʔʃai unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo subfamily Serrasalmidae pEnE pənə See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari subfamily Serrasalmidae maryma marɨma See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Cofán subfamily Serrasalmidae loro loro See Language page Widespread Amazonia phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra subfamily Serrasalmidae pánĩ pánĩ loan, direction unknown Jivaroan See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Taushiro subfamily Serrasalmidae antiva antiwa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Tikuna subfamily Serrasalmidae utchúma (Alv44) utʃúma unknown cf. Arawak uma See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina subfamily Serrasalmidae abe abe doubtful loan cf. Pumé apéi, Baniwa ómai See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, PLE
Pumé subfamily Serrasalmidae apéi (Lin97) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Paulina Franco, PLE
Warao subfamily Serrasalmidae ehe ehe See Language page Widespread Amazonia John Blaha
Ashuar subfamily Serrasalmidae páni, wapésha pani, wapúk pani pani, wapɯʃa pani, wapuk pani See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Huambisa subfamily Serrasalmidae paani pa:ni See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Aguaruna subfamily Serrasalmidae páni páni loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Candoshi See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Matses subfamily Serrasalmidae maquë makɨ inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo subfamily Serrasalmidae makɨ makɨ inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
Yagua subfamily Serrasalmidae mityotu mitjotu doubtful loan cf. Bora nixtja-, W. Tukanoan muɲu See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua subfamily Serrasalmidae paña paɲa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Piaroa subfamily Serrasalmidae kari'be', ma'buɨh kariɁbeɁ, maɁbuɨh doubtful loan possibly from karib See Language page Widespread Amazonia Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva subfamily Serrasalmidae maliwana maliwana doubtful loan possibly from Arawak/Carib malije 'knife'; see other terms based on 'knife'/'spear', Waimiri Atroari marɨma See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Barasano subfamily Serrasalmidae bũjṹ bũjṹ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Carapana subfamily Serrasalmidae bʉʉ bɨ́ɨ́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Makuna subfamily Serrasalmidae bũjũ-gã bũjũ-gã inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Yuruti subfamily Serrasalmidae bɨ́ bɨ́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Waikhana subfamily Serrasalmidae bɨ'ʔɨ bɨ'ʔɨ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Siriano subfamily Serrasalmidae iquíámʉ́ ikíámɨ́, bũ'jṹ (H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca subfamily Serrasalmidae bũ'dyũã bũ'ʎũã inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo subfamily Serrasalmidae bɨ́ɨ́ bɨ́ɨ́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka subfamily Serrasalmidae bɨ'ɨ́ bɨ'ɨ́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja subfamily Serrasalmidae bɨ̃́ bɨ̃́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje subfamily Serrasalmidae puñu puɲu inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Siona subfamily Serrasalmidae buñu buɲu inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Karitiana subfamily Serrasalmidae isõnhõ isõɲõ unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Wayampi subfamily Serrasalmidae piraĩ (O78) piraĩ (O78) inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Sirionó subfamily Serrasalmidae sẽɨe (P85) sẽɨe unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá subfamily Serrasalmidae ipirãj ipirãj inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina subfamily Serrasalmidae dyohyoohxo dʲoʔjooʔxo unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto subfamily Serrasalmidae térobeño tέrobɛɲo See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto subfamily Serrasalmidae ïmḯŋo ɯmɯ́ŋo See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto subfamily Serrasalmidae ïmïño ɯmɯɲo loan Tukanoan, e.g. Tanimuca bũ'jũ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito subfamily Serrasalmidae nɨyári (general term) nɨjári (general term) unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo subfamily Serrasalmidae nima nima See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Wari subfamily Serrasalmidae pita (Sousa2009) pita (Sousa2009) See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Kwazá subfamily Serrasalmidae eri eri See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
Djeoromitxi subfamily Serrasalmidae minõrürü minõrørø See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE