fish poison, barbasco

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
barbasco, matapez (Colombia)
Meaning Portuguese
timbó

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Baniwa Lonchocarpus spp. kóona (there are others) kóona (there are others) inheritance North Arawak Plus other terms uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Lonchocarpus spp. ineku (M2000) inheritance Carib cure is reportedly source of Sp/Pt curare. See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Lonchocarpus spp. cʉ̃́boacʉ, cʉ̃́cʉ, euracʉ, euracʉ ʉrayocacʉ, oteieomu kʉ̃́boakʉ, kʉ̃́kʉ, ɛulakʉ, ɛulakʉ ʉlajokakʉ, otɛiɛomu unknown; inheritance Also kʉ̃́kʉ, ɛulakʉ, ɛulakʉ ʉlajɔkakʉ, ɔtɛiɛɔmu uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
Dâw Lonchocarpus spp. duús dǔʃ inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Lonchocarpus spp. nia nia unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Lonchocarpus spp. kanatïnto, kayen (MM) kanatɨnto, kajen (MM) unknown Also kajen See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Lonchocarpus spp. chon tʃon unknown missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Lonchocarpus spp. matu'nəu unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
Waorani Lonchocarpus spp. menico (Lonchocarpus nicou) unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
Hup Lonchocarpus spp. d'ǔç d'ǔç inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 gathered, cultivated? men lengths are beaten into water to release poison; stuns fish 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Pattie Epps
Kakua Lonchocarpus spp. ~dud' ~dûdɁ inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Katherine Bolaños
Makushi Lonchocarpus spp. aya aja inheritance See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu Lonchocarpus spp. timbu, kunambi (flowwing plant, not a poisonous vine, but it is used as fish poison) timbu, kunambi (flowwing plant, not a poisonous vine, but it is used as fish poison) inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000. Also: kunambi (plant, not vine) underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Nukak Lonchocarpus spp. nuún (P07) inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree
Maihiki Lonchocarpus spp. eo ja eo xã inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded xã xã (orth. ja) = inanimate See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Pemon Lonchocarpus spp. ara (Pessoa2006) ara (Pessoa2006) inheritance See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Lonchocarpus spp. konáapi konáapi inheritance North Arawak uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Ana Paula B.
Sanumá Lonchocarpus spp. thoo thoo unique missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Kelsey Neely
Sikuani Lonchocarpus spp. araita doubtful loan Carib (Pemon?) missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
Tariana Lonchocarpus spp. kesí-na kesí-na unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Ana Paula B.
Tukano Lonchocarpus spp. ehû ehû inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana Lonchocarpus spp. uku uku inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Ana Paula B.
Yanomami Lonchocarpus spp. yaraka henakɨ jaɾaka henakɨ unique hena = CLF "magic/useful plants", kɨ = CLF "serpentiform beings" phrase small sardines + leaves of various plants See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Lonchocarpus spp. kuna 'barbasco cultivado', kuna'apí 'barbasco silvestre', pupe'ejrí 'barbasco cultivado' kuna, kunaʔaˈpi, pupeʔehˈɾi inheritance North Arawak Also kuna'apí 'barbasco silvestre', pupe'ejrí 'barbasco cultivado' uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup Lonchocarpus spp. d'ûc dˀûc inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation yes [used to poison people] shrub/tree Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Achagua Lonchocarpus spp. kúuna kúuna inheritance See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Lonchocarpus spp. cúna kúna See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Lonchocarpus spp. jáame jáame See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Lonchocarpus spp. kúna kúna See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Lonchocarpus spp. kúya, unája kúja, unáha See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Ana Paula B., PLE
Mandawaka Lonchocarpus spp. kú:na kú:na See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Ana Paula B.
Paresi Lonchocarpus spp. ikona ikjuna inheritance See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá Lonchocarpus spp. kuna kuna inheritance See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Lonchocarpus spp. mújcuri (T98) mɯ́xkʰɯri unique See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Lonchocarpus spp. jɨ́ɨ́mino (W97) xɨ́ɨ́mino See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Wayana Lonchocarpus spp. tëma, hali-hali tǝma, hali-hali loan Tupi-Guarani See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree PLE
Tiriyó Lonchocarpus spp. ineku ineku inheritance See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Becky Walker
Mapoyo Lonchocarpus spp. kaari, yaapi (domestic) kaari, yaapi (domestic) See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Lonchocarpus spp. umawa umawa unknown See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa Lonchocarpus spp. wɨsa ( r) wɨsa ( r) See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation Phon only in source shrub/tree Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá Lonchocarpus spp. do'kãɨ̃ (IDS) do'kãɨ̃ (IDS) See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán Lonchocarpus spp. seña´mba sɛɲaʔmba See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS shrub/tree Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Lonchocarpus spp. tĩmó tĩmó loan Tupi-Guarani, via Jivaroan? See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Taushiro Lonchocarpus spp. he´icha hɨʔiʃa See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Páez Lonchocarpus spp. see see See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Tikuna Lonchocarpus spp. ô-ûn (Alv44) oʔun unique See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Andoke Lonchocarpus spp. yikǝ̃kǝ̃ 'poison' yikǝ̃kǝ̃ 'poison' unknown See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé Lonchocarpus spp. See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Paulina Franco, PLE
Ashuar Lonchocarpus spp. tímu timu See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Huambisa Lonchocarpus spp. timu timu See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Lonchocarpus spp. timu timu loan Tupi-Guarani, prob. loan into Candoshi See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Matses Lonchocarpus spp. ancueste, antinte ankueste, antinte unknown See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo Lonchocarpus spp. aṣ̌a-; sɨmɨ aṣ̌a-; sɨmɨ inheritance (or loan proto-Tacanan?) cf. Tacanan *aça, Panoan *ʔaṣ̌ã- See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Joyce McCormick
Yagua Lonchocarpus spp. tatyu tatjũ unique See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Lonchocarpus spp. warwascu waɾwasku See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Lonchocarpus spp. barbascu baɾbasku See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Piaroa Lonchocarpus spp. i'c'ta' wo'dúh iɁsɁtaɁ woɁdúh unknown See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Lonchocarpus spp. texu texu unknown See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Becky Walker
Carapana Lonchocarpus spp. esu ɛsu See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
Makuna Lonchocarpus spp. cũra kũna loan Arawak (prob. Baniwa) See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
Siriano Lonchocarpus spp. waainímagʉ waainímagɨ See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Lonchocarpus spp. e'dyo bĩ'hĩã e'ʎo bĩ'hĩã inheritance See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tuyuka Lonchocarpus spp. eyu eju See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Koreguaje Lonchocarpus spp. ote ñaña othe ɲaɲa inheritance cf. Cubeo See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Siona Lonchocarpus spp. eo eo inheritance See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Lonchocarpus spp. eo, to'te eo ɛɔ, tɔʔtɛ ɛɔ See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Amanda Meeks
Karitiana Lonchocarpus spp. tig, topyk tig, topɨk unknown maybe cognate 'tingui' (fish w/ timbo) See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Daniel Valle
Kokama Lonchocarpus spp. timu timu inheritance See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Lonchocarpus spp. ɨmɛku ɨmɛku loan Carib, cf. Taranoan ineku See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree PLE
Sirionó Lonchocarpus spp. isioro, irateɨri (P85) isioroˌ irateɨri unknown See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Lonchocarpus spp. tsimo tsimo inheritance See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Lonchocarpus spp. onmán õmã́n unique See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Murui Witoto Lonchocarpus spp. fuìao, nucuo ɸuìao, nukuo (B83) unique See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Lonchocarpus spp. nuúruu nuúruu unknown cf. Kakua-Nukak? See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo Lonchocarpus spp. ityawryawka itjawrjawka See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Becky Walker
Wari Lonchocarpus spp. karatokwe (Sousa2009) karatokwe (Sousa2009) See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Lonchocarpus spp. akwi mano-xe akwi mano-xe See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Joyce McCormick
Cavineña Lonchocarpus spp. ac̷a; oʔo kono ac̷a; oʔo kono See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Trumai Lonchocarpus spp. katlis katlis See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Djeoromitxi Lonchocarpus spp. tane, pfütxe tane, ɸøtʃe See Language page secondary forests and secondary srcrub vegetation shrub/tree PLE