woodpecker

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
pájaro carpintero, carpintero
Meaning Portuguese
pica-pau

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio family Picidae sabeereedek, kaiparak saberedɛk, kaɪparak unknown Akawaio, Pemon shared Pemon Also: kaɪparak See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa family Picidae kówhee kówhee, ţuwáapa (FS) inheritance similarity to 'creator'; compare Wanadi in Makiritare Also ţuwáapa (FS) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona family Picidae kue:tú (we:tú? M2000) inheritance See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo family Picidae kɔ̃lɛkɔ (generic term), takɛkɔ̃lɛkɔ (carpintero amarillo), kɔ̃lɛkɔ ʉlakɔ (carpintero gigante), pĩkɔlɛnɛkɔ (carpintero negro azul), kɔ̃lɛkɔ ʉlakɔ (carpintero pescuecirrojo), pidukɔ̃lɛkɔ (carpintero rabadilla roja), javikɔ̃lɛkɔ (carpintero real barbirrayad inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Also takɛkɔ̃lɛkɔ (carpintero amarillo), kɔ̃lɛkɔ ʉlakɔ (carpintero gigante), pĩkɔlɛnɛkɔ (carpintero negro azul), kɔ̃lɛkɔ ʉlakɔ (carpintero pescuecirrojo), pidukɔ̃lɛkɔ (carpintero rabadilla roja), javikɔ̃lɛkɔ (carpintero real barbirrayado), pĩkɔkɔlɛkɔ (carp uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Dâw family Picidae xôòb xôb inheritance missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Eñepa family Picidae awako, ejporo (campephilus) (MM) awako (MM) unique Also ejporo (campephilus) See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross
Waorani family Picidae kegitæ unique missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Hup family Picidae hǒb hǒb inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Pattie Epps
Kakua family Picidae pʉ:lʉt, pʉ:rʉt pɨlɨt unknown onomatopoeic See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan family Picidae jetsár hetsáɾ unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Nheengatu family Picidae arapáçu aɾapásu inheritance Subgroup Urubu-Kaapor Mello 2000 underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Maihiki family Picidae cone aguɨ kone agɨ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded agɨ agɨ = masculine animate See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Daniel Valle
Pemon family Picidae sapeereetek (E1980) saperetɛk (E1980) unknown Akawaio, Pemon shared Akawaio May contain sape 'moth' See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro family Picidae tshoófú 'large woodpecker' tsʰoófú 'laɾge woodpeckeɾ' unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B.
Sikuani family Picidae naedokodoko (24) naedókodóko unique missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Tukano family Picidae kõré kõré inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria family Picidae seneno (black-blue); corẽ (all Waltz) seneno; koɾẽ (all Waltz) inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Also seneno (black-blue woodpecker) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Yanomami family Picidae eshãmɨ, toromɨ, shuririãmɨ, thëëthëëmɨ eʃãmɨ (camepephilus sp., dryocopus lineatus), toɾom ɨ (camepephilus sp., d. lineatus), ʃuɾiɾiã̃mɨ (celeus elegans, c. grammicus), tʰəətʰəəmɨ (celeus flavus, c. torquatus) unknown See also toɾomɨ (camepephilus sp., d. lineatus), ʃuɾiɾiã̃mɨ (celeus elegans, c. grammicus), tʰəətʰəəmɨ (celeus flavus, c. torquatus) Narrower underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna family Picidae mera'aní, mera'amí, θu waʔphá, kuwajé mera'aní, mera'amí, θu waʔphá, kuwajé unique cf. 'kuwaje' form, compare Baniwa, Makiritare uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Achagua family Picidae walápueri walápueri unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco family Picidae yàalubái imàníirinái (yàalubái 'furniture', imàníirinái 'someone who make sth' ), θú(u)wa jàalubái imàní:ɾinái, θú(u)wa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena family Picidae su whápa (R2001) su whápa (R2001) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero family Picidae yatútsi jatútsi See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi family Picidae toloˈmare tuluˈmare unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure family Picidae tatasoe tatasoe unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino
Bora family Picidae tóhmiba tʰóʔmipa unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane family Picidae babáiho, jɨ́suɨ (W97) babáiʔo, xɨ́suɨ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai family Picidae etu etu inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana family Picidae wetu wetu inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Tiriyó family Picidae pïmuriri pɨmuriri unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Makiritare family Picidae wana:di (KH) wana:di semantic shift believed to be spirit of Wanadi, creator; compare Arawak forms resembling kuwai See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo family Picidae kamaiwa kamaiwa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa family Picidae sakurare (SM) sakurare (SM) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Kalapalo family Picidae itu itu inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
Northern Emberá family Picidae sorré sorré See Language page Widespread Amazonia Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán family Picidae toronzé'nze, a´cho cocosumo (OP79) toronzɛʔnzɛ See Language page Widespread Amazonia phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra family Picidae pĩvaashi pĩwaaʃi loan, direction unknown Iquito panási See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Páez family Picidae anza See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Tikuna family Picidae én-rú (Alv44) énʔrú unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Andoke family Picidae sinə̃de çinə̃de unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Kelsey Neely, PLE
Puinave family Picidae iãp ɲãp unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar family Picidae sawáke, taráshaam, tatásham sawakɯ, taraʃa:m, tataʃam See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Huambisa family Picidae sawake sawakɨ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Aguaruna family Picidae sawáke (small type), tátasham sawáke (small type), tátaʃam inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Matses family Picidae odosco, todon odosko, todon unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua family Picidae ripyo ripjõ unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua family Picidae buquirima, ayapana (OP79) bukiɾima See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano family Picidae akakllu akakʎu See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa family Picidae phehé'phɨ' (K76) phehéʔphɨʔ unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva family Picidae culichichi kuliʧiʧi unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Carapana family Picidae cõne kõnɛ̃ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Makuna family Picidae cõne kõnɛ inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Koreguaje family Picidae kone khone inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Secoya family Picidae cone kɔ̃nɛ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Karitiana family Picidae yrypãn ɨɾɨpãn unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Wayampi family Picidae pekũ (G89) pekũ (G89) inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Ocaina family Picidae ícooro (possible loan from Tukano??), tóónma ícooro, jidyotyo, con̈óójunco íkooro, tóónma íkooro, hidʲotʲo, kon̵óóhunko doubtful loan Tukanoan kone See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Murui Witoto family Picidae amederaɨma amederaɯma (B83; see also various species) unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito family Picidae panási (general term); músati (Campylorhampus sp.); panasi ihuítani (Dryocopus lineatus, MC: woodpecker ɨ big); panási musútina (Celeus flavus, MC: woodpecker ɨ white); pasiíja (Dendrocincla spp.); páasi ípuusi (Dendrocolaptidae, MC: compound, Lit: 'tripa panási (general term); músati (Campylorhampus sp.); panasi iwítani (Drjocopus lineatus, MC: woodpecker + big); panási musútina (Celeus flavus, MC: woodpecker + white); pasiíha (Dendrocincla spp.); páasi ípuusi (Dendrocolaptidae, MC: compound, Lit: 'tripa loan, direction unknown Candoshi pĩwaaʃi See Language page Widespread Amazonia Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo family Picidae muhukuruka (large woodpecker) muhukuruka See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Wari family Picidae patʃamʔ (Sousa2009) patʃamʔ (Sousa2009) See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Cavineña family Picidae mayahua (C&L89) majawa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá family Picidae mouru, txikere mouru, txikere See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
Movima family Picidae ya'yama (J62) ja'jama See Language page Widespread Amazonia Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang family Picidae sãkrĩgò sãkɾĩgò See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Djeoromitxi family Picidae mioro mioro See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE