macaw

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
ara, guacamaya
Meaning Portuguese
Arara

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio family Psittacidae; Ara sp. wayara wayara doubtful loan into protolg - WW Akawaio, Pemon %arara WW %ara See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa family Psittacidae; Ara sp. áadaro áadaɻo doubtful loan into protolg - WW Proto-Arawak (North and South) %arara Wanderwort: see Cocama arara, Wanano daharo, Carib forms, Spanish ara, Portuguese arara WW %ara uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona family Psittacidae; Ara sp. caheta (yellow macaw); kinoro (red macaw) unique See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo family Psittacidae; Ara sp. no generic term; májʉmecʉ ('blue and yellow macaw'); ma ('gucamayu bandera; also: 'red macaw') ma, 'bã́ (H&R), máxɨmekɨ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Guahiban Proto-Guahiban; e.g. Macaguan máha. Also májʉmecʉ ('blue and yellow macaw'); Narrower (red macaw) uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Dâw family Psittacidae; Ara sp. kaál’ kǎl’  doubtful loan Arawak, see Paresi kalo missing See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano family Psittacidae; Ara sp. majã mahã, bã'hã́ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Guahiban Proto-Guahiban; e.g. Macaguan máha uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ara, kamaya (MM) ara, kamaja (MM) doubtful loan into protolg - WW; loan - WW %arara; %wakamaja See Nheengatu arara. Also kamaja WW %ara See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero family Psittacidae; Ara sp. máha máha loan into protolanguage Tukanoan? uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï family Psittacidae; Ara sp. jkamaya, uli jkamaya (Zent 05) loan - WW %wakamaja; from Span? or Eñepa Eñepa "kamaja" (but see also Sp. guacamaya, said to be borrowed from Arawak Taino); cf. maya (Guarisma & Coppens) uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Waorani family Psittacidae; Ara sp. æ̃wæ̃ unique missing See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Hup family Psittacidae; Ara sp. yǎk jǎk unique underived See Language page 1 feathers for decoration 1 0 hunted men 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Pattie Epps
Kakua family Psittacidae; Ara sp. jaw jâwʔ inheritance underived See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan family Psittacidae; Ara sp. mája máha loan into protolanguage Tukanoan? e.g. Tukano maha; See also Arawak: wakámaaja; Barbacoa: wakamaja uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi family Psittacidae; Ara sp. kararúá kararúá unknown possible %arara form? May be loan into Ninam: kaɾaɾawasi WW %ara See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu family Psittacidae; Ara sp. arara arara loan into protolg? - WW Proto-Tupi-Guarani %arara Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000. There are several species of macaw that are classified by their color in Nheengatu. Example: arara cukiri translates to blue macaw.) araramiri (arara=macaw,miri=small) arara'I (Ara severa) underived See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam family Psittacidae; Ara sp. arasi (gom), kararawasi (EM72, blue), arasi (EM72, red) aɾasi (gom), kaɾaɾawasi (EM72, blue), aɾasi (EM72, red) loan into protolanguage - WW %arara Panare ara; also Arawak, e.g. Mandawaka adáːlu; see also Ninam kararawasi (EM72, blue), arasi (EM72, red) WW %ara uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Kelsey Neely
Nukak family Psittacidae; Ara sp. jauʔ3 inheritance uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no
Maihiki family Psittacidae; Ara sp. inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Guahiban Proto-Guahiban; e.g. Macaguan máha uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Daniel Valle
Pemon family Psittacidae; Ara sp. wayara (E1980) waʎara (E1980) doubtful loan into protolg - WW Akawaio, Pemon %arara WW %ara See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro family Psittacidae; Ara sp. anáadó anáadó (H&R) doubtful loan into protolg - WW Proto-Arawak (North and South) %arara Wanderwort: see Cocama arara, Wanano daharo, Carib forms, Spanish ara, Portuguese arara WW %ara uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B.
Sanumá family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ala (EM72, red), kulikatsa (EM72, blue) ala (EM72, red), kulikatsa (EM72, blue) loan into protolanguage - WW %arara Panare ara; see also Arawak, e.g. Mandawaka adáːlu. Also kulikatsa (blue macaw) WW %ara uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Kelsey Neely
Sikuani family Psittacidae; Ara sp. maja (2) máːha loan into protolanguage Tukanoan? e.g. Tukano maha uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Tariana family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ãdaɾu; ʔáadaru, ʔándaru (H&R92) ádaɾu doubtful loan into protolg - WW Proto-Arawak (North and South) %arara Wanderwort: see Cocama arara, Wanano daharo, Carib forms, Spanish ara, Portuguese arara WW %ara uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B.
Tukano family Psittacidae; Ara sp. mahâ mahâ, bãhã́ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Guahiban Proto-Guahiban; e.g. Macaguan máha uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria family Psittacidae; Ara sp. maja (red), daharo (little) (all Waltz) maha (red), dahaɾo (little) (all Waltz), bã'hã (H&R) inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Guahiban Proto-Guahiban; e.g. Macaguan máha. daharo (small macaw) uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Wapishana family Psittacidae; Ara sp. kaʐaɽa kaʐaɽa doubtful loan into protolg - WW %arara WW %ara See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B.
Yanomam family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ara (EM72, red), kurikaya (EM72, blue) ara (EM72, red), kurikaja (EM72, blue) loan into protolanguage - WW %arara Panare ara; also Arawak, e.g. Mandawaka adáːlu; see also Yan kurikaya (blue macaw) WW %ara Narrower uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Kelsey Neely
Yanomami family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ara, ara, ashiashirimɨ, kurikaya (EM72, blue), ara (EM72, red) aɾa (general term "macaw"), aɾa aʃiaʃiɾimɨ(Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus, ashiashiɾimi = yellow), kuɾikaja, aɾa loan into protolanguage - WW %arara Panare ara; see also Arawak, e.g. Mandawaka adáːlu. Means generic macaw; see also aɾa aʃiaʃiɾimɨ(Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus, ashiashiɾimi = yellow), kuɾikaja, aɾa WW %ara underived See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna family Psittacidae; Ara sp. la'arú laʔaɾú doubtful loan into protolg - WW Proto-Arawak (North and South) %arara Wanderwort: see Cocama arara, Wanano daharo, Carib forms, Spanish ara, Portuguese arara WW %ara uncoded See Language page 1 1 0 0 1 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Kabiyari family Psittacidae; Ara sp. narú naɾú See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena family Psittacidae; Ara sp. parahã parahã See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Mandawaka family Psittacidae; Ara sp. adáːlu adáːlu See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B.
Paresi family Psittacidae; Ara sp. 'kalo 'arara vermelha' 'kalu 'arara vermelha' unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Bora family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ɨ́ɨ́βaá, ínyaʔa ɨ́ɨ́βaá, ínjaʔa inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane family Psittacidae; Ara sp. xéeβa, ínóʔai, ééréda xéeβa, ínóʔai, ééréda See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai family Psittacidae; Ara sp. arara (arara azul) arara (arara azul) doubtful loan into protolg - WW %arara See Language page Widespread Amazonia Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana family Psittacidae; Ara sp. alala alala doubtful loan into protolg - WW %arara See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Tiriyó family Psittacidae; Ara sp. perei (a species of macaw) perei unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Makiritare family Psittacidae; Ara sp. kadu:wai kadu:wai unknown possible %ara form? See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo family Psittacidae; Ara sp. oroma, reewa oroma, reewa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai family Psittacidae; Ara sp. xaafi (SM) xaafi (SM) unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari family Psittacidae; Ara sp. maba maba See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa family Psittacidae; Ara sp. sareya (SM) sareya (SM), saréja (H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Kalapalo family Psittacidae; Ara sp. tafitse tafitse unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
Northern Emberá family Psittacidae; Ara sp. bhagará bhagará; pagaɾá (H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán family Psittacidae; Ara sp. oma'ndo omaʔndo See Language page Widespread Amazonia phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra family Psittacidae; Ara sp. karago (yellow one), sánima (red one) kaɾanko, sánima unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Taushiro family Psittacidae; Ara sp. eivi ɨiwi See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Páez family Psittacidae; Ara sp. pe pe, welj wala ('large parrot', H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Tikuna family Psittacidae; Ara sp. tchiára (blue), engó-ue (red) (Alv44) tʃiára (blue), eŋóʔue (red) doubtful loan - WW %arara See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Andoke family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ádu, pa'do, e'ma (green) ádu, paʔdo, eʔma (green) doubtful loan -WW %arara See Language page Widespread Amazonia Kelsey Neely, PLE
Ashuar family Psittacidae; Ara sp. kawáu (yellow macaw), yampúna (red macaw), kawau, jampuna See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Huambisa family Psittacidae; Ara sp. yampuna, chaak, yusa jampuna, tʃa:k, jusa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Aguaruna family Psittacidae; Ara sp. yúsa, shaámak júsa, ʃa:mak inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Matses family Psittacidae; Ara sp. cana kana inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua family Psittacidae; Ara sp. cayatu kajãtu unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua family Psittacidae; Ara sp. wacamaya (Sp. loan? orig. from Taino, Arawak?) wakamaja See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ahuitia awitia See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano family Psittacidae; Ara sp. weqru weqɾu See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ha'wóh (K76) haʔwóh unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva family Psittacidae; Ara sp. wacamai wakamai loan - WW %wakamaja, maybe from Span? See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Barasano family Psittacidae; Ara sp. bãhã́ bãhã́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Carapana family Psittacidae; Ara sp. 'bãã 'bãã See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Makuna family Psittacidae; Ara sp. maja maxa, bãhã inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Yuruti family Psittacidae; Ara sp. bã'ã́ bã'ã́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Waikhana family Psittacidae; Ara sp. bã'hã bã'hã See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Siriano family Psittacidae; Ara sp. bã'hã́ bã'hã́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca family Psittacidae; Ara sp. maa maa inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ʻbãã ʻbãã See Language page Widespread Amazonia Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka family Psittacidae; Ara sp. bã'ã́ bã'ã́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja family Psittacidae; Ara sp. See Language page Widespread Amazonia Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje family Psittacidae; Ara sp. maa maa inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Siona family Psittacidae; Ara sp. ma së'nje ma sɨʔnhe inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Karitiana family Psittacidae; Ara sp. pat pat unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Kokama family Psittacidae; Ara sp. arara aɾaɾa loan into protolg? - WW %arara See Language page Widespread Amazonia Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi family Psittacidae; Ara sp. alala (G89) alala (G89) loan into protolg? - WW %arara See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Ocaina family Psittacidae; Ara sp. faaro ɸaaro unknown cf. %arara See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto family Psittacidae; Ara sp. áβa áβa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto family Psittacidae; Ara sp. éɸa έɸa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto family Psittacidae; Ara sp. eɸa eɸa doubtful loan into protolg - WW? %arara See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito family Psittacidae; Ara sp. anápa (Ara ararauna and Ara chloroptera); íyɨɨja (Diopsittaca nobilis); nɨsicásaaja (Ara severa y Ara manilata, MC: Lit: 'come-aguaje') anápa (Ara ararauna and Ara chloroptera); íjɨɨha (Diopsittaca nobilis); nɨsikásaaha (Ara severa j Ara manilata, MC: Lit: 'come-aguahe') loan - WW %arara See Language page Widespread Amazonia Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo family Psittacidae; Ara sp. suraka suraka See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Wari family Psittacidae; Ara sp. taramin (Sousa 2009) taramin (Sousa 2009) See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Kwazá family Psittacidae; Ara sp. awy awy See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
Kaingang family Psittacidae; Ara sp. kã´èg kãʔɛg See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Djeoromitxi family Psittacidae; Ara sp. pire pire See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE