crab

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
cangrejo
Meaning Portuguese
caranguejo

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio infraorder Brachyura makkwai maʔkwaɪ unknown Akawaio, Pemon shared Pemon See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa infraorder Brachyura kaátsi kaátsi unknown uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Cubeo infraorder Brachyura cãmidʉ (freshwater, generic term), docʉcãmidʉ, macacãmidʉ, neicamidʉ, taquecãmidʉ kãmidʉ (freshwater, generic term), dokʉkãmidʉ, makakãmidʉ, nɛikamidʉ, takɛkãmidʉ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Also dɔkʉkãmidʉ, makakãmidʉ, nɛikamidʉ, takɛkãmidʉ uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Dâw infraorder Brachyura xaàm xâm doubtful loan Tukanoan kami (would be an old loan?) missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano infraorder Brachyura gãmi gãmi inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa infraorder Brachyura onwa' (inedible), ki'kë Var. ke'kë, achïm, Var. apëchïm (edible) (MM) onwaʔ (inedible), kiʔkǝ Var. keʔkǝ, atʃɨm, Var. apǝtʃɨm (edible) (MM) inedible crab unknown Also kiʔkë Var. keʔkë, atʃïm, Var. apëtʃïm (edible) See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Hodï infraorder Brachyura iye unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Waorani infraorder Brachyura óto unique Yagua kõtu uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Hup infraorder Brachyura cɔhɔ́ cɔhɔ́ unique other complex lexicalized cV- prefix? See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Pattie Epps
Kakua infraorder Brachyura ~jákoʔ ~jákoɁ unknown seems like a semantic shift. Nukak has the same word meaning tortoise underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan infraorder Brachyura jaknít haknít unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Nheengatu infraorder Brachyura uça usa inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam infraorder Brachyura oko (EM72) oko inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Maihiki infraorder Brachyura cami ago kami ago inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Daniel Valle
Pemon infraorder Brachyura makwai (E1980) maʔwaɪ (E1980) unknown Akawaio, Pemon Shared Akawaio See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro infraorder Brachyura ipádoʔhí ipádoʔhí inheritance missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Sanumá infraorder Brachyura õko bɨ (general "crabs"), oko (EM72) õko bɨ (general "crabs"), oko (EM72) inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Sikuani infraorder Brachyura kaluwai (1) loan cf. Saliva kalabaʔʤa, Wayana kalapu; maybe from Arawak uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Tariana infraorder Brachyura kuheni kuheni unknown missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Tukano infraorder Brachyura ãpɨ̂ ãpɨ̂ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria infraorder Brachyura ~pʉ ~pʉ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Yanomam infraorder Brachyura oko oko inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yanomami infraorder Brachyura oko oko inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna infraorder Brachyura jipóro'oji, ipóro'oji hipóɾoʔohi, ipóɾoʔohi inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Piapoco infraorder Brachyura mása mása See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bora infraorder Brachyura nehwáyu neʔkwáju inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane infraorder Brachyura nɨhɨbaje (W97) nɨhɨbaxe See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai infraorder Brachyura aikaka aikaka unknown See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana infraorder Brachyura kalapu, sipalat, waimak kalapu, sipalat, waimak doubtful loan cf. Saliva kalabaʔʤa, Sikuani kalawai; maybe from Arawak See Language page PLE
Makiritare infraorder Brachyura sada:kani (KH) (also means 'crayfish') sada:kani inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo infraorder Brachyura kayakani kayakani See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai infraorder Brachyura xakawa (SM) xakawa (SM) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari infraorder Brachyura sady sadɨ See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa infraorder Brachyura bayáramo bajáramo See Language page Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Muisca infraorder Brachyura fupqua pupkua See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá infraorder Brachyura heebhé he:bhé See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán infraorder Brachyura ccosha khoʃa See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra infraorder Brachyura zitágóoza ʂitángóoʂa unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro infraorder Brachyura cueha´ kuɨhaʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez infraorder Brachyura wãca See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna infraorder Brachyura ó-ve (Alv44) óʔwe unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Warao infraorder Brachyura he he See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar infraorder Brachyura chúngka, nukúch ʧuŋka, nukuʧ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa infraorder Brachyura urik urik See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna infraorder Brachyura punúk punúk unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses infraorder Brachyura canchu cantʃu unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua infraorder Brachyura cotu kõtu unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua infraorder Brachyura apangura apanguɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá infraorder Brachyura kangariju (Spanish loan) See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua infraorder Brachyura apangura apanguɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
Sáliva infraorder Brachyura calabahlla kalabaʔʤa loan cf. Sikuani kaluwai, Wayana kalapu; maybe from Arawak See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana infraorder Brachyura ãpĩ ãpĩ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Makuna infraorder Brachyura gãjigã gãxigã inheritance See Language page Amanda Meeks
Siriano infraorder Brachyura caaúgʉ́ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca infraorder Brachyura ã'bĩã ã'bĩã inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Koreguaje infraorder Brachyura ka'mi khaʔmi inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona infraorder Brachyura ca'mi kaʔmi inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya infraorder Brachyura ca'mi, pene ca'mi (type of crab) kãʔmi, pẽnɛ kãʔmi See Language page Amanda Meeks
Karitiana infraorder Brachyura are aɾe unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi infraorder Brachyura uwa (G89) uwa (G89) inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó infraorder Brachyura isa (P85) isa inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá infraorder Brachyura wararuˀa wararuˀa inheritance similar forms in Parintintin and Tapirare (Mello 2000) See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina infraorder Brachyura ohxóóroco oʔxóóroko unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Murui Witoto infraorder Brachyura ɨcojɨ, jeecaño ɯkohɯ, hɛɛkaɲo (B83) unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito infraorder Brachyura máquɨɨja mákɨɨha doubtful loan Wari' makɨʔ See Language page Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo infraorder Brachyura turuk+naka (ravine crab? Cangrejo de quebrada) turukɨnaka See Language page Becky Walker
Wari infraorder Brachyura makyʔ (Sousa2009) makɨʔ (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Cavineña infraorder Brachyura sero (G71) sero (G71) See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara infraorder Brachyura apankuraya (P04) apankuraja (P04) See Language page PLE
Kwazá infraorder Brachyura dede dede See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima infraorder Brachyura daca (J62) daka See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang infraorder Brachyura jògè yɔgɛ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi infraorder Brachyura mĩtokakä mĩtokakǝ See Language page PLE