anteater

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
oso hormiguero; tapia pelejo or pelejo chico for Cyclopes didactylus
Meaning Portuguese
tamanduá

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) kokchiiriimö kɔʔtʃirimö unknown Akawaio, Pemon shared Pemon See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ttáaro t̪áaɻo inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro branch uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) həremu (SM) hɯrɯu (large), wari’tʃi (small) (H&R) doubtful loan; inheritance Yucuna haru Also hɯrɯu (large), wari’tʃi (small) (H&R) Narrower (may mean 'large anteater') See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) mie, mijacʉ bĩ'é̃, miɛ, mihakɨ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Amanda Meeks
Dâw Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) yon (Tamandua tridactyla), xuùn (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), mʉg (nickname for M.t.) jon (Tamandua tridactyla), xûn (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), mɨg (nickname for M.t.) inheritance, doubtful loan into protolanguage Hup-Yuhup-Daw East Tukanoan e.g. Tukano bɨko underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bugu bu'gú, bugu inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ancha (palmero), Var. añcha; weinki' (melero) (MM) ancha (palmero), Var. aɲcha; weinkiʔ (melero) (MM) palmero (giant anteater) inheritance N Amazonian subgroup? (shared Mapoyo and Eñepa) Also weinkiʔ (melero, lesser anteater) Narrower (giant anteater) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) mesabéhen, tʃoél tʃoél, mesabéhen inheritance l to n correspondence elsewhere uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hup Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bɨ̌g bɨ̌g doubtful loan into protolanguage Hup-Yuhup-Daw Tukanoan doubtful loan, e.g. Tukano bɨko underived See Language page 0 1 0 ? 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Pattie Epps
Kakua Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ~ûb ~Ɂûb unique underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) makút makút doubtful loan Carib: Makiritare, Yabarana mohko Yabarana mohko (appears in Macaguan only) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Nheengatu Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) wariri, wariri'i waɾiɾi, waɾiɾi'i doubtful loan Carib, e.g. Wayana walisi Also: waɾiɾi'i underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) t@p@ (gom) təpə (gom) inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Kelsey Neely
Nukak Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) pẽõʔ2 ni4 de1 unique uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no
Maihiki Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) aimano ago aibãdõ, aimano ago unique uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Daniel Valle
Pemon Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) kochirima (A1981); kochiiriimö (E1980) kotʃiɾima (A1981); kɔtʃirimö (E1980) unknown Akawaio, Pemon shared Akawaio See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) monóotsí (small), piígí monóotsí (small), piígí inheritance cognate M. tetradactyla (Ramirez 2001) Also monóotsí (small anteater) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Ana Paula B.
Sanumá Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) soko a (coll. Anteater), olosomɨ a (silky anteater), tebɨ a (giant anteater, tebɨ nase a (giant anteater), tebɨ bɨ (general classification?) soko a (coll. Anteater), olosomɨ a (silky anteater), tebɨ a (giant anteater, tebɨ nase a (giant anteater), tebɨ bɨ (general classification?) inheritance soko a (coll. Anteater), olosomɨ a (silky anteater), tebɨ a (giant anteater, tebɨ nase a (giant anteater), uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Kelsey Neely
Sikuani Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) tsó-nɨ, amuabali (small and white), kofia (Tamandua tetradactyla) tsó-nɨ inheritance also: amuabali (small and white anteater) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Amanda Meeks
Tariana Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) sálu 'tamanduá bandeira', ãtẽ sálu 'tamanduá bandeira', ãtẽ inheritance Also sálu 'tamanduá bandeira' uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Ana Paula B.
Tukano Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bɨkô bɨkô inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ~bie bĩ'ẽ, ~bie inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Amanda Meeks
Yanomami Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) shoko, aroto, masihoto (JF86) ʃoko, aɾoto, masihoto inheritance also ʃoko, masihoto underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) jaru, saru haɾu, saɾu inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro branch uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bɯ̌g bɯ̌g doubtful loan into protolanguage Hup-Yuhup-Daw East Tukanoan e.g. Tukano bɨko underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonian lowlands no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Achagua Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) sá:ru sá:ru inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) mutùsi, sálu 'oso palmero' mutùsi, sálu 'oso palmeɾo' See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) t̪áaru, páapari (Cyclopes) t̪áaɾu, páapaɾi (Cyclopes) See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) tjiyúri tjijúri See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) mulújli mulúľ̥i See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) tikore tikjure inheritance cognate Warekena? See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) iupe (Mello99) iupe (Mello99) unique See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ɨɨ́xï, tʰoʔxɨ ɨɨ́xɯ, tʰoʔxɨ inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) xééxɨ, túúxe xééxɨ, túúxe See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Wayana Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) walisimë walisimǝ inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands PLE
Tiriyó Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) masiwë (giant anteater) masiwǝ unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Becky Walker
Makiritare Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) hömu:kö (KH) həmu:kə unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ansa (white-faced); warihi (black-faced) ansa (white-faced); warihi (black-faced) See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) waaxi (SM) waaxi (SM) inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ársimo arókamɨ (large), arókaʃe (small) (H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Kalapalo Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) aGiGi ("giant anteater") aGiGi ("giant anteater") unknown maybe cognate w/ warisi terms? See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Joyce McCormick
Cuiva Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) nonʉ (rk83) tsón See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Cofán Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) betta bɛtha See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) makina makina unique See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
Taushiro Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) antechiyo anteʃiyo See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
Tikuna Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) tchá-tê (Alv44) tʃáʔtɨ unique See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ʉkʉari ʉkʉaɽi unique See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) čehiekǝ(üh) (RW52) unique See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) tuchupi (arboreal); ariguri (giant) (Lin97) See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Paulina Franco, PLE
Warao Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) basayanaɾu basaynaru See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands John Blaha
Ashuar Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) wishe wishe wiʃɯ wiʃɯ See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
Huambisa Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) wishiishi wiʃi:ʃi See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) wishiíshi wiʃi:ʃi inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
Matses Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) tsequeded (oso hormiɡuero de dos dedos) tsekeded unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) janutyu xãnũtju unique See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) wangana pillan (wangana=huangana (loan); pillan=?), wawniru wangana piʎan, wawniɾu See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) pillian, tamanuhua, machín pishcu (OP79), chucchucchu (OP79) piʎian, tamanuwa See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
Piaroa Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ñuhúh (K76) ɲuhúh unique See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) chau, wĩxõ ʧau, wĩxõ doubtful loan Guahiban See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Becky Walker
Barasano Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bẽkã́ bɨkó bẽkã́ bɨkó See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Amanda Meeks
Carapana Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bʉco bɨ'kó, bɨkɔ See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Amanda Meeks
Makuna Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bʉco bɨko inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bɨ́ko bɨ́ko See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bĩ'ẽ bĩ'ẽ See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Amanda Meeks
Siriano Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bugú; ajʉ́cá (small) bu'gú See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) wẽ'ã 'ka wẽ'ã 'ka inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bɨ'kó bɨ'kó See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bɨ'kó bɨ'kó See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) bɨ́kʰó bɨ́kʰó See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) chuchu dʒudʒu, mie loan Quechua? See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
Siona Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) mie mie inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) mie mĩẽ See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Amanda Meeks
Karitiana Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ojopyty ojopɨtɨ unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Daniel Valle
Wayampi Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) tamanuwa (G89) tamanuwa (G89) inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands PLE
Sirionó Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ãtã mbucha (P85) ãtã mbutʃa unique See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) tamanuã (K12) tamanuã (K12) inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) jíaanco, joonhan hĩ́ããco, hõõʔã unique See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) eréño, dobóǰi ɛrέɲo, dobódʒi See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) eréño ɛrέɲo See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) ereño ɛrɛɲo inheritance/Witoto See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) siruúsi (Myrmecophaga tridactyla); aríija (Cyclopes didactylus) siruúsi (Myrmecophaga tridactyla); aríiha (Cyclopes didactylus) inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) arawsu (tipo de) aɾawsu See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Becky Walker
Wari Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) pijiman, ʔopik (Sousa2009) pijiman, ʔopik (Sousa2009) See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) beo-pisi (Girard 1971) beo-pisi See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Joyce McCormick
Cavineña Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) be(ʔ)i be(ʔ)i See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) asitsu asitsu See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Joyce McCormick
Movima Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) huayehuaye (J62) xuajexuaje See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) jòti yɔti See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands PLE
Djeoromitxi Myrmecophaga tridactyla (giant anteater); Cyclopes didactylus (silky anteater) parori parori See Language page Widespread Amazonian lowlands PLE