jaguar

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
yaguar, yaguareté, jaguar, otorongo (Peru), tigre (Peru)
Meaning Portuguese
onca

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio Panthera onca tiimening timɛnɪŋ inheritance Northern Carib? (attested Pemon, Akawaio, Eñepa, maybe Waimiri-Atroari) See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Panthera onca dzáawi; Iawí (R95) dzáawi doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown North Arawak Tukanoan *jai, cf. Tupi-Guarani *jawar Compare similar Tukanoan forms, e.g. e.g. Cubeo ja'wí, javi. Also Iawí (R95) uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Panthera onca kaykuči (also dog); kaikuchi enetonó (R95) kai’kutʃi, ano’tona(H&R) dog, jaguar' inheritance Unknown (shared Carijona and Makushi) Also kai’kutʃi ano’tona (H&R, Rodriguez) Broader (dog, jaguar) See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Panthera onca yavi; yawi, tahwi (R95) ja'wí, javi doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Arawak (Chacon reconstructs); cf. TG *jawar Compare similar Arawak forms uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Amanda Meeks
Dâw Panthera onca ‘yamxʉ’ j’amxɨʔ inheritance jaguar-write'? compound See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Panthera onca yee jé, yee doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Arawak (Chacon reconstructs); cf. TG *jawar Compare similar Arawak forms uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Panthera onca akërë, akërë tameñkemënë, Var. kërë (MM) akǝrǝ, akǝrǝ tameɲkemǝnǝ, Var. kǝrǝ (MM) inheritance Also akǝrǝ tameɲkemǝnǝ, kǝrǝ See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Panthera onca nud, nusa nud, nusa (R95) unique uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Panthera onca choywei loan cf. Arawak jawi Compare similar form for 'dog' uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Amanda Meeks
Waorani Panthera onca méñe doubtful loan Tupi-Guarani jawa uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Amanda Meeks
Hup Panthera onca yãʔám jãʔám inheritance underived See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Pattie Epps
Kakua Panthera onca ~hiw hǐw inheritance underived See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Panthera onca newít, newɨ´to newít, newɨ´to inheritance uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi Panthera onca kaikusi (SM) kaikusi (SM) inheritance Unknown (shared Carijona and Makushi) See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu Panthera onca yawaɾaté, yawaɾate (yawara=felino, te,ete=legitimate) jawaɾaté, jawaɾate (jawara=felino, te,ete=legitimate) inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani cf. Arawak, Tukanoan Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 Other complex jawara 'feline', -(e)te 'true' See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam Panthera onca tIhI (gom) tɯhɯ (gom) inheritance uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Kelsey Neely
Nukak Panthera onca hio2 inheritance uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Maihiki Panthera onca jai yai aguɨ, jai mɨmɨdi aguɨ xai jai agɨ, xai mɨmɨdi agɨ, jai doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Arawak (Chacon reconstructs); cf. TG *jawar Compare similar Arawak forms. Also xai mɨmɨdi uncoded agɨ agɨ = masculine animate See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Daniel Valle
Pemon Panthera onca tɨmenneng (E1980) tɨmɛnnɛŋ (E1980) inheritance Northern Carib? (attested Pemon, Akawaio, Eñepa, maybe Waimiri-Atroari) See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Panthera onca íiní (dp91) íiní (dp91), dʒéeβí (dog) inheritance Proto-Arawak (North and South) Also dʒéeβí (H&R, others) Broader (dog and jaguar) uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Ana Paula B.
Sanumá Panthera onca tului a, sanuna a?, ɨla (EM72) tului a, sanuna a?, ɨla (EM72) inheritance also sanuna a?, ɨla uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Kelsey Neely
Sikuani Panthera onca amarunewütjü (35), nevëthë (cat in general, rk83), avácana, vacuínali (felis onça, rk83) newɨtʰɨ unknown; inheritance also avácana, vacuínali (felis onça, rk83), amarunewütju (35) Broader (cat in general) uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Amanda Meeks
Tariana Panthera onca siin[u] (dp91), deːɾiphína 'onça pintada, yáwi 'onça' siin[u] (dp91), deːɾipʰína 'onça pintada, jáwi 'onça', (H&R, Giacone: i-javi, iaavi, li-tsávi, javi) inheritance; doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown North Arawak Tukanoan *jai, cf. Tupi-Guarani *jawar Compare similar Tukanoan forms, e.g. e.g. Cubeo ja'wí, javi. Also siin[u] (dp91), deːɾipʰína 'onça pintada, jáwi 'onça', (H&R, Giacone: i-javi, iaavi, li-tsávi, javi) uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Ana Paula B.
Tukano Panthera onca yaî jaî, jáí doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Arawak (Chacon reconstructs); cf. TG *jawar Compare similar Arawak forms uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Panthera onca yai jai, jai-ro doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Arawak (Chacon reconstructs); cf. TG *jawar Compare similar Arawak forms uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Amanda Meeks
Wapishana Panthera onca baɨɖukuɽɨ baɨɖukuɽɨ unique See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Ana Paula B.
Yanomam Panthera onca tɨhɨ (EM72) tɨhɨ inheritance uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Kelsey Neely
Yanomami Panthera onca ɨra, washaẽma ɨɾa, waʃaẽma inheritance underived See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Panthera onca yawi jáwi (hr01) doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown North Arawak Tukanoan *jai, cf. Tupi-Guarani *jawar Compare similar Tukanoan forms, e.g. e.g. Cubeo ja'wí, javi. uncoded See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup Panthera onca jãʔã̌b jãʔã̌b inheritance underived See Language page 1 2 0 0 0 yes Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Achagua Panthera onca tʃáawi (hr01) tʃá:wi (hr01) doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Tukanoan *jai, cf. Tupi-Guarani *jawar See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Panthera onca tsá(a)wi (hr01), catànèeri cháwi tsá(a)wi (hɾ01), katànèeɾi tʃáwi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Panthera onca tʃáawi (hr01) tʃáawi (hɾ01) See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Panthera onca dáwi (hr01), waʃi dáwi (hr01), waʃi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Panthera onca kuáijli kuáiľ̥i See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare Panthera onca kwati kwati See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka Panthera onca dáːwi dáːwi See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi Panthera onca txini, xi'ni tʃini, ʃi'ni inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure Panthera onca šowekon ʃowekon unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá Panthera onca leiki (P11) leiki (P11) unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Panthera onca ooʔíípʸe, tʰḯḯpʰáʔyoóï {=dog}; ookó (R95) ooʔíípʲɛ, tʰɯ́ɯ́pʰáʔjoóɯ, ookʰó unique; loan, direction unknown shared Witotoan, Muinane See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Panthera onca xɨ́kku {=dog}; heko, hoku (R95); uunubajiecu (R95) xɨ́kku {=/dog} See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Panthera onca kaikuxi, pianoimo kaikuxi, pianoimo inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana Panthera onca istaino istaino unique See Language page PLE
Tiriyó Panthera onca kaikuci (jaguar/dog) kaikuci (jaguar/dog) inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare Panthera onca ma:do/mado (KH) ma:do/mado (KH) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai Panthera onca kamarači (cat) kamarači (cat) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari Panthera onca temere; var. tymeri temere; var. tɨmeri See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa Panthera onca esho (SM) esho (SM); éʃo(H&R) See Language page Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Kalapalo Panthera onca ekege ekege inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca Panthera onca comba (tiger) komβa See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá Panthera onca imaamá páima imaːmá páima; imamá(H&R) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cuiva Panthera onca néʉthu, ochi (R95) néɨtʰɨ See Language page Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Cofán Panthera onca ttesi; siau tési (R95) thɛsi See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Panthera onca tomoozi tomooʂi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro Panthera onca he´i hɨʔi See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez Panthera onca punai punai; tjklji (SP loan, H&R) See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna Panthera onca yowaruna, áih' (R95) jowaɾuna, áih' loan; unique Tupi-Guarani See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Panthera onca ʉrerej ʉɽeɽej unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa Panthera onca tígre (SP loan) tígre (SP loan) See Language page Daniel Valle
Andoke Panthera onca ĩño (also 'dog') ĩɲo (also 'dog') unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé Panthera onca guantió (Lin97) See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave Panthera onca iotnan; yana, yót dan (R95) jot dãn (H&R) unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Warao Panthera onca tobe tobe See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar Panthera onca yawaa, juun yawaa, shia shia (small jaguar) jãwãa:, xu:n jãwã:, ʃĩã ʃĩã See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa Panthera onca uun yawa (yawa=dog; uun=?) u:n jawa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Panthera onca puágkat puángkat unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses Panthera onca bëdi bɨdi unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo Panthera onca kama-no (also means "cat") kama-no (also means "cat") unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua Panthera onca nibi ndimbi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Panthera onca puma (Spanish loan) puma See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Panthera onca puma puma See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano Panthera onca uturunku (loan) utuɾunku See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa Panthera onca weñapa yavi (R95) yæwi loan Arawak jawi See Language page Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Panthera onca ũpu ũpu unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano Panthera onca bãkãroka jai; macarocayaí (R95) bãkãroka jai See Language page Amanda Meeks
Carapana Panthera onca macãnʉcʉ̃ yai, yai mãkãnɨkɨ̃ jai, jai See Language page Amanda Meeks
Makuna Panthera onca yai (general term) yai (general term), jai doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Arawak (Chacon reconstructs); cf. TG *jawar See Language page Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Panthera onca jái jái See Language page Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Panthera onca jai-ro jai-ro See Language page Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Panthera onca dya'ia (tigre) ʎa'ia (tigre) doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Arawak (Chacon reconstructs); cf. TG *jawar See Language page Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo Panthera onca ja'i ja'i See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Panthera onca jái jái See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Panthera onca mãkʰã́nɨkʰɨ, džáí (both 'tigre') mãkʰã́nɨkʰɨ, dʒáí (both 'tigre') See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Panthera onca chai dʒai doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Arawak (Chacon reconstructs); cf. TG *jawar See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona Panthera onca toya yai; ʔaíro yai, hai yai, séw yai (R95) toja jai; ʔaíro jai, hai jai, séw jai (R95) doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Arawak (Chacon reconstructs); cf. TG *jawar See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Panthera onca airo yai, toya yai, yai 'jai, 'to'ja 'jai See Language page Amanda Meeks
Karitiana Panthera onca omãky omãkɨ unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama Panthera onca yahuara jawaɾa inheritance cf. Arawak, Tukanoan See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Panthera onca yawa (G89) jawa (G89) inheritance cf. Arawak, Tukanoan See Language page PLE
Sirionó Panthera onca tʃakwa (Mello 2000) tʃakwa (Mello 2000) inheritance cf. Arawak, Tukanoan See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Panthera onca jawat jawat inheritance cf. Arawak, Tukanoan See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Panthera onca hõʔxo {same as dog}, čiβaβááña hõʔxo {same as dog}, tʃiβaβááɲa; tʃiβaβááɲa hɯmã́ã́ʔxaxo (H&R92) loan, direction unknown Boran See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Panthera onca hánaǰari, hḯko {same as cat} hánadʒari, hɯ́ko {same as cat} See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Panthera onca hánaǰari, hḯko {same as cat} hánadʒari, hɯ́ko {same as cat} See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Panthera onca hanaǰari, hïko {ocelot} hanadʒari, hɯko {ocelot} loan, direction unknown Boran See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Panthera onca iquíicu ikíiku unknown See Language page Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo Panthera onca imatinya imatinja See Language page Becky Walker
Wari Panthera onca kopakaw? (onça pintada) (Sousa2009) kopakaw? (onça pintada) (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Panthera onca ibiá (Girard 1971) ibiá See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña Panthera onca iba (G71) iba (G71) See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara Panthera onca uturunku (P04) uturunku (P04) See Language page PLE
Kwazá Panthera onca ĩtsɛ̃ ĩtsɛ̃ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima Panthera onca rulrul (J62) rulrul See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang Panthera onca mĩg mĩg See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi Panthera onca wa wa See Language page PLE