flour/meal from manioc

Semantic Field
food
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
fariña, mañoco (Venezuela); harina
Meaning Portuguese
farinha

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Kakua bêgep bêgep doubtful loan East Tukanoan; see also Resigaro Also bektʃi (H&R). Compare Ocaina bióóhxa; Resigaro peégi Simplex agriculture See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu uĩ; (also: karuera, farofa [loan from POR]) uĩ, karuera, farofa (loan from POR) inheritance *maniʔok Mello: *uʔi- Also ʔui, shared in . Possible donor for Yucuna uʔuwí; Makushi ùʔwí [Alternate: karuera, farofa] Phrase mani + oka 'white' agriculture See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani [adĩda] (Sp harina) manioc dough doubtful loan + Semantic shift North Arawak agriculture See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï ʰyowã loan - WW %porowa Akawaio prowa; Wapishana phuruuma; Sikuani bawa WW %porowa agriculture See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami mayoko hĩkɨ (MM07) majoko hĩkɨ (MM07) loan Tupi-Guarani 'manioc' A loanblend. Also Baniwa, matsóka; Warekena, matsuka; Mandawaka, matʃúka; Puinave, masuká; Nadeb ma WW %matsuka Compound mayoko, “manioc” + hĩkɨ, “flour” agriculture See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam hĩkɨ̃ (IDS) hĩkɨ̃ (IDS) manioc flour inheritance/sem shift? Proto-Yanomami/Yanomam Simplex agriculture See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam naškohi (generic meal/flour) naʃkohi (generic meal/flour) generic meal/flour unique from naʃi 'manioc' Has undergone metathesis. Also Baniwa, matsóka; Warekena, matsuka; Mandawaka, matʃúka; Puinave, masuká; Nadeb ma WW %matsuka Simplex agriculture See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria po'ka poʔka inheritance/sem shift Proto-East Tukanoan from 'powder' Simplex agriculture See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo jʉtʉra hɨtɨra unique la may mark mass nouns? agriculture See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano po'ká poʔká inheritance/sem shift Proto-East Tukanoan from 'powder' Simplex agriculture See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano poga poga inheritance/sem shift Proto-East Tukanoan from 'powder' Simplex agriculture See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki ao ise ja ãõ ı̃se xã unknown Compound manioc-? agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup kæ̌n, cíh kæ̌n, cíh doubtful loan; unknown North Arawak 'manioc' Simplex agriculture See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw suùk ʃûk loan - WW %matsuka e.g. Baniwa matsóka; compare also Puinave masuko, Macaguan matsúka, Daw ʃuk; maybe Yanomami majoko hĩkɨ, Makiritari ssuku:taka WW %matsuka Simplex agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani bawa; matsúka (CM72) bawa; matsúka (CM72) loan - WW; loan - WW %porowa; %matsuka Also: matsuka (Arawak loan; Rivet 1948) WW %porowa agriculture See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan matsúka matsúka loan - WW %matsuka Prob. Achagua source; see also Baniwa, matsóka; Warekena, matsuka; Mandawaka, matʃúka; Puinave, masuká; Nadeb ma WW %matsuka Simplex agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Guayabero benilon báenal unique formed from loan 'flatbread', or from 'dust'? Other complex Contains 'manioc' (loan) agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B.
Pemon kïseerekna (E1977) kɨserɛʔna (E1977) unique From 'manioc-meal'? Similar term in Wai Wai, but similarity may be in 'manioc' term. agriculture See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Akawaio proowa (flour; see Wapishana) (E1977) prowa (E1977) loan, direction unknown - WW %porowa Akawaio prowa; Wapishana phuruuma; Sikuani bawa; Hodi hyowã WW %porowa agriculture See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi ùʔwí ùʔwí loan Tupi-Guarani? Yucuna uʔuwí, Macushi ùʔwí; Nheengatu uĩ: Mello: TG *uʔi WW %uʔwi agriculture See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa uta-yeñamun uta-jeñamun inheritance Compound manioc-meal agriculture See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna u'uwí uʔuwí loan - WW %uʔwi Immediate source other? WW %uʔwi Simplex agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana kawhi kawhi doubtful loan Tupi-Guarani 'fermented (manioc) drink' Phrase kupʰe = fish, na= 3rd plural possessor, -nipe = plural, tuda = “sieve, puçá”: “fish's sieve” (?) agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana pʰuruuma pʰuruuma loan - WW %porowa Akawaio prowa; Wapishana phuruuma; Sikuani bawa; Hodi hyowã WW %porowa Simplex agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa matsóka matsóka loan (into protolg?) - WW Proto North Arawak %matsuka WW, Found Warekena, matsuka; Mandawaka, matʃúka; Puinave, masuká; Nadeb mãʃoːk, Daw ʃuk Simplex agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro peégi (?also bread) peégi (?also bread) semantic shift manioc food' Also means starch; similar forms for 'manioc bread' in Tariana, Baniwa Simplex agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B.
Achagua íinabiʃi íinabiʃi unique agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco machúca matʃúka agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena matsuka matsuka agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ľ̥i'weľ̥i ľ̥i'weľ̥i agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Mandawaka matʃúka matʃúka agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi tyoˈlohe tjoˈlohe unknown agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure šep ʃep unknown agriculture See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá iki, u'leiki iki, u'leiki doubtful loan Carib agriculture See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora ítyacollíjyu (ítyaco 'tapioca') íxtjákʰotʃííxjɯ unique agriculture See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane máchuguiijɨ (cf. machu 'food') (W97) mátʃuguiixɨ agriculture See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai kajama kajama unknown agriculture See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana kajama kajama unknown agriculture See Language page PLE
Tiriyó j-uru (manioc food; manioc bread) j-uru inheritance agriculture See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare ssuku:taka; yo:'küdü (KH) (means 'his manioc meal or mush'), akai'chadü (KH) (means 'to make manioc flour (mañoco) by rubbing) ssuku:taka; yo:ʔkɨdɨ (KH), akaiʔtʃadɨ (KH) inheritance; unknown North Arawak agriculture See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Mapoyo sere nanapi-ri (manioc flour); nanapi (flour) sere nanapi-ri (manioc flour); nanapi (flour) agriculture See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai kwašarɨ kwašarɨ unique agriculture See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari sanja saɲa agriculture See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Northern Emberá poku'ra 'meal, flour' (IDS) poku'ra 'meal, flour' (IDS) agriculture See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán ppu'ppu sundafo'cho 'harina de maiz' phɯʔphɯ sɯndaɸoʔtʃo 'harina de maiz' phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra kazinaz vayápori (kazinaz = yuca) kaʂinaʂ wajápori unknown agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro ahian taha' ahian tahaʔ agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez ũʔwe ũʔwe agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna uí (Alv44) loan - WW %uʔwi agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Pumé pʰonõ 'meal, flour' agriculture See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave masuká masuká loan - WW %matsuka agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Máku uwí uwí agriculture See Language page
Ashuar warín warin agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna mama puwahi i'nanh-amu mama puwahi i'nanh-amu unique cf. 'mama', poss. loan Boran? agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
Yuhup cak pój ['mash toasted'] agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses machi matʃi loan - WW; unknown %matsuka agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ac̷a moto; ac̷a yɨnɨ ac̷a moto; ac̷a yɨnɨ semantic shift dust' agriculture See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua generic meal: huru generic meal: huru loan; unknown Spanish agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano hak'u, aku machka 'harina' (CP94) hak'u, aku matʃka 'harina' agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa icá'pheh isáɁpheh inheritance? agriculture See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva isejõ isehõ inheritance? agriculture See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana poca pɔka agriculture See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna naju gatere naxu gatɛɾɛ unique agriculture See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano poogá poogá agriculture See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tanimuca ã'ũ bu'rua ã'ũ bu'rua doubtful loan - WW %porowa agriculture See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tuyuka po'ka poʔka agriculture See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja kʰĩ́ ᵽokʰá kʰĩ́ ɸokʰá agriculture See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje jarina (loan from Spanish or Portuguese) xarina loan Spanish agriculture See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ui ui inheritance agriculture See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi [kwakɨ] (loan, from French Creole of French Guiana 'couac') [kwakɨ] (loan, from French Creole of French Guiana 'couac') loan French creole agriculture See Language page PLE
Sirionó nioi kui̯i̯ nioi kui̯i̯ inheritance agriculture See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá kuˀi (Mello) kuˀi (Mello) inheritance agriculture See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina bióóhxa bióóʔxa unique from 'manioc'? agriculture See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Iquito huaríina (From Spanish fariña) waríina (From Spanish fariña) loan Spanish agriculture See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Wari hota (manioc), hata (cornmeal) (Sousa2009) hota (manioc), hata (cornmeal) (Sousa2009) agriculture See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo tabo ("meal, flour") tabo ("meal, flour") agriculture See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña emiwe; kʷawe moro emiwe; kʷawe moro unknown agriculture See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá jononĩ jononĩ agriculture See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima [arina]-βas agriculture See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai karima karima doubtful loan Port farinha agriculture See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang mẽn-hu, jònhky [Φarĩɲ] agriculture See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi bore to bore to agriculture See Language page PLE