toucan

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
tucán, pinsha (Peru)
Meaning Portuguese
tucano

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio Ramphastos sp. kiiyabok kijabɔk inheritance Akawaio, Pemon See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Ramphastos sp. dzátte dzát̪e, jáaţe (FS) inheritance East Tukanoan Similar forms in East and West Tukanoan, e.g. Tukano dase uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Cubeo Ramphastos sp. joeve (generic term) hoɛvɛ (generic term), ho'é-we (H&R) unique (Salser & Salser ɣɔɛvɛ) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Dâw Ramphastos sp. çôkwêt cokwet inheritance old derivation or compound compound lexicalized; old See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Ramphastos sp. nasĩ nasĩ, dã'sĩ́ (H&R) doubtful loan into protolanguage Proto-Tukanoan North Arawak See e.g. Mandawaka da:se, Baniwa dzatte uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Ramphastos sp. chipuko Var. chëpoko; (grande) chipukoñe, (pequeno) chipuko ankiima (MM) tʃipuko Var. tʃǝpoko; (grande) tʃipukoɲe, (pequeno) tʃipuko ankiima (MM) inheritance Unknown (attested Eñepa and Carijona) Likely loan into Hodi (chejko). Also (large) chipukoñe; (small) chipuko ankiima See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Ramphastos sp. tʃahɨ́a tʃahɨ́a doubtful loan North Arawak e.g. Yucuna jahe, jase, Piapoco tʃáse; see also Carib: ʧaha’ko uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Ramphastos sp. chejko loan Carib, esp. Makiritare ʃahoko Carijona "tʃaha’ko", Makushi "ʃahoko" (also Wapishana "tʃakui") uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Waorani Ramphastos sp. pegopæ doubtful loan North Arawak, Warekena ju:we e.g. yaje, yase (Yucuna) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Hup Ramphastos sp. cɔkw'ǝ́t cɔkw'ǝ́t inheritance compound ?-long See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Pattie Epps
Kakua Ramphastos sp. ~dih nih inheritance underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Ramphastos sp. tìá~y tìá~j inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Nheengatu Ramphastos sp. tukana tukana inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam Ramphastos sp. matšop (EM72), ~herek$o (gom) matʃop, ~heɾekʃo inheritance also ~heɾekʃo (gom) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Kelsey Neely
Nukak Ramphastos sp. nih inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no
Maihiki Ramphastos sp. ñase aguɨ, pidu aguɨ ɲase agɨ, pidu agɨ; jãse (H&R) doubtful loan into protolanguage Proto-Tukanoan North Arawak See e.g. Mandawaka da:se, Baniwa dzatte. Also pidu agɨ uncoded agɨ agɨ = masculine animate See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Daniel Valle
Pemon Ramphastos sp. kiarue, wa (especie de tucán muy pequeño) (A1981); kiiapok (E1980) kiarue, wa (A1981); kiapɔk (E1980) inheritance Akawaio, Pemon Also wa (especie de tucán muy pequeño) (A1981); kiiapok (E1980) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Ramphastos sp. beǰii?í; dʒíío (H&R92) bedʒiiʔí loan Bora/Muinane bárʲí- Bora perííʔyo, Muinane bárʲígai. Also dʒíío (H&R92) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B.
Sanumá Ramphastos sp. mazubɨ bɨ (general "toucans"), matsupɨ (EM72) maʃubbɨ bɨ (general "toucans"), matsupɨ (EM72) inheritance generic 'toucan' uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Kelsey Neely
Sikuani Ramphastos sp. kalikuelekue (35)(Ramphastos ambiguus), talikuelekue (15) tikuéku, tikuékue inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Tariana Ramphastos sp. yáːse, íya-yáːse 'tucano-de-peito-amarelo' jáːse, íja-jáːse 'tucano-de-peito-amarelo' inheritance loan into Tukanoan? Similar forms in East and West Tukanoan, e.g. Tukano dase. Also íja-jáːse 'tucano-de-peito-amarelo' uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B.
Tukano Ramphastos sp. dasê dasê doubtful loan into protolanguage Proto-Tukanoan North Arawak See e.g. Mandawaka da:se, Baniwa dzatte uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Ramphastos sp. dasa da'sa doubtful loan into protolanguage Proto-Tukanoan North Arawak See e.g. Mandawaka da:se, Baniwa dzatte uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Amanda Meeks
Wapishana Ramphastos sp. tʃakui tʃakui inheritance See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B.
Yanomam Ramphastos sp. mayup (Em72) majup inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Kelsey Neely
Yanomami Ramphastos sp. mayepɨ, mayopɨ (EM72), kretori (JF86), Kreomari (JF86) majepɨ, majopɨ, kɾetoɾi, kɾeomaɾi inheritance also kɾetoɾi, kɾeomaɾi underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Ramphastos sp. yaje, yase jahe, jase inheritance loan into Tukanoan? Similar forms in East and West Tukanoan, e.g. Tukano dase uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup Ramphastos sp. cɔhkɤt cɔhk ɤt inheritance compound old lexicalization? See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 Widespread Amazonia no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Piapoco Ramphastos sp. cháse tʃáse See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Ramphastos sp. tʃáate tʃáate See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Ramphastos sp. yu:we ju:we See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Ramphastos sp. yukúwe jukúwe See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Mandawaka Ramphastos sp. dáːse dáːse See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B.
Paresi Ramphastos sp. tore tore unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá Ramphastos sp. iakavakuá (white-breasted toucan; P11) jakaʒakuá unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Ramphastos sp. nïče, tʰóʔrokʷa, rííoó, perííʔyo nɯtʃɛ, tʰóʔrokʷa, rííoó, pɛrííʔjo inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Ramphastos sp. nɨ́go, xɨ́ɨ́kkɨgai, rɨ́ʔúúʔu, bárʸígai nɨ́go, xɨ́ɨ́kkɨgai, rɨ́ʔúúʔu, bárʲígai See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Ramphastos sp. kãkue kãkue unknown may be cognate See Language page Widespread Amazonia Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana Ramphastos sp. kijapok, kïlu kijapok, kɨlu inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Makiritare Ramphastos sp. shahoko (KH); ka:'shai ʃahoko; ka:ʔʃai inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo Ramphastos sp. sa'we (sa'wE) sa'we (sa'wə) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Ramphastos sp. yawke (SM) yawke (SM) doubtful loan Arawak, esp. Yavitero jukúwe See Language page Widespread Amazonia Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa Ramphastos sp. koajka ʃáʔtre (+kowáʃkɨ, kũráʔrɨ, kowáskɨ, H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá Ramphastos sp. kẽõará kẽõará; kʰẽwãrã́ (H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán Ramphastos sp. socu, coya pishira (OP79), gio´ngion (OP79) sokɯ See Language page Widespread Amazonia phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Ramphastos sp. psibsi psimpsi unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Taushiro Ramphastos sp. ahuan ahuan See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Tikuna Ramphastos sp. tá-ô (alv44) táʔo unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Ramphastos sp. ïhaḍzi ʉhatʃi unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa Ramphastos sp. pikúdo pikúdo See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Andoke Ramphastos sp. se'hʌ, piyʌ (green) çeʔhʌ, piʝʌ (green) unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Kelsey Neely, PLE
Ashuar Ramphastos sp. tsukangká, pinínch, sháingkuap (with yellow breast), keruá (small toucan) tsukaŋka, piniʧ, ʃaiŋkuap, kɯrua See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Huambisa Ramphastos sp. shaartik ʃa:rtik See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Ramphastos sp. piígsha pi:ngʃa loan Quechua (Cuzco?) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Matses Ramphastos sp. chëdo tʃɨdo unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua Ramphastos sp. nuva nuwa unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Ramphastos sp. sicwanga sikwanga See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Ingá Ramphastos sp. pikudu (Spanish loan?) pikúdu (H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Ramphastos sp. dumbiki, pinsha dumbiki, pinʃa See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Piaroa Ramphastos sp. yahO', yahóh (K76) jahɔʔ, jahóh unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Ramphastos sp. malinaidi malinaidi unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Barasano Ramphastos sp. rasé rasé See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Carapana Ramphastos sp. rase ɾasɛ, ra'sé (H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Makuna Ramphastos sp. lasɛ, rase (H&R) lasɛ, rase (H&R) doubtful loan into protolanguage North Arawak See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Ramphastos sp. dásee dásee See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Ramphastos sp. da'se da'se See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Siriano Ramphastos sp. nasĩ́ nasĩ́, dã'sĩ́ (H&R) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Ramphastos sp. dã'hẽã dã'hẽã doubtful loan into protolanguage North Arawak See Language page Widespread Amazonia Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo Ramphastos sp. ra'hé ra'hé See Language page Widespread Amazonia Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Ramphastos sp. da'sé da'sé See Language page Widespread Amazonia D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Ramphastos sp. dahɛ́ dahɛ́ See Language page Widespread Amazonia Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Ramphastos sp. ñase ɲase doubtful loan into protolanguage North Arawak See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Siona Ramphastos sp. ñase ɲase doubtful loan into protolanguage North Arawak See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Ramphastos sp. ñase jã'se See Language page Widespread Amazonia Amanda Meeks
Karitiana Ramphastos sp. nhe´okõm ɲeʔokõm unknown See Language page Widespread Amazonia Daniel Valle
Kokama Ramphastos sp. piakui piakui doubtful loan, direction unknown Iquito nípaaki See Language page Widespread Amazonia Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Ramphastos sp. tukã (G89) tukã (G89) inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Sirionó Ramphastos sp. quiãcuã (P85) kiãkuã unique See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Ramphastos sp. tukan tukan inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Ramphastos sp. ñoxaahcho, yíoovu ɲoxaaʔtʃo, jíooβɯ inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Ramphastos sp. nokáido nokáido See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Ramphastos sp. nokáido nokáido See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Ramphastos sp. nokaido nokaido inheritance See Language page Widespread Amazonia Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Ramphastos sp. nípaaqui (Ramphastos cuvieri); siáaru (Ramphastos culminatus) nípaaki (Ramphastos cuvieri); siáaru (Ramphastos culminatus) doubtful loan, direction unknown Cocama piakui See Language page Widespread Amazonia Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo Ramphastos sp. chawk+ tʃawkɨ (type) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Becky Walker
Wari Ramphastos sp. awu (E&K97) awu (E&K97) See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Ramphastos sp. sokwé~ - sokwe (Girard 1971) sokwé~ - sokwe See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
Cavineña Ramphastos sp. cokwe (G71) cokwe (G71) See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá Ramphastos sp. bilitsyhỹ, mãrãkãkã, xowywy bilitsyhỹ, mãrãkãkã, xowywy See Language page Widespread Amazonia Joyce McCormick
Kaingang Ramphastos sp. grũ gɾũ See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE
Djeoromitxi Ramphastos sp. hõtxi hõtʃi See Language page Widespread Amazonia PLE