flat bread, cassava bread

Semantic Field
food
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
pan de yuca, casabe/cazabe
Meaning Portuguese
beiju

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Kakua ʧɨ̌jʔ ʧɨ̌jʔ unknown Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu meyu (beiju in general); kurada (beiju made from tapioca) meju (beiju in general); kurada (beiju made from tapioca) inheritance *meju possible donor to Portuguese beiju; Resígaɾo maaʔmú; Waimiri Atroari meie; Guayabero meyne Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani pãõ (general bread) (IDS) bread (general) loan Spanish or Portuguese Also in Wanano pão; Secoya ãɔ usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Yanomami nashi hikɨ naʃi hikɨ unique/semantic shift? Proto Ninam/Yanomami/Yanomam from 'manioc' usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam naši (EM72) naʃi semantic shift? Proto Ninam/Yanomami/Yanomam from 'manioc' Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam našihi (EM72) naʃihi semantic shift? Proto Ninam/Yanomami/Yanomam from 'manioc' Alternate: paktʰa Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria ~dahó nahó inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo ãuro ãuro inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano ãhû ãhû inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano ãrũñe ãrũñe inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Hup b'ǎʔ, pǎn' b'ǎʔ, pǎn' doubtful loan; inheritance Proto-DYH Tukano 'eat' Possibly a loan from Tukanoan 'eat' baʔa Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw baá’ bǎʔ doubtful loan Proto-DYH Tukano 'eat' Possibly a loan from Tukanoan 'eat' baʔa Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani peri peri loan (into protolanguage?) North Arawak Could be loan into protolanguage. Shared Guayabero, Macaguan usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan pérjía pérhía loan (into protolanguage?) Achagua Compare also Arawak Tariana, peːthé; Baniwa, peéthe; Shared Guayabero, Sikuani Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Guayabero ben (Waller); mayne (Rivet 1918) doubtful loan (into protolanguage?) North Arawak; but cf. 'dust' and 'meal' Could be loan into protolanguage. Also: man 'corn bread' (Keels 1985), mayne 'bread/manioc' (Rivet 1918) Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B.
Pemon eekeei (dried), akuusee (soft), eekeeikarautanösak (toasted) (E1980) ekeɪ, akuse, ekeɪkaraʊtanösak (E1980) flat bread (soft) inheritance Pemongan subgroup Alternate:akuse, ekeɪkaraʊtanösak usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Akawaio eegii (dried), aguuzee (soft), eegiigaraudanɨsak (toasted) egi, aguze, egigaraʊdanɨsak soft flatbread inheritance Pemongan subgroup Alternate: aguze (dried) usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi ikkéí ikkéí inheritance Pemongan subgroup usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa #NAME? #NAME? bread doubtful loan (into protolg), direction unknown; loan Arawak; Spanish usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna pupuchí 'torta hecha del almidón de yuca) puputʃí 'torta hecha del almidón de yuca) flatbread made from manioc or umari (huacuri) fruit unknown Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana peːthé, paithé peːtʰé, paitʰé inheritance Proto Central North Arawak Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana baɖa baɖa unknown Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa peéthe, -ooléthe peéthe, -ooɺéthe inheritance; doubtful loan (into protolg), direction unknown Proto Rio Negro Carib Alternate: -ooɺéthe Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro maa?mú; peé-gí (R01) maaʔmú; peé-gí (R01) cassava (not necessarily bread) loan; inheritance/sem shift Bora Simplex usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B.
Achagua béeri, júula béeri, júula inheritance; doubtful loan (into protolg), direction unknown Carib usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco macàdu; ú(u)ɺe (R01) makàdu; ú(u)ɺe (R01) usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari kúnhu kúnhu usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena ka:ka ka:ka usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero a'husi aʔhusi usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi zomokwa θomokwa unknown usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá ule-pe ule-pe doubtful loan (into protolg), direction unknown Carib usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora mááhoó; maʔmá-ɯ (Seifart11) mááʔoó; maʔmá-ɯ (Seifart11) inheritance? - loan into JIvaroan? usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane máahu, áigúúcúhɨ́ca (casabe caliente o fresco), ítaɨca (casabe de almidón), túucɨ máahu (casabe preparado de la yuca podrida), súcúga (casabe tostada) máaʔu, áigúúcúʔɨ́ca (casabe caliente o fresco), ítaɨca (casabe de almidón), túucɨ máahu (casabe preparado de la yuca podrida), súcúga (casabe tostada)" usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai wyi wɨi semantic shift cf. 'manioc' usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ulu ulu doubtful loan (into protolg), direction unknown Arawak usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page PLE
Carijona y-uru 'food'; M2000 doubtful loan (into protolg), direction unknown Arawak usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Mapoyo sere; pati (generic flatbread); tata'pï (generic bread) sere; pati (generic flatbread); tata'pʊ (generic bread) usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai čuure čuure semantic shift cf. 'manioc' usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari meie meie usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa yetatka ('bread') jetatka ('bread') usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo kine kine inheritance? usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca iefun (bread of indians) iepun usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá ɓe'ka (from corn, plantains, rice; IDS) ɓe'ka (from corn, plantains, rice; IDS) usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán casave kasaβɛ [loan] phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra tada, paga 'pan' tada, paka 'pan' loan; unknown Quechua usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle
Andoke pʌ'te; döa (RW52) pʌʔte unique usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé tambai 'manioc flatbread' (Lin97); čãpe 'bread, cake, etc.' usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave ʔãn ʔãn unknown usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Máku rači usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page
Ashuar tánta (Quechua), pang (Sp) tánta (Quechua), pang (Sp) usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa pang (Sp.) paŋg usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna tata tata loan Quechua tanda usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle
Yuhup b'âʔ, k'ǒj b'âʔ, k'ǒj usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses [none] [none] missing usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo mapari mapari unknown usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua paji paxi unique usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua tanda 'bread' tanda 'bread' usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano t'anta (CP94) t'anta usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ɨ'rɨ'cɨh ɨɁrɨɁsɨh unknown usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva pehe peʔe loan N. Arawak usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana naorõ, naurõ (tortoa de mandioca) nãoɾɔ̃, nãuɾɔ̃ usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna bedero, naju, ʉ̃jʉri bɛdɛlo, naxu, ɨ̃xɨli unique; inheritance usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Tanimuca ã'ũã ã'ũã inheritance usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tuyuka wʉ́abe wɨábe usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Koreguaje ãu ãu inheritance usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona aonga aonga inheritance usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ao ãɔ usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Amanda Novak
Kokama meu meu inheritance usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi mɛyu mɛju inheritance usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page PLE
Sirionó manio manio semantic shift from 'manioc' usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá mejũ mejũ inheritance usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina juuxá, nucóó hɯɯxá, nukóó unique; unique usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto aìrɨjɨ, aìrɨda aìrɯhɯ, aìrɯda (B83) unique usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Sanumá ĩšaai (EM72) ĩʃa:i unique manioc' forms not missing initial /n/ usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Kelsey Neely
Wari kajikapam (Sousa2009) kajikapam (Sousa2009) usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page PLE
Cavineña kʷawe ("tapioca, manioc, cassava") kʷawe unknown usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara t'ant'a ('bread', P04) t'ant'a (P04) usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page PLE
Kwazá atxitxiri (generic bread) atxitxiri (generic bread) usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page Joyce McCormick
Kaingang yamĩ; ɛ̃mĩ; pũ 'bread' (IDS) yamĩ; ɛ̃mĩ; pũ 'bread' (IDS) usually manioc; agriculture, but also can be made from certain wild seeds/fruits See Language page PLE