tortoise (red foot, yellow foot/giant)

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
tortuga, morrocoy, motelo
Meaning Portuguese
jabutí, tartaruga

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria wayamorii, peeiduura (turtle) wajamɔri, peɪdura inheritance Northern Carib? (attested Akawaio, Pemon, Makushi, Wai Wai) Also: peɪdura See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria íikuɺi (FS), itsída 'jabuti', yolála 'tartaruga'; tortuga (H&R92) íikuɺi (FS), itsída 'jabuti', joɺáɺa 'tartaruga' inheritance Baniwa-Tariana subgroup Also joɺáɺa 'tartaruga' (H&R92), íikuɺi (FS) uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kurisa 'tortuga tracaja' (M2000) wotokaura'ri (H&R) unknown See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria cũʉbo (generic term), ijicũʉbo, jiacũʉbo, tépacũʉbo, ʉ̃recuʉbo, yaðacũʉbo. kũʉbo, kũ'ɨ́̃-bo (generic term), ihikũʉbo, hiakũʉbo, tɛ́pakũʉbo, ʉ̃lɛkuʉbo, jaðakũʉbo. inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Also iɣikũʉbɔ, ɣiakũʉbɔ, tɛ́pakũʉbɔ, ʉ̃lɛkuʉbɔ, jaðakũʉbɔ. uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Dâw Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria mĩís mĩ̌ʃ inheritance missing See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria peyo pe'jó inheritance Desano and Siriano uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria yaʔra(turtle), arakaya (aquatic), Var. arkaya, paara (MM) jaʔra(turtle), arakaja (aquatic), Var. arkaja, paara (MM) unique Also arakaja (aquatic), Var. arkaja, paara See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria hatʃk, haʔ hatʃk, haʔ inheritance uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria woi unique uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Waorani Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria titæke (turtle) unique uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Hup Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria mǐh mǐh inheritance underived See Language page 2 1 check 0 0 0 Widespread no Pattie Epps
Kakua Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria tʉh tɨh unique underived See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria jar, jayák haɾ, haják inheritance uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria wayamuri (SM) wayamuri (SM) inheritance Northern Carib? (attested Akawaio, Pemon, Makushi, Wai Wai) See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria yauti (yellow footed), karumbé (red footed), jurara majã (giant tortoise, jurara=tartaruga, maja=mae) jauti (yellow footed) karumbé (red footed), jurara majã (giant tortoise, jurara=tartaruga, maja=mae) yellow-footed tortoise inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000. karumbé (red footed), jurara majã (giant tortoise, jurara=tartaruga, maja=mae) underived See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Nukak Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ɲãkoʔ4 doubtful loan cf. Warao naku, Puinave juk semantic shift? See crab in Kakua uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no
Maihiki Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria meniyo ago bẽdĩjo, menijo ago loan Witoto See e.g. Murui mɛniɲo uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Daniel Valle
Pemon Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria wadamori (A1981); wayamorii, peeituura (turtle) (E1980) wadamori (A1981); waʎamɔri, peɪtura (E1980) inheritance Northern Carib? (attested Akawaio, Pemon, Makushi, Wai Wai) Also peɪtura 'turtle' (E1980) See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria haádahí haádahí unique uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B.
Sikuani Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ículi/jayaca (Geochelone, rk83, iculi=Arawak); ikuli (3), jara (2) (generic) hajáka, íːkuli loan; inheritance Arawak: Piapoco ikùli also hajáka (inheritance) uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Tariana Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria íkuli, ičída 'yabuti do mato' íkuli, itʃída 'jabuti do mato' inheritance Also itʃída 'jabuti do mato' uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B.
Tukano Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ûhuri ûhuri inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Not entirely certain; other forms are uu or guu/kuu uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ku ku-ri inheritance Proto-Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Wapishana Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria turtle: ˀdaẓau turtle: ˀdaẓau jabuti unique Also: turtle: ˀdaẓau (Melville IDS) See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B.
Yanomami Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria totori totoɾi unknown underived See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ipú (dp91), iyari, jiyari 'tortuga terrestre'; háara (H&R92) ipú (dp91), ijaɾi, hijaɾi 'toɾtuga teɾɾestɾe' inheritance Also ipú (dp91), háara (H&R92) uncoded See Language page 2 1 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Achagua Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ʃip[ánu][li] (dp91); áaʒa, íikuli (H&R92) ʃip[ánu][li] (dp91) inheritance See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria tʃip[áni][lu] (dp91), icùli 'morrocoy', chapànilu, ála tʃip[áni][lu] (dp91), ikùli 'moɾɾocoy', tʃapànilu, ála See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria tʃúri, áaara tʃúɾi, áaaɾa See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kurimaru kurimaru See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria sihú[li] (dp91), mata-'matu 'turtle' sihú[li] (dp91), mata-'matu 'turtle' See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kuɻimáu 'turtle' kuɻimáu 'turtle' See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B.
Paresi Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ikoˈre 'tartaruga', wazolahatya 'jabuti' ikjuˈre 'tartaruga', waθulahatja 'jabuti' inheritance See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria so'pi-ṛ̌ so'pi-ṛ̌ inheritance See Language page Widespread Anissa Capuccino
Bora Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria iíβo, cúúmujɨ (all sp.; no generic?) iíβo, kɯ́ɯ́mɯxɨ inheritance See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria xúʔúpúku xúʔúpúku See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria peze peze inheritance See Language page Widespread Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kuliputpë kuliputpǝ inheritance See Language page Widespread PLE
Tiriyó Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kurica (general) kurica inheritance See Language page Widespread Becky Walker
Makiritare Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria heʔde (IDS) (Means 'turtle'); he'de (KH) heʔde inheritance See Language page Widespread Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria pehE (sea turtle?); taEru (turtle? Spanish: terecay); kaani (morrocoy) pehə (sea turtle?); taəru (turtle? Spanish: terecay); kaani (morrocoy) See Language page Widespread Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria wayam, kwači wajam, kwači inheritance See Language page Widespread Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria waiama (tortoise), warara (turtle) waiama (tortoise), warara (turtle) See Language page Widespread Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria morokü, morokuo morókwe (H&R) See Language page Widespread Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Muisca Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria cuegui kueγi See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria chibigí tʃibigí See Language page Widespread Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cuiva Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria jayaca (Geochelone, rk83) hájaka See Language page Widespread Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Cofán Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria poca, taricaya poka See Language page Widespread phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria dótzá ntótʂa unique See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Taushiro Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria anti´vi antiʔvi See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Páez Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria pai pai See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Tikuna Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ngó-bê (Alv44) ŋóʔbɨ unique See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ahãaori, nuri (giant river turtle) ahã:oɽi, nuɽi unique See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria tortúga-ɕe (Spanish loan) tortúga-ɕe (Spanish loan) See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Andoke Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria pádə pádə doubtful loan, direction unknown Tanimuca pare (see also Carib forms) See Language page Widespread Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria damɛ̃ 'turtle' See Language page Widespread Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria turtle: yuk turtle: juk unknown cf. Nukak ɲãkoʔ4 See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria lemekü (jabuti) See Language page Widespread PLE
Warao Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria naku (geneɾic?) naku (generic?) See Language page Widespread John Blaha
Ashuar Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kungkuím kuŋkuim See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Huambisa Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kugkuim kuŋgkuim See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kugkúim kungkuím inheritance See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Matses Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria piush, tequesh, shouë, taën uequid (all yellow-footed) piuʃ, tekeʃ, ʃouɨ, taɨn uekid (all yellow-footed) unknown; inheritance See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria jnityu xnitju unique See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria turtuca (Spanish loan) tuɾtuka See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria charapa tʃaɾapa See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria charapa tʃaɾapa See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria buɨ're'reh, buɨá're'reh buɨɁreɁreh, buɨáɁreɁreh unknown See Language page Widespread Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria cuweje kuwehe doubtful loan Muisca kueγi; cf. Wai Wai kwači See Language page Widespread Becky Walker
Barasano Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria guu guu See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Carapana Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ujerica, uu (aquatic and edible) uxɛɾika, uu (aquatic and edible) See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Makuna Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria guga, gusiria guga, gusilia inheritance See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Yuruti Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kúu kúu See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Waikhana Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ku-ri ku-ri See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Siriano Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria peyó, peyú pejó, pejú See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria o'ia (river); 'pare ki'ka (land) o'ia (river); 'pare ki'ka (land) doubtful loan, direction unknown Andoke pádə See Language page Widespread Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria uu uu See Language page Widespread Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kúu kúu See Language page Widespread D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria See Language page Widespread Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria coʉ koʉ, poʔo 'koɨ inheritance See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Siona Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria insi goë insi goɨ inheritance See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria cou kou See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Karitiana Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria myp mɨp unknown See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Kokama Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria puka puka loan, direction unknown Cofan poka See Language page Widespread Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria yãwĩ (Geochelene denticulata) jãwĩ (Geochelene denticulata) inheritance See Language page Widespread PLE
Sirionó Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria quereerẽ, nɡuasu, conombe (P85) kereerẽˌ nɡuasuˌ konombe inheritance See Language page Widespread Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria jawatsi-pɨta (K12) jawatsi-pɨta (K12) inheritance See Language page Widespread Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria dsoohdso (motelo) dzooʔdzo (motelo) inheritance See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria uiǰóniño, meníño uidʒóniɲo, mɛníɲo See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria ɸúrikï, meníño ɸúrikɯ, mɛníɲo See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria meniño mɛniɲo inheritance See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria naquicuúja (Chelonoidis denticulata) (MC: náqui - forest; cuúja - Leopardus wiedii) nakikuúha (Chelonoidis denticulata) (MC: náki - forest; kuúha - Leopardus wiedii) unknown See Language page Widespread Cjnthia Hansen
Wari Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria towa (Sousa2009) towa (Sousa2009) See Language page Widespread PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria dati dati See Language page Widespread Joyce McCormick
Movima Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria sono sono See Language page Widespread Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria uruts; tsul uruts; tsul See Language page Widespread Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria pènĩ pɛnĩ See Language page Widespread PLE
Suyá Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria kwõči, kayãči kwõči, kajãči See Language page Widespread Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi Yellow-footed: Geochelone denticulata; Red-footed: Geochelone carbonaria bzieko bzieko See Language page Widespread PLE