pineapple

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
piña
Meaning Portuguese
abacaxi

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio Ananas comosus kaiwarak kaɪwarak semantic shift? Pemongan group (attested Pemon, Akawaio, Makushi) caraua? See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Ananas comosus máawiro máawiɻo, heeɻíwai (FS) inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro branch Also heeɻíwai (FS) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Ananas comosus nureimə (SM) bereiva (M2000) inheritance cognate Mapoyo, Makiritare? May be cognate Mapoyo See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Ananas comosus iji, ijibo (both generic terms), cóijibo, doðeijibo, máijibo, vecʉijibo ihi, ihibo (both generic terms), kóihibo, doðɛihibo, máihibo, vɛkʉihibo semantic shift? Proto-Tukanoan from caraua? Otherwise attested in West Tuk only. Also kɔ́iɣibɔ, dɔðɛiɣibɔ, máiɣibɔ, vɛkʉiɣibɔ uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Dâw Ananas comosus wãán (joj is a native bromeliad) wã̌n loan - WW %mawino e.g. Kabiyari máwiru; also jɔj (inheritance?) underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Ananas comosus sẽrã sẽrã inheritance East Tukanoan possibly from TG nana? uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Ananas comosus onke (fruta), onkiyo' (mata) (MM) onke (fruta), onkijoʔ (mata) (MM) unique See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Ananas comosus dúind (Keels 1985) inheritance missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Ananas comosus jtineju, nanaju unique; loan - WW %nana jtineju, nanaju (Zent) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Hup Ananas comosus caná, yɔ̌y caná, jɔ̌j loan East Tukanoan senã (jɔj inheritance?) underived See Language page 0 1 fruit - cultivated 0 cultivated women eaten raw, mashed and drunk 0 0 attained through exchange with Tukanoans no plant Pattie Epps
Kakua Ananas comosus j'ʉ̂ ʧɨ̂ doubtful loan (into protolanguage?) - WW %tʃihõ see Huambisa tʃiu underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan Ananas comosus bochítmʉ, píya botʃítmɨ, píja unique also píja, possibly Spanish loan from piña uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi Ananas comosus kaiurá kaiurá semantic shift? N Amazonian group (attested Pemon, Akawaio, Makushi) caraua? See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu Ananas comosus nãnã, abakaxi nãnã, abakaʃi inheritance - WW Subgroup Guarani Also: nãnã underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam Ananas comosus ~painori, ~mainori (gom) ~painoɾi, ~mainoɾi (gom) loan - WW %mawino uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Kelsey Neely
Nukak Ananas comosus chuú, cupuri doubtful loan (into protolanguage?) - WW %tʃihõ see Huambisa tʃiu uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant
Maihiki Ananas comosus ichi ja, bichi ja itʃi xã, bitʃi xã semantic shift? Proto-Tukanoan from caraua? Attested WT and Cubeo only uncoded xã xã (orth. ja) = inanimate See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Daniel Valle
Pemon Ananas comosus kaiwarak (ananas sativa) (E1980), kayuwara (Pessoa2006) kaɪwarak (E1980), kajuwara (Pessoa2006) ananas sativa semantic shift? Pemongan group (attested Pemon, Akawaio, Makushi) caraua? See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro Ananas comosus nanáana?ó, améetshaú nanáanaʔó, améetsʰaú loan - WW %nana Also nanáanaʔó uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B.
Sikuani Ananas comosus mawiru (3)(Ananas sativus), dunusi (1) (Ananas sativus) mawíru, dunusí loan - WW; inheritance %mawino (from Piapoco) alternative word dunusi (1) (Ananas sativus) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Tariana Ananas comosus mawína mawína inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro branch uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B.
Tukano Ananas comosus sẽrá sẽrá inheritance East Tukanoan possibly from TG nana? uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Ananas comosus ~sare ~sare inheritance East Tukanoan possibly from TG nana? uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Amanda Meeks
Yanomami Ananas comosus yamaa shikɨ jama: ʃikɨ (Ananas parhuasensis) unique underived N+CLF ʃikɨ refers to magic plants (polysemous with the word for intestines) See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Ananas comosus mawiru mawiɾu inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro branch uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup Ananas comosus jɔ̂j jɔ̂j loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Puinave Puinave ioi underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no plant Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Piapoco Ananas comosus màwiru màwiɾu See Language page plant Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Ananas comosus máwiru máwiɾu See Language page plant Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Ananas comosus mawina mawina See Language page plant Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi Ananas comosus wenore wenure doubtful loan Carib, cf. Mapoyo ɛnure See Language page plant Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure Ananas comosus moeiš moeiʃ unknown See Language page plant Anissa Capuccino
Waurá Ananas comosus mapalaka'ka (Richards73) mapalaka'ka (Richards73) unknown See Language page plant Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Ananas comosus culli- +class kʰɯtʃi loan (into protolanguage?), direction unknown - WW %koritʃa: Ashuar kuwíʃ, Matses kantʃi, Boran kidʒa, Candoshi koriʃa See Language page plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Ananas comosus quíllaha (W97) kídʒaʔa See Language page plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Wayana Ananas comosus olï, wolï, nana olɨ, wolɨ, nana unique; loan - WW Tupi-Guarani nana See Language page plant PLE
Makiritare Ananas comosus wana:deke (KH) wana:deke inheritance cognate Mapoyo, Carijona? See Language page plant Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo Ananas comosus ënure ɛnure See Language page plant Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Ananas comosus afara (SM) afara (SM) unique See Language page plant Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari Ananas comosus nana nana See Language page plant Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa Ananas comosus pita pita See Language page Phon only in source plant Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Kalapalo Ananas comosus susu susu unique See Language page plant Joyce McCormick
Northern Emberá Ananas comosus dyihṍ dʒihṍ See Language page plant Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán Ananas comosus chiviya [loan Quechua] tʃiβija See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS plant Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Ananas comosus korisha koriʃa loan, direction unknown - WW %koritʃa: Ashuar kuwíʃ, Matses kantʃi, Boran kidʒa, Candoshi koriʃa See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Taushiro Ananas comosus vants wants See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Páez Ananas comosus chajŭ See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Tikuna Ananas comosus chixnũ tʃiʔnũ loan, direction unknown - WW %tʃihõ See Language page plant Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Andoke Ananas comosus tomi tomi unique See Language page plant Kelsey Neely, PLE
Puinave Ananas comosus ioi ioi doubtful loan Nadahup joj See Language page plant Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar Ananas comosus kuwísh kuwiʃ See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Huambisa Ananas comosus chiu tʃiu See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Ananas comosus pina pina loan Spanish See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Matses Ananas comosus canchi kantʃi loan, direction unknown - WW %koritʃa: Ashuar kuwíʃ, Matses kantʃi, Boran kidʒa, Candoshi koriʃa See Language page plant Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua Ananas comosus nintyu nı̃ntju doubtful loan - WW %tʃihõ or %nana? See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Ananas comosus chivilla tʃibiʎa See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua Ananas comosus chihuilla tʃiwiʎa See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Piaroa Ananas comosus ka'ná kaɁná unknown possibly from TG nana? See Language page plant Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Ananas comosus jana hana unknown possibly from TG nana? See Language page plant Becky Walker
Carapana Ananas comosus jẽna xẽnã See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
Makuna Ananas comosus sẽnagã sɛ̃nagã inheritance possibly from TG nana? See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
Siriano Ananas comosus sẽrã sẽɾã See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca Ananas comosus bã'ẽru'ka bãẽru'ka loan - WW %mawino (from Yukuna) See Language page plant Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tuyuka Ananas comosus sẽna sẽna See Language page plant D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Koreguaje Ananas comosus ĩsipu ĩsipu semantic shift? from caraua? See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Siona Ananas comosus insi insi semantic shift? from caraua? See Language page plant Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Ananas comosus isi ĩsi See Language page plant Amanda Meeks
Karitiana Ananas comosus kojpa kojpa unknown See Language page plant Daniel Valle
Kokama Ananas comosus nana nana inheritance - WW See Language page plant Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi Ananas comosus nanã (O78) nanã (O78) inheritance - WW See Language page plant PLE
Sirionó Ananas comosus kurukwata (Mello 2000) kurukwata (Mello 2000) unknown See Language page plant Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina Ananas comosus dyahsoonco dʲaʔsõõko unique See Language page plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Murui Witoto Ananas comosus rotidorai rotidorai (B83) unique See Language page plant Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Ananas comosus mináti mináti doubtful loan - WW %mawino See Language page plant Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo Ananas comosus ts+raniaka [loan S. Arawak] tsɨraniaka See Language page plant Becky Walker
Wari Ananas comosus non (Sousa2009) non (Sousa2009) See Language page plant PLE
Cavineña Ananas comosus jatsu (C&L89) hatsu See Language page plant Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara Ananas comosus achupaya (P04) atʃupaja See Language page plant PLE
Kwazá Ananas comosus babaykalo, bakaci babaykalo, bakaci See Language page plant Joyce McCormick
Movima Ananas comosus mayuse (J62) majuse See Language page plant Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker