porcupine

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
puerco espín, erizo (Peru), casha cushillo (Peru)
Meaning Portuguese
cuandu, porco-espinho

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Akawaio family Erethizontidae aruu aru inheritance Northern Carib? (attested Pemon, Akawaio, Makushi, Wai Wai) East Tukanoan See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa family Erethizontidae ñarrada (R95), jáaɻa (R01) ñarrada (R95), jáaɻa (R01) inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona family Erethizontidae wirika (R95) inheritance Unknown (attested Carijona, Eñepa) e.g. Desano /wáru/ See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo family Erethizontidae varorʉ vaɾoɾɨ doubtful loan (into protolg?) East Tukanoan Carib, cf. Wai Wai waaro, also Yukuna walo uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Dâw family Erethizontidae puùg pûg  inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano family Erethizontidae wáru wáru doubtful loan (into protolg?) East Tukanoan Carib, cf. Wai Wai waaro, also Yukuna walo uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa family Erethizontidae ijka, Var. wijka, wi'ka (MM) ihka, Var. wihka, wiʔka (MM) inheritance Unknown (attested Carijona, Eñepa) See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Hodï family Erethizontidae uli jeme unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Hup family Erethizontidae pǔg pǔg inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Pattie Epps
Kakua family Erethizontidae [coendou bicolor- bicolor-spined porcupine] ʔî [coendou bicolor- bicolor-spined porcupine] unknown underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan family Erethizontidae mʉkáp mɨkáp inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi family Erethizontidae árú árú inheritance Northern Carib? (attested Pemon, Akawaio, Makushi, Wai Wai) East Tukanoan e.g. Desano /wáru/ See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu family Erethizontidae kuãdú kuãdú inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam family Erethizontidae hop@hi (gom) hopəhi (gom) inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Maihiki family Erethizontidae toto ago toto ago inheritance West Tukanoan uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Daniel Valle
Pemon family Erethizontidae aruu (E1980) aru (E1980) inheritance Northern Carib? (attested Pemon, Akawaio, Makushi, Wai Wai) East Tukanoan See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá family Erethizontidae hiwala a, hoobɨ a hiwala a, ho:bɨ a inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Sikuani family Erethizontidae tsala (rk83), maxëbë (rk83) (both coenda prehensilis) loan; inheritance Piapoco Piapoco tʃala; alternate word maxëbë (rk83) (inheritance) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Tariana family Erethizontidae yáːɾa jáːɾa inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro Branch uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Tukano family Erethizontidae wa'tô wa'tô doubtful loan (into protolg?) East Tukanoan Carib, cf. Wai Wai waaro, also Yukuna walo uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Yanomami family Erethizontidae hiwara hiwaɾa inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna family Erethizontidae wapuchi waputʃi unique uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup family Erethizontidae pûg pûg inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Achagua family Erethizontidae tʃáara tʃáara inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco family Erethizontidae chála tʃála See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari family Erethizontidae tʃáara tʃáara See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena family Erethizontidae dála dála See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero family Erethizontidae wála wála See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi family Erethizontidae ko'liho ko'lihu unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bora family Erethizontidae niijyáu (FS) niixjáu unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane family Erethizontidae dááráɨ, tánííniba (W97) dááráɨ, tánííniba See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Wayana family Erethizontidae alu alu inheritance See Language page PLE
Makiritare family Erethizontidae kidi'shu (KH) kidiʔʃu unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai family Erethizontidae waaro (SM) waaro (SM) doubtful loan, direction unknown cf. Yukuna, ET walo; possibly related to aru forms in other Carib, but 'w~ø' does not appear regular See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa family Erethizontidae kúsara See Language page Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Cuiva family Erethizontidae mʉxʉbʉ (coenda prehensilis, rk83) See Language page Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Cofán family Erethizontidae shinda ʃinda See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra family Erethizontidae koro (Tuggy 1966) koro (Tuggy 1966) loan, direction unknown Jivaroan See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro family Erethizontidae ae´uh aɨʔuh See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez family Erethizontidae tou tou See Language page Daniel Valle
Ashuar family Erethizontidae kúru kuru See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa family Erethizontidae kuru kuru See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna family Erethizontidae kúju kúxu loan, direction unknown Candoshi See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses family Erethizontidae isa isa inheritance/loan Tacanan? See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua family Erethizontidae judarasiy xũndarasij unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua family Erethizontidae tuyuru tujuɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá family Erethizontidae michichin See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua family Erethizontidae casha aicha kaʃa aitʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
Piaroa family Erethizontidae käya (coendou prehensilis), käriyäi (sphiggurus insidiosus) (R95) kæja (coendou prehensilis), kærijæi (sphiggurus insidiosus) (R95) unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva family Erethizontidae llawa ʤawa doubtful loan Arawak See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana family Erethizontidae wãtõ wãtɔ̃ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Makuna family Erethizontidae wada sẽme wada sɛ̃mɛ doubtful loan (into protolg?) Carib, cf. Wai Wai waaro, also Yukuna walo See Language page Amanda Meeks
Koreguaje family Erethizontidae so'to soʔto inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona family Erethizontidae so'to soʔto inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya family Erethizontidae so'to sɔʔtɔ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Karitiana family Erethizontidae koroko koɾoko unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi family Erethizontidae kwanu (G89) kwanu (G89) inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó family Erethizontidae cuandu (P85) kuandu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina family Erethizontidae jinhñ̈ááhso, jovádyuna hiʔɲ̵ááʔso, hoβádʲɯ̃a unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Murui Witoto family Erethizontidae juuco huuko (B83) unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito family Erethizontidae sicúja (Coendou prehensilis) sikúha (Coendou prehensilis) unique See Language page Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo family Erethizontidae munuri munuri See Language page Becky Walker
Wari family Erethizontidae pitop (Sousa2009) pitop (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Cavineña family Erethizontidae iha (G71) iha (G71) See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara family Erethizontidae ch'aphi qamaqi (P04) tʃ'aphi qamaqi (P04) See Language page PLE
Kwazá family Erethizontidae axu axu See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima family Erethizontidae dudutus (J62) dudutus See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Djeoromitxi family Erethizontidae kunĩ kunĩ See Language page PLE