abalone

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Haliotis spp. missing inheritance missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Central Sierra Miwok Haliotis spp. hás:yny- abalone loan Costanoan Also in Miss; Mutsun haşʸşʸan (perhaps Utian?) WW %kys other complex -y nominalizer Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chemehuevi Haliotis spp. pú·taravə shell of any kind unique pu:- probably from *powa (see Mono “olivella” powa); taravV <*ta-ta-pɨ same other complex has -pɨ ABS, stem probably complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Barbareno Haliotis spp. qaʃi abalone inheritance Central Chumash only also in Ineseno, Ventureno WW %kys underived Beeler 1978:182 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Ineseno Haliotis spp. t'aya (kaše Pinart) abalone inheritance Central Chumash only looks like a “shellfish” word, but probably a mistake, Pinart form is probably right WW %kys underived Applegate 134; 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Obispeno Haliotis spp. tspete7; Lkupekupe aulon; red abalone (-kupe “red”) unique other complex c-; red abalone is reduplicated, obviously Harrington III:1:0292 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Ventureno Haliotis spp. kaše; t'aja “aulon” JPH abalone inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash WW %kys underived Heizer/Pinart I:60 2 1 0 0 1 no
Cocopa Haliotis spp. şxkwi.l seashell unique Note 'Iipay Aa kwellyhiiw “money” broader (although I suspect Haliotis or Glycimeris is prototype) underived Crawford 1989 2 1 0 0 1 no
Comanche Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Cupeño Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Esselen Haliotis spp. klači abalone unique Esselen compares Scr karačmin “crayfish”; seems too semantically distant JHH underived Shaul 1988:699 2 1 0 0 1 no
Gabrielino Haliotis spp. 7a:po' ˈʔa:poʔ aulon unique no info underived no npn -hi:n classifier for worthwhile possessions Harrington 412 no info 2 shells used for ritual caches and in shell inlays on ritual wands 1 no info gathered (wild) all meat cooked, shells saved for containers, ornament 0 1 shells traded inland West coast of North America cold coastal waters no
Iipay 'Aa Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Kawaiisu Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Kiliwa Haliotis spp. x?al=spa?i abalone unique same phrase abalone-seashell (x?al also appears in word for “boss” Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 1 no
Kitanemuk Haliotis spp. cikarat ˈʦikarat shell sp., the beads made from them loan Gabrielino Looks like the Gab. augmentative from cikat “shellfish sp.”, (probably mussel), but this is NOT Gab. word for “abalone” which is 7apo broader (includes the animal, the shell, and the beads) other complex ˈʦikara-t Abalone-npn Note: This is in fact derived: cika-t “shell sp.” -- maybe from Gab. cika-ro-t “big shell”??? But Anderton consideres it a fixed form -niw "possession, belongings" possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:283 no info 2 ritual objects decorated with Haliotis inlays 1 1 lime from this shell taken with tobacco in pespibata N/A N/A no info 0 1 obtained from Chumash West coast of North America cold coastal waters no
Lake Miwok Haliotis spp. wákkah abalone unique underived Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 1 no
Luiseño Haliotis spp. 7áyla ʹɁajla abalone (generic), archaic to Mrs. Hyde, perhaps used in a song. Harrington: Black abalone. semantic shift *ayaC Uto-Aztecan S2359 “turtle” (Stubbs 2009:316). Problematic, as “tortoise shell” is 'aya-t, which is regular. Why is second vowel lost? Stubbs' etymology may be wrong and this is from Chumash t'-aya (attested in Ineseno (Applegate 134) narrower (Black abalone only) other complex ʹɁaj-la black.abalone-non.possessed.noun no info Elliott 1999:163 no info 2 used in shell inlay on ceremonial wands and staffs 1 no info gathered (wild) no info fishooks from the “central portions of haliotis shell where the grain twists” (Kroeber 1925:652) Used in shell inlay on ceremonial wands 0 1 Haliotis shell a well-known trade item; Mojave traders came to Lu. territory as per archaeological evidence, must have sought this West coast of North America cold coastal waters no
Maidu Haliotis spp. posála shell of shellfish, hide, skin unique There are a bunch of shell words with /po/, bear investigation other complex po.- “skin” Shipley 1963 2 1 0 0 1 no
Mojave Haliotis spp. kosov abalone, hip joint loan Takic Takic *qos- “shell, money” and Cupan *sa(w)pV “shell sp.” WW %kys same underived Munro et al.1992 2 1 0 0 1 no
Mutsun Haliotis spp. haşʸşʸan abalone shell (Merriam confirms Merriam 55:417; “red abalone” in Pinart's Co III loan Chumash Pmis hás:yny-, perhaps Utian (I have it in Miss, Mics as a Costanoan loan) WW %kys underived Okrand 1977:42 2 1 0 0 1 no
Nisenan Haliotis spp. 7ə:ləw abalone shell unique underived note 7ələw “necklace” ?? Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 1 0 0 1 no
Northern Paiute Haliotis spp. pooedooa abalone unique first pooe- part is “green”, like in W. Mono puhiGede but note t. Shoshone po'owa “seashell, shell Stubbs 1907 same underived surely some kind of old phrase with green, but unanalyzable second part Yerington Dictionary 2 1 0 0 1 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Haliotis spp. ci:tepa- abalone shell,clam shell, abalone shell ornament loan Plains Miwok Also in Mip, C says is some doubt as to whether it is Mip word underived Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 1 no
Plains Miwok Haliotis spp. 7atkal abalone, abalone meat, small shell oysters along American River inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mins underived Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 1 no
Salinan A Haliotis spp. kc'en abalones (Black) loan Salinan A only Chumash not in M; assignment to %kys very tentative! WW %kys underived Merriam 55:381; Turner 1980:67 2 1 0 0 1 no
Salinan M Haliotis spp. cmaiyík' abalone unique Salinan M only Not in A (maybe) underived Mason 1918:123 2 1 0 0 1 no
Seri (Comcaac) Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Serrano Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Southern Paiute Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Haliotis spp. has:yn- abalone shell loan Costanoan Also in Mics; Mutsun haşʸşʸan WW %kys underived Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 1 no
Southern Ute Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Tübatulabal Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Tümpisa Shoshone Haliotis spp. po'owa seashell, shell inheritance *po'owa Western & Central Numic W. Mono “olivella”; Stubbs 1907 (2008:267); is this really cognate? same underived Dayley 1989:220 2 1 0 0 1 no
Wappo Haliotis spp. híle abalone (CHM confirms 52:577) unique underived Sawyer 1965 2 1 0 0 1 no
Washo Haliotis spp. madáp abalone shell unique underived WPD 2 1 0 0 1 no
Western Mono Haliotis spp. puhiGede abalone shell unique Maybe a compound: Green-money (from *koCti) same phrase puhi “green”?? remainder unanalyzable Bethel et al.:156 no info 2 1 1 “ground up and used as a poison” trade men no info 0 1 used as money no
Wintu Haliotis spp. L'al shell of any animal; abalone, etc. inheritance *L'al Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived Pitkin 1985 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yavapai Haliotis spp. hàlkrâ:pa blue-green seashell unique unknown Shaterian 1983 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yokuts Palewyami Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Haliotis spp. dap abalone (Haliotis) unique NOT Chumash OR Salinan; perhaps related to the “leaf” word dapdap??? same underived Kroeber 1961:220 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yuki Haliotis spp. paaNt-am B N is raised n abalone inheritance *pət'am Yukian Schlichter 1985 other complex -am derives nouns Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yuma Haliotis spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no