ball game

Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source
Cahuilla qawpi-at ball game unknown in Cahuilla, Cupeno only, look for source for elements other complex Seiler & Hioki 1979:168
Cupeño qawpi7ily the shinny game, shinny stick unknown in Cahuilla, Cupeno only, look for source for elements other complex Hill & Nolasquez 1973
Luiseño waw7kish shinny ball, shinny game itself unique other complex Elliott 1999
Gabrielino pe-ah-kā-e game of lacrosse unique other complex Merriam (McCawley 1996)
Serrano puçahkin to play ball game unknown Serran only simplex root, probably complex origin but unanalyzable K. Hill Dict. (from Miller 1988)
Kitanemuk pučahkinic shinny game unknown Serran only derived, other complex Anderton 1988
Tübatulabal pāwāshil shinny game unique could this be related to Cup. Pawxan 'club, bat'?? other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng
Bankalachi Toloim ol'-lŏll-hik'-kish game of ball loan Yokuts loan blend derived Merriam 49:203
Kawaiisu tawuupa to play shinny unique simplex root, probably complex but can't retrieve structure Zigmond et al.1990
Chemehuevi wytapu7wipO shinny game unique is this metathesis form of Ka. Tawuupa??? With wy- IP?? has wy- 'long object' IP Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hll 1969)
Southern Paiute nanauappy root shinny game unique derived, other complex from hya chase, trap? Sapir
Southern Ute missing missing
Tümpisa Shoshone missing missing
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing
Comanche missing missing
Western Mono nannataqoo7i- to play Indian shinny (with one another) unique compound Loether & Bethel 1993
Northern Paiute watsumo7e play ball game unique natsetsakadu womans hockey 51; we'-che moo'-e-we football Merriam 46:379 unknown Yerington 1987
Southern Sierra Miwok wiTo:p play football unique also tawi:l- simplex st.1 Broadbent 1964
Central Sierra Miwok čikí:-l- to play shinny unique other complex Freeland & Broadbent 1960
Northern Sierra Miwok 7amTa- ball game (Indian football) inheritance Proto-Eastern Miwok Mip 7amta-, 7ama:ty (v.) simplex Callaghan 1987
Plains Miwok cakma- handball, Indian tennis unique simplex Callaghan 1984
Lake Miwok missing missing
Maidu missing missing
Nisenan 7amta name of ball game loan Northern Sierra Miwok simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966
Yokuts Yawelmani k'aTliwT retranscribed shinney game unknown derived surely a verbal noun Harrington
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing
Washo bE7lUáyab ba7lóyab (?) Indian Football missing derived bE- nominalizer prefix WHJ (Jacobson, William Horton. 1964. A Grammar of the Washo Language. UC Berkeley Ph.D. Dissertation)
Wintu missing missing
Yuki t'oč-lele shinny game unknown ToT S&S 24 Elmendorf 1993
Wappo nah-líy'i7 shinny game unknown compound Elmendorf 1993
Mutsun pakču to play ball unknown derived Okrand p. 117; pa:kuš 'ball', pakkuT 'shinny ball' 126 Okrand 1977
Esselen missing missing
Salinan A pe-ōp-nit te-trel'-lah ball game unknown phrase Merriam 38:411
Salinan M missing missing
Chumash Obispeno missing missing
Chumash Ineseno heswasin to play jai-lai loan unknown JPH said was not I. derived resultative -vsh applegate 1972
Chumash Barbareno missing missing
Chumash Ventureno tiqaw shinny game unknown simplex Mamet 2008
Iipay 'Aa missing missing
Cocopa kaxa:l kickball unknown derived ka- is IP for 'with the foot' Crawford 1989
Mojave uukan shinny game unknown but note Kiliwa -uha7 'stone' root in 'kickball' simplex Munro et al. 1992
Yavapai missing missing
Kiliwa 7+uha7=m=lim kickball unknown M. says lit. 'to lift with instep' but I can't figure out how compound 7uha7 stone, rock Mixco 1985
Seri (Comcaac) missing missing