Semantic Field
subsistence tool
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source
Cahuilla missing missing
Cupeño imilya'ash dipper unique im-in 'to dip up' derived, other complex imi 'to dip' Hill & Nolasquez 1973
Luiseño icháqilash drinking cup (from ichaqi 'to dip up liquid') unique derived, other complex Elliott 1999
Gabrielino wahng'-ar dipper inheritance *wanga- Takic also in Kitanemuk other complex Merriam 49:103
Serrano nŭ-pi'-wah gourd cup or dipper inheritance *pa(wi) Uto-Aztecan denominal on water word simplex Merriam 48:181
Kitanemuk wahng-ahts dipper inheritance *wanga- Takic also in Gabrielino other complex Merriam 48:101
Tübatulabal hommopit ladle, basketry ladle for the cooking basket inheritance *komi Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 99b "pot, back of tortoise, back" derived, other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing
Kawaiisu wopogojy-zi ladle, dipper unique aoso -ny(m)by derived, other complex dip-ABS (with p instead of v from redup???) Zigmond et al. 1990
Chemehuevi 7ago/tsI / stress, I voiceless i pottery dipper inheritance *akwo Numic Stubbs 2011 1717 N other complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969)
Southern Paiute missing missing
Southern Ute tYka-ci7i7na-7napY bowl, ladle, lit. 'food-dipper' compound, derived, other complex Givon
Tümpisa Shoshone (na)jungwannympy scoop, dipper unique derived, other complex Dayley 1989
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone kwaisi-7awy dipper unique compound tail-cup Crapo 1976
Comanche missing missing
Western Mono missing missing
Northern Paiute tyynahanu dipper unique derived instrumental Liljeblad et al. 2012:529
Southern Sierra Miwok polis-:a- dipper basket inheritance Proto-Eastern Miwok part of the *pulu 'basket' set, and this form specifically is Pmis other complex Broadbent 1964
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing
Northern Sierra Miwok pulut:a- dipper; bowl for dipping loan into protolanguage l Proto-Eastern Miwok Yokutsan WW %polwa the %polwa set JHH other complex Callaghan 1987
Plains Miwok ha:to-, ha:ro dipper, cup loan Spanish simplex Callaghan 1984
Lake Miwok háaru cup, dipper, shaker loan Spanish WW %jarro simplex Callaghan 1965
Maidu missing missing
Nisenan tata: dipper unique reduplicated Uldall & Shipley 1966
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing
Washo missing missing
Wintu Xolom X is x with subdot dipper inheritance *qHolo Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:157 derived Schlichter 1981
Yuki 7učuyul' water dipper (to get water out of the spring) also hot 7a7ol' 'dipper for acorn soup', nok 'dipper, spoon' derived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984
Wappo mèy táye:ma basket for dipping, dipper unknown derived, phrase mey 'water' Sawyer 1965
Mutsun missing missing
Esselen missing missing
Salinan A missing missing
Salinan M si-mil gourd cup or dipper unknown simplex Merriam 38:397
Chumash Obispeno missing missing
Chumash Ineseno pïl'i7 ladle, dipper (phonetic pïl'i7) unknown simplex pï7-7i7 'ladle, dip + iNST) Applegate 1972
Chumash Barbareno wuli gourd dipper unknown simplex Ono 1996
Chumash Ventureno missing missing
Iipay 'Aa tahCH-wahl gourd cup or dipper, spoon unknown simplex Merriam 38:215
Cocopa xa nYmšunYá:y dipper unique phrase xa 'water' šnYa: to dip Crawford 1989
Mojave tahyuuk big spoon, ladle, scoop unknown might be loan, Cocopa has shxyuk 'ladle', and M. should have /d/ for *y compound identical verb is 'dip out' (beans, not a liquid) Munro et al. 1992
Yavapai missing missing
Kiliwa t-s-7+yaa-w-tay-u7 ladle, large spoon unknown tay is 'large' derived s-7+yaa-w extract, dig out Mixco 1985
Seri (Comcaac) missing missing