Semantic Field
subsistence tool
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla missing missing Jane Hill
Cupeño imilya'ash dipper unique im-in 'to dip up' derived, other complex imi 'to dip' Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño icháqilash drinking cup (from ichaqi 'to dip up liquid') unique derived, other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino wahng'-ar dipper inheritance *wanga- Takic also in Kitanemuk other complex Merriam 49:103 Jane Hill
Serrano nŭ-pi'-wah gourd cup or dipper inheritance *pa(wi) Uto-Aztecan denominal on water word simplex Merriam 48:181 Jane Hill
Kitanemuk wahng-ahts dipper inheritance *wanga- Takic also in Gabrielino other complex Merriam 48:101 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal hommopit ladle, basketry ladle for the cooking basket inheritance *komi Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 99b "pot, back of tortoise, back" derived, other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu wopogojy-zi ladle, dipper unique aoso -ny(m)by derived, other complex dip-ABS (with p instead of v from redup???) Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi 7ago/tsI / stress, I voiceless i pottery dipper inheritance *akwo Numic Stubbs 2011 1717 N other complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Ute tYka-ci7i7na-7napY bowl, ladle, lit. 'food-dipper' compound, derived, other complex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone (na)jungwannympy scoop, dipper unique derived, other complex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone kwaisi-7awy dipper unique compound tail-cup Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche missing missing Jane Hill
Western Mono missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Paiute tyynahanu dipper unique derived instrumental Liljeblad et al. 2012:529 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok polis-:a- dipper basket inheritance Proto-Eastern Miwok part of the *pulu 'basket' set, and this form specifically is Pmis other complex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok pulut:a- dipper; bowl for dipping loan into protolanguage l Proto-Eastern Miwok Yokutsan the %polwa set JHH WW %polwa other complex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok ha:to-, ha:ro dipper, cup loan Spanish simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok háaru cup, dipper, shaker loan Spanish WW %jarro simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu missing missing Jane Hill
Nisenan tata: dipper unique reduplicated Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing Jane Hill
Washo missing missing Jane Hill
Wintu Xolom X is x with subdot dipper inheritance *qHolo Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:157 derived Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki 7učuyul' water dipper (to get water out of the spring) also hot 7a7ol' 'dipper for acorn soup', nok 'dipper, spoon' derived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 Jane Hill
Wappo mèy táye:ma basket for dipping, dipper unknown derived, phrase mey 'water' Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun missing missing Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan M si-mil gourd cup or dipper unknown simplex Merriam 38:397 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno pïl'i7 ladle, dipper (phonetic pïl'i7) unknown simplex pï7-7i7 'ladle, dip + iNST) Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno wuli gourd dipper unknown simplex Ono 1996 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno missing missing Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa tahCH-wahl gourd cup or dipper, spoon unknown simplex Merriam 38:215 Jane Hill
Cocopa xa nYmšunYá:y dipper unique phrase xa 'water' šnYa: to dip Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave tahyuuk big spoon, ladle, scoop unknown might be loan, Cocopa has shxyuk 'ladle', and M. should have /d/ for *y compound identical verb is 'dip out' (beans, not a liquid) Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai missing missing Jane Hill
Kiliwa t-s-7+yaa-w-tay-u7 ladle, large spoon unknown tay is 'large' derived s-7+yaa-w extract, dig out Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) missing missing Jane Hill