acorn bread

Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source
Cahuilla saw-iš tortilla inheritance *saw- Takic WW %saw Stubbs 2011 266c; there are similar words in northern and central CA languages, a loan into Proto-Takic from somewhere other complex Seiler & Hioki 1979
Cupeño $awish acorn bread loan into protolanguage *saw- Takic Wintun WW %saw Stubbs 2011 266c; see discussion with Cahuilla other complex Hill & Nolasquez 1973
Luiseño $aawokish tortilla, bread loan into protolanguage *saw- Takic Wintun WW %saw Stubbs 2011 266c; see Cahuilla for discussion derived, other complex Elliott 1999
Gabrielino pēCH-kā-e cakes of mush hardened in water, acorn bread unique other complex Merriam 49:109
Serrano $āwt acorn bread loan into protolanguage *saw- Takic Wintun WW %saw Stubbs 2011 266c other complex K. Hill Dict.
Kitanemuk kame'nič bread ('roasted in buried coals? JHH) unique other complex Anderton 1988:401 (English-K side only)
Tübatulabal tappishīl, tapshīl Note: pp, mm etc. do not lenite to b, w, etc. But 'p' >b, ts > dz, etc. Sh is š, ch is č. Macrons are long. bread unique Unpublished compilation of all sources with Tb. Lexicon; this is July 2010 version other complex K. Hill Tub>Eng
Bankalachi Toloim pah'-aht cakes of mush hardened in water, acorn bread unique other complex Merriam 49:197
Kawaiisu missing missing
Chemehuevi missing missing
Southern Paiute missing missing
Southern Ute missing missing
Tümpisa Shoshone missing missing
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing
Comanche missing missing
Western Mono qonowOI7 acorn biscuits (dumplings) unique compound Loether & Bethel 1993
Northern Paiute missing missing
Southern Sierra Miwok 7yl:e- coarse acorn mush, acorn bread inheritance Proto-Sierra Miwok JHH simplex nt Broadbent 1964
Central Sierra Miwok 7ylé- acorn bread inheritance Proto-Sierra Miwok JHH simplex Freeland & Broadbent 1960
Northern Sierra Miwok maskala- acorn bread; thick or hard acorn mush unknown same as Mie, funny-looking word. Must be loan from somewhere. simplex Callaghan 1987
Plains Miwok maskala-, ma:skala- acorn bread; bread loan Northern Sierra Miwok Almost certainly not a loan from Spanish bocada as suggested by Callaghan 1984, but same as Mins form and Mip should not have /s/, should be /7/ in this position?? simplex Callaghan 1984
Lake Miwok cíppa acorn bread, any type of bread inheritance *cíp:a Proto-Western Miwok Callagan 1970:13 (Bodega Miwok Dictionary) simplex Callaghan 1965
Maidu maháti acorn bread unique note protowintun *ma:La 'bake' Shepherd 2006:125; better, note maskala in Mins, Mip -- could this be from that?? derived mahát make bread Shipley 1963
Nisenan suloj loaf of acorn bread unique simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966
Yokuts Yawelmani sah-sah acorn bread inheritance Proto-Nim-Yokuts WW %saw note Yawd. caca-ñitc acorn bread cooked in hole (Kroeber 1907); also pow-num-too-yă; ki-is 'meal baked on hot stones' Merriam 44:531 simplex Merriam 44:195
Yokuts Yawdanchi tipin acorn bread made in flat basket inheritance Proto-Nim-Yokuts kodwidin acorn bread cooked in water; caca-ñitc acorn bread cooked in hole, t'adic soft acorn bread cooked in rocks (244) derived verbal noun in -n Kroeber 1907
Yokuts Palewyami kah-ahs acorn cake hardened in water CHM simplex Berman 2002
Washo wá:laš bread unknown simplex Washo Project Dictionary
Wintu sa:w any kind of food, acorn bread inheritance *sa:w Proto-Wintun WW %saw Shepherd 2006:166 simplex Schlichter 1981
Yuki hu7utmil, hoo-til acorn bread inheritance *huhtil' Proto-North Yukian simplex Schlichter 1985
Wappo šáwo acorn bread loan Patwin WW %saw note Y.Yawl. Sah-sah--Wanderwort? simplex Elmendorf 1998
Mutsun setnen acorn bread (of acorns and "mongo" Mason 1916:434) inheritance Proto-Costanoan Sta. Cruz sit-nen (Henshaw in Heizer 1955); Merriam heard "shret-te-nen" 39:107; Mason 1916:434 has at.e 'acorn bread'; Henshaw p/u-lu-ma derived suffix -n Okrand 1977
Esselen missing missing
Salinan A k'enin acorn bread unknown Proto-Salinan simplex Mason 1918
Salinan M k'one/< acorn bread unknown Proto-Salinan other complex Mason 1918
Chumash Obispeno te/-tĭ-ti-na bread loan Spanish WW %tortilla simplex Henshaw (Heizer)
Chumash Ineseno k'apit' ball of acorn dough baked in hot ashes loan Yokuts JPH simplex Applegate 1972
Chumash Barbareno missing missing
Chumash Ventureno missing missing
Iipay 'Aa 7epap bread unknown me-yesHL 'acorn bread' CHM 38:219 simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973
Cocopa missing missing
Mojave missing missing
Yavapai missing missing
Kiliwa missing missing
Seri (Comcaac) missing missing