Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla pa7va7 alcohol unique includes *pa 'water' but a unique formation derived Sauvel & Elliott 2004 Jane Hill
Cupeño pa7la7ash whiskey unique on 'drink' derived, other complex FIND ATTESTATION Jane Hill
Luiseño paa7kilash drink of any kind, beverage, beer, cocktail, alcohol unique on 'drink' derived, other complex Eliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino missing missing Jane Hill
Serrano pā7ia7ç whiskey inheritance *pa Uto-Aztecan water, with embellishments derived, other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk hwiskitay whiskey (obj.) loan English WW %whiskey simplex Jane Hill
Tübatulabal missing missing Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu moo-py=roo-ry whiskey, any alcoholic beverage unique Takic has the moo- 'crazy' word like Datura but head-word /too/?? WW %moji ~ %moni derived, other complex jimsonweed=DUB-ABS Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi pavikitu7wipI whiskey unique compound, other complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute 7yvwy-ppa: bad water, whiskey unknown also in S. Ute; also wi:ssikkiI (715) compound Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute 7yvyy-paa liquor, alcoholic drink, lit. 'bad water' unknown also in Southern Ute compound bad-water Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone wisikki whiskey loan English WW %whiskey simplex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone ontom-paa whiskey unique compound brown-water Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche po7sa baa whiskey unique phrase crazy water R Jane Hill
Western Mono wiski7 whiskey loan English WW %whiskey simplex Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute wysiiki whiskey loan English WW %whiskey Liljeblad et al. 2012:785 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok wiski- whiskey loan English WW %whiskey simplex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok wanjente- whiskey loan Spanish WW %aguardiente simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok warjente- whiskey loan Spanish WW %aguardiente simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok kájkajkik whiskey (lit. 'hot water') semantic shift reduplicated, other complex káaj 'to be spicy hot, acrid, bitter' Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu hútum sudáka whiskey (lit. crazy sugar) unique loan blend? phrase hutu 'crazy', Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan waje:nte whiskey loan Spanish WW %aguardiente simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi tan'-ni whiskey semantic shift datura (Wikchamni (Porterville) WW %tanai simplex Merriam 44:443 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing Jane Hill
Washo missing missing Jane Hill
Wintu daqči mem whiskey (lit. hot water) semantic shift phrase Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki yim 7u7uk whiskey (lit. fire water) unique phrase Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 Jane Hill
Wappo missing missing Jane Hill
Mutsun missing missing Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A olient whiskey loan Spanish also te/penca 131 WW %aguardiente simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M tepintca whiskey unknown unknown Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7alwayente brandy loan Spanish ak-ci'-ti-sla 'whiskey' from Henshaw in Mithun 1997:231 WW %aguardiente simplex looks like it got assimilated to the 7al- nmlzr?? Ono 1996 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno missing missing Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 7awarrdyeent whiskey loan Spanish WW %aguardiente simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa xa rap, xaráp liquor, whiskey, any beverage w/ high alcoholic content semantic shift compound water, Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave haarav whiskey, liquor, wine semantic shift identical to Cocopa compound water-hurt Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai (7)hàráva whiskey semantic shift just like C, M compound water red Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa xa7=kw+xaa liquor (lit. bitter water) semantic shift compound Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) cocsar yamáax liquor (Mexican's drink) unknown phrase Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill