Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source
Cahuilla pa7va7 alcohol unique includes *pa 'water' but a unique formation derived Sauvel & Elliott 2004
Cupeño pa7la7ash whiskey unique on 'drink' derived, other complex FIND ATTESTATION
Luiseño paa7kilash drink of any kind, beverage, beer, cocktail, alcohol unique on 'drink' derived, other complex Eliott 1999
Gabrielino missing missing
Serrano pā7ia7ç whiskey inheritance *pa Uto-Aztecan water, with embellishments derived, other complex K. Hill Dict.
Kitanemuk hwiskitay whiskey (obj.) loan English WW %whiskey simplex
Tübatulabal missing missing
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing
Kawaiisu moo-py=roo-ry whiskey, any alcoholic beverage unique Takic WW %moji ~ %moni has the moo- 'crazy' word like Datura but head-word /too/?? derived, other complex jimsonweed=DUB-ABS Zigmond et al. 1990
Chemehuevi pavikitu7wipI whiskey unique compound, other complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969)
Southern Paiute 7yvwy-ppa: bad water, whiskey unknown also in S. Ute; also wi:ssikkiI (715) compound Sapir
Southern Ute 7yvyy-paa liquor, alcoholic drink, lit. 'bad water' unknown also in Southern Ute compound bad-water Givon
Tümpisa Shoshone wisikki whiskey loan English WW %whiskey simplex Dayley 1989
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone ontom-paa whiskey unique compound brown-water Crapo 1976
Comanche po7sa baa whiskey unique phrase crazy water R
Western Mono wiski7 whiskey loan English WW %whiskey simplex Loether & Bethel 1993
Northern Paiute wysiiki whiskey loan English WW %whiskey Liljeblad et al. 2012:785
Southern Sierra Miwok wiski- whiskey loan English WW %whiskey simplex Broadbent 1964
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing
Northern Sierra Miwok wanjente- whiskey loan Spanish WW %aguardiente simplex Callaghan 1987
Plains Miwok warjente- whiskey loan Spanish WW %aguardiente simplex Callaghan 1984
Lake Miwok kájkajkik whiskey (lit. 'hot water') semantic shift reduplicated, other complex káaj 'to be spicy hot, acrid, bitter' Callaghan 1965
Maidu hútum sudáka whiskey (lit. crazy sugar) unique loan blend? phrase hutu 'crazy', Shipley 1963
Nisenan waje:nte whiskey loan Spanish WW %aguardiente simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing
Yokuts Yawdanchi tan'-ni whiskey semantic shift WW %tanai datura (Wikchamni (Porterville) simplex Merriam 44:443
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing
Washo missing missing
Wintu daqči mem whiskey (lit. hot water) semantic shift phrase Schlichter 1981
Yuki yim 7u7uk whiskey (lit. fire water) unique phrase Sawyer & Schlichter 1984
Wappo missing missing
Mutsun missing missing
Esselen missing missing
Salinan A olient whiskey loan Spanish WW %aguardiente also te/penca 131 simplex Mason 1918
Salinan M tepintca whiskey unknown unknown Mason 1918
Chumash Obispeno missing missing
Chumash Ineseno missing missing
Chumash Barbareno 7alwayente brandy loan Spanish WW %aguardiente ak-ci'-ti-sla 'whiskey' from Henshaw in Mithun 1997:231 simplex looks like it got assimilated to the 7al- nmlzr?? Ono 1996
Chumash Ventureno missing missing
Iipay 'Aa 7awarrdyeent whiskey loan Spanish WW %aguardiente simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973
Cocopa xa rap, xaráp liquor, whiskey, any beverage w/ high alcoholic content semantic shift compound water, Crawford 1989
Mojave haarav whiskey, liquor, wine semantic shift identical to Cocopa compound water-hurt Munro et al. 1992
Yavapai (7)hàráva whiskey semantic shift just like C, M compound water red Shaterian 1983
Kiliwa xa7=kw+xaa liquor (lit. bitter water) semantic shift compound Mixco 1985
Seri (Comcaac) cocsar yamáax liquor (Mexican's drink) unknown phrase Moser & Marlett 2005