Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla missing missing Jane Hill
Cupeño kooku yucca fiber mat, saddle blanket loan Spanish Probably Spanish "coco", but Merriam has kaw-kah, perhaps not a loan (48:499) simplex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño ngaw'lash mattress, mat, bed, mat to sleep on unique derived, other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino sā-he' tule mat unknown could this be related to Comanche 'boat' and N. Paiute 'tule raft'??? other complex Merriam 49:99 Jane Hill
Serrano tu-reech tule mat unique other complex Merriam 48:177 Jane Hill
Kitanemuk hona-t sleeping mat unique other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal paht tule mat, mat made from whole dried tules inheritance *paka Uto-Aztecan Hill/Miller pa-31 other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim kol-tin-ne, paht tule mat, mat of reeds or tules inheritance *paka Uto-Aztecan Hill/Miller pa-31 other complex Merriam 49:187, 191 Jane Hill
Kawaiisu sypysa7a mat, mattress unknown has the sy- 'willow' word, what is pysa7a? Is this from yppy 'sleep'? Hill/Miller py-06 derived sy 'willow'?? Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi sam7mapY mat, carpet; tendido unknown see Southern Paiute form that means 'spread out' (UA *ma, actually) other complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute sa7mappy something spread out, like blanket unknown also in Chemehuevi other complex sa7ma to spread out Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute missing missing Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pohmaa(ppyh) grass, hay, alfalfa, mat, mattress semantic shift *maha Northern Uto-Aztecan could this possibly be associated with Hill/Miller ma-32?? simplex maa 'grass'?? Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing Jane Hill
Comanche missing missing Jane Hill
Western Mono missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Paiute sona7a lower mattress semantic shift gapa 'bed' 42; see "tule boat" for Merriam simplex grass?? Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Plains Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Lake Miwok héTi mat, mattress unique simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu we-tā-we tule mat unique simplex Merriam 41:349 Jane Hill
Nisenan missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani tin-ne tule mat inheritance Proto-Yokutsan also woi-yo-hon-nah where hon-nah is 'brakded' simplex Merriam 44:525 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi kot-tin'-ne mat of tules inheritance Proto-Yokutsan note Yawelmani Thiniy 'spread something out', Palewyami teng'-e (this form from Porterville) other complex Yawl. Has only 'tin-ne' /"tayni"/ Merriam 44:447 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami teng'-e mat of reeds or tules inheritance Proto-Yokutsan Yawelmani Thiniy 'spread something out'; also kaw-kaw'-lis simplex Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Washo mó:ba7 mat unknown simplex WHJ Jane Hill
Wintu missing missing Jane Hill
Yuki missing missing Jane Hill
Wappo phípa matting, woven matting unknown simplex Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun tokko(h) mat, bed inheritance Proto-Costanoan Sta. Cruz ta-ko/ Henshaw in Heizer 1955 derived tokko- to roll out, unroll mat Okrand 1977 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A Tau'usi:/α' bed unknown ken-nah-le 'mat' Merriam 38:395 derived, other complex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M teki/wi bed unknown note Mutsun toko simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7as mat inheritance *7as Proto-Central Chumash simplex Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7as tule mat inheritance Proto-Southern Chumash simplex Wash 2001 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7as sleeping mat, mat inheritance Proto-Central Chumash simplex Mamet 2008 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa chă-chatch, a-chutch tule mat unknown simplex Merriam 38:211 Jane Hill
Cocopa missing missing Jane Hill
Mojave choo'-chā-jah mat unknown simplex Merriam 38:97 Jane Hill
Yavapai missing missing Jane Hill
Kiliwa t+qhaw mat, rug (lit. piece of something) unknown derived qhaw 'break, sunder (non-rigid object) Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) missing missing Jane Hill