Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source
Cahuilla missing missing
Cupeño kooku yucca fiber mat, saddle blanket loan Spanish Probably Spanish "coco", but Merriam has kaw-kah, perhaps not a loan (48:499) simplex Hill & Nolasquez 1973
Luiseño ngaw'lash mattress, mat, bed, mat to sleep on unique derived, other complex Elliott 1999
Gabrielino sā-he' tule mat unknown could this be related to Comanche 'boat' and N. Paiute 'tule raft'??? other complex Merriam 49:99
Serrano tu-reech tule mat unique other complex Merriam 48:177
Kitanemuk hona-t sleeping mat unique other complex Anderton 1988
Tübatulabal paht tule mat, mat made from whole dried tules inheritance *paka Uto-Aztecan Hill/Miller pa-31 other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng
Bankalachi Toloim kol-tin-ne, paht tule mat, mat of reeds or tules inheritance *paka Uto-Aztecan Hill/Miller pa-31 other complex Merriam 49:187, 191
Kawaiisu sypysa7a mat, mattress unknown has the sy- 'willow' word, what is pysa7a? Is this from yppy 'sleep'? Hill/Miller py-06 derived sy 'willow'?? Zigmond et al. 1990
Chemehuevi sam7mapY mat, carpet; tendido unknown see Southern Paiute form that means 'spread out' (UA *ma, actually) other complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969)
Southern Paiute sa7mappy something spread out, like blanket unknown also in Chemehuevi other complex sa7ma to spread out Sapir
Southern Ute missing missing
Tümpisa Shoshone pohmaa(ppyh) grass, hay, alfalfa, mat, mattress semantic shift *maha Northern Uto-Aztecan could this possibly be associated with Hill/Miller ma-32?? simplex maa 'grass'?? Dayley 1989
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing
Comanche missing missing
Western Mono missing missing
Northern Paiute sona7a lower mattress semantic shift gapa 'bed' 42; see "tule boat" for Merriam simplex grass?? Yerington 1987
Southern Sierra Miwok missing missing
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing
Northern Sierra Miwok missing missing
Plains Miwok missing missing
Lake Miwok héTi mat, mattress unique simplex Callaghan 1965
Maidu we-tā-we tule mat unique simplex Merriam 41:349
Nisenan missing missing
Yokuts Yawelmani tin-ne tule mat inheritance Proto-Yokutsan also woi-yo-hon-nah where hon-nah is 'brakded' simplex Merriam 44:525
Yokuts Yawdanchi kot-tin'-ne mat of tules inheritance Proto-Yokutsan note Yawelmani Thiniy 'spread something out', Palewyami teng'-e (this form from Porterville) other complex Yawl. Has only 'tin-ne' /"tayni"/ Merriam 44:447
Yokuts Palewyami teng'-e mat of reeds or tules inheritance Proto-Yokutsan Yawelmani Thiniy 'spread something out'; also kaw-kaw'-lis simplex Berman 2002
Washo mó:ba7 mat unknown simplex WHJ
Wintu missing missing
Yuki missing missing
Wappo phípa matting, woven matting unknown simplex Sawyer 1965
Mutsun tokko(h) mat, bed inheritance Proto-Costanoan Sta. Cruz ta-ko/ Henshaw in Heizer 1955 derived tokko- to roll out, unroll mat Okrand 1977
Esselen missing missing
Salinan A Tau'usi:/α' bed unknown ken-nah-le 'mat' Merriam 38:395 derived, other complex Mason 1918
Salinan M teki/wi bed unknown note Mutsun toko simplex Mason 1918
Chumash Obispeno missing missing
Chumash Ineseno 7as mat inheritance *7as Proto-Central Chumash simplex Applegate 1972
Chumash Barbareno 7as tule mat inheritance Proto-Southern Chumash simplex Wash 2001
Chumash Ventureno 7as sleeping mat, mat inheritance Proto-Central Chumash simplex Mamet 2008
Iipay 'Aa chă-chatch, a-chutch tule mat unknown simplex Merriam 38:211
Cocopa missing missing
Mojave choo'-chā-jah mat unknown simplex Merriam 38:97
Yavapai missing missing
Kiliwa t+qhaw mat, rug (lit. piece of something) unknown derived qhaw 'break, sunder (non-rigid object) Mixco 1985
Seri (Comcaac) missing missing