needle/awl

Semantic Field
subsistence tool
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla ivi-š awl, needle-like thing inheritance *7opi Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 92 other complex Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño ivish awl inheritance *7opi Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 92 other complex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño eevish awl inheritance *7opi Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 92 other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino e-vē't needle, awl inheritance *7opi Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 92 other complex Merriam 49:103 Jane Hill
Serrano ōr' (poss) awl inheritance *7opi Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 92 only second syllable??? Or p > w > 0 other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk o-c bone, awl inheritance *7opi Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 92 other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ninga'atol awl unique wüngapüt 'awl from cactus spine' other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim nung'-et-tal bone awl used in basketry unique also in Tb other complex Merriam 49:189 Jane Hill
Kawaiisu wija-ci awl inheritance *wicaC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2296 other complex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi wyjY awl inheritance *wicaC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2296 simplex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute wiH awl inheritance *wicaC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2296 simplex Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute wiyu-cI awl, large needle inheritance *wicaC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2296 other complex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone winnu(pi) needle, awl for making baskets; spine on cactus or porcupine unknown simplex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tyci-typpykkih awl unique compound, derived pointed.tool-to.make.hole Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche wuujY awl, icepick, any sharp-pointed implement for punching holes thru which sinews pass inheritance *wicaC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2296 simplex R Jane Hill
Western Mono witi awl (made of bone and used in making baskets) inheritance *wicaC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2296 simplex Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute tuggutageggunoo awl, leather punch unique wed-doo-be bone awl used in basketry Merriam 46:333 (Bishop) compound Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok cyl:a- awl inheritance *Cy1la1s (1 subscript) Proto-Utian Callaghan 1962:102 simplex nt Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok čy/l:a:- awl inheritance *Cy1la1s (1 subscript) Proto-Utian Callaghan 1962:102 simplex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok cyl:a- awl (for basket making) inheritance *Cy1la1s (1 subscript) Proto-Utian Callaghan 1962:102 simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok cil:a- awl, crochet needle, ice pick inheritance *Cy1la1s (1 subscript) Proto-Utian Callaghan 1962:102 simplex cë:lë- 'weave, sew' Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok húTik needle, awl, bone awl unique simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu pyjéky needle unique Merriam bŭ-mim' 41:277 bone awl derived pyjé 'sew' Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani p'a:w'ukh awl inheritance *p'aw'ukh Proto-Yokutsan see Palewyami form simplex Golla 1964 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi pawukh awl inheritance *p'aw'ukh Proto-Yokutsan see Palewyami form simplex Golla 1964 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami pah'-wik bone awl used in basketry inheritance Proto-Yokutsan simplex Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Washo mí:bi7 awl unknown derived from i:bi7 'bone' with unproductive m- Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu č'u:p awl, needle inheritance *č'up Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:82 simplex Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki k'ít awl inheritance Proto-Yukian looks P-Yukian, cf. Wappo c'íti; Merriam has shoo-to'-mah awl of bone used in basketry simplex Elmendorf 1993 Jane Hill
Wappo c'íti awl inheritance Proto-Yukian and note Utia *cylas?? simplex Elmendorf 1993 Jane Hill
Mutsun e"-por or he"-por bone awl used in basketry unknown Mason 1916:434 sipirek; also Talis 'wooden awl' ibid cognate of Utian *Cylas simplex Merriam 39:101 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A copa needle unknown (T)e/tak 'awl' simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M (T)eta/xk awl unknown other complex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tstipësë la aguja unknown derived Harrington Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno sHewu awl unknown Merriam 37:519 confirms simplex Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno ahk-nŭp awl used in basketry unknown tipïš 'awl' (maybe) Applegate 1973:8-3 simplex Merriam 38:23 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa pa'yur needle unknown simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa šwakWí:LY needle unknown derived šukWíLY to sew; derivation with infix -a- Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave 7atat needle, thorn semantic shift *7-ta(:)t Proto-Yuman Mixco 1978;98 simplex Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai 7čvnâmmi needle unknown also vāka awl > mosquito 433 derived Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa t-x+pap-u-u7 needle unknown derived x+pap-u 'sew, darn' Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) pac deer bone awl used for stitching Seri baskets unknown simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill