Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla missing missing Jane Hill
Cupeño peyish pinole inheritance *pyji- Cupan other complex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño pooyish pinole inheritance *pyji- Cupan other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino pee'r-kāCH (M), a:xe (H 511) pinole, mohi: (H511) mush of wild oats inheritance *7aki Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 782; I think is early loan from Chumashan other complex Merriam 49:109 Jane Hill
Serrano hakwei'č pinole with chia unique other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pohkinic mashed? H:mush; name for ball of islay when all made unique derived, other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal u'ūkil gruel unique hāyil 'thick gray-colored gruel' other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu missing missing Jane Hill
Chemehuevi sa7apI atole, mush inheritance *sa7a Uto-Aztecan boil derived Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute wa7aishy7appI mush made of grass seeds unique compound, other complex wa7ai-sa7a-py 'grass.seed-boil-ABS Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute paasapI cooked cereal, gruel, grits, mush inheritance *pasV- Northern Uto-Aztecan the 'chia' word other complex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone kottsappi Gravy, soup, gruel, mush unique other complex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone kwini" gruel (made of pine nuts) semantic shift looks like acorn word??? simplex Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche koo7 mush, cornmeal mush unique simplex R Jane Hill
Western Mono missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok túj:u- mush of seeds inheritance Proto-Sierra Miwok simplex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok tuju- pinole inheritance Proto-Sierra Miwok simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok lotu:pu- cereal, mush unique simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok 7úşkun pinole, balls of powdered manzanita inheritance *7úşkun Proto-Western Miwok Callaghan 1970:100 simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu missing missing Jane Hill
Nisenan c'u:je mush unique looks familiar, but not Mins simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi lŏ'-kew pinole unknown unique in Kroeber's list; Wikchamni (Ko-yet-te originally at Porterville) simplex Merriam 44:443 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing Jane Hill
Washo missing missing Jane Hill
Wintu missing missing Jane Hill
Yuki wo7oT pinole inheritance *woT' Proto-Yukian Looks P-Yukian, Wappo wá7te simplex Schlichter 1985 Jane Hill
Wappo wá7te pinole inheritance Proto-Yukian Yuki wo7oT simplex Elmendorf 1993 Jane Hill
Mutsun kurkah pinole (mush) unknown imini, ot-eme Mason 1916:433; rits 'coarse pinole' Mason 434 simplex koo-rah 'pinole seed' (Madia?) Merriam 39:109 Okrand 1977 Jane Hill
Esselen amúxe pinole unknown the 7am- part looks like the Salinan 'food' word simplex Shaul 1995 Jane Hill
Salinan A ta/tukat meal of seeds unknown simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tskisini pinole unknown also tpi7na 'pinole de guata amarillo 0267; looks like Yokkuts te:pin 'acorn mush' JHH simplex Harrington Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno i-wa-hoc meal of seeds unknown in same row as good form for Ventureno derived resulative -Vsh Henshaw (Heizer 1955) Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7oqtokuš pinole unknown Henshaw has ki-weth 'meal of seeds' derived oqtokok 'toast corn for pinole meal' Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7it'epeš chia mush inheritance *epe 'chia' Proto-Chumashan derived Applegate 1973 ms Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa pinool pinole loan Spanish WW %pinole simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa pinó:l pinole, ground roasted wheat (and possibly corn) loan Spanish WW %pinole simplex Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave 7ahchet uuaaly gruel unknown note the 'wheat' word; also pinool phrase wheat Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai smUkWīna U is l.c. with subdot gruel unknown simplex Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) hapáha pinole (haarina de mezquite) unknown simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill