string of shell money

Semantic Field
other
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla qičił nepaane H&N 166 money inheritance *koCti/a Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2016; Merriam has he-sahCH-wel (hisaxvel 'belongings', abalone) 48:335 other complex Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño mōk-yet, wampum inheritance *koyo Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2015; what is the mo-? other complex Merriam 48:497 Jane Hill
Luiseño sinaval money unique other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino awverot (H) wampum (long string of it), abalorios (H 456) unique also ho-pe-hah, of small shells, worth more than big other complex Merriam 49:97 Jane Hill
Serrano ŋyçka' beads, ceremonial beads unknown maybe related to Cupeno nengu7ish 'rich'???CHM has oor'-kah pwah'-kak, oor'r-kah 'wampum. Indian money' 48:173 other complex Jane Hill
Kitanemuk tukuhpač wampum (Merriam's def) inheritance *tukuC-pa Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2032b, related to (a) "sky"; same as 'bead' other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ōyatt money unique other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu hii-by money inheritance *hini Numic Stubbs 2011 2283; see Chemehuevi "bead"; probably a "belongings" word other complex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Ute missing missing Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone namokku(n) money loan *nammakku Numic unknown See also T. sho namokku(n) 'money', Comanche 'clothes'; W. Mono naawakU 'string of shell money', N. Paiute namakko 'old kind of beads; also hoi-yah, ahts-ă-kan-nah red & blue beads, probably Hudson Bay Merriam 45:303 WW %waku simplex with -ttsi, "beads" Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing Jane Hill
Comanche missing missing Jane Hill
Western Mono naawAku, nawAku money, traditional shell money loan *nammakku Numic unknown See also T. sho namokku(n) 'money', Comanche 'clothes'; W. Mono naawakU 'string of shell money', N. Paiute namakko 'old kind of beads; also hoi-yah, ahts-ă-kan-nah red & blue beads, probably Hudson Bay Merriam 45:303 WW %waku simplex Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute namakko 'old kind of beads' loan unknown WW %waku Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok ke:ha- money loan Yokuts also pila:ta < Spanish plata 'silver' WW %kys simplex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok ci:tepa- abalone shell, clam shell, clam, abalone shell ornaments inheritance Proto-Eastern Miwok Mip ci:tepa 'there is some doubt as to whether this is Plains Miwok' (Callaghan 1984) simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok ci:tepa- abalone shell, seashell, Indian money inheritance Proto-Eastern Miwok "There is some doubt as to whether or not this is Plains Miwok"; identical in Mins simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok t'úpşeTi a short string of beads unknown probably loan with the t' other complex tup- 'to break horizontally Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu shŭ-lip'-pim wampum of Washington Clam unique other complex has -im suffix Merriam 41:273 Jane Hill
Nisenan howwo, howo beads; wampum (in English index) loan Northern Sierra Miwok Ultan 1964:368 (????) says is inheritance but see note on 'bead' WW %waku simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani k'e:xa7 money loan into protolanguage *k'e:xa7 Proto-Nim-Yokuts Takic WW %kys simplex Golla 1964 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi k'ö:xa beads, shell beads (276) loan into protolanguage *k'e:xa7 Proto-Nim-Yokuts Takic Golla 1964; same as 'money' in Yawelmani; Merriam 44:181 has mo-jo'-kaw and ho-man'-nah 'wampum'; the latter of rabbit bones Merriam 44:487 WW %kys simplex Kroeber 1907 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami paw'-li wampum, money of shell inheritance Proto-Yokutsan Yawelmani pholay 'small beads' simplex Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Washo bila:da7 money loan Spanish WW %plata simplex Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu topi beads, money unknown simplex perhaps from top 'used'" (Pitkin) Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki hus-sahl wampum (clam-shell beads) inheritance *hës Proto-North Yukian Yok-Utian WW %kys derived Schlichter 1985 Jane Hill
Wappo missing missing Jane Hill
Mutsun ah'-tah wampum unknown Okrand hine:ru 100, 181 simplex Merriam 39:95 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A missing missing e/nex 'bead measure' 135 Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno ł'anaquču money inheritance 7ala-qu-Cum, *ana-qu-Cum Proto-Chumashan I disagree; cognacy is not perfect and shell money is too late to be P-C derived JPH writes L'anaqutsu at 430 Klar 1977 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7alčHum H is superscript money inheritance 7ala-qu-Cum, *ana-qu-Cum Proto-Chumashan I disagree; cognacy is not perfect and shell money is too late to be P-C derived Klar 1977 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7ančum money inheritance 7ala-qu-Cum, *ana-qu-Cum Proto-Chumashan I disagree; cognacy is not perfect and shell money is too late to be P-C. The string itself is /pux/ (Wash 2001:131) derived Klar 1977, Beeler 1978:172 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7al-cHum (Mamet has 7ančum p. 37) money inheritance 7ala-qu-Cum, *ana-qu-Cum Proto-Chumashan I disagree; cognacy is not perfect and shell money is too late to be P-C derived Klar 1977 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa kwellyhiiw silver, money, coins unknown oom-pās-klitch Merriam 38:209 simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa missing missing Jane Hill
Mojave missing missing Jane Hill
Yavapai missing missing Jane Hill
Kiliwa missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) missing missing Jane Hill