tule boat

Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla missing missing Jane Hill
Cupeño missing missing Jane Hill
Luiseño wixét, wixee7et song word, canoe made of tules, balsa raft semantic shift *woNko Uto-Aztecan PUA 'pine tree', but I wonder if this is a distinct etymon?? Makes no sense (the sewn plank canoe is the BIG wixet (pawxit) Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino tah-rīng-hah tara:ynxa' (H 572 'horqueta') boat (bundle of tules) unique simplex Merriam 49:103 Jane Hill
Serrano missing missing other complex Jane Hill
Kitanemuk kwiyáxt boat, tunamijam made them of tule at Buena Vista Lake unique perhaps loan? Odd stress. Merriam hi-ēts-ko-mah-nits boat from bundle of tules 48:101 This is NOT the Yawelmani, Yawdanchi word %owon other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal nīht tule raft loan Southern Sierra Miwok perhaps loan, note Proto-Wintun *nuh, loaned into Maidu, Yuki -- might have reached Tub through Sierra Miwok but I don't have any words for tule raft from Eastern Miwok. Lake Miwok has this etyma set WW %nuh other complex K. Hill Tub>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu missing missing Jane Hill
Chemehuevi missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Ute missing missing Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone missing missing Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing Jane Hill
Comanche missing missing Jane Hill
Western Mono awOnno boat, raft inheritance *akwo Numic Stubbs 2011 1717; could be loan from Yokuts owon??? derived Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute sah'-ke,să-ke tule mat or raft inheritance *saCki Numic saisaki 'tule raft' Liljeblad et al. 2012: simplex Merriam 46:363 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok wo:te- boat loan Spanish WW %bote simplex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Plains Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Lake Miwok nuuh boat loan Hill Patwin Note Proto-Wintun *nuh 'boat' (Shepherd 2006:134); see also Callaghan 2001:322 WW %nuh simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu neum (nŭm) raft loan Wintu note Proto-Wintun *nuh (Shepherd 2006:134); noted by Callagan 2001:322 as resemblant seeming to suggest a "Penutian" cognate??? Also Konkow ny: 'raft' (Ultan 1967:16) WW %nuh simplex Merriam 41:353 Jane Hill
Nisenan missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani 7owon boat (bundle of tules) inheritance *7ow'in (?) Proto-Yokutsan Callaghan 2001:322; also oo-loi Merriam 44:529 (there are 2 types -- one where man sits, other for shallow water where he pushes it ahead) other complex vowelharmony shows derivation has occurred Harrington Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi owon tule boat inheritance *7ow'in (?) Proto-Yokuts Callaghan 2001:322 derived vowel harmony shows derivation Kroeber 1907 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami o'won boat inheritance Proto-Yokutsan derived vowel harmony shows derivation Kroeber 1962 Jane Hill
Washo missing missing Jane Hill
Wintu nuh-doli raft (?-tied) loan into protolanguage *nuh 'boat' Proto-Wintun Miwokan Shepherd 2006:134;Callaghan 2001:322 notes matches Maidu nö WW %nuh compound Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki 7u:TA:, 7u:Tahol' boat, raft unknown simplex Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 Jane Hill
Wappo missing missing Jane Hill
Mutsun o/-wan canoe loan Yokuts Callaghan 2001 (unless Yok-Utian? More likely loan) simplex Henshaw (Heizer 1955) Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A To/wi'i boat, raft loan into protolanguage Yokuts proto-Yokutsan loan into Proto-Salinan other complex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M tuwipe/ boat, raft unknown Proto-Salinan simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno missing missing Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa kutuuyaalp boat (Lit. that which floats, is carried by the water) unique derived agentive ku- Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa ku:páp raft (made of tule or bullrushes) unknown derived Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave kiikwily raft unknown derived Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai missing missing Jane Hill
Kiliwa missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) hascám reed boat, balsa unknown simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill