tule boat

Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source
Cahuilla missing missing
Cupeño missing missing
Luiseño wixét, wixee7et song word, canoe made of tules, balsa raft semantic shift *woNko Uto-Aztecan PUA 'pine tree', but I wonder if this is a distinct etymon?? Makes no sense (the sewn plank canoe is the BIG wixet (pawxit) Elliott 1999
Gabrielino tah-rīng-hah tara:ynxa' (H 572 'horqueta') boat (bundle of tules) unique simplex Merriam 49:103
Serrano missing missing other complex
Kitanemuk kwiyáxt boat, tunamijam made them of tule at Buena Vista Lake unique perhaps loan? Odd stress. Merriam hi-ēts-ko-mah-nits boat from bundle of tules 48:101 This is NOT the Yawelmani, Yawdanchi word %owon other complex Anderton 1988
Tübatulabal nīht tule raft loan Southern Sierra Miwok WW %nuh perhaps loan, note Proto-Wintun *nuh, loaned into Maidu, Yuki -- might have reached Tub through Sierra Miwok but I don't have any words for tule raft from Eastern Miwok. Lake Miwok has this etyma set other complex K. Hill Tub>Eng
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing
Kawaiisu missing missing
Chemehuevi missing missing
Southern Paiute missing missing
Southern Ute missing missing
Tümpisa Shoshone missing missing
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing
Comanche missing missing
Western Mono awOnno boat, raft inheritance *akwo Numic Stubbs 2011 1717; could be loan from Yokuts owon??? derived Loether & Bethel 1993
Northern Paiute sah'-ke,să-ke tule mat or raft inheritance *saCki Numic saisaki 'tule raft' Liljeblad et al. 2012: simplex Merriam 46:363
Southern Sierra Miwok wo:te- boat loan Spanish WW %bote simplex Broadbent 1964
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing
Northern Sierra Miwok missing missing
Plains Miwok missing missing
Lake Miwok nuuh boat loan Hill Patwin WW %nuh Note Proto-Wintun *nuh 'boat' (Shepherd 2006:134); see also Callaghan 2001:322 simplex Callaghan 1965
Maidu neum (nŭm) raft loan Wintu WW %nuh note Proto-Wintun *nuh (Shepherd 2006:134); noted by Callagan 2001:322 as resemblant seeming to suggest a "Penutian" cognate??? Also Konkow ny: 'raft' (Ultan 1967:16) simplex Merriam 41:353
Nisenan missing missing
Yokuts Yawelmani 7owon boat (bundle of tules) inheritance *7ow'in (?) Proto-Yokutsan Callaghan 2001:322; also oo-loi Merriam 44:529 (there are 2 types -- one where man sits, other for shallow water where he pushes it ahead) other complex vowelharmony shows derivation has occurred Harrington
Yokuts Yawdanchi owon tule boat inheritance *7ow'in (?) Proto-Yokuts Callaghan 2001:322 derived vowel harmony shows derivation Kroeber 1907
Yokuts Palewyami o'won boat inheritance Proto-Yokutsan derived vowel harmony shows derivation Kroeber 1962
Washo missing missing
Wintu nuh-doli raft (?-tied) loan into protolanguage *nuh 'boat' Proto-Wintun Miwokan WW %nuh Shepherd 2006:134;Callaghan 2001:322 notes matches Maidu nö compound Schlichter 1981
Yuki 7u:TA:, 7u:Tahol' boat, raft unknown simplex Sawyer & Schlichter 1984
Wappo missing missing
Mutsun o/-wan canoe loan Yokuts Callaghan 2001 (unless Yok-Utian? More likely loan) simplex Henshaw (Heizer 1955)
Esselen missing missing
Salinan A To/wi'i boat, raft loan into protolanguage Yokuts proto-Yokutsan loan into Proto-Salinan other complex Mason 1918
Salinan M tuwipe/ boat, raft unknown Proto-Salinan simplex Mason 1918
Chumash Obispeno missing missing
Chumash Ineseno missing missing
Chumash Barbareno missing missing
Chumash Ventureno missing missing
Iipay 'Aa kutuuyaalp boat (Lit. that which floats, is carried by the water) unique derived agentive ku- Couro & Hutcheson 1973
Cocopa ku:páp raft (made of tule or bullrushes) unknown derived Crawford 1989
Mojave kiikwily raft unknown derived Munro et al. 1992
Yavapai missing missing
Kiliwa missing missing
Seri (Comcaac) hascám reed boat, balsa unknown simplex Moser & Marlett 2005