pismo clam

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Tivella stultorum missing inheritance missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Central Sierra Miwok Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chemehuevi Tivella stultorum wagátapə voiceless schwa clamshell unique See “frog”; is this a semantic shift of some kind??? Has different ABS same other complex has -pɨ ABS Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Barbareno Tivella stultorum ʔaʧiʃiʃ; ʔalaquc'um clam sp. inheritance *'ala-qu-Cum clam sp., money Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:97 other complex 7al- Beeler 1978:172 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Ineseno Tivella stultorum 7alaquc'um clam sp. inheritance *'ala-qu-Cum Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:97 other complex 7al- Klar 1977:97 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Obispeno Tivella stultorum L'anaqucu; č-kuyama Clam sp., money; Pismo clam inheritance *'ala-qu-Cum Proto-Chumash other complex 7al- Klar 1977:97; Turner 1983:226 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Ventureno Tivella stultorum 7alčʰum; qəpqə7əp; tswaqsiq (F. Librado JPH III:69:0030 clam sp., money; clam inheritance *'ala-qu-Cum Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:97 other complex 7al- Klar 1977:97; JPH III:91:0425 2 1 0 0 1 no
Cocopa Tivella stultorum swi· clam shell, clam unique same underived Crawford 1989 2 1 0 0 1 no
Comanche Tivella stultorum wa?rokoo?, wa?koo? shell of shellfish (clam, oyster, any shell fish) inheritance *ko... Uto-Aztecan probably Stubbs 1906 (2008:267) or perhaps 1905 (*koyo) --- with wa- from “water” -- a loan from somewhere??? broader (any shell) underived Robinson & Armagost 1990:219 2 1 0 0 1 no
Cupeño Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Esselen Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Gabrielino Tivella stultorum -ta:ri-n -ˈta:rin mi almeja (= vagina) unique Note S2387 Central Numic *ta'i “female genitalia”. The question here is, is this a dirty word for “clam”, or a euphemism for “vulva”? no info other complex -ˈta:r-in clam-possessed (requires a possessive prefix) no info 2 1 McC 122 no info gathered (wild) all meat cooked, shells saved for diverse uses 0 1 Tivella beads were money, but not clams in this area Pacific Coast sandy beaches in surf zone no
Iipay 'Aa Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Kawaiisu Tivella stultorum ɁaniɁa shell unique note Mojave hanye “type of small shell” same underived Zigmond et al. 2 1 0 0 1 no
Kiliwa Tivella stultorum m+la? clam, mussel unique broader (bivalve shells?) other complex m-la? archaic.adjectival.prefix-? (la? only in this word) Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 1 no
Kitanemuk Tivella stultorum kaŋawinihwaʔt ˈkaŋawinihwaʔt clam (used as tweezers) unique broader (includes the animal, the shell, and the beads) derived ˈkaŋa-win-ihwaʔ-t beard-pull.out-instrument-npn -niw possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:343 no info 2 source of fancy shell beads used as offerings, money 1 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 1 obtained from Chumash Pacific Coast roughly Monterrey-Baja sandy beaches in surf zone no
Lake Miwok Tivella stultorum káaj clam, clam shell, seashell, shellfish loan unknown Note Salinan A, M xaiìk “mussel underived Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 1 no
Luiseño Tivella stultorum qáp$ut ʹqapşut clam species. Harrington: small clam, white, used for plucking whiskers, Pismo clam unique same other complex ʹqapşu-t clam.sp.-non.possessed.noun (root may be derived) no info Elliott 1999:788 no info 2 1 no info gathered (wild) all no info 0 1 probably traded, but no Tivela at Lake Elsinore; shells are not pretty Pacific Coast Monterrey to Baja California sandy beaches in surf zone no
Maidu Tivella stultorum 7odóko freshwater clam unique relative clause head-grasp Shipley 1963 2 1 0 0 1 no
Mojave Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Mutsun Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Nisenan Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Northern Paiute Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Tivella stultorum 7atkal-y- clam, freshwater (shell is ci:tepa); Merriam has as “fresh water mussels” inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mip other complex -y nominalizer 2 1 0 0 1 no
Plains Miwok Tivella stultorum mul7u:sa- clam, clam shells, seashells (like Chinese spoons) unique underived Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 1 no
Salinan A Tivella stultorum koyáma Pismo clam loan Obispeño Chumash Turner 1983:226 underived Turner 1983:226 2 1 0 0 1 no
Salinan M Tivella stultorum čkóya:m clams loan Obispeño Chumash Turner 1983:226 underived Mason 1918:123; Turner 1983:226 2 1 0 0 1 no
Seri (Comcaac) Tivella stultorum haan Smooth Pacific Venus clam, Chione fluctifraga (perhaps most similar to Pismo) unique narrower (only used in names for some species of clams) and broader (can be any shell with ihaxöl) underived Comcaac Dictionary 306 2 1 0 0 1 no
Serrano Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Southern Paiute Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Tivella stultorum ky:cyp-, lacah:ana- long shell bead, long narrow shell bead (Dentalium?) (more likely Tivella hinge JHH) unique underived Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 1 no
Southern Ute Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Tübatulabal Tivella stultorum tukumpal tugumˈbal sky, white clamshell disks semantic shift *tukuN-pa “sky” Northern Uto-Aztecan S1985a (Stubbs 2009?276) narrower (does not refer to the animal or its shell, probably only to be disks strung as money) other complex tugumˈba-l sky/shell.disk-npn (historically, tukum-pa'an- “sky-on”) Hill 2010:24 no info 2 clam disks used as offerings 1 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 1 these obtained from Chumash, apparently directly Pacific Coast roughly Monterrey-Baja sandy beaches in surf zone no
Tümpisa Shoshone Tivella stultorum kwiyoto, koyoto mussel, clam, seashell inheritance *koyo Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1905 has only as SUA (2008:267); and note Chumash q'oy “olivella) broader (bivalve shells and turtle shells?) underived but what is -to? Dayley 1989:87 2 1 0 0 1 no
Wappo Tivella stultorum pe'-ne-ne small clam unique reduplicated Merriam 52:579 2 1 0 0 1 no
Washo Tivella stultorum šu7wé:k clam unique underived WPD 2 1 0 0 1 no
Western Mono Tivella stultorum ooGa clam shell, coin purse, padlock, turtle loan Miwokan Note Chukchansk ō>k “fresh-water mussels” , but no classifier unknown Bethel et al.:117 2 1 0 0 1 no
Wintu Tivella stultorum L'al clams inheritance *L'al Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived Pitkin 1985 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yavapai Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yokuts Palewyami Tivella stultorum gîxa beads (“disk beads of clam shell” Kroeber 1961:213) loan into protolanguage Yokutsan Takic (?) nearly universal in K , either inheritance or Yowl loan but doesn't have /e/, so probably inheritance WW %kys narrower (the beads, perhaps not the animal or the whole shell) underived Kroeber 1961:194 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Tivella stultorum cuyut' beads (clam shell disks) (Merriam glosses as “a shell” 58:371 inheritance Nim-Yokuts Kroeber also has this form for Yowl narrower (probably just the beads, not the shell and animal) underived Kroeber 1961:194 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Tivella stultorum k'e:xa:' beads (disks of clam shell); “money” N224 Tachi tu'uts Gayton I p. 23 loan into protolanguage Yokutsan Takic (?) All Nim, plus Palewyami in Kroeber WW %kys narrower (possibly just the beads, not the shell and animal) underived Kroeber 1961:194 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yuki Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yuma Tivella stultorum missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no