valley quail

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Callipepla californica hoom-nool Valley quail (Callipepla californica) loan Yokuts Proto-NimYokuts *humn-ul (Golla 1964:64) WW %hum same underived C. H. Merriam 72-77, 60-455 2 1 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Callipepla californica kah-har'-rah, tah-kah'-gah (RM) Valley Quail (Lophortyx) inheritance *takkaka/kakkata Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1702 (2008:241); widespread arealism WW %kaka same underived ultimately onomatopoeia Merriam 61:41 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Callipepla californica qáxal ˈqaxal quail inheritance *kakaC- Uto-Aztecan S1702a (Stubbs 2009:241) WW %kaka same other complex qaxa-l root-non.possessed.noun (root may be sound imitative ultimately) -7aʃ “pet” Possessive classifier -7aʃ wikikmal Seiler&Hioki 1979:169 no info 2 1 yum yum no info hunted All roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 Far west North America to British Columbia open woodlands, chaparral no
Central Sierra Miwok Callipepla californica hék:e:ke- valley quail inheritance Utian In all Mis; Perhaps Utian, see Mutsun heksen reduplicated Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Callipepla californica kah-kah'-rah; kah-kahr' ka'karA Valley quail (Lophortyx) inheritance NUA, but such forms very common in California WW %kaka same underived probably sound imitative in origin Merriam 59:527 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Callipepla californica takak valley quail loan into protolanguage *takaka Proto-Chumash Takic Klar 1977:105, but a widespread arealism, may be a loan WW %kaka reduplicated Beeler 1978:185 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Callipepla californica takak quail loan into protolanguage *takaka Proto-Chumash Takic Klar 1977:105, but a widespread arealism, perhaps a loan WW %kaka underived Applegate 194; 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Callipepla californica takaka quail loan into protolanguage *takaka Proto-Chumash Takic Klar 1977:105; a widespread arealism, probably a loan WW %kaka reduplicated Klar 1977:105 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Callipepla californica tah-kah'-ka Valley quail loan into protolanguage *takaka Proto-Chumash Takic Klar 1977;105; perhaps a loan, a widespread arealism WW %kaka reduplicated Merriam 55:41 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Callipepla californica missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Comanche Callipepla californica tɨe kuyúutsi partridge, quail (small) inheritance *kuyu(...) Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2358 (2008;316), “turkey”, perhaps a loan into Numic from Hopi??? But pretty good corresp. broader (includes partridge??) phrase small quail Robinson & Armagost 1990:163 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Callipepla californica kaxal kaˈxal valley quail inheritance *kakaC- Uto-Aztecan S1702a (Stubbs 2009:241); 1702b is a different word, a Californianism. Proto-form does not include augmentative suffix WW %kaka same other complex kaˈxa-l valley.quail-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals mukikmal Hill & Nolasquez 1973:158 no info 2 1 no info hunted men roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 Far west North America to British Columbia open woodlands, chaparral no
Esselen Callipepla californica kumul quail loan Yokuts Yokutsan *humn-ul WW %hum other complex -l classifier -l Shaul 1995:227 2 1 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Callipepla californica kaka:r kaˈka:r codorniz inheritance *kakaC- Uto-Aztecan S1702a (Stubbs 2009:241); 1702b is a different word, a Californianism. WW %kaka same other complex kaˈka:-r quail-npn (root is sound-imitative) -ʔaʧ “pet” possessive classifier for animals chi:ya Harrington 605 no info 2 quail topknots for wands; cut hair in mourning for Creator 1 all birds eaten (McC 116) no info hunted men roasted 0 0 Far west North America to British Columbia open woodlands, chaparral no
Iipay 'Aa Callipepla californica ɂaahmaa quail inheritance Proto-Yuman Langdon 1976:871 Metath same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Callipepla californica taara quail inheritance Southern Numic only means “Mountain Quail” in Chemehuevi, may be a loan from tata(ka) out of California same underived Zigmond et al. 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Callipepla californica xma?=pi-y-l+t-kw+yaq Gambel's quail (Lophortyx gamblei, lit wilderness hen inheritance Proto-Yuman Langdon 1976:871 Metath same relative clause xma? “poultry, hen”, pi-y “wilderness” kw-yaq REL-lies.on; xma? is the “quail” cognate, so this is marking reversal Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Callipepla californica kakač ˈkakaʧr quail inheritance *kacaC- Uto-Aztecan S1702a (Stubbs 2009:241); 1702b is a different word, a Californianism. WW %kaka same other complex ˈkaka-ʧr quail-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals wicitat Anderton 1988:340 no info 2 topknots decorate ritual regalia 1 no info hunted men roasted, boiled, eggs eaten 0 0 Far west North America to British Columbia open woodlands, chaparral no
Lake Miwok Callipepla californica cokóoko quail (same word is in “blue grouse”) unique Note Mib $okkóttok “quail?” (Bodega Dic p. 67) reduplicated Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Callipepla californica qaxáal qaʹxa:l Southern valley quail inheritance *kakaC- Uto-Aztecan S1702a (Stubbs 2009:241); 1702b is a different word, a Californianism. WW %kaka same other complex qaʹxa:-l quail-non.possessed.noun -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla 7ehéngmal Elliott 1999: 798 no info 2 couplet qaxáal, qaxáawut; cut their hair in mourning for Wuyot (Harrington 1978:121) 1 abundant (Sparkman 1908:199); eggs eaten (ibid) no info hunted men broiling on coals (Sparkman 1908:199) 0 0 Far west North America to B.C. open woodlands, chaparral no
Maidu Callipepla californica soo-soo Valley quail (not here; is lower down CHM) unique reduplicated Merriam 57:41 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mojave Callipepla californica ɂahma quail inheritance Proto-Yuman Langdon 1976:871 Metath; Yuma 7axma/ Halpern 1;30 unknown Munro et al.1992 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Callipepla californica heksen quail (Merriam confirms valley quail Merriam 55:409) inheritance *hek... Utian hek:e:ke- in all Mis, perhaps Utian? underived Okrand 1977:146 2 1 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Callipepla californica hanpaj quail unique includes “pigeon” element han- compound han- pigeon, dove -paj foot, track Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Callipepla californica sekege'e quail (M: Valley quail (Lophortyx) unique almost certainly a loan, find source, might be Sierra Miwok *heke form?? same underived Merriam 61:139 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Callipepla californica hek:ek:e- California quail inheritance Utian In all Mis and see Mutsun heksen reduplicated Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Callipepla californica nyk:y:te- valley quail unique underived Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Callipepla californica hómlek quail (Merriam 55:371 confirms valley quail) loan Yokuts? not in M; Yokutsan *humn-ul WW %hum underived Mason 1918:126; Turner 1980:81 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Callipepla californica smaté:xan; quail (Merriam confirms valley quail) unique Salinan M only not in A other complex s- animal prefix Mason 1918:124 2 1 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Callipepla californica hamoj Gambel's quail, Callipepla gambelii unique Note Yuman ɂhmá (Yavapai), ɂahmaá ('Iipay Aa) -- a connection??? Perhaps an old arealism? same underived Comcaac Dictionary 203 2 1 0 0 0 no
Serrano Callipepla californica kaka:ta7 quail (CHM confirms valley quail) inheritance *kacaC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1702a WW %kaka underived KCHill ms 2001:22 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Callipepla californica qaqara Quail (Merriam: Gambel Quail) loan unknown wide-spread Californian form WW %kaka same underived Sapir 1930:633 confirmed in Merriam's Kai-va-vit 61:359 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Callipepla californica hek:e:ke-, California quail inheritance Utian In all Mis; Perhaps Utian, see Mutsun heksen reduplicated Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Callipepla californica missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Callipepla californica takkāh taˈkah California quail, Valley quail, Callipepla californica loan no information A very widespread Californianism, showing up only in Tubatulabal in Californian; all others have expected *kakaC WW %kaka same underived taˈkah (ultimately sound-imitative) chikkīt Hill 2010:83 no info 2 topknots in feather wand carried at burning 1 no info hunted men roasted on coals, bones ground (some consultants denied Tub. ate eggs before Whites) 0 0 Far west North America to British Columbia open woodlands, chaparral no
Tümpisa Shoshone Callipepla californica kakkaatattsi, takkaakattsi valley quail inheritance *takkaka/kakkata Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Possibly also Tepiman kakaicu, but this is loaned around in California: Stubbs 1702 (2008:241) WW %kaka same other complex kakkaata-ttsi quail-DIM Dayley 1989:42 2 1 0 0 0 no
Wappo Callipepla californica pípi quail unique Note Wintu pʰites from *pHit “feathers”,Yokutsan *T'iphith “mountain quail”, but more likely sound-imitative reduplicated Sawyer 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Washo Callipepla californica t'é:t'ɨl Valley quail unique underived Merriam 55:303; WPD 2 1 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Callipepla californica humunuwa' valley quail (local term for California quail) (Callipepla californica) loan Yokuts Proto-NimYokuts *humnul “Valley quail” (Golla 1964:64) WW %hum same underived tsiipa “bird” Bethel et al.:34 no info 2 1 everybody ate Gayton 2:224 no info hunted men no info 0 0 no
Wintu Callipepla californica pʰites valley quail (CHM confirms 56:7) inheritance *pHit “feathers” Wintun Shepherd 2005; Golla 1997:163 relates to Alsea plu:h “feather, hear” and Wintu phil-e “cut hair”; reference is to quail topknot. Note Yokutsan *T'iphith “mountain quail” relative clause pʰit “feathers” (feathered one, one with topknot) Schlichter 1981 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Callipepla californica missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Callipepla californica Tepid mountain quail inheritance *T'iphith Yokutsan Golla 1964:64 same underived Kroeber 1961:203 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Callipepla californica hummud quail (Merriam confirms Valley quail, Callipepla 58:363) inheritance *humn-ul Yokutsan Golla 1964:64 WW %hum same underived Kroeber 1961:203 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Callipepla californica humnul quail (Merriam confirms) inheritance *humn-ul Yokutsan Golla 1964:64 WW %hum same other complex -ul is separated by Golla, I have no idea why Kroeber 1961:203 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuki Callipepla californica Tu:liš A, F quail inheritance *tulihš Yukian Schlichter 1985 underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuma Callipepla californica ?axmá Valley quail (Lophortyx) inheritance Proto-Yuman Langdon 1976:871 Metath unknown Merriam 61:455, Halpern 1:30 2 1 0 0 0 no