willow

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Salix spp. sal-lam? Willow (Salix spp) loan Yokuts Proto-NimYokuts *salam (Golla 1964:66) same underived C. H. Merriam 60-467 (in pencil) 2 2 1 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Salix spp. syhy-pin willow tree, generic tree in Cherry Creek dialect (M: willow (Salix sp.) inheritance *sɨhɨ Numic Stubbs 2486 (2008:332); is this related to the *sɨhɨ Rhus trilobata words? Both used for basketry withes. narrower (a species of willow, probably) other complex has -pi ABS Crapo 1976:188 2 2 1 0 0 no
Cahuilla Salix spp. ɂávasilʸ ˈʔavasiʎ willow, black willow unique Lu. wat “black willow”, and note Cora waseh “sauce”. Could use some work. narrower (Bean & Saubel 1972:135 record only as Salix Gooddingii, noting that another species (for which they give no information, is /saxat/. Seiler & Hioki give /saxat/ as Mountain Cahuilla; here I am using Palm Springs dialect. other complex ˈʔavasi-ʎ Root may be complex -m-exan-7a "inanimate" -m-exan-7a (inanimate classifier) Seiler&Hioki 1979:17 no info 2 2 1 leaves ground for medicinal tea gathered (wild) women leaves ground in mortar and pulp steeped for several hours 0 0 Southwestern US and presumably Mexico (plants.usda.gov) Along streams and in wet places below 2000 feet no
Central Sierra Miwok Salix spp. sakál:y- willow loan Mono? Gabrielino Jhh other complex -y nominalizer Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 2 1 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Salix spp. sagávə (voiceless schwa) Willow (Salix sp.) inheritance *sakat Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1023 (2008:166) WW %saka narrower (a species of willow) other complex has -pɨ ABS Merriam 59:539 2 2 1 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Salix spp. shtayɨt “S. laevigata; S. lasiolepis unique Central Chumash only underived Timbrook 2007:182 2 2 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Salix spp. shtajyt Merriam defines as Willow sp (small narrow leaves, no [bracts?] Timbrook S. lasiolepis inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Merriam 55:23; Applegate 409 2 2 1 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Salix spp. tsa' Arroyo willow, S. lasiolepis unique underived Timbrook 2007:182 2 2 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Salix spp. khaw S. lasiolepis unique Only in V, C underived Timbrook 2007:180 2 2 1 0 0 no
Cocopa Salix spp. ɂayá· tree, willow inheritance with *-yaaw Proto-Yuman JHH Langdon mentions somewhere with no recon broader (generic for tree) underived Crawford 1989 2 2 1 0 0 no
Comanche Salix spp. sɨhɨɨbi willow inheritance **sɨhɨ Numic Stubbs 2486 (2008:332); is this related to the *sɨhɨ “Rhus trilobata” words? Both used for basketry withes. narrower (a species of willow, surely) other complex has -pi ABS Robinson & Armagost 1990:165 2 2 1 0 0 no
Cupeño Salix spp. pashkavish ˈpaʃkaviʃ pussy willow inheritance *-saka- Uto-Aztecan *pa:-saka-vi “water-willow-?-; S1023 (Stubbs 2009:166) same other complex ˈpaʃkavi-ʃ black.willow-npn Hill & Nolasquez 1973:167 no info 2 2 no info gathered (wild) women mainly for basketry 0 0 Southwestern US and presumably Mexico (plants.usda.gov) along streams, mainly below 2000 feet (??) no
Esselen Salix spp. missing missing missing 2 2 1 0 0 no
Gabrielino Salix spp. $axa:t şaˈxa:t saus inheritance *sakat Uto-Aztecan also as $axa:t at 123 and at 547 in $a$a(:)xat; S1023 (Stubbs 2009:166) same other complex şaˈxa:-t npn Harrington 164 no info 2 used in construction of the yovaar (Harrington 1978:136) 2 no info gathered (wild) women fiber plant, basketry, wood 0 0 Southwestern US and Mexico Along streams and in wet places below 2000 feet no
Iipay 'Aa Salix spp. ɂeyaaw willow (var.) inheritance *-yaaw Proto-Yuman JHH mentioned somewhere by Langdon with no recon. narrower (a kind of willow; there are 3 names in 'Iipay Aa, none identified by C&H) underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 2 1 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Salix spp. puhisɨɨvibɨ Salix lasiolepis inheritance *puhi-*sɨhɨ green-willow Proto-Numic S2486 (2008:332); the compound unique in Kawaiisu, I think same phrase puhi-sɨɨvi-bɨ green-willow-ABS bɨ, pɨ bɨ, pɨ seem to classify for plants, trees 1981 Zigmond 2 2 1 0 0 no
Kiliwa Salix spp. ?+?yaaw willow inheritance with *-yaaw Proto-Yuman JHH same other complex dummy.nominal.element -willow Mixco 1985 2 2 1 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Salix spp. hakat ˈhakat willow (used in coiled basketry) inheritance *sakat Uto-Aztecan S1023 (Stubbs 2009:166) WW %saka broader (includes plant and basketry materials) other complex ˈhaka-t willow-npn -niw possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:298 no info 2 2 mainly for basketry no info gathered (wild) women stems for basketry, other wood uses 0 0 Southwestern U.S. and Mexico Along streams and in wet places below 2000 feet no
Lake Miwok Salix spp. káje willow (generic) (et) unique Callaghan notes similar Pomo words for “manzanita” but I think this is too much of a semantic stretch; plants not similar in form or function JHH underived Callaghan 1965 2 2 1 0 0 no
Luiseño Salix spp. $axát şaʹxat Arroyo willow inheritance *sakat Uto-Aztecan S1023 (Stubbs 2009:166) same other complex şaʹxa-t willow.sp-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:845 no info 2 used in construction of the wamkish (Harrington 1978:136) 2 no info gathered (wild) all twigs and branches cut 0 0 Southwestern US and Mexico Along streams and in wet places below 2000 feet no
Maidu Salix spp. c'ùp'í willow inheritance *c'up' Maiduan Ultan 1964:362 # 38 other complex -i is stem former Shipley 1963 2 2 1 0 0 no
Mojave Salix spp. ɂiidoo willow inheritance with *-yaaw Proto-Yuman JHH but in Langdon somewhere with no recon same underived Munro et al.1992 2 2 1 0 0 no
Mutsun Salix spp. patax; tarax willow; small, white willow (Merriam confirms the latter Merriam 55:421) unique Southern Costanoan only Pinart has “tarraš” in Co IV; Merriam has also for Rumsen underived Mason 1916:430 2 2 1 0 0 no
Nisenan Salix spp. ty:ttyt; c'uju: S. lasiolepis; c'uju is S. hindsiana (CHM Merriam 57:247) unique underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 2 1 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Salix spp. suube silver willow (M: Willow (Salix lasiolepis) inheritance *sɨhɨ Numic Stubbs 2486 (2008:332) same other complex has -pi ABS Merriam 61:151 2 2 1 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Salix spp. sos:o- Merriam S. lasiolepis (CC) inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mip reduplicated Callaghan 1987 2 2 1 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Salix spp. sos:o- red willow; white willow (CHM has none of these) inheritance Eastern Miwokan sos:o in Mins reduplicated Callaghan 1984 2 2 1 0 0 no
Salinan A Salix spp. 7a(:)šwét willow (Salix sp.) unique Salinan A only underived Merriam 55:385; Turner 1980:87 2 2 1 0 0 no
Salinan M Salix spp. pəsxét willow loan Takic saxat; perhaps by way of Yokuts WW %saka other complex p- is articular prefix on loan Mason 1918:129 2 2 1 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Salix spp. paaij Goodding willow, driftwood unique narrower (a species of willow) underived Comcaac Dictionary 463 2 2 1 0 0 no
Serrano Salix spp. haqat willow inheritance *sakat Uto-Aztecan S1023 (Stubbs 2009:166) other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:12 2 2 1 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Salix spp. qanavɨ willow (Merriam: Willow sp. (small, red, on Colorado R.) inheritance *kana Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2487 (2008:332), some issues with the set narrower (a species of willow) other complex has -pɨ ABS Sapir 1930:629 2 2 1 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Salix spp. sakaHl- small willow used for making baskets (Merriam has S. lasiolepis) loan Mono or Takic CHECK Same loan is into Proto-Nim-Yokuts from Takic WW %saka underived Broadbent 1964: 2 2 1 0 0 no
Southern Ute Salix spp. kaná-vŲ willow inheritance *kana Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2487 (2008:332), some issues with the set same other complex has -pɨ ABS Givon 1979 2 2 1 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Salix spp. sāhat sa:ˈhat willow, Salix laevigata inheritance *sakat Uto-Aztecan S1023 (Stubbs 2009:166) WW %saka same other complex sa:ˈha-t willow-npn Hill 2010:77 no info 2 2 mainly for baskets, matting, etc. no info gathered (wild) women basketry 0 0 Southwestern U.S. and Mexico Along streams and in wet places below 2000 feet no
Tümpisa Shoshone Salix spp. süüpin willow, wicker inheritance *sɨhɨ Proto-Numic S2486 (2008:332) same other complex süü-pin willow-CL pin Dayley 1989:262 2 2 1 0 0 no
Wappo Salix spp. chùpe pót'e white willow (for baskets) (CHM confirms S. hindsiana 52:583) inheritance Yukian-Wappo Yukian *sip(i/a); Elmendort 1993:211 phrase willow gray Sawyer 1965 2 2 1 0 0 no
Washo Salix spp. hímu Salix nigra, hindsiana, geyeriana unique underived Merriam 55:315; WPD 2 2 1 0 0 no
Western Mono Salix spp. sɨhɨbɨ (Pacific) willow tree (Salix lasiandra) inheritance *sɨhɨ Proto-Numic S2486 (2008:332) same derived -pɨ Bethel et al.:182 no info 2 2 no info gathered (wild) women withes (sticks) used in basket-making; they are the tan withes 0 0 no
Wintu Salix spp. tonmi “white willow” white willow, used for baskets (CHM confirms S. hindsiana 56:117 McCloud) inheritance *ton - *mi Wintun Shepherd 2005 compound Pitkin 1985 2 2 1 0 0 no
Yavapai Salix spp. ɂyó·, ɂyó: willow inheritance with *-yaaw Proto-Yuman JHH, mentioned somewhere by Langdon with no recon unknown Shaterian 1983 2 2 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Salix spp. missing missing missing 2 2 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Salix spp. caxatc willow (Merriam confirms; for Wik is S. lasiolepis (58:575) loan Takic perhaps from Kitanemuk/Serrano before the change *s > /h/;; probably into Proto-Nim-Yokuts same underived Kroeber 1961:199 2 2 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Salix spp. şaxaT, caxaT willow (Merriam: S. nigra) 58:567 loan Takic perhaps from Kitanemuk/Serrano before the change *s > /h/; probably into Proto-Nim-Yokuts WW %saka narrower (a kind of willow) underived Kroeber 1961:199 2 2 1 0 0 no
Yuki Salix spp. šipi A,šipit A Willow (white) inheritance *sip, *sipa, *sipi Yukian-Wappo Schlichter 1985; Elmendorf 1993:211 other complex -it a noun suffix Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 2 1 0 0 no
Yuma Salix spp. a-thō' Willow (Salix sp.) inheritance with *-yaaw Proto-Yuman JHH but in Langdon somwhere with no recon unknown Merriam 61:469 2 2 1 0 0 no