wood rat, round-tail

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Neotoma spp. hit'-chit Wood rat, round-tail (Neotoma spp.) loan Yokuts Yowlumne hit'-sits (wood.carrier); hit-chit' same underived C. H. Merriam 72-77, 60-451 2 1 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Neotoma spp. kaan rat (M: wood rat, Neotoma (RM) inheritance *kawa Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1423 (2008:213) same underived Crapo 1976:167 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Neotoma spp. qáwal ˈqawal rat inheritance *kawa- Northern Uto-Aztecan S1423 (Stubbs 2009:242) same other complex qawa-l -7aʃ "pet" animal is -7ash; the meat is with a meat classifier, usually -sex7a “cooked item” or -wa7 “roasted item” (Seiler 1977:304-5) Seiler & Hioki 1979:167 no info 2 1 unmarried boys could not eat their own small game; they gave it to another family (often the mother's family) (Strong 1929:78) no info hunted All special stick to dig out of holes; boiled, roasted 0 0 Western US, Northern Mexico Diverse habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Neotoma spp. pús:i:na-, púT:e:se- rat unique Sierra Miwokan only This looks like the Miss “mouse” word, probably wrong form other complex -Hna Broadbent 123 Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Neotoma spp. ká·tsI Wood rat, round-tail (Neotoma) inheritance *kawa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1423 (2008:242) same other complex has -ci ABS Merriam 59:523 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Neotoma spp. ʧ'iʔ woodrat unique Central Chumash only underived Beeler 1978:174 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Neotoma spp. ʧ'iʔ (Merriam kē'-e 55:5) woodrat inheritance Central Chumash only underived Applegate 202 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Neotoma spp. tqolo raton (but cognate w/ C. Chumash rata) inheritance Proto-Chumash surely a sound-symbolic change other complex t- JPH III:1:119 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Neotoma spp. nakh woodrat unique underived Merriam 55:39; JPH III:69:0405 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Neotoma spp. ɂamíły wood rat inheritance Proto-Yuman Kiliwa ?+maql, Yavapai (ɂ)mālka;, 'Iipay Aa ɂemallk; Yuma ah-mi'-ĕk?? same underived Crawford 1989 2 1 0 0 0 no
Comanche Neotoma spp. kaa rat inheritance *kawa Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1423 (2008:213) same underived Rejon 1995:40 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Neotoma spp. kawel ˈkawal woodrat inheritance *kawa- Northern Uto-Aztecan S1423 (Stubbs 2009:242) same other complex ˈkawa-l woodrat-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:157 no info 2 part of the game caught by baby culture hero 1 su'cham, kawlam, the prototypical food source no info hunted men special stick for digging out of burrows; diverse preparations 0 0 Western U.S. diverse habitats no
Esselen Neotoma spp. makel (Henshaw) rat loan Salinan make/il in both SA, SM underived ends in -l but so does Salinan form so perhaps not countable as suffix Turner & Shaul 1981:120 2 1 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Neotoma spp. xa:r xa:r rata inheritance *kawa- Northern Uto-Aztecan Kitanemuk kachr; S1423 (Stubbs 2009:242) same other complex xa:-r rat-npn -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Harrington 502 no info 2 1 McC p. 116 no info hunted men roasted, boiled, bones ground 0 0 Western U.S., northern Mexico Diverse habitats no
Iipay 'Aa Neotoma spp. ɂemallk woodrat inheritance Proto-Yuman Kiliwa ?+maql, Yavapai (ɂ)mālka, Yuma ah-mi'-ĕk same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Neotoma spp. kaa-zi woodrat inheritance *kawa Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1423 (2008:242) broader (also beavers) other complex kawa-zi rat-ABS Zigmond et al. 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Neotoma spp. ?+maql rat (Neotoma) inheritance Proto-Yuman Iipay Aa ɂemallk; Yavapai (ɂ)mālka same other complex ? dummy.nominal.element + rat Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Neotoma spp. kač ˈkaʧr rat inheritance *kawa- Northern Uto-Aztecan S1423 (Stubbs 2009:242) same other complex ka-ʧr rat-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:339 no info 2 1 no info hunted men roasted, boiled, bones ground, diverse preparations 0 0 Western U.S., northern Mexico Diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Neotoma spp. jullu woodrat unique underived Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Neotoma spp. qáwla ʹqawla woodrat inheritance *kawa- Northern Uto-Aztecan S1423 (Stubbs 2009:242) same other complex ʹqaw-la woodrat-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:798 no info 2 1 “much liked” Sparkman 1908:198) no info hunted men roasted, boiled 0 0 Western U.S., northern Mexico diverse habitats no
Maidu Neotoma spp. 7óm sàpa woodrat unique phrase rock X Shipley 1963 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mojave Neotoma spp. ɂavee; oh hool' yä Merriam 55:136 rat , mouse semantic shift Colorado River Yuman This is 7ave. “mouse” in Maricopa, Yuma; Yuma has kwa.shtam7u.ki/nyk “woodrat” broader (small rodent not squirrel) underived a woodrat clan Munro et al.1992 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Neotoma spp. hire; rat (Merriam confirms round-tail wood rat Merriam 55:405) inheritance Costanoan Pinart has in Co II, III, IV underived Okrand 1977:146; Mason 1916:428 2 1 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Neotoma spp. wat'i rat unique underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Neotoma spp. kawa Packrat (M: Wood rat, roundtail (Neotoma) inheritance *kawa Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1423 (2008:213) same underived Yerington Dictionary 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Neotoma spp. lol:ok-u- long-tailed rat, woodrat inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Miss, Mip other complex -u nominalizer Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Neotoma spp. lol:okoh woodrat inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mins, Miss, Mip reduplicated Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Neotoma spp. mákiL rat (Merriam 55:369 confirms round-tailed woodrat) unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:123 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Neotoma spp. mákel; rat (Merriam 55:369 confirms round-tailed woodrat) unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:123 2 1 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Neotoma spp. xpos packrat, white-throated woodrat (Neotoma albigula) unique same underived Comcaac Dictionary 599 2 1 0 0 0 no
Serrano Neotoma spp. qar:-T rat, woodrat inheritance *kawa- Northern Uto-Aztecan S1423 (Stubbs 2009:242) other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:49 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Neotoma spp. qa:tsI Round-tail woodrat (Neotoma) inheritance *kawa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1423 (2008:242) same other complex has -tsi ABS Sapir 1930:627 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Neotoma spp. lol:ok- wood rat inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mins, Mip reduplicated Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Neotoma spp. káac?ą-cI pack-rat, gopher inheritance *kawa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1983 (2008:275) broader (includes gophers?) other complex has -ci ABS Givon 1979 2 1 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Neotoma spp. hawal haˈwal woodrat inheritance *kawa- Northern Uto-Aztecan S1423 (Stubbs 2009:242) same other complex haˈwa-l woodrat-npn Hill 2010:22 no info 2 1 no info hunted men roasted on coals, bones ground 0 0 Western U.S., northern Mexico Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Neotoma spp. kawan rat inheritance *kawa Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1423 (2008:213) same underived Dayley 1989:49 2 1 0 0 0 no
Wappo Neotoma spp. 7óhka rat, woodrat (CHM confirms) unique underived Sawyer 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Washo Neotoma spp. páša wood rat unique underived WPD 2 1 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Neotoma spp. qawa, xawa woodrat inheritance *kawa Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1423 (2008:213) same (centers on packrat) underived Bethel et al.:165 no info 2 1 no info hunted men no info 0 0 no
Wintu Neotoma spp. Lomus packrat, woodrat, edible mountain rat (CHM confirms) inheritance *Lom Wintun Shepherd 2005:122; in Nomlaki, Patwin is “fisher” other complex given harmonizing vowel I think this is -Vs derivation Pitkin 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Neotoma spp. (ɂ)mālka wood rat inheritance Proto-Yuman Kiliwa ?+maql, 'Iipay Aa ɂemallk unknown Shaterian 1983 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Neotoma spp. hoo'-mutch'-e, hoo'-mut-che round-tail wood rat inheritance Yokutsan widespread form, not universal; note Yawd domòdumutc same reduplicated basically dumu-ch (perhaps agentive suffix); Yowl form means “gathers wood” but is not the same verb Merriam 58:519 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Neotoma spp. domòdumutc wood rat (Merriam confirms 58:359) inheritance Nim-Yokuts Yawd, Wik, Michahay, Tachi same reduplicated Kroeber 1961:201 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Neotoma spp. hitsits, hidsic' hidsic' N 164 woodrat unique same other complex *hide:s “gather wood” plus -ic' Kroeber 1961:201 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuki Neotoma spp. naw-che'-um WHO wood rat inheritance *nawč Yukian Schlichter 1985 other complex -am derives nouns Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuma Neotoma spp. ah-mi'-ĕk Wood rat, round-tail (Neotoma) inheritance Proto-Yuman Kiliwa ?+maql, Yavapai (ɂ)mālka;, 'Iipay Aa ɂemallk; Resemblant Cocopa ɂamíły?? unknown Merriam 61:453 2 1 0 0 0 no