black ant

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger missing missing missing 2 0 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger tuu-tasamincih black ant calque English black-black.ant same phrase Crapo 1976:106 2 0 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger kúvišnilʸ ˈkuviʃniʎ small ant inheritance *kusin(pa) Cupan Also in Cupeño. S48 (Stubbs 2009:44) suggests O'odham 7uhimal “large velvet-covered ant”, which seems unlikely. Cahuilla has a metathesis broader (while this is the word for a small black ant, it is also the generic for “small ant” derived In Cupeño, word is ku$ín-ve-l “take.away-er”; Cahuilla ˈkuviʃni-ʎ must have similar derivation in the long root. Has there been metathesis? Which way? -7aʃ "pet" possibly possessive classifier -7ash Seiler&Hioki 1979:87 no info 2 0 ants and larvae eaten no info gathered (wild) All anthill swarms with larvae pushed into pits with hot rocks and roasted, also boiled 0 0 All Americas Diverse habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger homo'-kel-loo big black ant inheritance Sierra Miwokan only Also in Mins phrase homo element widespread; meaning unknown Merriam 57:465 2 0 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger on'-tat' Black ant inheritance Southern Numic only Note Kawaiisu Ɂoodɨ-ci “black ant” same underived note Press 'onto-ka BROWN (V) Merriam 59:537 2 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger anenoho black ant loan Takic Takic 7ani-t phrase ane-noho ant-X Heizer/Pinart I:59 2 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger missing missing missing 2 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger t qaya small black ant inheritance *tkaya' Proto-Chumash other complex t- Klar 1977:64 2 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger aniwouho aLnunasimilaqsa small black ant loan Takic Takic 7ane- “ant, red ant” other complex ant-X JPH III:69:0081 from FL 2 0 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger šmuyúły nyi·ły black ant unique no info phrase ant black (calque?) Crawford 1989 2 0 0 0 0 no
Comanche Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger tɨe anikuura? sugar ant unique narrower (small black kitchen ants are probably meant) phrase small ant Robinson & Armagost 1990:164 2 0 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger ku$inval kuˈşinval small black ant inheritance *kusin(pa) Cupan S48 (Stubbs 2009:44) suggests O'odham 7uhimal “large velvet-covered ant”, which seems unlikely. Cahuilla has a metathesis tp kuvisnil same derived kuˈşin-va-l take.away-agent-npn (should be transparent; these are the kitchen ants that carry off crumbs, sugar, etc.) -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:159 no info 2 0 these are very small no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Esselen Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger missing missing missing 2 0 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger yoxa:r joˈxa:r hormiga chiquita amarilla, hormiga picadora inheritance *yuka:- Takic S47 (Stubbs 2009:44), otherwise only in Serrano, possible loan? same other complex joˈxa:-r black.ant-npn (jo- is in root for “black”) -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Harrington 400 no info 2 0 no info gathered (wild) women and children larvae often eaten raw as found McC 121 0 0 Americas diverse habitats (depends on species) no
Iipay 'Aa Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger mechhallaahall black ant (that bites, lives on oak trees) unique narrower (a kind of black ant) underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 0 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger Ɂoodɨ-ci Black ant inheritance Southern Numic Note Chemehuevi on-tat (Merriam); Press has onto-ka “brown” same other complex Ɂoodɨ-ci ant-DIM Zigmond et al. 2 0 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger kl?mayup ant, black, medium-sized, lives in willow, sycamore, and cottonwood trees unique narrower (a kind of black ant) underived Mixco 1985 2 0 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger yokač ˈjokaʧr ant sp: black, medium-sized inheritance *yuka Takic S47 (Stubbs 2009:44) same other complex ˈjoka-ʧr ant.sp-npn; may contain element yu - from “black” -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:591 no info 2 0 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger holóot'aj large black ants loan Wappo “probably from Western Wappo ho:lotTew' “ant” with -aj by analogy with other insect terms” 39. Mib has almost exactly the Wappo word. other complex -aj Callaghan 1965 2 0 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger lamáqata laʹmaqata tick-like animal; a kind of black ant (Bright), bites but does not sting (Harrington) unique narrower (a species of black ant, not black ant in general) other complex laʹmaqa-ta black.ant-non.possessed.noun (long root must be derived etymologically) 7a:nat Elliott 1999:449 no info 2 0 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Americas diverse (depends on species) no
Maidu Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger poo-koo'-le-soo small stinking black ant unique phrase meaning unknown Merriam 57:51 2 0 0 0 0 no
Mojave Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger chamaduuly ɂavii type of black ant unique narrower (a species of black ant) phrase chamaduuly ɂavii ant mountain/rock Munro et al.1992 2 0 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger poskoi-min black ant (Merriam confirms) unique relative clause -min "one who is/has" Mason 1916:428 2 0 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger bu:pepe small black stinking ant unique relative clause bu: break wind, stink Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 0 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger anebe little black ants semantic shift *anɨN Uto-Aztecan usually this is “red ant”; Stubbs 44 (2008:44) same other complex has -pi ABS Merriam 61:149; Yerington Dictionary 2 0 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger oo-moo'-goo-loo black ant inheritance Sierra Miwokan only Also in Mics; this is the homo:- element compound looks compound with the /homo/ element like in Mics Merriam 57:433 2 0 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger mulu7lu7 tisi:naj black ants unique neologism? loan translation? phrase black ant Callaghan 1984 2 0 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger c'an black ant; Carpenter ant unique Salinan underived Merriam 55:381; Turner 1983:67 2 0 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger santən black ant unique Salinan this is a plural underived Mason 1918:124 2 0 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger cootaj coopol black ant unique same phrase ant black Comcaac Dictionary 228 2 0 0 0 0 no
Serrano Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger kah-powm big black ant unique other complex looks like a plural suffix -m Merriam 60:111 2 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger aŋa·vi Small black ant sp. inheritance *anɨN Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 44 (2008:44); I think this is a semantic shift; this is usually red ant narrower (a kind of black ant) other complex has -pi ABS Sapir 1930:548 2 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger paTa:ka- small black ant unique Probably same root as Misn pa:Tymy “ant underived Broadbent 1964: 2 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger túu-tAsí?ą-vI black ant calque English black-ant (I am sure this is a calque, probably formed upon elicitation; no other Numic lg. does this same phrase black-ant-ABS Givon 1979 2 0 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger ullumush ʔuluˈmuʃ big black ant unique same underived Hill 2010:101 no info 2 0 Voegelin 1938:12 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger missing missing missing 2 0 0 0 0 no
Wappo Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger missing missing missing 2 0 0 0 0 no
Washo Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger yagɨlt'áyhɨŋé7 black ant (big) unique phrase Merriam 55:313; WPD 2 0 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger ko'-kon-noi; waw-ko'-noi-i (in hollow trees & logs) black ant loan Yokuts Chukchansi kah'-kow “red ant”; Yowlumne kah-kow (big hairy stinging red ant) same underived Merriam 59:83 no info 2 0 no info no info N/A no info 0 0 no
Wintu Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger lalas ti'ido:q little black ant, tiny stink ant unique phrase Schlichter 1981 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger čnᶏhpŭka black ant (small, brown) unique unknown Shaterian 1983 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger missing missing missing 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger haw'-di-haw'-di; Black ant (Wik) inheritance *k/po:lay- Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:60 same reduplicated Merriam 58:373) 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger xO:layxOla:y black ant (Merriam confirms “big black ant” 58:563 inheritance *k/po:lay- Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:60 same reduplicated Newman 1944:36 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yuki Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger o-lah'-letch MWO small odorous ant, piss ant unique other complex -ich suffix Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 0 0 0 0 no
Yuma Camponotus pennsylvanicus/Lasius niger missing missing missing 2 0 0 0 0 no