California jay

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Aphelocoma californica? tri'-tri California Jay loan Yokuts Yowlumne ki'-ki; tri'-tri (Merriam); Gashowu tri-tri WW %chaj same underived obvious reduplication but in Yokuts C. H. Merriam 72-77, 60-455 2 1 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Aphelocoma californica? ), zi'-vitch, chi'-itch (RM)tsai-pittsih blue jay (M: Woodhouse jay (Aphelocoma) loan into protolanguage *ca'i Northern Uto-Aztecan unknown a widespread arealism, but Stubbs has for PNUA (2009 (2008:68) WW %chaj same other complex has -piccih ABS Miller 1972:157 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Aphelocoma californica? čáʔiš ˈʧaʔiʃ bluejay without a crest loan into protolanguage *cha7i- Northern Uto-Aztecan unknown S209, Central Numic, Chemehuevi, Tubatulabal, Takic, always “blue jay” (Stubbs 2009:68). Note similar words in Yokutsan, Chumash ch'ay' WW %chaj same other complex ʹʧaɂi (simplex root)-ʃ (non-possessed noun) -7aʃ “pet” takes possessive classifier -7aʃ (Seiler 1977:305 wikikmal Seiler&Hioki 1979:75 no info 2 1 Jays cache food; owners of trees collected tree caches for human use no info hunted All roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 I have not seen jay feathers mentioned as trade items throughout western North America (distributions from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) scrublands, woodlands (Habitats from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) no
Central Sierra Miwok Aphelocoma californica? Tajiš-mu- bluejay loan *Tajich Sierra Miwokan only unknown Callaghan 1997:58; Note Proto-General Yokuts *T'ayT'ay WW %chaj derived -mu- agentive Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Aphelocoma californica? ahng ɂá·ŋA JPH California jay (Aphelocoma) inheritance Proto-Numic Stubbs 220 (2008:69); Colorado River Southern Numic; Stubbs 220 (2008:69), but also Yerington anga “Pinyon Jay”! Add to Stubbs. same underived Merriam 59:527 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Aphelocoma californica? ch'ay' scrub jay, California Jay loan into protolanguage Central Chumash only Yokuts very widespread form; loan into Central Chumash at least; note NUA *cha'i Stubbs 209 WW %chaj underived Beeler 1978:174 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Aphelocoma californica? chi”; chi'-e California jay loan into protolanguage Central Chumash only Yokuts loan into Central Chumash at least WW %chaj underived Merriam 55:9 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Aphelocoma californica? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Aphelocoma californica? chi'-chi' California jay inheritance Central Chumash only In Barbareno WW %chay reduplicated Merriam 55:51 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Aphelocoma californica? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Comanche Aphelocoma californica? ebihuutsuu? bluejay, bluebird unique this has *huttu, but is totally unlike other Shoshone, probably a calque broader (vague as to even genus! -- Aphelocoma? Cyanocitta? Sialia? phrase blue-bird Robinson & Armagost 1990:162 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Aphelocoma californica? cha'ish ˈʧaʔiʃ bluejay loan into protolanguage *chaʔi- Northern Uto-Aztecan unknown S209, Central Numic, Tubatulabal, Takic, always “blue jay” (Stubbs 2009:68) and widespread areally, probably originally a California-origin loan WW %chaj same other complex ˈʧaʔi-ʃ blue.jay-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals mukikmal Hill & Nolasquez 1973:152 no info 2 1 eggs surely eaten, and acorn caches used no info no info no info no info 0 0 throughout western North America (distributions from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) scrublands, woodlands (Habitats from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) no
Esselen Aphelocoma californica? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Aphelocoma californica? tsi'-e ˈʧaʔij (?) California jay loan into protolanguage *chaʔi- Northern Uto-Aztecan unknown Kitanemuk cayca7y “blue jay”; S209, Central Numic, Tubatulabal, Takic, always “blue jay” (Stubbs 2009:68). Note similarity of Yokut, Chumash words. WW %chaj same other complex ˈʧaʔi-j Jay-npn -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals chi:ya http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 421 no info 2 1 all birds eaten (McC 116) no info hunted men roasted, mainly 0 0 throughout western North America (distributions from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) scrublands, woodlands (Habitats from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) no
Iipay 'Aa Aphelocoma californica? kulashaash bluejay unique Note Yavapai čàsčā·sa, aash part might just be “bird” same underived looks like it might contain the “bird” word etymologically Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Aphelocoma californica? soi'-e-kiz-ză (K); soi-e-jij-jah (P) California jay unique same other complex soyiki-zi jay-ABS Merriam 59:367 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Aphelocoma californica? ?+suul Mexican jay unique same other complex ɂ- “dummy nominal prefix”, suul only in this form Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Aphelocoma californica? caycaʔy ˈʦajʦaʔj bird sp: bluish, no crest, harsh scream, seen in oak trees loan *chaʔi- Northern Uto-Aztecan Yokuts Kitanemuk cayca7y “blue jay”; S209, Central Numic, Tubatulabal, Takic, always “blue jay” (Stubbs 2009:68). Note similarity of Yokuts, Chumash words. I think this reduplicated form is recent Yokutsan loan. WW %chaj same reduplicated ˈʦajʦaʔ-j dup-jay-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals wicitat Anderton 1988:281 no info 2 1 no decent info but everybody ate songbirds and eggs no info hunted men roasted, boiled, eggs eaten 0 0 throughout western North America (distributions from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) scrublands, woodlands (Habitats from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) no
Lake Miwok Aphelocoma californica? sajíic mountain bluejay (et) loan Kashaya Pomo note sw pomo s'ayí jay (1965:120); Proto-Pomo *c'ay(:)yi; Pmiw *$ajiic, Pmis *Tajich; an areal form but in this case probably a recent loan due to high similarity and non-cognacy with Miwokan WW %chaj underived Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Aphelocoma californica? wí'kas-ma-l ʹwiɁkasmal blue jay without crest inheritance *wiCtiki Uto-Aztecan S205, with consonant assimilation *tVk > kVk. (Stubbs 2009:67). The /s/ derivation is unclear. *kasa is a Numic “wing” word. same derived ʹwiɁka-s-mal; bird-?-diminutive. -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla 7ehéngmay Elliott 1999:1047 no info 2 1 must have been eaten, but never mentioned. Jays cache food; owners of trees collected tree caches for human use and even felled trees to reach acorns no info no info no info no info 0 0 throughout western North America (distributions from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) scrublands, woodlands (Habitats from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) no
Maidu Aphelocoma californica? kàjhísky California bluejay loan unknown This looks more like the “Crested Jay” k'aj word WW %kaj derived fly-X Shipley 1963 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mojave Aphelocoma californica? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Aphelocoma californica? saiae; ah'sh-sheet jays; California jay loan *saj... Utian unknown Pmiw *$ajiic; but a widespread arealism; Callaghan thinks the similar Mil word is Kashaya Pomo;, but gives as PmiMu 1962:102; Perhaps Yok-Utian WW %chaj underived Mason 1916:428; Merriam 55:409 2 1 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Aphelocoma californica? c'ajit bluejay loan unknown areal form; Note Mis *Tajich, PW *ch'ayi(:)k “scrub jay” Shepherd 2005 WW %chaj underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Aphelocoma californica? we at'-se-m California jay (Aphelocoma) unique unknown Merriam 61:139 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Aphelocoma californica? TajTi- bluejay loan into protolanguage *Tajich Sierra Miwokan only unknown Callaghan 1997;58 WW %chaj other complex -Ti probably thematic Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Aphelocoma californica? sajsi- bluejay, Stellar Jay (CHM has for Aphelocoma) loan into protolanguage Miwokan unknown See Pmiw *$ajiic (which may be Patwin loan) -- an areal word: Callaghan 1997:58 WW %chaj underived Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Aphelocoma californica? T'ay' bluejay (Merriam confirms California Jay) loan unknown areal form; Miwokan *T'ayT'ay, Yokutsan similar, etc. WW %chaj underived Mason 1918:125j; Turner 1983:227 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Aphelocoma californica? Tahi bluejay (Merriam 55:371 confirms California Jay) loan unknown areal form; Miwokan *T'ayT'ay, Yokutsan similar, etc. WW %chaj underived Mason 1918:125 2 1 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Aphelocoma californica? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Serrano Aphelocoma californica? chi'-chi California jay loan *cha7i- Northern Uto-Aztecan Yokuts Kitanemuk cayca7y “blue jay”; S209, Central Numic, Tubatulabal, Takic, always “blue jay” (Stubbs 2009:68). Note similarity of Yokuts, Chumash words. I think this reduplicated form is recent Yokutsan loan. WW %chaj reduplicated Merriam 72-27, 60-101 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Aphelocoma californica? tco'iŋk Arizona jay (long-tailed and uncrested) unique Southern Numic only Note Kawaiisu čoɁiki-ži “Pinyon jay”; possibly from the cha'i word?? same underived Sapir 1930:698 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Aphelocoma californica? tajic:u- California bluejay loan into protolanguage *Tajich Sierra Miwokan only unknown Callaghan 1997:58; Proto-General Yokuts *T'ayT'ay WW %chaj underived I think etymologically there's a -c:u here Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Aphelocoma californica? pųų-vų-ráa-cI bluejay unique same phrase pųų-vų-ráa-cI fur-ABS-little-ABS Givon 1979 2 1 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Aphelocoma californica? ātsayyipisht ʔa:ʣajiˈbiʃt bluejay, probably Steller's Jay, Cyanocitta stelleri loan into protolanguage *chaʔi- Northern Uto-Aztecan unknown S209, Central Numic, Tubatulabal, Takic, always “blue jay” (Stubbs 2009:68). Note similar words in Yokutsan. WW %chaj same derived ʔa:ʣaj-iˈbiʃ-t ?-individuator (ind) -npn chikkīt Hill 2010:12 no info 2 1 Voegelin 1938:12 no info hunted men roasted on coals, bones ground (some consultants denied Tub. ate eggs before Whites) 0 0 throughout western North America (distributions from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) scrublands, woodlands (Habitats from Wikipedia unless otherwise noted) no
Tümpisa Shoshone Aphelocoma californica? kayüntsih scrub jay loan into protolanguage Central Numic only unknown this is in Big Smokey Valley for “Pinyon Jay” WW %kaj same underived -tsih is NOT same as -ttsi diminutive Dayley 1989:50 2 1 0 0 0 no
Wappo Aphelocoma californica? c'áy bluejay (CHM confirms 52:569) loan Pomo Yukian *č'ə7əy; but Pomo c'ayi, ca”yi better; Wintun čayi(:)k, Mis Tajič, Miw *$aji:ch, Nisenan ch'ajit “bluejay” WW %chaj underived Sawyer 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Washo Aphelocoma californica? medukc'áyc'ay California jay; blue jay (WPD) loan unknown c'áyc'ay is the areal form for this bird; cannot be of Washo origin; note Washo doesn't have usual “woodpecker” word WW %chaj phrase, reduplicated medu? WPD 2 1 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Aphelocoma californica? tseeGo'nO Valley blue jay (local name) (probably the scrub jay, Aphelocoma coerulescens) unique same onomatopoeic maybe from tsiko-na “tsiko-says” ?? tsiipa “bird” Bethel et al.:252 no info 2 1 no info hunted men 0 0 no
Wintu Aphelocoma californica? c'ayik jaybird, bluejay, smooth-headed bluejay (CHM confirms) loan into protolanguage *č'ayi(:)k Wintun unknown Shepherd 2005 WW %chaj underived Pitkin 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Aphelocoma californica? čàsčā·sa blue jay, pinyon jay unique Looks a bit like the cha'i sets in Takic unknown Shaterian 1983 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Aphelocoma californica? ɂoyičaɂ blue jay unique nothing like this in Kroeber, he has all chay, Tai forms (1961:203) same underived Note that really nothing is known about Palewyami; word may have derivational elements Gamble 1991 (from Harrington) 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Aphelocoma californica? Táicudètc bluejay (Merriam confirms Aphelocoma 58:363) loan into protolanguage *T'ayT'ay General Yokuts unknown Callaghan 1997:58; missing only in Pal; compare Mis Tajič, Miw *$aji:ch, Nisenan ch'ajit “bluejay”; Yukian *č'ə7əy; but Pomo c'ayi, ca”yi better; Wintun čayi(:)k, etc. WW %chaj same other complex this has the T'ay element and a suffix that looks like Pal. -wilets. Kroeber 1961:203 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Aphelocoma californica? T'ayT'ay T is retroflex t (with subdot in original) bluejay loan into protolanguage *T'ayT'ay General Yokuts unknown Callaghan 1997:58; missing only in Pal; compare Mis Tajič, Miw *$aji:ch; Nisenan ch'ajit “bluejay”; probably a loan into the proto-language; UA words like cha'ish are same thing WW %chaj same reduplicated Newman 1944:14 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuki Aphelocoma californica? čą7e A bluejay loan *č'ə7əy Yukian unknown Schlichter 1985; areal WW %chaj underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuma Aphelocoma californica? hre-kă-poo-soo' California jay (Aphelocoma) unique unknown Merriam 61:455 2 1 0 0 0 no