chia

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Salvia columbariae missing inheritance missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Cahuilla Salvia columbariae pásal ˈpasal columbariae, ground wheat, chia inheritance *pasa/i Californian S1599 (Stubbs 2009:233). Only Numic is Tumpisa Shoshone, almost certainly a loan from Tubatulabal. This shows up in Chumash, itepesh(Ventureno), Salinan, may be an old Californianism. WW %pasv same other complex pasa-l -kíɂiw-ɂa “my waiting, my claim” possessive classifier -kíɂiw-ɂa “my waiting, my claim” (Seiler 1977:301) Seiler&Hioki 1979:141 no info 1 1 most important seed source 1 chia mush used as poultice for infections Gathered (wild but closely managed) women seeds hulled, parched, ground into flour, mixed with other wild seeds in mush 0 0 California and Southwest Below 6000 feet in dry open areas, extensive stands in chaparral no
Central Sierra Miwok Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Salvia columbariae pah-sĕCH pasily Chia (Salvia columbariae) loan Cupan Stubbs 1599 (2008:2333), Cupan, Gab, Sr, Tb; TS probably a loan; this may be cognate, so TS good??). But this is clearly the Cupan word WW %pasv same underived Merriam 59:543 1 1 1 Merriam notes “medicine” Merriam 59:543 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Salvia columbariae ilepesh chia inheritance *'epV- Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:75-6 same other complex -Vš resultative Timbrook 2007;192 1 “given as a ceremonial offering at most public and private rituals” Timbrook 2007:192 1 1 to clear eyes of particles gathered (wild but closely managed) women toasted, ground into flour 0 0 to Island Chumash “one hatful of chia worth five hatfuls of acorns, 5 o 8 hatfuls of Chia for a good elderberry-wood bow, also could be bought w/ strings of shell money (Timbrook 2007:192 no
Chumash Ineseno Salvia columbariae i'lepesh chia inheritance *'epV- Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:75-6 same other complex -Vsh resultative Timbrook 2007:188 1 “given as a ceremonial offering at most public and private rituals” Timbrook 2007:192 1 1 to clear eyes of particles gathered (wild but closely managed) women toasted, ground into flour 0 0 to Island Chumash “one hatful of chia worth five hatfuls of acorns, 5 o 8 hatfuls of Chia for a good elderberry-wood bow, also could be bought w/ strings of shell money (Timbrook 2007:192 no
Chumash Obispeno Salvia columbariae l'ɨpɨ Chia inheritance *'epV- Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:75-6 other complex 7al- Timbrook 2007:188 1 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Salvia columbariae itepesh Salvia columbariae, Chia inheritance *'epV- Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:75-6 same other complex -Vsh resultative Timbrook 2007:188 1 “given as a ceremonial offering at most public and private rituals” Timbrook 2007:192 1 1 to clear eyes of particles gathered (wild but closely managed) women toasted, ground into flour 0 0 to Island Chumash “one hatful of chia worth five hatfuls of acorns, 5 o 8 hatfuls of Chia for a good elderberry-wood bow, also could be bought w/ strings of shell money (Timbrook 2007:192 no
Cocopa Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Comanche Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Cupeño Salvia columbariae pa$al ˈpaşal Chia inheritance *pasa/i Californian S1599 (Stubbs 2009:233). Only Numic is Tumpisa Shoshone, almost certainly a loan from Tubatulabal. This shows up in Chumash, Salinan, may be an old Californianism. WW %pasv same other complex ˈpaşa-l chia-npn Hill & Nolasquez 1973:167 no info 1 1 most important edible seed source no info gathered (wild but closely managed) women seeds parched, mixed with other seeds for mush 0 0 California and Southwest Below 6000 feet in dry open areas, extensive stands in chaparral no
Esselen Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Gabrielino Salvia columbariae pa$i:y paˈşi:j chia inheritance *pasa/i Californian S1599 (Stubbs 2009:233). Only Numic is Tumpisa Shoshone, almost certainly a loan from Tubatulabal. This shows up in Chumash, Salinan, may be an old Californianism. WW %pasv same other complex paˈşi:-j chia-npn -hi:n classifier for worthwhile possessions Harrington 127 no info 1 1 most important seed source no info gathered (wild but closely managed) women parched, mixed with other seeds in pinole 0 0 California and Southwest Below 6000 feet in dry open areas, extensive stands in chaparral no
Iipay 'Aa Salvia columbariae mulh' amulh Chia, Salvia columbariae unique same underived mulemul “round like ball”? (of inflorescence?) http://www.powayusd.com/projects/kumeyaay/Ethnobotany.htm 1 1 1 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Salvia columbariae pasidabɨ Salvia columbariae inheritance *pasa/i Californian Stubbs 1599 (2008:2333), Cupan, Gab, Sr, Tb; TS probably a loan; this may be cognate, so TS good??) WW %pasv same other complex pasida-bɨ Chia-ABS bɨ, pɨ bɨ, pɨ seem to classify for plants, trees 1981 Zigmond 1 1 1 0 0 no
Kiliwa Salvia columbariae psil chia loan Takic Widespread in California; cf. Cupan *pasal WW %pasv same underived Mixco 1985 1 1 1 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Salvia columbariae pahinač pahinaʧ Chia sp.: Salvia columbariae, also called Skunk Sage inheritance *pasa/i Californian S1599 (Stubbs 2009:233). Only Numic is Tumpisa Shoshone, almost certainly a loan from Tubatulaba, and Kawaiisu. This shows up in Chumash, Salinan,Kiliwa!! may be an old Californianism. WW %pasv same other complex pahina-ʧ chia-npn -niw possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:452 no info 1 Kitanemuk used seeds as offerings in most ceremonies 1 no info gathered (wild but closely managed) women parched and mixed with other seeds in diverse preparations 0 0 California and Southwest Below 6000 feet in dry open areas, extensive stands in chaparral no
Lake Miwok Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Luiseño Salvia columbariae páa$al ʹpa:şal chia inheritance *pasa/i Californian S1599 (Stubbs 2009:233). Only Numic is Tumpisa Shoshone, almost certainly a loan from Tubatulabal. This shows up in Chumash, Salinan, may be an old Californianism. WW %pasv same other complex ʹpa:şa-l chia-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:670 no info (although stands were surely owned by “clans/villages”, this is not mentioned specifically even in White for Chia 1 ball of seed and salt placed in girls' mouths at initiation (Strong 1929:298) and given to boys at end of Ant Ordeal (Strong 1929:317) 1 most esteemed seed(Sparkman 1908:196) no info gathered (wild) women seeds parched and mixed with other seeds for pinole mush 0 0 California and Southwest Below 6000 feet in dry open areas, extensive stands in chaparral no
Maidu Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Mojave Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Mutsun Salvia columbariae pat:i chia inheritance *pat:ih Costanoan Callagan 1992:40 WW %pasv underived Mason 1916:430 1 1 1 0 0 no
Nisenan Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Salinan A Salvia columbariae pásel chia loan Takic Proto-Californian(Takic & Tubatulabal) *pasa/i WW %pasv underived Mason 1918:126; Turner 1980:70 1 1 1 0 0 no
Salinan M Salvia columbariae pásiL Chia loan Takic Proto-Californian(Takic & Tubatulabal) *pasa/i WW %pasv underived Mason 1918:129 1 1 1 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Salvia columbariae hehe yapxöt imóoxi desert chia, Salvia columbariae unique same relative clause flower that.does.not -die (im-, negative relative clause marker!) Comcaac Dictionary 376 1 1 1 0 0 no
Serrano Salvia columbariae pa:hinaT chia (CHM confirms 60-119) inheritance *pasa/i Californian S1599 (Stubbs 2009:233). Only Numic is Tumpisa Shoshone, almost certainly a loan from Tubatulabal, and Kawaiisu. This shows up in Chumash, Salinan, Kiliwa! May be an old Californianism. WW %pasv other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:41 1 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Salvia columbariae pa:cI seeds of a certain weed, used for mush loan Cupan Stubbs 1599 (2008:2333), Cupan, Gab, Sr, Tb; TS probably a loan; this may be cognate, so TS good??). But this is clearly the Cupan word; note Chemehuevi even has the -ly suffix! WW %pasv same underived Sapir 1930:606 1 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Ute Salvia columbariae páasa-pI cooked cereal, gruel, grits, mush semantic shift This is a widespread loan for chia, Salvia columbariae -- it doesn't grow in Ute-land, though narrower (just the cereal, plant no longer known) other complex has -pi ABS Givon 1979 1 1 1 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Salvia columbariae pāshīl pa:ˈʃi:l chia seeds, Salvia columbariae inheritance *pasa/i Californian S1599 (Stubbs 2009:233). Only Numic is Tumpisa Shoshone, almost certainly a loan from Tubatulabal. This shows up in Chumash, Salinan, may be an old Californianism. WW %pasv broader (plant and seeds) other complex pa:ˈʃi:-l chia-npn Hill 2010:66 no info 1 1 no info gathered (wild) women seeds parched, mixed with other seeds, mixed with water as gruel 0 0 California and Southwest Below 6000 feet in dry open areas, extensive stands in chaparral no
Tümpisa Shoshone Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Wappo Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Washo Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Western Mono Salvia columbariae tsaatibi Chia plant (Salvia columbariae) unique same other complex has -CL -pi seed is tsaatI Bethel et al.:241 no info 1 1 In pinole gruel, as thickener in manzanita cider, as flavoring in tea 1 used to get something out of the eye Gathered (wild but closely managed) women seeds dried, ground, used in pinole of all types 0 0 not documented for Mono but chia mentioned as trade item for other groups no
Wintu Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Yavapai Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no
Yuki Salvia columbariae pā'-shil hel “meal of small seeds”; CHM says pa'-shil is tarweed, Madia elegans loan Salinan? ultimately California “chia” word, *hil “seed” is Yukian; look at Chia, Tarweed and see if other eg's WW %pasv other complex -il' is suffix (MW) in Schlichter 1985:299 1 1 1 0 0 no
Yuma Salvia columbariae missing missing missing 1 1 1 0 0 no