cliff swallow

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Petrochelidon pyrrhonota tan'-nah-puk'-kēk Barn swallow loan Yokuts Yowlumne tan'-nah-kah-pitch', Chukchansi tan'-nah-pek'-kă-lis “barn swallow” same (problem with which swallow -- some semantic shift?) underived , although obviously complex in Yokuts C. H. Merriam 72-77, 60-457 2 1 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Petrochelidon pyrrhonota pas”-wum'-be (RV); bă-so-wum'-be (RM, for all swallows) 61:43 pasokompii “swallow” Duckwater 278 Cliff swallow (Petrochelidon) inheritance Northern Uto-Aztecan new set for “swallow with paso... unknown Merriam 61:75 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Petrochelidon pyrrhonota yūn-ning-mo'-nil no Luiseno form to help Cliff swallow unique same derived Word is too long to have simplex root, has final -l -7aʃ “pet” takes possessive classifier -7aʃ (Seiler 1977:305 wikikmal http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n155/mode/2up; p. 167 no info 2 1 no info hunted All roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 Breed in North America Cliffs (and now in/on buildings) no
Central Sierra Miwok Petrochelidon pyrrhonota šalíp:ip”i- swallow inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis, Mip reduplicated Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Petrochelidon pyrrhonota teví-Kagaivə (final schwa voiceless) golondrina unique same phrase lit. “earth-necklace”, Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Petrochelidon pyrrhonota ʔan'ipHey cliff swallow unique ansut'uy “bank swallow” other complex has 7al- Beeler 1978:172 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Petrochelidon pyrrhonota an-ne-pĕH barn swallow (Hirundo) inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash other complex 7al- Merriam 55:11 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Petrochelidon pyrrhonota tšo; telekseLkse; tošlojo golondrina; la clase de golondrinas que vienen primero; golondrinas mas grande unique underived Harrington III:1:118, 297; 304 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Petrochelidon pyrrhonota an-ne'-pe barn swallow (Hirundo) inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash other complex 7al- Merriam 55:43 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Petrochelidon pyrrhonota xmka swallow, purple Martin inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Mojave hamkyee same underived Crawford 1989 2 1 0 0 0 no
Comanche Petrochelidon pyrrhonota pasocopi golondrina inheritance *pasoko- Northern Uto-Aztecan new set for “swallow”; this is identical to the W. Shoshone form pasokompii from Duckwater broader (any swallow, as per Rejon's “golondrina”) other complex has -pi ABS Rejon 1995:46 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Petrochelidon pyrrhonota sekwikwina səˈkʷikʷina swallow (bird) inheritance *sik-wiwi(k)- Cupan Note Lu. taywiiwikal (Sparkman), Cahuilla(Wanikik, Palm Springs) sik-kwe-kweh-net (Mountain) sik'-wis-kwe'-nil, Merriam). This may be wikik “bird” reduplicated, with diverse increments(?). Could also have to do with mud (*kwiLa) But note Central Sierra same underived perhaps sound imitative -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals mukikmal Hill & Nolasquez 1973:171 no info 2 they have their own song, which I assume they sang in creation time 1 songbirds eaten by Cahuilla, Luiseño so surely also by Cupeño no info hunted all roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 global open country, breeds today in man-made structures, must have lived in rocks in old days in California with no walls! no
Esselen Petrochelidon pyrrhonota missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Petrochelidon pyrrhonota e-vē'ng-ar 72-11, 60-423 ʔiˈvi:ŋar (?) Cliff swallow unique Note Chumash B ʔan'ipHey ??? same other complex ʔiˈvi:ŋa-r swallow-npn -ʔaʧ “pet possessive classifier for animals chi:ya http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 423 no info 2 1 all birds eaten (McC 116) no info hunted all roasted 0 0 Breed in North America Cliffs (and now in/on buildings) no
Iipay 'Aa Petrochelidon pyrrhonota mil'de-kar' Cliff swallow (Petrochelidon) unique same underived really a wild guess Merriam 55:207 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Petrochelidon pyrrhonota pah-too-kŭ az'-ze Cliff swallow unique May include Stubbs 124 *pati'a, the “bat” word??? same other complex pah-too-ku-az-ze patukuwa-zi??? X-ABS Merriam 59:369 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Petrochelidon pyrrhonota pnwiitu swallow (Hirundinidae) unique same underived Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Petrochelidon pyrrhonota mawiyɨt ˈmawijɨt bird sp. resembles swallow inheritance *mawi-wɨ Takic Gab. Barn swallow:mah-wā-ō>t (> is CHM's back apostrophe) 72-77; see precautionary note with “bat” same derived ˈmawi-jɨ-t feather.fan-augmentative-npn (mawiʃr “feather fan held by dancer”) -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals wicitat Anderton 1988:394 no info 2 involved somehow with fans; perhaps by resemblance 1 no decent info but everybody ate songbirds and eggs no info hunted men roasted, boiled, eggs eaten 0 0 if feathers are in fans, would have been traded Breed in North America Cliffs (and now in/on buildings) no
Lake Miwok Petrochelidon pyrrhonota káttawkataw swallow (Merriam 57:521 OK for Hirundo; also tsah'-de “cliff swallow, barn swallow”, tse-lik'-tse-lik “Cliff swallow” “ unique Almost certainly a loan but source unidentified reduplicated Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Petrochelidon pyrrhonota pál'vismal ʹpalɁvismal swallow (type of bird) inheritance *pati7a/*paCti7a “bat”; *pata “fly” Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2009:56-57 derives from *pati7a/*paCti7a “bat” (S124). But Numic and Cora all have pa[c/ch]a, which should reflect *paCtsV. -Cts- regularly yields Cahuilla /s/, not /l/. A problematic set. Note *pata “fly” S902, p. 153. same derived ʹpalɁ-vis-ma-l bat-?-diminutive-non.possessed.noun (I'm conjecturing based on Cahuilla palily “bat”) -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla 7ehéngmal Elliott 1999:681 no info 2 1 songbirds eaten no info hunted all roasted, boiled, eggs eaten (no info on feathers) 0 0 Breed in North America Cliffs, and now in, on buildings no
Maidu Petrochelidon pyrrhonota kómp'ic'ìlip'i barnswallow, swallow unique other complex -i is stem former; Shpley 1961:23 lists the rest as root! Must be complex etymologically Shipley 1963 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mojave Petrochelidon pyrrhonota hamkyee swallow inheritance Proto-Yuman Yuma Note Co. xmka; Yuma xamkye/ Halpern 3:208; kamto/.shq “swallow” Halpern 1:28 same underived Munro et al.1992 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Petrochelidon pyrrhonota pe'-lo-ke-an barn swallow (Hirundo) unique Rumsen che'-lo-kan cliff swallow 55:443 other complex morphology unknown Merriam 55:409 2 1 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Petrochelidon pyrrhonota aw'tet cliff swallow (barn: taw-taw-poo') unique underived Merriam 57:235 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Petrochelidon pyrrhonota soggobbena mudswalow (M: Cliff swallow (Petrochelidon) inheritance Northern Uto-Aztecan new set for “swallow”, usually with pa- prefix same underived looks complex but no etymology of any parts Yerington Dictionary 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Petrochelidon pyrrhonota sa:lipsali:p-y- swallow inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis, MIP other complex -y nominalizer Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Petrochelidon pyrrhonota sal:ip, sal:ipsali:p(y)- swallow inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis reduplicated Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Petrochelidon pyrrhonota she-tah'-nil Cliff swallow unique Salinan underived probably complex etymologically Merriam 55:373 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Petrochelidon pyrrhonota siatánil swallow (Merriam confirms 55:373) unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:124 2 1 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Petrochelidon pyrrhonota xaasj an quiimtoj swallow (bird) unique broader (any swallow?) relative clause xaasj cardon; lit. los que tienen su nido en el cardon Comcaac Dictionary 577 2 1 0 0 0 no
Serrano Petrochelidon pyrrhonota su'-wut ahn-kin'-ne-ahts cliff swallow “wind open” unique phrase wind opener? Merriam 60-103 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Petrochelidon pyrrhonota wah-pas'-so-pe (M; to-wah pas'-să-ro-vep' “Rain.cloud swallow” pa'sagovipI Cliff swallow (Petrochelidon) inheritance pasVkopi- Proto-Numic Note Panamint paz'-zah-noo-pe'-dah W; Merriam 59:335; Yerington Paiute soggobbena; W. Mono (Northfork) paziGopiina'; “mudswallow”; Southern Paiute pas'-să-ro-vep' “swallow”; Southern Ute tŲpá-sǫǫ-cI unknown Merriam 59:465 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Petrochelidon pyrrhonota sal'-le-pe'-pe barn swallow, cliff-swallow inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis, MIP reduplicated Merriam 57:457 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Petrochelidon pyrrhonota tŲpá-sǫǫ-cI swallow inheritance *pasV- Numic Note Panamint paz'-zah-noo-pe'-dah W; Merriam 59:335; Yerington Paiute soggobbena; W. Mono (Northfork) paziGopiina'; “mudswallow”; Southern Paiute pas'-să-ro-vep' “swallow” same phrase Givon's mouth-soldier is wrong -- it's earth-swallow (tų-pasoo, not tupa-soo), once you see the comparative data Givon 1979 2 1 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Petrochelidon pyrrhonota omhompit ʔomhomʹbit cliff swallow, mud diver, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota unique same derived ʔomhom-ʹbi-t swallow.sp-diminutive-npn chikkīt Hill 2010:58 no info 2 1 no info hunted men roasted on coals, bones ground (some consultants denied Tub. ate eggs before Whites) 0 0 Breed in North America Cliffs (and now in/on buildings) no
Tümpisa Shoshone Petrochelidon pyrrhonota namokku(n) cliff swallow unique same derived kaimpüwakia-ttü -ttü is Agentive “one who”; kaimpüwakia must be complex but no clue in Dayley Dayley 1989:41 2 1 0 0 0 no
Wappo Petrochelidon pyrrhonota cékhe:ma swallow (CHM confirms 52:571 cliff swallow and barn swallow) unique underived Sawyer 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Washo Petrochelidon pyrrhonota pa7dómc'iluk cliff swallow, barn swallow unique phrase meaning of elements unknown Merriam 55:305; WPD 2 1 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Petrochelidon pyrrhonota isa', iza', swallow inheritance Proto-Numic Note Panamint paz'-zah-noo-pe'-dah W; Merriam 59:335; Yerington Paiute soggobbena “mudswallow”; Southern Paiute pas'-să-ro-vep' “swallow” same unknown Note siGoGohi- “to slide” (as on a rock) Bethel et al.:136 2 1 0 0 0 no
Wintu Petrochelidon pyrrhonota q'i(:)rteqčit q'an-tun-ut “wing-gatherer” California swallow, barn swallow; mud dauber bee; CHM >kēL-to-ne “cliff swallow” (L raised, underlined); at 56:69 has >kan-too'-nut Cliff swallow) unique relative clause q'i(:)r- “mud”, teqčit dauber Schlichter 1981 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Petrochelidon pyrrhonota missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Petrochelidon pyrrhonota tan'-nah-pah'-kitch barn swallow (Hirundo) loan Yowlumne Yokuts Kroeber has Yawe danabak'yits -- same word? at 224. same other complex has -itch/-its suffix, probably agentive Merriam 58:523 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Petrochelidon pyrrhonota taipālutc Merriam ti'-pum-nautch (Wik) is barn swallow Hirundo 58:363 swallow unique The taip- element also in Wechitit in Kroeber, but this is geographically adjacent unknown Kroeber 1961:212 (224) 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Petrochelidon pyrrhonota dánabak'yits swallow (M form very similar for Hirundo) inheritance Nim-Yokuts Merriam has tan'-nah-pek'-kă-lis, tan-nah-pok'-hĕ'-lis for Chukchansi same other complex must be a verb danabak, with -its agentive?? Kroeber 1961:212 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuki Petrochelidon pyrrhonota awl-koos-spă'-tah MWO barn swallow (Hirundo) inheritance *pot'a, *pot'a7 Yukian Schlichter 1985 phrase “tree-bodyhair (moss) swallow” Schlichter 1985:88 Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuma Petrochelidon pyrrhonota xamkye/ swallow inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Co. xmka: unknown Halpern 3:208 2 1 0 0 0 no