datura

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Datura wrightii tah-ni Datura (Indian whiskey) loan Yokuts Yawdanchi/Wikchamni tahng'-i' ; Palewyami tañai/'its (Gayton 1941 (1):47 (so Proto-Yokutsan) WW %tanai same underived C. H. Merriam 72-823, 60-475 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Datura wrightii mui-ppeh Jimsonweed loan Central Numic Takic may be related to “crazy, drunk” words but probably ultimately a loan from Takic “moon” word WW %moji ~ %moni same other complex has -pɨ ABS Miller 1972:162 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Cahuilla Datura wrightii kíkesewvaʔal ˈkikesewvaʔal Jimsonweed unique same derived ˈkikesew-vaʔa-l “to.get.drunk-agentive-non.possessed.noun” unknown This really should have a special classifier but none is reported Seiler&Hioki 1979:78 no info 1 drunk for hallucinations; to boys at initiation ceremony, occasional in shamanism and for stamina in hunting, dancing, singing (including by women), and for keen senses in gambling (Bean and Saubel 1972:60-65) 1 1 paste of leaves as painkiller for bone injuries, insect bites; steam from leaf infusion as inhaler (contains atropine); shamans may use in diagnosis (Bean and Saubel 1972:61-2) gathered (wild) Men for ceremonies, preparation is by /net/: roots are dried, ground in special ceremonial mortar, mixed with water, and drunk. For steaming, leaves are boiled in water. For paste, leaves are ground with other plant parts. 1 hallucinations 0 US Southwest, California, Mexico “sandy, gravelly, open areas below 4000 feet throughout Southern California” (Bean & Saubel 1972:60) yes
Central Sierra Miwok Datura wrightii mó:nuja- jimsonweed loan Takic Also in Miss; probably from intermediate but unknown source, ultimately Takic WW %moji ~ %moni underived Freeland & Broadbent 1960 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Chemehuevi Datura wrightii momómpə (Schwa voiceless) Toloache, jimsonweed loan Takic Not cognate with Numic words with mui “drunk”; presumably from Luiseno or Gabrielino *moya “moon” WW %moji ~ %moni same other complex has -pɨ ABS, reduplication in stem Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Chumash Barbareno Datura wrightii mo'moy Datura wrightii, toloache loan into protolanguage *mom'oy from *moy Proto-Chumash Takic Klar 1977:93 sees as inheritance but really a loan from Gab or Lu “moon” WW %moji ~ %moni same reduplicated Timbrook 2007:65 1 taken at initiation to seek dream helper, and any time afterward 1 1 painkiller for serious injuries and broken bones gathered (wild) men, women boiled to make infusion 1 0 yes
Chumash Ineseno Datura wrightii momoy Datura wrightii, Jimsonweed, toloache loan into protolanguage *mom'oy < *moy Proto-Chumash Takic Klar 1977:93 sees as inheritance but really a loan from Gab. or Lu “moon” WW %moji ~ %moni same reduplicated Timbrook 2007:65 1 taken at initiation to seek dream helper, and any time afterward 1 1 painkiller for serious injuries and broken bones gathered (wild) men, women boiled to make infusion 1 0 yes
Chumash Obispeno Datura wrightii moyoq Jimsonweed loan into protolanguage *moy Proto-Chumash Takic Really a loan from Gab. or Lu. “moon” (Klar 1977;93 views as inheritance) WW %moji ~ %moni same other complex -oq is some kind of suffix'file:///Users/janehhill/Desktop/HGProject/FloraFaunaDataEntryNAMChumashVentureno.ods'#'Flora Fauna Data Entry'.L57 Klar 1977:93 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Chumash Ventureno Datura wrightii momoy Datura wrightii, Jimsonweed, toloache loan into protolanguage *mom'oy < *moy Proto-Chumash Takic Klar 1977:93 sees as inheritance but it's a loan from Gab or Lu “moon” WW %moji ~ %moni same reduplicated Timbrook 2007:65 1 taken at initiation to seek dream helper, and any time afterward 1 1 painkiller for serious injuries and broken bones gathered (wild) men, women boiled to make infusion 1 0 yes
Cocopa Datura wrightii şmál ka·pí·ţ jimsonweed doubtful loan Hokan Note Yavapai smá·lkktū·, Mojave ɂamalykatu; loan direction unknown although Yuma es'-mi-kă-peet' is clearly from Cocopa same phrase şmál “grass”, ka·pí·ţ “not reduced from şmál kwa·pí·ţ” whichwould yield “crazy grass” Crawford 280) Crawford 1989 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Comanche Datura wrightii missing missing missing 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Cupeño Datura wrightii manit ˈmanit toloache, Datura meteloides inheritance *manit Takic may be a loan; S1639 (Stubbs 2009:235) WW %mani broader (includes plant and drink, latter also called naqtemela'ash other complex ˈmani-t Hill & Nolasquez 1973:161 no info 1 used in boy's initiation ceremony 1 probably not eaten, poisonous no info gathered (wild) men plant parts ground in ceremonial mortar and mixed with water 1 0 U.S. Southwest, California, Mexico “sandy, gravelly, open areas below 4000 feet throughout Southern California” (Bean & Saubel 1972:60) yes
Esselen Datura wrightii missing missing missing 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Gabrielino Datura wrightii ma:nit ˈma:nit toloache inheritance *mani- Takic may be a loan; S1639 (Stubbs 2009:235); Gabrielino a good candidate for source language within Takic WW %mani broader (includes the drink and the plant) other complex ˈma:ni-t datura-npn (appears in song without the -t) -hi:n classifier for worthwhile possessions Harrington 163 no info 1 boy's initiation, shamanism, funerary 1 dangerous 1 for psychosomatic illness indicated by paralysis gathered (wild) men pounded into paste with water in ritual mortar 1 0 U.S. Southwest, California, Mexico “sandy, gravelly, open areas below 4000 feet throughout Southern California” (Bean & Saubel 1972:60) yes
Iipay 'Aa Datura wrightii tolvaach Jimsonweed, Datura meteloides loan Spanish Spanish toloache (ultimately Nahuatl) same underived http://www.powayusd.com/projects/kumeyaay/Ethnobotany.htm 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Kawaiisu Datura wrightii moopɨ Datura wrightii loan Takic Not cognate with Numic words with mui “drunk”; presumably from Luiseno or Gabrielino *moya “moon” WW %moji ~ %moni same other complex moo-pɨ datura-ABS bɨ, pɨ bɨ, pɨ seem to classify for plants, trees 1981 Zigmond 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Kiliwa Datura wrightii smiil=kw+xaa jimsonweed; toloache (which?) unique Note Yavapai smá·lkktū·, Mojave ɂamalykatu; loan direction unknown although Yuma es'-mi-kă-peet' is clearly from Cocopa. Smiil part is probably cognate, probably means crazy or bitter or something like that same relative clause smiil=kw+xaa plant=REL+bitter Mixco 1985 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Kitanemuk Datura wrightii manič ˈmaniʧr Jimsonweed, toloache (hallucinogenic drink made from its root) loan *mani- Takic Takic may be a loan; S1639 (Stubbs 2009:235); Gabrielino a good candidate for source language within Takic WW %mani broader (the plant and the drink) other complex ˈmani-ʧr datura-npn -niw possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:391 no info 1 given to boy for vision quest 1 1 to ease pain gathered (wild) men root peeled, mashed soaked in cold water, drunk in AM, 3 times, 3 days apart 1 0 U.S. Southwest, California, Mexico “sandy, gravelly, open areas below 4000 feet throughout Southern California” (Bean & Saubel 1972:60) yes
Lake Miwok Datura wrightii missing missing missing 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Luiseño Datura wrightii náqtumush ʹnaqtumuʃ jimsonweed, toloache, boys' tea for initiation purposes inheritance *naqtumu- Cupan Not in Stubbs, but note Cupeño naqtemela7ash “Datura, drunk-instrument”. naq may be “ear” broader (the plant, and the drink) other complex ʹnaqtumu-ʃ drunk-non.possessed.noun (probably deverbal) Elliott 1999:593 no info 1 hallucinogen administered at boys' initiation ceremony, probably also used by shamans. A Chingichngish plant (Harrington 1978:133) 1 probably too dangerous to eat no info gathered (wild) men fresh roots pounded in ceremonial mortar (taamyash) and mixed with water to make the drink (Harrington 1978:162) 1 0 probably not traded, grows everywhere and must be prepared fresh by an expert US Southwest, California, Mexico “sandy, gravelly, open areas below 4000 feet throughout Southern California” (Bean & Saubel 1972:60) yes
Maidu Datura wrightii missing missing missing 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Mojave Datura wrightii ɂamalykatu jimsonweed doubtful loan Hokan Note Cocopa şmál ka·pí·ţ, Yavapai smá·lkktū· same underived old compound -- they speculate ismalyk iito “ear stomach”, seems unlikely; I think it's from old grass word; Munro et al.1992 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Mutsun Datura wrightii mo'-noi Tolguacha, Jimson weed loan Salinan (and ultimately from Takic, perhaps by way of Chumashan) WW %moji ~ %moni underived Merriam 55:429 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Nisenan Datura wrightii missing missing missing 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Northern Paiute Datura wrightii moohoo'oo opium loan Tumpisa Shoshone? Similar forms in other Numic, e.g. Tumpisa Shoshone muippüh. Might be ultimately from Takic “moon” word, -ppüh here is nominalizer/CL WW %moji ~ %moni broader (includes other hallucinogens) underived Yerington Dictionary 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Northern Sierra Miwok Datura wrightii kim-me'-zoo; moo-tah Datura loan Central Numic WW %moji ~ %moni other complex -y nominalizer (kimis-y?) Merriam 57:413 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Plains Miwok Datura wrightii missing missing missing 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Salinan A Datura wrightii moi' Datura loan Chumash WW %moji ~ %moni underived 82.540277777777774304 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Salinan M Datura wrightii mo:noí'YI toloache loan Chumash underived Mason 1918:129 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Seri (Comcaac) Datura wrightii hehe camóstim toloache, Datura discolor unique same relative clause planta que causa muecas Comcaac Dictionary 371 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Serrano Datura wrightii ma:nic jimsonweed, toloache inheritance *mani- Takic may be a loan; S1639 (Stubbs 2009:235); Gabrielino a good candidate for source language within Takic WW %mani other complex -c NPN KCHill ms 2001:29 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Southern Paiute Datura wrightii missing missing missing 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Southern Sierra Miwok Datura wrightii mo:nuj- belladonna (Merriamhas yaw'-che-tah “datura” “not used” 57:473 loan Salinan This is Jimsonweed in Mics, probably a mistranslation. Ultimately Takic WW %moji ~ %moni underived Broadbent 1964: 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Southern Ute Datura wrightii ?ųnų-pų-vŲ jimsonweed unique similar formations on “crazy” in other Numic, but with different roots same other complex ?ųnų be.crazy'-pų NOM-vŲ ABS “madness plant” Givon 1979 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Tübatulabal Datura wrightii mōmōht mo:ˈmo:ht datura, jimsonweed, toloache, Datura meteloides loan Chumash A loan from Gab. or Lu. *moy-la “moon” into Chumash, and then into Tubatulabal, probably very late WW %moji ~ %moni broader (plant and toloache drink) other complex mo:ˈmo:h-t datura-npn Hill 2010:47 no info 1 used to seek spirit familiar 1 1 diverse uses for curing gathered (wild) men plant crushed in water, could be mixed with other ingredients. Taken after 3-day fast 1 0 U.S. Southwest, California, Mexico “sandy, gravelly, open areas below 4000 feet throughout Southern California” (Bean & Saubel 1972:60) yes
Tümpisa Shoshone Datura wrightii muippüh jimsonweed, Datura loan Central Numic only Takic may be related to “crazy, drunk” words but probably ultimately a loan from Takic “moon” word WW %moji ~ %moni same other complex muiyai “get drunk” -- which is derived from which? Might be ultimately from Takic “moon” word, -ppüh here is nominalizer/CL ppüh Dayley 1989:108 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Wappo Datura wrightii missing missing missing 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Washo Datura wrightii po-yel-le? Datura unique underived Merriam 55:323 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Western Mono Datura wrightii tanaanibɨ jimson weed (Datura stramonium) loan Yokuts From Yokutsan verb “to be drunk” WW %tanai same other complex has -CL -pɨ Bethel et al.:198 no info 1 adolescent initiation, adults also take 1 1 used as narcotic gathered (wild) men decoction from plant parts 1 0 yes
Wintu Datura wrightii missing missing missing 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Yavapai Datura wrightii smá·lkktū· jimsonweed doubtful loan Hokan Note Mojave ɂamalykatu, Cocopa şmál ka·pí·ţ unknown Shaterian 1983 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Yokuts Palewyami Datura wrightii tañai/'its leader of the Jimsonweed ritual (has 'its agentive) inheritance Yokutsan Kroeber lists widespread similar forms except Chaw. momu' from Chumash WW %tanai same no info the word shown is the agentive form of verb “to be drunk/crazy” and is not glossed “Datura” but does show that Palew. had this form Gayton 1:47 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Yokuts Yawdanchi Datura wrightii tahng'-i' Datura inheritance Yokutsan WW %tanai same underived Merriam 58:509 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Yokuts Yowlumne Datura wrightii da:nay Datura inheritance Yokutsan WW %tanai same underived Kroeber 1961:211 (175) 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Yuki Datura wrightii missing missing missing 1 1 1 1 0 yes
Yuma Datura wrightii es'-mi-kă-peet' Indian whiskey (Datura) loan Cocopa Cocopa şmál ka·pí·ţ; Note Yavapai smá·lkktū·, Mojave ɂamalykatu unknown Merriam 61:475 1 1 1 1 0 yes