deer, mule

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Odocoileus hemionus hol' Deer, mule (Odocoileius hemionus loan Yokuts Proto-NimYokuts *xoy (Golla 1964:61) same underived C. H. Merriam 72-77, 60-451 2 1 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Odocoileus hemionus tyhyjya deer (M: mule deer inheritance *tɨkɨya Numic Stubbs 625a (2008:121) same underived Crapo 1976:123 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Odocoileus hemionus súkat ˈsukat deer inheritance *suCkaC- Uto-Aztecan S621 (Stubbs 2009:121) WW %sok narrower (refers only to mule deer; where found, white-tail has a different name) other complex suka-t (Seiler & Hioki segment as suk-at) -7aʃ "pet" animal is -7ash; the meat is with a meat classifier, usually -sex7a “cooked item” or -wa7 “roasted item” (Seiler 1977:304-5) suqtam “game” (literally, deer-plural) Seiler & Hioki 1979:188 no info 2 deer hooves used in ceremonial costumes 1 Deer taken to net's house and distributed. First kill of a young man was given to his mother's clan (Strong 1929:77) no info hunted Men roasted, stewed 0 0 Western North America Diverse habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Odocoileus hemionus 7ywy/:ja- deer, deer meat inheritance *7ywy-ja- Eastern Miwokan Callaghan 1971 other complex -jaH Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Odocoileus hemionus təhíjA Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) inheritance *tɨkɨya Proto-Numic Stubbs 625a (2008:121) same underived Merriam 59:523 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Odocoileus hemionus deer unique Central Chumash only underived Beeler 1978:188 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Odocoileus hemionus Mule deer inheritance Central Chumash only underived Merriam 55:5 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Odocoileus hemionus c'qono venado loan Yokuts This looks like the Yokutsan form WW %sok other complex c'- Harrington III:1:0049 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Odocoileus hemionus deer (Merriam confirms All deer, blacktail and mule) inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Mamet 2008:57; 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Odocoileus hemionus kwak xntil mule deer inheritance Proto-Yuman Mojave ɂaqwaq, 'Iipay Aa 'ekwak, Yavapai (ɂ)kʷ/qʷá:qa; this is a loan blend with xntil from Spanish gentil “wild” same phrase deer wild Crawford 1989 2 1 0 0 0 no
Comanche Odocoileus hemionus arɨka? deer inheritance *tɨkɨya Numic Stubbs 625a (2008:121); what is the a- increment? 3Pposs? and why no /ia/? Why k?? same underived Robinson & Armagost 1990:161 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Odocoileus hemionus suqat ˈsuqat deer inheritance *suCkaC- Uto-Aztecan S621 (Stubbs 2009:121) WW %sok same other complex ˈsuqa-t deer-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:172 no info 2 mentioned in Mukat Death songs 1 most important game animal no info hunted men hunter did not eat own game, taken to net's house and shared, diverse preparations 0 0 western North America diverse habitats no
Esselen Odocoileus hemionus amisah (Henshaw) deer unique Esselen underived is sah the -$a classifier? Turner & Shaul 1981:120 2 1 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Odocoileus hemionus $uka:t şuˈka:t deer inheritance *suCkaC- Uto-Aztecan S621 (Stubbs 2009:121) WW %sok narrower (mule deer only) other complex şuˈka:-t mule.deer-npn -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Harrington 42, 630 no info 2 $u:$ar deer-hoof rattle; deer horns in Chingichngich figure 1 McC p. 116 no info hunted men roasted 0 0 hides often traded, hoof regalia traded Western North America Diverse habitats no
Iipay 'Aa Odocoileus hemionus ɂekwak deer inheritance Proto-Yuman Yavapai (ɂ)kʷ/qʷá:qa; M. ɂaqwaq same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Odocoileus hemionus tɨhɨya deer inheritance *tɨkɨya Proto-Numic Stubbs 625a (2008:121) same underived Zigmond et al. 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Odocoileus hemionus xaq=pi-y-l=t-kw+yaq deer (modern way to say) unique same relative clause xaq=pi-y-l=t-kw+yaq meat=wilderness-in=NMR-REL-lies “wilderness meat” (a marking reversal) Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Odocoileus hemionus hukaht ˈhukaht deer inheritance *suCkaC- Uto-Aztecan S621 (Stubbs 2009:121) WW %sok narrower (mule deer only, I assume) other complex ˈhukah-t deer-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:319 no info 2 1 no info hunted men roasted, boiled 0 0 Western North America Diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Odocoileus hemionus şúkki deer, meat loan unknown widespread form, may be from Yokuts "elk" word WW %sok underived Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Odocoileus hemionus $úukat ʹşu:kat deer inheritance *suCkaC- Uto-Aztecan S621 (Stubbs 2009:121) WW %sok narrower (refers only to mule deer; where found, white-tail has a different name) other complex ʹşu:ka-t mule.deer-non.possessed.noun tó'wiyam “wild animals, principally edible meat animals”; the sixth stage of Creation (Harrington 1978:116) Elliott 1999:885 Clan name at Potrero (Cuca Ranch) (Strong 1929:277) 2 adornments of deer hooves worn at certain dances (Sparkman 1908:208) 1 largest game animal (Sparkman 1908); hunter does not eat own kill; the not distributes (White 1963:150) no info hunted men broiled on hot coals, or roasted in earth oven; more rarely boiled. Roasted could be ground and saved. 0 0 Western North America diverse habitats no
Maidu Odocoileus hemionus sy\mí deer unique other complex -i is stem former Shipley 1963 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mojave Odocoileus hemionus ɂaqwaq deer inheritance Proto-Yuman Cocopa kwak xntil; IA ɂekwak; Maricopa qwaaq same underived Munro et al.1992 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Odocoileus hemionus to:Te deer, meat (Merriam has this word under “Blacktail deer”) inheritance Costanoan Kroeber 1910 has in Mont, Scr, SF underived Okrand 1977:112 2 1 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Odocoileus hemionus k'ut' deer inheritance *k'ut' Maiduan Ultan 1964: 364 # 146 underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Odocoileus hemionus tuhudda deer (M: Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus group) inheritance *tɨkɨya Numic Stubbs 625a (2008:121); what is the -da stuff?? same underived Yerington Dictionary 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Odocoileus hemionus 7ywy:ja- deer inheritance *7ywy-ja- Eastern Miwokan Callaghan 1971 other complex -ja Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Odocoileus hemionus 7ywy:ja- deer inheritance *7ywy-ja- Eastern Miwokan Callaghan 1971 ; looks a bit like Chumashan *wy: underived Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Odocoileus hemionus Ta7á7 deer (Merriam 55:367 confirms mule deer) unique Salinan reduplicated Mason 1918:125; Turner 1980:72 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Odocoileus hemionus Taá'p deer (Merriam 55:367 confirms mule deer) unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:125 2 1 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Odocoileus hemionus hap mule deer unique same underived Comcaac Dictionary 335 2 1 0 0 0 no
Serrano Odocoileus hemionus hukaht deer inheritance *suCkaC- Uto-Aztecan S621 (Stubbs 2009:121) WW %sok other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:15 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Odocoileus hemionus tɨgia Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) inheritance *tɨkɨya Proto-Numic Stubbs 625a (2008:121) same underived Sapir 1930:681 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Odocoileus hemionus hikaHh-, 7ywy:-j-aH- (Yosemite) deer unique Callaghan 1971 has Yosemite form as cognate, note resemblance to Chumashan word underived Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Odocoileus hemionus tųíYĮ deer inheritance *tɨkɨya Numic Stubbs 625a (2008:121) same underived Givon 1979 2 1 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Odocoileus hemionus tohhīl toˈhi:l deer, hunting loan Numic Proto-Numic *tɨhɨya same other complex toˈhi:-l deer-npn Hill 2010:88 no info 2 Deer is a supernatural being, a yümükīwal, and must be treated with respect 1 no info hunted men roasted, diverse uses for skin, horn, etc. 0 0 Western North America Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Odocoileus hemionus tühüya(n) deer inheritance *tɨkɨya Proto-Numic Stubbs 625a (2008:121) same underived probably related to “hunt”, or perhaps vice versa Dayley 1989:315 2 1 0 0 0 no
Wappo Odocoileus hemionus (hìntil') k'éšu deer (lit. “Indian meat”) unique gentil “gentile, non-missionized Indian” underived “There appears to be no single word for deer” (perhaps taboo?) (Sawyer 1965:28)see “other notes” Sawyer 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Washo Odocoileus hemionus memdé:wi mule deer unique underived must be etymologically complex Merriam 55:299; WPD 2 1 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Odocoileus hemionus tɨhɨtA deer inheritance *tɨkɨya Proto-Numic Stubbs 625a (2008:121); S links to Southern *ciki “white-tail”; probably not. same underived Bethel et al.:217 no info 2 Deer is a dream helper but not a totem animal (Gayton 2:282) 1 no info hunted men no info 0 0 no
Wintu Odocoileus hemionus no:p deer, buck, venison inheritance *no:p Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived Pitkin 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Odocoileus hemionus (ɂ)kʷ/qʷá:qa deer inheritance Proto-Yuman Iipay Aa 'ekwak, Mojave ɂaqwaq unknown Shaterian 1983 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Odocoileus hemionus şiţ'ihal cedillas are subdots in original deer unique unique in Kroeber same underived Gamble 1991 from Harrington 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Odocoileus hemionus xoi deer inheritance *xoy Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:61 same underived Kroeber 1961:200 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Odocoileus hemionus xoi, xoy, xo:y xO(:)y N 176 deer inheritance *xoy Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:61 same underived Kroeber 1961:200 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuki Odocoileus hemionus mile, mili A deer (black-tail, O. columbianus) inheritance *mil Yukian Schlichter 1985; note that “Yukian” is also known as “North Yukian”, and Yuki-Wappo as “Yukian” in the literature underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuma Odocoileus hemionus ah-kwah', kwak in combining form (also mule deer) Deer, blacktail (Odocoileus columbianus) inheritance Proto-Yuman Cocopa kwak xntil; IA ɂekwak; Maricopa qwaaq unknown Merriam 61:451 2 1 0 0 0 no