badger

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Taxidea taxus tran'-neu Badger loan Yokuts Yowlumne tran'-neu, trah-ne-u; tră'-neu; Wikchamni tran-now', tran-ow; Gashowu tran-now, etc. same underived C. H. Merriam 72-77, 60-449 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Taxidea taxus hunan Badger (Taxidea) inheritance *huLa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 132 (2008:59) same underived Crapo 1976:108 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Cahuilla Taxidea taxus húnal ˈhunal badger inheritance *hula- Uto-Aztecan S105 (Stubbs 2009:53) same other complex huna-l -7aʃ "pet" animal is -7ash; the meat is with a meat classifier, usually -sex7a “cooked item” or -wa7 “roasted item” (Seiler 1977:304-5) Seiler & Hioki 1979:60 Badger is a Wildcat Moiety Animal (Strong 1929:109) 2 1 considered especially palatable, but dangerous to hunt (Bean 1972:63) no info hunted Men boiled, roasted 0 0 North America chaparral, woodlands yes
Central Sierra Miwok Taxidea taxus tĕ-we-gah; tĕ'-we-gŭ badger inheritance Sierra Miwokan only In Merriam's Tuolumne and Mins underived Merriam 57:449 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Chemehuevi Taxidea taxus húnA Badger (Taxidea) inheritance *huLa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 132 (2008:59) same underived Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Chumash Barbareno Taxidea taxus ʔal'-uʃ'e-ʃ; badger unique Central Chumash only other complex -Vš resultative, 7al-S123 Beeler 1978:187 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Chumash Ineseno Taxidea taxus ʔal-uʃeʔ-ʃ “the digger” badger inheritance Central Chumash only relative clause 7al-, -Vsh Applegate 211 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Chumash Obispeno Taxidea taxus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Chumash Ventureno Taxidea taxus 7aluš7eš badger inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash relative clause means “the digger”; 7al-, -Vsh JPH III:91:0113 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Cocopa Taxidea taxus mxwa badger inheritance Proto-Yuman Mo. mahwa, 'Iipay Aa mehwa, Kiliwa mxwaa=pi-y-l=t-kw+yaq; Yavapi Yavapai mhwá·, same underived Crawford 1989 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Comanche Taxidea taxus huuna? groundhog, woodchuck inheritance *huLa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 132 (2008:59) same underived Robinson & Armagost 1990:161 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Cupeño Taxidea taxus hunal ˈhunal badger inheritance *hula- Uto-Aztecan S105 (Stubbs 2009:53) same other complex ˈhuna-l badger-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:156 no info 2 1 perhaps eaten; Cahuilla thought was tasty no info no info no info no info 0 0 North America chaparral, woodlands yes
Esselen Taxidea taxus mackasex badger unique Esselen Note Salinan A t<mácax; SM has t<ó:io other complex -x classifier -x Heizer/Pinart I:79 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Gabrielino Taxidea taxus huna:r huˈna:r tejon inheritance *hula- Uto-Aztecan S105 (Stubbs 2009:53) same other complex huˈna:-r badger-npn -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Harrington 051 no info 2 1 McC p. 116 no info hunted men roasted 0 0 North America chaparral, woodland yes
Iipay 'Aa Taxidea taxus mehwaa badger inheritance Proto-Yuman Yavapai mhwá·, Kiliwa mxwaa=pi-y-l=t-kw+yaq; Cocopa mxwa same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Kawaiisu Taxidea taxus huna-ci badger inheritance *huLa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 132 (2008:59) same other complex huna-ci badger-ABS Zigmond et al. 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Kiliwa Taxidea taxus mxwaa=pi-y-l=t-kw+yaq badger (lit. wild pig) inheritance Proto-Yuman Yavapai mhwá·; same relative clause mxwaa=pi-y-l=t-kw+yaq; pig=wilderness-in-NMR-REL=lies “wilderness pig” (a marking reversal) Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Kitanemuk Taxidea taxus hunavit ˈhunavit badger inheritance *hurap- Uto-Aztecan S105 (Stubbs 2009:53) same derived ˈhuna(-)vi-t derivational relationship with “bear” is obscure; this is how Anderton segments. Really it's hunav-t, with v from PUA *p. -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:323 no info 2 1 “Tejoneños [Yokuts] used to eat this and dog” (I assume this implies “but we did not”) no info hunted men for pelt only, apparently 0 0 North America chaparral, woodland yes
Lake Miwok Taxidea taxus ni'-ah badger unique underived Merriam 57:513 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Luiseño Taxidea taxus húunal ʹhu:nal badger inheritance *hula- Uto-Aztecan S105 (Stubbs 2009:53) same other complex ʹhu:na-l badger-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:363 no info 2 1 may have been classed with predators no info hunted men skin used for quiver (Harrington 1978:155) 0 0 North America chaparral, woodland yes
Maidu Taxidea taxus jánta, hóhla badger unique from Penutian “dig” words? underived Shipley 1963 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Mojave Taxidea taxus mahwa badger inheritance Proto-Yuman IA mehwaa, C. mxwa; Kiliwa mxwaa=pi-y-l=t-kw+yaq same underived Munro et al.1992 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Mutsun Taxidea taxus te-koo-ish Badger unique other complex -ish must be suffix, but can't find in Okrand Merriam 55:403 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Nisenan Taxidea taxus peem' badger unique looks like the weird 'badger' word in Tubatulabal underived Merriam 57:229 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Northern Paiute Taxidea taxus hoonna Badger inheritance *huLa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 132 (2008:59) same underived Merriam 61:133; Yerington Dictionary 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Northern Sierra Miwok Taxidea taxus te'-wik-kah badger inheritance Sierra Miwokan only In Merriam's Tuolume and here underived Merriam 57:387 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Plains Miwok Taxidea taxus 7ol:e7le- badger unique From the root “to dig” which is Pmie and Utian relative clause dig-agentive, one who digs Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Salinan A Taxidea taxus Tmášax badger loan Esselen not in M other complex /T/ probably articular prefix Mason 1918:125; Turner 1983:68 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Salinan M Taxidea taxus t<ó:io badger unique Salinan M only not in A underived Mason 1918:125 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Seri (Comcaac) Taxidea taxus xeezej badger unique same underived Comcaac Dictionary 585 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Serrano Taxidea taxus hu:navt badger inheritance *hurap- Uto-Aztecan S105 (Stubbs 2009:53) other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:16 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Southern Paiute Taxidea taxus ɨnampɨtsI badger (Taxidea) inheritance *huLa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 132 (2008;59); this form suggests reconstructing *huLaN, no? same other complex has -pɨtsI ABS Sapir 1930:559 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Southern Sierra Miwok Taxidea taxus tĕ'-we-gah; tĕ-we-gŭ badger inheritance Sierra Miwokan only This form from Merriam's Tuolumne so same as Mics data base, in Mins underived Merriam 57:449 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Southern Ute Taxidea taxus ?uná-pų-cI badger inheritance *huLa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 132 (2008:59); this form suggests *huLaN (see S. Paiute same other complex has -pɨci ABS (Givon splits, Sapir doesn't) Givon 1979 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Tübatulabal Taxidea taxus pen'-nē 60-481 pe:ˈni badger loan no information Nobody collected Sierra Miwok “badger” in any of the 3 languages. Not like Plains Miwok. I _know_ I have seen this -- where??? Looks a bit like odd Nisenan /peem/ same underived http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n479/mode/2up; p. 481 no info 2 1 no info no info no info no info 0 0 North America chaparral, woodland yes
Tümpisa Shoshone Taxidea taxus hunnan badger inheritance *huLa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 132 (2008:59) same underived Dayley 1989:28 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Wappo Taxidea taxus hen'-nĕh badger unique Note Tubatulabal pen-ne: (CHM) underived Merriam 52:565) 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Washo Taxidea taxus hol'-lah badger loan Maidu Maidu hóhla, from Penutian “dig” verb underived Merriam 55:297 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Western Mono Taxidea taxus Hoo-nă “digger” NB; hoo'-nah badger inheritance *huLa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 132 (2008:59), he needs to move the southern “wolf” words at S 2503 to this etymology same underived Merriam 59:67 no info 2 1 no info hunted men pelt 0 0 yes
Wintu Taxidea taxus socet beaver, badger (merriam has paht so-chit “badger” inheritance *so:č- Wintun Shepherd 2005 other complex Schlichter 1981 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Yavapai Taxidea taxus mhwá· badger inheritance Proto-Yuman Kiliwa mxwaa=pi-y-l=t-kw+yaq; 'Iipay Aa mehwaa unknown Shaterian 1983 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Yokuts Palewyami Taxidea taxus ten-neu' badger inheritance Yokutsan widespread form, not universal same underived Merriam 58:517 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Yokuts Yawdanchi Taxidea taxus huyaktîtsi badger unique unique in Kroeber same other complex surely complex but I don't recognize the forms Kroeber 1961:201 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Yokuts Yowlumne Taxidea taxus Taniu', Taniw T'aniw N 202 badger inheritance Yokutsan note Pal. ten-neu' same underived Kroeber 1961:201 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Yuki Taxidea taxus ōn-tip'-pus MWO, on=ti'-pŭs CS badger unique phrase on “earth, ground” Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 0 yes
Yuma Taxidea taxus muh-hwah' Badger (Taxidea) inheritance Proto-Yuman IA mehwaa, C. mxwa; Kiliwa mxwaa=pi-y-l=t-kw+yaq unknown Merriam 61:451 2 1 0 0 0 yes