elder

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Sambucus wi'seta elderwood loan Yokuts unknown Gayton 1:52 2 1 1 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Sambucus kunukippeh elderberry plant inheritance *kunuki Numic Stubbs 180 (2008;64) same other complex has -pɨ ABS Crum & Dayley 1993:269 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cahuilla Sambucus húnkat ˈhunkat elderberry, elder inheritance *ku'u, kuhu Californian This really looks like Numic *kunuki; is there a loan going around here? Other Cupan have ku7ut, which in Ca is Typha sp.. See Gab huka:t, perhaps in S179 same other complex hunka-t (Bean & Saubel 1972:138 give hunqwa-t) -m-exan-7a "inanimate" -m-exan-7a (inanimate classifier) for plants, -7ay'a "picking" for berries Seiler&Hioki 1979:60 no info 2 1 elderberry sauce from dried berries, berries eaten fresh 1 blossoms in tea for fever, upset stomach, colds, flu. Roots boiled for constipation. Can be poisonous. Gathered (wild but closely managed) All berries dried on drying floor and preserved for sweet sauce; today used for jams and jellies 0 0 North America Below 4500 feet in moist areas no
Central Sierra Miwok Sambucus an'-ti'-roo'-mah elder inheritance *7anTaj- Miwokan Callaghan 1971; Callaghan 1997;19 other complex -ma Merriam 57:467 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Sambucus ko-no'-wip Elder (Sambucus) inheritance *kunuki Proto-Numic Stubbs 180 (2008:64) same other complex has -pɨ ABS Merriam 59:539 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Sambucus qayas Sambucus mexicanus unique Central Chumash only underived timbrook 2007:195 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Sambucus qayas Sambucus mexicana, Merriam confirms 55:23 inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Timbrook 2007:195 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Sambucus tpəlipə7 sauco unique other complex t- Harrington III:1:0261 2 1 1 Flor is bueno para la fiebre 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Sambucus qayas Sambucus mexicana, Blue Elderberry; Merriam confirms 55:55 inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Timbrook 2007:195 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cocopa Sambucus xsa·wk elderberry (Sambucus mexicana) unique same underived Crawford 1989 2 1 1 0 0 no
Comanche Sambucus missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cupeño Sambucus ku'ut ˈkuʔut elderberry, Sambucus sp. inheritance *kuʔu/kuhu- Californian S179 (Stubbs 2009:64) broader (includes both plant and fruits) other complex ˈkuʔu-t elderberry-npn Hill & Nolasquez 1973:159 no info 2 1 berries, flowers 1 flowers cooked for fever, cough (Hill & Nolasquez 56) gathered (wild) all berries eaten ripe or dried and stored, flowers boiled, also important wood plant 0 0 North America below 4500 feet in moist areas no
Esselen Sambucus missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Gabrielino Sambucus hu:kat ˈhu:kat sauco inheritance *kuhu- Californian probably from hu-ku'V-t and in S179; kuhut also recorded; but note Cahuilla hunkat, perhaps a second set broader (for plant, flowers, fruit, etc.) other complex ˈhu:ka-t elderberry-npn -hi:n classifier for worthwhile possessions Harrington 162, 070 no info 2 1 flowers, berries 1 gathered (wild) all wood, berries, flowers all used, diverse preparations 0 0 North America below 4500 feet in moist areas no
Iipay 'Aa Sambucus kupall Elderberry, Sambucus Mexicana unique same underived http://www.powayusd.com/projects/kumeyaay/Ethnobotany.htm 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Sambucus kunuguvɨ Sambucus caerulea inheritance *kunuki Proto-Numic Stubbs 180 (2008:64) same other complex kunugu-vɨ elderberry-ABS bɨ, pɨ bɨ, pɨ seem to classify for plants, trees 1981 Zigmond 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kiliwa Sambucus x?wa?=msqhaan elderberry in English-Kiliwa, Sycamore (Platanus racemosus) in Kiliwa-English??? unique same phrase clearly complex but root elements undefined Mixco 1985 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Sambucus hukwat ˈhukʷat tree sp: elderberry inheritance *kuhu- Californian probably from hu-ku'V-t and in S179; kuhut also recorded; but note Cahuilla hunkat, perhaps a second set same other complex ˈhukʷa-t elderberry-npn (may be from hu-kuha-t wood-elderberry -npn although Anderton doesn't entertain this) -niw possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:320 no info 2 1 berries eaten 1 flowers for tea for catarrh gathered (wild) women all parts of plants used (men may have gathered wood, for bows, etc.) 0 0 North America below 4500 feet in moist areas no
Lake Miwok Sambucus kíTen elderberry tree (et) loan Northern Pomo Note Northern Pomo kiTē “elderberry”; Callaghan 1962:103 also notes Mu xitna; JHH notes Wappo k'aTe underived Callaghan 1965 2 1 1 0 0 no
Luiseño Sambucus kúuta ʹku:ta elderberry inheritance *kuʔu/kuhu- Californian S179 (Stubbs 2009:64) same other complex ʹku:-ta elderberry-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:425 no info 2 1 “much liked” Sparkman 1908:195 1 “for female complaints” use flowers (Sparkman 1908:229) gathered (wild) women cooked and eaten fresh, or dried and stored for boiling, flour. Mixed with chia (Sparkman 1908:195-6) 0 0 North America below 4500 feet in moist areas no
Maidu Sambucus lòkóm hìní elderberry unique phrase many seeds Shipley 1963 2 1 1 0 0 no
Mojave Sambucus missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Mutsun Sambucus čisnan elder (tree, flower) inheritance Costanoan Pinart has in Co I, II, III, IV underived Okrand 1977:83 2 1 1 0 0 no
Nisenan Sambucus k'ak'am elderberry OK CHM) unique reduplicated Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 1 1 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Sambucus hooboo elderberry (M: Elder (Sambucus) inheritance *hup/*hu'up Numic Stubbs 186 (2008:65) same underived Merriam 61:151 2 1 1 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Sambucus 7angtaj-y- elderberry inheritance *7anTaj Miwokan Callaghan 1971; Callaghan 1997:19 other complex -y nominalizer Callaghan 1987 2 1 1 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Sambucus la:pa- elderberry tree (CHM confirms) unique underived Callaghan 1984 (p. 305) 2 1 1 0 0 no
Salinan A Sambucus tet-tah'-kul Elder unique Salinan reduplicated Merriam 55:385 2 1 1 0 0 no
Salinan M Sambucus tetáp<ko:L elderberries (Merriam 55:385 confirms as Sambucus glauca, the plant) unique Salinan reduplicated Mason 1918:129 2 1 1 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Sambucus missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Serrano Sambucus ku:ht elderberry, elderberry tree inheritance *kuhu- Californian S179 other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:24 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Sambucus qunuguivɨ Huckleberry (this is the cognate JHH) inheritance *kunuki Proto-Numic Stubbs 180 (2008:64) same other complex has -pɨ ABS Sapir 1930:642 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Sambucus 7angt-aj- elder, Mountain blueberry inheritance *7anTaj Miwokan Callaghan 1971; Callaghan 1997;19 other complex -aj theme Broadbent 1964: 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Ute Sambucus missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Sambucus kūhuppül ku:huˈpɨl Elderberry, Sambucus velutina inheritance *kuʔu/kuhu- Californian S179 (Stubbs 2009:64) same derived ku:huˈ-pɨ-l elderberry-deriv.suffix-npn Hill 2010:36 no info 2 1 berries no info almost certainly used elderberry tea gathered (wild) all wood used for tools, as well as berries for food 0 0 North America below 4500 feet in moist areas no
Tümpisa Shoshone Sambucus kunuki elderberry inheritance *kunuki Proto-Numic Stubbs 180 (2008:64) same underived Dayley 1989:69 2 1 1 0 0 no
Wappo Sambucus k'áTe elderberry tree (CHM confirms 52:583) loan Pomo Note Northern Pomo kiTē “elderberry”; Mil kiTen; Callaghan 1962:103 also notes Mu xitna; underived Sawyer 1965 2 1 1 0 0 no
Washo Sambucus bá:du7 elderberry unique underived WPD 2 1 1 0 0 no
Western Mono Sambucus kunugibɨ valley elderberry (bush) (Sambucus sp.) inheritance *kunuki- Proto-Numic Stubbs 180 (2008:64) same derived historically has suffix -ki -pɨ Bethel et al.:53 name of a division of the yayanchi (Eagle) moiety (kunugechi) Gifford p. 34; chief with eagle totem came from this division 2 1 berries eaten in various preparations 1 tea gathered (wild) women women make diverse preparations of berries (also used for wood) 0 0 no
Wintu Sambucus 7apmi elderberry tree unique compound < 7ap “elderberry”, mi: “tree” Pitkin 1985 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yavapai Sambucus tàttăla elderberry unique unknown Shaterian 1983 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Sambucus wiši·tʰaɂ elder, tree inheritance *wiše:thaɂ (NY) Yokutsan Merriam has seng'-el-tan; K 1961:219 gives Yd wicèta, Chuk ucèta; Golla 1964:61 same underived Gamble 1991 (from Harrington) 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Sambucus wicèta elder tree (Merriam confirms Sambuus) inheritance *wiše:thaɂ (NY) Yokutsan Golla 1964:61 same underived K 1907:236 relates to wicit erectio penis Kroeber 1961:219 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Sambucus we-sā'-tah Elder (Sambucus), the tree inheritance *wiše:thaɂ (NY) Yokutsan Golla 1964:61 same underived Merriam 58:567 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yuki Sambucus kew'-e MWO elder inheritance *kiwi Yukian Schlichter 1985 other complex -i a noun siffix Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yuma Sambucus missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no